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The State of the Union conference will take place in Palazzo

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The State of the Union conference will take place in Palazzo
The State of the Union conference will take place in Palazzo Vecchio (Florence
City Hall) on 9 May, the anniversary of the Schuman Declaration, and continues
on 10 May.
The conference aims at contributing to the analysis of the European Union’s
current situation and at debating EU policies and the functioning of EU institutions.
It brings together leading academics, policy-makers and opinion leaders.
On 9 May there are two sessions: ‘Economic Governance for Europe’ and
‘The EU in a New World’. On 10 May the focus area is ‘EU Energy Policy’.
created and promoted by
under the patronage of
Presidenza del
Consiglio dei Ministri
media partners
with the support of
Ministro per
gli Affari Europei
Rappresentanza
in Italia
2
programme
wednesday, 9 may
session 1 economic governance for europe
session 2 the eu in a new world
Each session will be introduced by an opening report which sets the agenda for the discussion and
highlights the challenges to be discussed. Panelists then offer a brief reaction, and a moderated
debate will follow.
9.00 – 9.30
Welcome
Matteo Renzi, Mayor, City of Florence
Enrico Rossi, President, Region of Tuscany
Vello Andres Pettai, President of the High Council, European University Institute
9.30 – 13.00
session 1
economic governance for europe
A severe sovereign debt crisis has been threatening the existence of the eurozone for the last two years.
Policy-makers promised to do whatever it takes to tackle the crisis, but the situation continues to
worsen. Far-reaching decisions have already been taken (reform of the Stability and Growth Pact, the
establishment and widening of the EFSF, the establishment of the ESM, etc.), but so far these changes
appear to be insufficient to bring a stop to the crisis.
There is broad consensus that the governance of the Eurozone will have to be changed fundamentally
to reduce its fragility and ensure its survival. How exactly should the governance of the Eurozone
be changed? What should be the role of the ECB in this new governance? How should a European
Monetary Fund be designed? What is the nature of the budgetary union that is necessary to sustain the
Eurozone? These are some of the questions that will be addressed in this panel discussion.
Introduction
Elena Carletti, Professor of Economics, European University Institute
3
9.30 – 11.00
Panel 1
The Eurozone Crisis and EU Institutions:
What is the Optimal Design?
Moderator
Tony Barber, Europe Editor, Financial Times
Speakers Vítor Constâncio, Vice President, European Central Bank
Fulvio Conti, CEO, Enel
Daniel Gros, Director, Centre of European Policy Studies
Olli Rehn, Vice President, Commissioner for Economic and
Monetary Affairs, European Commission
Fabrizio Saccomanni, Director General, Bank of Italy
Questions and answers
11.00 – 11.30
Coffee break – Sala d’Arme
Introduction
Elena Carletti, Professor of Economics, European University Institute
11.30 – 13.00
Panel 2
What Implications for the Integration Process and
the Outer World?
Moderator
Alessandro Plateroti, Deputy Director, Il Sole 24 Ore
Speakers Edmond Alphandéry, Chairman of the Board, CNP Assurances and
13.00 – 13.30
Former Minister of Economy of France
Michel Barnier, Commissioner for Internal Market and Services,
European Commission
Luca Cordero di Montezemolo, President, Ferrari S.p.a.
Barry Eichengreen, Professor of Economics and Political Science,
UC Berkeley
Harold James, Professor of History and International Affairs,
Princeton University
Questions and answers
keynote speech
Mario Monti, Prime Minister of Italy
4
13.30 – 14.30Lunch – Sala d’Arme
14.30 – 18.00
session 2
the eu in a new world
European integration is seen both as an example of globalisation and an answer to its challenges. For
some, it embodies many of the promises and fears that globalisation itself generates and provides a case
study for possible global developments. For others, it’s a unique and distinctive process that cannot be
exported to the global level but is destined to play a fundamental role in that global stage.
These are the two traditional dimensions of the relationship between Europe and globalisation that
this session will explore from the perspective of the “emerging powers” at the Global level and with a
focus on the current financial crisis. What do these new powers expect from the EU? How is Europe’s
economic and fiscal crisis impacting on its standing and relationships in the world? Is the EU seen as a
model for integration in other parts of the globe and has that been changed by the current crises? How
should Europe shape its relationships with those emerging powers? And, finally, how is this going to
affect the classical relation between Europe and the US? These are some of the questions to be discussed
in this session.
Introduction
Miguel Poiares Maduro, Director of the Global Governance Programme, EUI
14.30 – 16.00
Panel 1
What is New in the World and Why Does It Matter for the EU?
Moderator
David Tweed, Europe Editor, Bloomberg Television
Speakers Chen Xin, Professor, Institute of European Studies of Chinese Academy
of Social Sciences
Oleg Kharkhordin, Rector, European University at St. Petersburg
Pedro Verona Rodrigues Pires, Former President of Cape Verde and
winner of the 2011 Mo Ibrahim Prize for Achievement in African Leadership
Jan Zielonka, Professor of European Politics, Oxford University
Questions and answers
16.00 – 16.30
Coffee break – Sala d’Arme
Introduction
Miguel Poiares Maduro, Director of the Global Governance Programme, EUI
5
16.30 – 18.00
Panel 2
What EU for a new world?
Moderator
Quentin Peel, Berlin Chief Correspondent, Financial Times
Speakers Mark Leonard, Director, European Council on Foreign Relations
18.00
Anne-Marie Slaughter, Professor of Politics and International Affairs,
Princeton University and Former Director of Policy Planning for the
US Department of State
Alfredo Conte, Head of Division, Strategic Planning, European External
Action Service
Javier Solana, President of ESADEgeo and Former EU High Representative
for Common Foreign and Security Policy
Questions and answers
official closing
José Manuel Barroso, President, European Commission
6
thursday, 10 may
session 3 eu energy policy
Each panel has three parts. The panel opens with two speakers: one, a representative of a European
Institution, and the other, an academic. Panellists then respond with short presentations on the
chosen topic and the panel closes with questions and answers.
8.45 – 9.00
Welcome
Jean-Michel Glachant, Director, Florence School of Regulation (FSR);
Holder, Loyola de Palacio Chair (LdP) at the EUI
9.00 – 10.40
Panel 1
Achieving the Internal Market
The European Union is said to achieve its Internal Energy Market by 2014. It has been underway since
1990. Why did it take so long? What does “achieving” mean? Who will achieve what? And al-so, what
can EU citizens expect from such “achievement”? Lower prices? More stable prices? A better supply? A
fairer equalisation of energy conditions all across Europe?
Chair
Claude Mandil, Former Director, International Energy Agency
Speakers Philip Lowe, Director-General, European Commission – DG Energy
David Newbery, Emeritus Professor of Economics, University of Cambridge
Panellists
Inge Bernaerts, Head of Unit, European Commission – DG Energy
Guido Bortoni, President, Autorità per l'Energia Elettrica e il Gas (AEEG)
Daniel Dobbeni, CEO, Elia; President, ENTSO-E
Juan Perez, Director - Strategy & Business Development, EPEX Spot
Alberto Pototschnig, Director, ACER
Pippo Ranci, Professor of Financial Ethics, Cattolica University
Questions and answers
10.40 – 11.00
Coffee break – Sala d’Arme
11.00 – 12.40
Panel 2
Mitigating Climate Change
The Climate of planet Earth is changing. Mitigating this change has been high on the agenda since 2007.
Europeans use up to three tools to reduce the Green House Gas emissions deemed respon-sible for
7
these changes. Firstly they charge for pollution through CO2 permits (EU ETS). Secondly they push
Renewables mainly with feed-in tariffs. Thirdly they reduce energy consumption with en-ergy efficiency
enhancement. Are these tools all efficient? What is the best tool to mitigate climate change? Do we need
all these tools and if so, why? Are GHG emissions really declining? Can a “bankrupted” Europe afford to
have its own climate change policy?
Chair
Denny Ellerman, Director, Climate Policy Research Unit,
Loyola de Palacio Chair (EUI)
Speakers Carlo Carraro, Rector, University Ca' Foscari of Venice; Coordinator,
Climate Change and Sustainable Development Programme (FEEM)
Jos Delbeke, Director General, European Commission - DG Climate Action
Panellists
Carlos Batlle, Associate Research Professor, Comillas University;
Visiting Scholar, MIT
Ronnie Belmans, Professor of Electric Power and Energy Systems,
KULeuven; Honorary Chairman of the Board of Directors, Elia
Simon Blakey, Special Envoy, Eurogas
Karsten Neuhoff, Head of Department, Climate Policy @ DIW Berlin
Jorge Vasconcelos, Chairman, NEWES - New Energy Solutions
Questions and answers
12.40 – 14.00Lunch – Sala d’Arme
14.00 – 15.30
Panel 3
Implementing Security of Supply
Europe produces fewer and fewer fossil fuels (oil, gas, coal) and imports them more and more. Even if
the EU intends to green all its energy, there still is a very long way to go: 40 years or so. Until then, will
the EU get enough energy at the right time and location? Will external producers and various transit
countries invest enough and in a timely manner according to the European needs? Will our internal
market and our grids make energy flow well wherever we would need it? Will we keep every grid and
storage asset “national only” and will we build and operate no common asset at all at the no the EU
level? Should any EU framework protect us all vis à vis the rest of the world? Wouldn’t we be slightly
stronger if really united at the EU level?
Chair
Leigh Hancher, Professor of European Law, University of Tilburg
Speakers Walter Boltz, Executive Director, E-Control; Vice President, CEER; Vice Chair, ACER’S Regulatory Board
Jeff Makholm, Senior Vice President, NERA Economic Consulting
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Panellists
Jacques de Jong, Senior Fellow, CIEP
Francisco de la Flor, President, GLE
Helmut Schmitt von Sydow, Professor of European Law,
University of Lausanne
Questions and answers
15.30 – 16.00
Coffee break – Sala d’Arme
16.00 – 16.40
Panel 4
Three Energy Pillars or Three Energy Policies?
From 2004-2007 the EU has developed a new concept of common policy: the “European” Energy Policy.
It however still does not exist, and European countries did not help one another during the first and the
second oil shocks (in the 70s and 80s). Energy has always been considered a “matter of sovereignty”.
One claim is that the EU Energy Policy is now based on three pillars: the Internal Market, the Mitigation
of Climate Change and the Security of Supply. Is this claim true? Is our inter-nal market actually
amplifying or reducing our security of supply? Is our climate change policy rein-forcing or weakening
our internal market? Is our need for security of supply compatible with more and more renewables and
fewer and fewer long-term deals with our primary energy rich neighbours?
Chair
Jean-Michel Glachant, Director, Florence School of Regulation (FSR);
Holder, Loyola de Palacio Chair (LdP) at the EUI
Speakers Heinz Hilbrecht, Former Director, European Commission – DG Energy
16.40 – 18.00
Ignacio Pérez-Arriaga, Professor and Director of the BP Chair on
Sustainable Development, Comillas University;
Permanent Visiting Professor, MIT
roundtable
Chair
Simon Wright, The Economist
Panellists
Ferdinando Beccalli-Falco, President and CEO, GE Europe & North Asia;
CEO, GE Germany
Jean-François Cirelli, President, Eurogas; President, GdF Suez
Fernand Felzinger, President, IFIEC Europe
Jürgen Großmann, CEO, RWE
Christian von Hirschhausen, Professor of Infrastructure Policy, Berlin
University of Technology; Research Director, DIW Berlin
Umberto Vergine, Chief Operating Officer - Gas & Power, ENI
Debate - Questions and answers
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