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OECD Health Statistics 2015

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OECD Health Statistics 2015
OECD Health Statistics 2015
OECD Health Statistics 2015 is the most comprehensive source of comparable statistics on
health and health systems across the 34 OECD countries. Covering the period 1960 to 2014,
this interactive database can be used for comparative analyses on health status, risk factors
to health, health care resources and utilisation, as well as health expenditure and financing.
OECD Health Statistics 2015 is available in OECD.Stat, the statistics portal for all OECD
databases.
 Growth: While average per capita health
spending in OECD countries has increased
slowly since 2010, spending in Italy has
contracted between 2011 and 2014 in real
terms.
 Share of GDP: The share of GDP allocated to
health spending (excluding capital expenditure)
in Italy was 8.8% in 2013, compared with an
OECD average of 8.9%. This was unchanged
from 2012 and remains below the high of 9.0%
in 2010 as GDP also decreased.
 Per capita spending: Italy spent the equivalent
of USD 3077 per person on health in 2013,
compared with an OECD average of USD 3453.
Public sources accounted for 77% of overall
health spending, just above the OECD average
Health spending in Italy continues to contract
In 2013, per capita health spending in Italy dropped by
3.5% in real terms - the third year in succession that
health expenditure has fallen in real terms. Preliminary
estimates point to a further contraction of 1.4% in 2014.
Both public and private health spending have shown
continuous falls since 2011. As a result, per capita
spending on health in Italy remains at a level below that
prior to the economic crisis.
OECD Health Statistics 2015 © OECD 2015
Figure 1. Annual health spending growth*, 2010-2014
Italy
OECD
4%
1.1%
0.1%
0.5%
0.7%
1.0%
1.0%
0%
-0.4%
-0.9%
-3.0%
-4%
2010
2011
2012
-3.5%
2013
2014 Est.
* Per capita spending in real terms
Source: OECD Health Statistics 2015
A number of cost-containment measures have been
taken in the wake of the economic crisis to reduce public
spending on health. Cuts in pharmaceutical spending,
which were already targeted prior to the crisis, have
contributed to the overall fall. The share of the generic
market has increased, although it remains relatively low
in Italy. In 2010: a 12.5% reduction in the retail price of
generic drugs was brought in while the following year
saw maximum reimbursement prices for generics
established in line with prices in Germany, UK, France
and Spain.
1
Figure 2. Health spending* as a share of GDP, 2013
15.0
10.0
Private expenditure
11.1
11.1
11.0
11.0
10.9
10.4
10.2
10.2
10.2
10.1
9.5
9.2
9.0
8.9
8.9
8.9
8.8
8.8
8.7
8.7
8.6
8.5
8.1
7.6
7.5
7.4
7.4
7.1
6.9
6.6
6.4
6.2
6.0
5.1
16.4
Public expenditure
5.0
United States
Netherlands
Switzerland
Sweden
Germany
France
Denmark
Japan
Belgium
Canada (1)
Austria
New Zealand (1)
Greece (1)
Portugal (1)
Spain (2)
Norway
OECD
Australia (2)
Italy
Iceland
Slovenia
Finland
United Kingdom
Ireland (2)
Slovak Republic
Israel (1)
Chile
Hungary
Czech Republic
Korea
Luxembourg (2)
Poland
Mexico
Estonia
Turkey
0.0
1 Preliminary estimate.
2 Data refer to 2012.
Health spending as a share of GDP in Italy remains
just below the OECD average
countries, only the United States and Chile report public
spending on health below 50%.
Health spending in Italy (excluding investment
expenditure in the health sector) was 8.8% of GDP in
2013 (Figure 2), slightly below the OECD average of 8.9%.
This has increased by 1 percentage point since 2003,
mainly because of slow growth in GDP over this ten-year
period.
Although out-of-pocket spending at 22% of health
spending has not increased in recent years, it remains
relatively high compared with other western European
countries such as France (7%), Germany (14%) and
United Kingdom (10%), although still well below some
other southern European countries such as Greece (31%)
and Portugal (28%).
The share of the economy allocated to health spending is
similar to Spain, Portugal and Greece, but well below the
levels of France and Germany (10.9% and 11.0%
respectively).
The share of government spending in Italy as a share of
total spending on health has remained relatively
constant over the last decade at around 77%. This is
slightly above the OECD average of 73%. Among OECD
Contacts
David Morgan
 +33 1 45 24 76 09
 [email protected]
Marie-Clémence Canaud
 +33 1 45 24 91 73
 [email protected]
SHA Contact
 [email protected]
OECD Health Statistics 2015 © OECD 2015
In per capita terms (adjusted for different price levels
using economy-wide purchasing power parities), Italy
spent USD 3077 per head in 2013. This compares with an
OECD average of USD 3453.
Further Reading
Focus on health spending:
www.oecd.org/health/health-systems/Focus-HealthSpending-2015.pdf
OECD Health Statistics 2015:
www.oecd.org/health/health-data.htm
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