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Angles, Degrees, and Radians

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Angles, Degrees, and Radians
Angles, Degrees, and Radians
Objectives:
1. You will be able to
use radians and
degree measures for
angles
Assignment:
• Radian Angle
Measurement
Worksheet
You will be able to use
radians and degree
measures for angles
Radians for the Smart Masses
The Measure of an Angle
In geometry, we measure an angle by the
smallest amount of rotation about the
vertex from one side to the other.
Amount of rotation
from one side to the
other
In geometry,
we usually
measure
angles in
degrees, from
0° to 180°.
How Big is a Degree?
Just how big is a
degree? Well,
imagine taking a
circle, and with a
pizza cutter, dividing
that circle into 360
congruent parts.
Each one of those
would be a degree.
Five Days Short…
The curious among you may
be wondering why there are
360 degrees in a circle,
while others may not even
care. The answer is
actually pretty simple: It’s
because there are 360 days
in the year. At least that’s
what the Babylonians
thought, and they are the
ones who came up with the
crazy idea called a degree.
Five Days Short…
Each year, of course,
is made up of 12
“months.” Further,
each of those
“months” is made
up of 30 “days.” 12
times 30 equals 360
degrees, I mean
days.
Exercise 1
1. On a clock, how
many degrees
does the hour
hand rotate each
hour?
2. How many
degrees does the
minute hand rotate
each minute?
Radians
You can also measure an angle in radians.
Radians are like the less well-known
greasy, nerdy-type who eats lots of pie.
Activity: Radians
Here’s an
interesting
question: If you
were to take the
radius of a circle
and wrap it around
the circle’s
circumference, how
far would it reach?
Activity: Radians
1. Use a ruler to
draw a radius
from the center
of the circle to
the “3.” This is
like the initial
side of an angle
in standard
position.
Activity: Radians
2. Now cut a thin
strip of paper
from the bottom
edge of your
paper and mark
the length of the
radius of your
circle on the left
side of the strip.
Activity: Radians
3. Carefully wrap
this length
along the
circumference
of the circle and
mark it with
your pencil.
Activity: Radians
4. Use your ruler to
connect this
mark to the
center of the
circle with
another radius.
This is the
terminal side of
an angle we’ll
call θ.
Activity: Radians
The arc that intercepts
 has length 1 radian,
so we say the measure
of  = 1 radian.
• Approximately how
many degrees is 1
radian?
• Now let’s see how
many radians it
takes to span the
circle.
Activity: Radians
5. Use your ruler to
draw a diameter
from “9” to “3.”
This is like the
-axis.
Activity: Radians
6. Now use a
compass to
measure the
radian arc length.
Copy this length
around your circle
multiple times
until you have
gone (nearly) all
the way around.
Activity: Radians
You should notice
that it takes a little
bit more than 3
radians to span a
semicircle. In fact,
it takes exactly 
(≈3.14) radians.
Activity: Radians
Also notice that it
takes a bit more
than 6 radians to
span the full circle,
which is exactly
2 (≈6.28)
radians.
Activity: Radians
This should make
sense since the
circumference of a
circle is 2,
where  is the
radius of the circle.
Radians
One radian is the measure of the angle formed
by stretching the radius of a circle around its
circumference.
Exercise 2
How many radians would be the equivalent
to one full revolution around the unit circle?
How many radians would equal 180°?
Exercise 3a
Use the conversion factor 180° =  radians
to convert the following angle measures.
1. Convert 27° into radians.
Exercise 3b
Use the conversion factor 180° =  radians
to convert the following angle measures.
2. Convert 150° into radians.
Exercise 4a
Use the conversion factor 180° =  radians
to convert the following angle measures.
1. Convert

6
rad into degrees.
Exercise 4b
Use the conversion factor 180° =  radians
to convert the following angle measures.
2. Convert
3
4
rad into degrees.
Angles, Degrees, and Radians
Objectives:
1. You will be able to
use radians and
degree measures for
angles
Assignment:
• Radian Angle
Measurement
Worksheet
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