...

18/03/2013 Doel 3 & Tihange 2 Reactor Pressure Vessel Flaw Indications

by user

on
Category: Documents
2

views

Report

Comments

Transcript

18/03/2013 Doel 3 & Tihange 2 Reactor Pressure Vessel Flaw Indications
18/03/2013
Doel 3 & Tihange 2
Reactor Pressure Vessel Flaw
Indications
F. Van Wonterghem
J. Bens
Federal Agency for Nuclear Control
Belgium
2013-03-13 Doel 3 & Tihange 2 RPV Issue
Overview
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
Introduction & Safety Concern
Safety assessment process: actors, timing
Manufacturing of RPV
In-service inspections
Metallurgical origin and evolution of indications
Material properties
Structural integrity of RPV
FANC Conclusions - Current Status
2013-03-13 Doel 3 & Tihange 2 RPV Issue
DOEL NPP
2
4
3
1
1. Tihange 1 – 962 MW (1975)
2. Tihange 2 – 1008 MW (1983)
3. Tihange 3 – 1054 MW (1985)
3
2
1. Doel 1 - 433 MW (1975)
2. Doel 2 - 433 MW (1975)
3. Doel 3 - 1006 MW (1982)
4. Doel 4 - 1040 MW (1985)
1
TIHANGE NPP
2013-03-13 Doel 3 & Tihange 2 RPV Issue
3
1
18/03/2013
1. Introduction & Safety Concern
• Flaw Indications found during 2012
RPV In-service inspections at Doel 3 &
Tihange 2
• Safety concern: Is structural integrity of
the reactor pressure vessel still
maintained at all times and in all
circumstances?
2013-03-13 Doel 3 & Tihange 2 RPV Issue
2. Safety Assessment Process
Regulatory Body
Via Techical Secretary
Licensee
documents
Via Technical Secretary
Nuclear
Nuclear Safety
Safety authorities
authorities
WG 1 – Non-destructive
Examination Techniques
Via Technical Secretary
WG 2 -– Metallurgical
origin / Root causes of
flaw indications
National Scientific Expert
Group
Scientific Council
International review
board
Advice National
Scientific Experts
WG 3 - Structural
mechanics & fracture
mechanics – justification
file
Advice International
Review Board
Evaluation
AIB-Vinçotte
Decision Political
Authorities
Evaluation
Bel V
Advice Scientific
Council
FANC summary note for
political authorities with
proposal for decision
Final Meeting
between WG 1-3, IRB
& SC
08-09/01/2013
2013-03-13 Doel 3 & Tihange 2 RPV Issue
2. Safety Assessment Process
Timing
•
•
•
•
June-July 2012: Flaw Indications found at Doel 3 RPV
September 2012: Flaw Indications found at Tihange 2 RPV
05/12/2012: Electrabel Safety Cases
End of December: Evaluation reports of Bel V, AIB Vinçotte,
International Review Board & Scientific Council  input for
FANC
• 30/01/2013: Publication of FANC Provisional Evaluation
Report: additional analysis and tests are necessary
• 04/02/2013: Licensee action plan to fulfill FANC
requirements (approved by FANC on 06/02/2013)
2013-03-13 Doel 3 & Tihange 2 RPV Issue
2
18/03/2013
3. Manufacturing of reactor pressure vessels
Characteristics & Regulatory Framework
Unit
Grid
Connection
RPV manufactured by
Doel 1&2
02/1975
12/1975
Forges du Creusot/Cockerill
Doel 3 / Tihange 2
10/1982
02/1983
Krupp/RDM (1974-75)
Doel 4 / Tihange 3
07/1985
07/1985
Japan Steel Works
Tihange 1
10/1975
Creusot-Loire
Construction requirements
•
•
•
American rules and reglementations
ASME III + Complementary requirements
Transposition of ASME regulatory aspects to Belgian context
2013-03-13 Doel 3 & Tihange 2 RPV Issue
3. Manufacturing of
reactor pressure vessels
FANC CONCLUSIONS
• Manufacturing files were retrieved and examined
• Manufacturing inspections performed as required
• Hydrogen flakes should have been reported at initial
inspection, but RPV were considered “acceptable”
according to ASME III
• Are ASME III criteria adequate?
2013-03-13 Doel 3 & Tihange 2 RPV Issue
4. In Service Inspection
Number of indications
Doel 3
Tihange 2
RVH flange *
3
5
RPV flange
2
19
Nozzle shell
11
0
Upper core shell
857
1 931
Lower core shell
7 205
80
Transition ring
71
0
Total
8 149
2 035
* manual examination
2013-03-13 Doel 3 & Tihange 2 RPV Issue
3
18/03/2013
4. In Service Inspection
RPV flaw indications
Source: Electrabel
1000 mm
RPV inner
surface
• Typical RPV wall
cross-section in the
affected volume
• The central strip of core
shells is affected
• Flaw indications appear
nearly-laminar and form a
cluster sinking from the
clad interface
to a maximum depth of
120mm.
thickness (200 mm)
AXIAL SECTION
20° SECTOR
(333 SECTIONS)
2013-03-13 Doel 3 & Tihange 2 RPV Issue
4. In service inspections
FANC CONCLUSIONS
• Actual presence of flaw indications is confirmed
• Validation using AREVA block known to contain hydrogen
flakes ongoing
• Some uncertainty still exists regarding the capability of the ISI
techniques to properly detect and characterize all present flaws
FANC REQUIREMENTS
•
•
•
The licensee shall demonstrate that the applied ultrasonic testing procedure
allows the detection of the higher tilt defects with a high level of
confidence.
The licensee shall include a set of defects partially hidden by other defects
for macrographic examination, to confirm whether the sizing method continues
to function well.
Full qualification program (long-term)
2013-03-13 Doel 3 & Tihange 2 RPV Issue
5. Metallurgical origin and
evolution of the indications
FANC CONCLUSIONS
• Hydrogen flakes is most likely origin : number, size, location in zone
of macro-segregation, orientation
• Exact root causes difficult to identify
• Significant evolution of hydrogen flakes during reactor operation
unlikely
FANC REQUIREMENTS
• The licensee shall perform follow-up in-service inspections
during the next planned outage for refuelling to ensure that no
evolution of the flaw indications has occurred during operation.
•
LICENSEE ACTION: Identical in-service inspection during next outage
+ report on comparison with special attention to potential detected
evolution
2013-03-13 Doel 3 & Tihange 2 RPV Issue
4
18/03/2013
6. Material properties
FANC CONCLUSIONS
•
•
Some uncertainty on representativeness of material testing program
More experimental data on tensile and toughness properties of the
materials are needed to validate the approach followed in the structural
integrity assessment.
FANC REQUIREMENTS (Prerequisite to restart of units)
•
•
The licensee shall complete material testing program using samples
with macro-segregations containing hydrogen flakes: small-scale
specimen tests (local toughness tests at hydrogen flake crack tip, local
tensile tests on ligament material near the flakes) + large scale tests (see
§9)
The licensee shall perform additional measurements of the current
residual hydrogen content in specimens with hydrogen flakes
2013-03-13 Doel 3 & Tihange 2 RPV Issue
7. Structural integrity assessment
FANC CONCLUSIONS
• Deterministic flaw evaluation of each indication performed
(modelling of flaws, grouping criteria,…)
• Screening criterion showed that very large majority of indications
has no safety impact
• ASME III primary stress limits satisfied
• Fatigue crack growth is very small
FANC REQUIREMENTS (Prerequisite to restart of units)
•
The licensee shall evaluate the impact of the possible non-reporting of flaws
with higher tilts on the results of the structural integrity assessment
– LICENSEE ACTION: If needed, additional sensitivity study for higher tilt flaws
2013-03-13 Doel 3 & Tihange 2 RPV Issue
7. Structural integrity
assessment
FANC REQUIREMENTS (Prerequisite to restart of units)
• The licensee shall complete the on-going material testing program
by testing larger specimens containing hydrogen flakes, with the
following 2 objectives:
– Objective 1 : Tensile tests on samples with (inclined) multiple
hydrogen flake defects, which shall in particular demonstrate
that the material has sufficient ductility and load bearing
capacity, and that there is no premature brittle fracture.
– LICENSEE ACTION: On-going test program at SCK.CEN : Large tensile
specimens containing flakes parallel and with 20°tilt angle to axis (2
tests at room temperature, 2 tests at -80°C)
2013-03-13 Doel 3 & Tihange 2 RPV Issue
5
18/03/2013
7. Structural integrity assessment
FANC REQUIREMENTS (Prerequisite to restart of units)
• The licensee shall complete the on-going material testing program
by testing larger specimens containing hydrogen flakes, with the
following 2 objectives:
– Objective 2 : An experimental confirmation of the suitability and
conservatism of the 3D finite elements analysis .
– LICENSEE ACTION: Bending test on samples with hydrogen flakes
•
The objective is to show that the experimental load of first brittle
initiation of a flake in a large specimens with flakes is larger than
the initiation load by 3D finite element model
2013-03-13 Doel 3 & Tihange 2 RPV Issue
7. Structural integrity assessment
“Load test”
FANC REQUIREMENTS (Prerequisite to restart of units)
• Some uncertainty in structural integrity assessment needs to
be dealt with additional experimental validation
• The licensee shall perform a load test of both reactor
pressure vessels, accompanied with acoustic emission
testing (during) and ultrasonic inspections (before & after).
• The acceptance criterion will be that no crack initiation and
no crack propagation are recorded under the pressure
loading.
2013-03-13 Doel 3 & Tihange 2 RPV Issue
8. FANC Conclusions – Current
situation
• Some open issues remaining
– Do not represent conditions requiring a definitive shutdown of
Doel 3 and Tihange 2
– Requirements formulated which need to be fulfilled by licensee
before restart
• Licensee action plan to be elaborated and submitted to
regulatory body for approval (DONE: 06/02/2013)
• Licensee actions ongoing
• Once licensee has implemented action plan, FANC – Bel
V – AIB-Vinçotte will evaluate results (end of march?)
• FANC will motivate decision on restart of Doel 3 &
Tihange 2 in subsequent final evaluation report
2013-03-13 Doel 3 & Tihange 2 RPV Issue
6
18/03/2013
Implications for other RPVs in the world
Need for inspections - investigations?
• Belgian reactors
 Other Belgian Reactors (different manufacturers)
• Tihange 1 (LTO): april 2013
• Tihange 3: end of 2013
• …
• Foreign (RDM) reactors
 Muhleberg (Switserland): no indications found
 Ringhals 2 (Sweden): no indications found
 Borssele (Netherlands): inspections planned 2013
…
2013-03-13 Doel 3 & Tihange 2 RPV Issue
More information
FANC-website
Questions?
2013-03-13 Doel 3 & Tihange 2 RPV Issue
7
Fly UP