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Discussion on Meeting Objective Grid Voltage Adequacy Issues

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Discussion on Meeting Objective Grid Voltage Adequacy Issues
Discussion on
Grid Voltage Adequacy Issues
Industry-NRC Meeting
May 18, 2000
Rockville, MD
Meeting Objective
"*Respond
to NRC request contained in
March 2 letter to NEI
"*Gain better appreciation of NRC
concerns and planned actions
"*Present current industry activities
related to ensuring adequate grid
voltage
Attachment 2
Discussion Topics
"*Regulatory
requirements and bases
"*What are the issues?
"*Industry experience and activities
* Callaway experience
* PJM Nuclear Generation
Owners/Operators
e California Model
* INPO SOER 99-01
Regulatory Requirements
* 1OCFR 50, Appendix A, GDC 17
* Station Blackout Rule, 50.63
* Technical Specifications and Bases
* FSAR Safety Design Basis
N•EI
What are the Issues?
Electric industry changes placing increasing
demands on grid have resulted in need for:
"*Adequate understanding of plant electrical
design requirements
"*Better monitoring and notification of
degrading grid conditions
"*Clear operating agreements
"*Improved organizational interfaces
Callaway experience
a Wider switchyard voltage range
due to
"*FERC
mandated transmission system open
access; increased power wheeling
"*Increased service territory load,
r,•i:
Callaway solutions
"*Developed Transmission Provider Agreement
clarifying responsibilities and requirements
"* Enhanced Transmission Provider operator's
real-time contingency analysis computer to
effectively monitor switchyard voltage for loss
of unit, and trigger appropriate communication
to Plant
"*Engineered creative transmission system
configurations to better control switchyard
voltage (immediate response)
Callaway solutions (cont'd)
"*Engineered plant modifications to
accommodate a wider switchyard voltage
range (in progress)
"*Incorporated specific tests and sensitivities in
Transmission Provider planning analyses
"*Refreshed training of Plant and Transmission
Provider System operators
PJM Interconnection
Nuclear Generation
Owners/Operators (NGO)
User Group
Glenn Miller, PPL
PJM NGO Users Group Chairman
PJM NGO Charter
"*
Nuclear Operating License holders within PJM control area have
formed a "User Group".
"* In this new deregulated environment certain NRC licensing and related
technical issues need to be addressed by Nuclear Operating License
owners, with the PJM ISO, NAERO and MAAC reliability council,
PJM Transmission Owners, and other PJM entities.
"aThe need exists for certain PJM entities to maintain familiarity with
NRC regulatory issues surrounding nuclear plant operation, each
plant's transmission design basis, and performance.
"* There are many planning design and operational issues that are unique
to nuclear generation which must be well understood. For these
reasons, the entities that hold a Nuclear Operating License initiated the
formation a PJM Users Group, as permitted by the FERC approved
tariffs.
.E:n
PJM NGO Charter (cont'd)
"Defineand implement the required relationship
between the ISO, NAERO/MAAC, nuclear
Operating License Holder, and transmission
owner/local control centers relative to issues such as (
but not limited to); reliable operation, black start,
plant Final Safety Analysis Report (FSAR) issues,
and design/control of the Bulk electric system.
" Include all Nuclear Operating License Holders within
the PJM control area as official User Group voting
Members in the development, review of procedures
and protocols to ensure that issues are adequately
addressed.
I•]J• |
PJM NGO Charter (cont'd)
n Reconcile and amend PJM/MAAC design and
operations policy with each plant's Final Safety
Analysis Report (FSAR). Work with PJM ISO,
NAERO/MAAC, PJM Transmission Owners, and
other appropriate parties to gain a common
understanding of the changes required. With
sufficient advance notice to obtain timely approvals,
propose modifications to each FSAR as necessary or
propose PJM/MAAC design or operations policy
modifications as necessary.
m Emerging nationwide nuclear/ISO policy issues,
actions and recommendations shall be discussed and
coordinated with the Nuclear Energy Institute (NEI). o'
I
PJM NGO Charter (cont'd)
" Operating License holders shall be proactive and
participate in this new world of ISOs, FERC
regulations, and NAERO/MAAC grid reliability
standards.. The User Group shall address two key
issues -- a) monitoring as-built Transmission system
reliability, and b) consistency and timing of
transmission grid modification approvals with FSAR
design basis modifications (as deemed necessary).
"* Provide the necessary communication infrastructure,
an open PJM forum for discussion, and means to
proactively resolve such issues.
PJM NGO Members
Six Generation Companies, Thirteen
Nuclear Units:
"*AmerGen
"*BG&E "*GPU "*PECON "*PPL "*PSEG -
- Three Mile Island 1
Calvert Cliffs 1 & 2
Oyster Creek
Peach Bottom 2 & 3, Limerick 1 & 2
Susquehanna Units 1 & 2
Hope Creek & Salem Units 1& 2
PJM NGO Activities
a
PJM System Voltage Operating Criteria
"• Incorporates nuclear plant's normal and emergency high
and low voltage limits into PJM's Emergency Management
System
"* Real time actual and post contingency voltage analysis
which considers nuclear plant trips
"* Actions taken to reconfigure system based on pre- and post
contingency analyses
"* PJM will re-dispatch system generation to stay within both
pre- and post-contingency voltage limits
"* Actions to be incorporated into PJM operating procedures
"* INPO SOER 99-01, Loss of Grid
"* NRC IN 2000-06, Offsite Power Voltage
Inadequacies
PJM NGO Activities
"* Root Cause Analysis of July 1999 PJM Low Voltage
Condition
"* Plant Severe Weather/Ambient Operating
Restrictions
"* NERC Planning and Operating Standards
"* PJM Generator Standards Manual
"* Communications Protocol Training Module
"* Regional Transmission Expansion Planning
"* Compensation for Reactive Power Generation
California Model
Doug Stickney, SCE
N•E,
Deregulation in California
mCalifornia ISO
"*grid reliabilityis the ISO's primary
responsibility
"*Operational control of the grid transferred on
March 31, 1998
Deregulation
a California Assembly Bill 1890
requirements:
" The ISO shall ensure efficient use and reliable
operationof the transmissiongrid consistent
with achievement ofplanning and operating
reserve criteriano less stringent than those
establishedby the Western Systems
CoordinatingCouncil (WSCC) and the North
American Electric Reliability Council (NERC).
"*The ISO shall immediately participatein all
relevant FederalEnergy Regulatory
Commission (FERC)proceedings.
Deregulation
"*What's not in AB 1890:
* The ISO shall meet SCE's specific requirements
for reliability and operability of San Onofre's
offsite power supply, including any requirements
imposed by NRC regulations or specified in the
NRC Operating Licenses
"*San
Onofre's challenge
* Ensure that the essential plant specific
requirements for offsite power at San Onofre are
firmly established between SCE and the ISO
(contractual basis).
1%iW
SONGS Offsite Power
Specification ("grid spec")
"* Transmission Lines
"*LOOP Priority
"* Sufficient Capacity
"*Frequency
"*Minimum Voltage
"*Reliability Criteria
"*Normal Voltage
"*Patrols
"*Maximum Voltage
"*Inspections/Washing
"*Grid Operating
"*Preventive
Conditions
"*System Studies
"* Stability/Availability
Maintenance
"*UFSAR Update
Minimum Voltage
n The minimum grid voltage at the
SONGS switchyard shall be
maintained at or above 218 kV. In
the event of a system disturbance that
can cause the voltage to dip below
218 kV, including the trip of a
SONGS unit,...
Grid Operating
Conditions
n During certain critical transmission line
outages with one SONGS unit off-line,
maintain the offsite power system within
specifiedpowerflows (as determined by
system studies). Grid conditions which render
the offsite power supply inoperable,or are
outside of analyzed conditions, shall be
immediately communicated to SCE for
operabilitydetermination.
System Studies
"*Assess system studies annually and update as
needed to demonstrate capability to supply
adequate offsite power.
"* Study assessments and updates shall be
transmitted to SCE.
* Grid operating procedure changes due to load
growth and changes in local generation
require priorreview by SCE.
NEI
I
Stability/Availability
The following initiating events shall not result in the
loss of gridstability or availability:
"*The loss of a San Onofre Unit (with other unit
offline).
"*The loss of any generating unit on the SCE and
SDG&E grids.
"*The loss of any major transmission circuit or
intertie on the SCE and SDG&E grids.
"• The loss of any large load or block of load on the
SCE and SDG&E grids.
LOOP Priority
"*Highestpossiblepriorityshall
be given to
restoring power to the San Onofre
switchyard. Procedures and training shall
include several methods of transmitting
power from black start units, including
nearby gas turbine generators.
"*Power
restoration repairs for San Onofre shall
be given the highestpriority for manpower,
equipment, and materials.
Nh I
Reliability Criteria
"* Existing SCE and SDG&E reliability criteria
shall be maintained. Proposedchanges to
reliability criteria shall be assessed to
determine if grid reliability and availability
are adversely impacted.
"* Changesin grid operation due to revised
reliability criteria require priorreview by
SCE.
The Transmission Control
Agreement (TCA)
n The TCA is a contract between SCE, SDG&E, PG&E,
and the ISO. The TCA has been approved by FERC.
The ISO is bound by FERC mandate to operate the
grid in accordance with the TCA.
m The San Onofre and Diablo Canyon "grid specs" have
been incorporated into the TCA (Appendix E of the
TCA).
m Operation of the grid in accordance with the TCA
ensures equivalent (or better) grid reliability and
operability (with respect to San Onofre offsite power)
goEI
as prior to deregulation.
IE
Significant Operating
Experience Report (SOER) 99-1
"Loss of Grid"
SOER 99-1 "Loss of Grid"
"*SOER
issued because of recent events
(including US events) associated with
loss of grid
"*Intent
of the SOER recommendations is
to help ensure barriers that protect
nuclear plants from grid loss or
degradation are in place
Recommendation 1 - establish
appropriate interface with the grid
operator
"*plant
coordination with grid maintenance
and testing
"*plant is made aware of grid status
"*plant requirements and status are made
known to grid operator
"*grid operator is made aware that the plant
is an important customer
"*responsibilities for grid/switchyard
equipment maintenance are clearly
defined
Recommendation 2 - verify
procedure adequacy for loss or
degraded grid
"* actions
in response to grid instability and
degradation
"* guidance for manual configuration of
electrical buses if automatic transfers fail
or manual alignment of emergency power
when necessary
"* guidance reflects timely resetting of safety
system electrical sequencing
"* immediate focus is to stabilize the plant
rather than return to power
I
Recommendation 3
* verify plant and switchyard high
voltage grid distribution equipment
under plant responsibility is in the plant
preventive maintenance program
Recommendation 4
* confirm grid reliability and
stability design assumptions
remain valid
* review trip setpoints - (Degraded
grid voltage may result in
unanticipated component trips
prior to emergency power source
automatic actuation.)
Recommendation 5 - operator
training
x train on:
"*degrade
grid voltage
"• post loss of grid actions
"*manual electrical bus alignments
Ohl.
1
The evaluation of SOER 99-1
implementation starts in June 2000
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