...

Document 1834114

by user

on
Category: Documents
2

views

Report

Comments

Transcript

Document 1834114
July 25, 2008
California State Board of Equalization
450 N Street
Sacramento, California 94279
Document No. 20802001.13
Attention:
David Gau
Regarding:
Limited Indoor Air Quality Survey
17TH Floor
Dear Mr. Gau:
On various dates in February and March of 2008, industrial hygienists with Hygiene Technologies
International, Inc. (HygieneTech) conducted a limited indoor air quality survey on the 17TH Floor of the
California State Board of Equalization building located at the above referenced address. At the time of the
survey, various samples were collected and direct-reading instruments were used to assess the general
indoor air quality, with a clear emphasis on establishing fungal growth exposure potential data. I have
enclosed our report, which included general observations, samples and direct-reading results, a discussion
of the data, conclusions, and recommendations.
If you have any comments or questions regarding the information contained in this report, please do not
hesitate to contact our offices directly at (310) 370-8370.
Sincerely,
HYGIENE TECHNOLOGIES INTERNATIONAL, INC.
Brian P. Daly, CIH, PE
President
Los Angeles
· San Francisco · Sacramento · Fresno · Ontario
Portland · Norfolk · Cleveland · Abuja · Beijing
·
San Diego
LIMITED INDOOR AIR
QUALITY SURVEY
450 N STREET – 17TH FLOOR
SACRAMENTO, CALIFORNIA
PREPARED FOR:
CALIFORNIA STATE BOARD OF EQUALIZATION
450 N STREET
SACRAMENTO, CALIFORNIA
PREPARED BY:
HYGIENE TECHNOLOGIES INTERNATIONAL, INC.
3625 DEL AMO BOULEVARD, SUITE 180
TORRANCE, CALIFORNIA
JULY 25, 2008
Los Angeles
· San Francisco · Sacramento · Fresno · Ontario
Portland · Norfolk · Cleveland · Abuja · Beijing
·
San Diego
California State Board of Equalization
Limited Indoor Air Quality Survey – 17TH Floor
Document No. 20802001.13
Page 1
1.0
BACKGROUND
On various dates in February and March of 2008, industrial hygienists with Hygiene Technologies
International, Inc. (HygieneTech) conducted a limited indoor air quality survey on the 17TH Floor of the
California State Board of Equalization Building located at 450 N Street in Sacramento, California. During
the survey, a variety of samples were collected and direct-reading instruments were used to assess the
general indoor air quality on the 17TH Floor of the subject building. Various air and surface samples were
collected in order to assess fungal growth exposure potentials and to establish fungal growth
assessment information on selected building material surfaces. In addition, air samples were collected
throughout the floor for fibrous dust, microbial volatile organic compounds (MVOCs), and total dust
analysis and direct-reading instruments were used to determine airborne volatile organic compounds
(VOCs), carbon dioxide (CO2), ozone (O3), air temperature, and relative humidity.
2.0
OBSERVATIONS
The interior building materials of the 17TH Floor included, but were not limited to, metal window frames;
painted gypsum board and/or metal window sills; metal doorjambs and door frames; painted gypsum
board walls in the general work areas; tile covered walls and painted gypsum board ceilings in the
restrooms; suspended 2' by 4' ceiling tiles in the general work areas; vinyl cove base; carpet flooring in
the general work areas; and ceramic or vinyl tile flooring in the restrooms and break rooms.
The furnishings in the surveyed areas included desks, upholstered chairs, shelves, fabric covered
cubicles, office supplies, computers, and other electronic office equipment. The furnishings did not
appear to support fungal growth, nor did they appear to have been affected in any other manner by water
intrusion. However, be advised that visible accumulation of debris, dust, and other particulates was
observed on the reverse side of all sampled HVAC supply air registers.
3.0
SAMPLING AND ANALYSIS
Air samples were collected and subsequently analyzed for fungi (including yeasts, molds, rusts, smuts,
and mushrooms) by trained and experienced microbiologists at a laboratory accredited by the American
Industrial Hygiene Association (AIHA) and that successfully participates in the AIHA Environmental
Microbiology Proficiency Analytical Testing (EMPAT) Program. Other samples were collected for airborne
fibers, MVOCs, and total dust determinations using SKC® brand Airchek® 52 sampling pumps and the
appropriate sampling media. Pump flow rates were established and verified using a BIOS DryCal DCLite primary flow meter. Those samples were collected and analyzed along with blanks (identical sampling
media through which no air was drawn), when necessary, at laboratories accredited by the American
Industrial Hygiene Association (AIHA) through successful participation in the National Institute for
Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) Proficiency Analytical Testing Program. Direct-reading
instruments were used to determine airborne O3, and VOC levels, the results of which appear in Table
20802001-127 in Appendix A of this report. A discussion of the airborne CO2 data, along with air
temperature and relative humidity results, appears in Section 4.0 of this report. Additional information
concerning the specific sampling and analytical methods appears below.
California State Board of Equalization
Limited Indoor Air Quality Survey – 17TH Floor
Document No. 20802001.13
Page 2
3.0
SAMPLING AND ANALYSIS (CONTINUED)
3.1
Airborne Total Fungi
Air samples for airborne total (viable and nonviable) fungi determinations were collected using
Zefon brand Bio-Pumps™ equipped with Allergenco-D™ cassettes. Such samples were collected
at various 17TH Floor locations and samples were also collected outdoors on the applicable
survey date for comparison purposes. The resultant data, which are presented in spores per
cubic meter of air (spores/M3), appear in Table 20802001-122.
3.2
Airborne Viable Fungi
Air samples for airborne viable fungi determinations were collected on malt extract agar (MEA)
using a Gast brand high volume air-sampling pump equipped with an Aerotech 6™ Single Stage
Bioaerosol Sampler. Two outdoor samples were also collected on the applicable survey date for
comparison purpose. The media was incubated prior to enumeration of colony-forming units per
agar plate and the resultant data, presented in colony forming units per cubic meter of air (CFU/ M3),
can be found in Table 20802001-123.
3.3
Surface Fungi Growth Potentials
Surface samples were collected for fungal growth assessment using Scotch® brand cellophane
tape segments affixed to microscope slides. Additionally, surface fungi samples were collected
from various heating, ventilating, and air conditioning (HVAC) supply air register surfaces using
Healthlink® Transporters™ (Rayon tipped swabs immersed in 0.5 ml modified Stuart’s transport
medium). These data are presented in Table 20802001-124.
3.4
Airborne Fibrous Dust
Area air samples for fibrous dust were collected at stationary locations on 25-millimeter diameter,
0.8-micrometer pore size, mixed cellulose ester filters. The samples were analyzed by phase
contrast microscopy (PCM) in accordance with the NIOSH Method 7400. These data are
presented in fibers per cubic centimeter (f/cc) of air in Table 20802001-125.
3.5
Airborne Total Dust
Area air samples for total dust determination were collected at stationary locations on filter cassettes
containing pre-weighed 37-millimeter diameter, polyvinyl chloride filters having a pore size of five
micrometers. The samples were analyzed by gravimetric method in accordance with the NIOSH
Method 0500. These data are presented in milligrams per cubic meter of air (mg/M3) and appear in
20802001-126.
3.6
Microbial Volatile Organic Compounds
Area samples for MVOCs were collected on solid sorbent tubes equipped with Sagelock fittings.
The samples were analyzed by gas chromatography/ mass spectrometry, modified for MVOCs
following the AIHA field guide. These data are presented in mg/M3 and appear in Table
20802001-127.
California State Board of Equalization
Limited Indoor Air Quality Survey – 17TH Floor
Document No. 20802001.13
Page 3
3.0
SAMPLING AND ANALYSIS (CONTINUED)
3.7
Airborne Volatile Organic Compounds
Direct-reading air measurements for VOCs were also recorded at various locations on the 17TH Floor
using a RAE Systems, Inc. Mini-RAE 2000 photoionization detector, which is capable of detecting a
wide variety of unsaturated hydrocarbons at airborne concentrations ranging from 0.1 to 10,000
parts per million (ppm). Prior to the survey, this instrument was calibrated using a 100-ppm
isobutylene gas standard. These data are presented in parts per million (ppm).
3.8
Airborne Ozone
Direct-reading air measurements for O3 were recorded at various locations using a Dräger
colorimetric detector tube apparatus with the appropriate detector tubes. The data are presented in
ppm.
3.9
Airborne Carbon Dioxide
Direct-reading air measurements for airborne CO2 concentrations were recorded at a stationary
location using a Telaire®7001 Carbon Dioxide and Temperature Monitor along with the HOBO® data
logger. The data are presented in ppm.
3.10
Air Temperature and Relative Humidity
Air temperature and relative humidity data were recorded at a stationary location using a
Telaire®7001 Carbon Dioxide and Temperature Monitor along with the HOBO® data logger.
4.0
DISCUSSION
4.1
Airborne Total Fungi
The airborne total fungi data showed common spore types outdoors such as ascospores,
basidiospores, Cladosporium, colorless spores typical of Penicillium and Aspergillus species,
and/or Epicoccum, with basidiospores predominating in both samples. Indoors, the data showed
low airborne concentrations of common fungal spores that included one or more of the following:
Alternaria, ascospores, basidiospores, Bipolaris/Drechslera group, Chaetomium, Cladosporium,
Curvularia, colorless spores typical of Penicillium and Aspergillus species, rust, smuts, and/or
Stemphylium. Indoors, the distribution of fungal spore types detected in the surveyed areas was
generally consistent with those found outdoors, and the overall data within the tested areas were
well below the overall data recorded outdoors. These data are not believed to pose a health risk
beyond that posed by the outdoor environment where exposures to airborne fungi are expected.
California State Board of Equalization
Limited Indoor Air Quality Survey – 17TH Floor
Document No. 20802001.13
Page 4
4.0
DISCUSSION (CONTINUED)
4.2
Airborne Viable Fungi
The viable fungi data recorded outdoors showed overall levels of 389 and 848 CFU/M3 in the two
samples collected, with Cladosporium predominating in both. Indoors, low levels of common fungi
were found including Aspergillus niger, Aureobasidium, Cladosporium, and/or Penicillium. Again,
the data recorded were unremarkable and are not believed to pose a health risk beyond that posed
by the outdoor environment where exposures to airborne fungi are expected.
4.3
Surface Fungal Growth Potentials
The surface assessment data involving the samples collected from various cubicle partitions
throughout the 17TH Floor indicated no evidence of fungal growth or above-background levels of
loose fungal spores on those surfaces. However, the surface assessment data involving samples
collected from the HVAC supply air registers indicated low levels of fungal growth involving
Alternaria, Cladosporium, and/or Penicillium. Be advised that visible accumulation of debris, dust,
and other particulates was observed on the reverse side of all sampled HVAC supply air registers,
and that such conditions are indicative of an environment that may promote fungal growth.
4.4
Airborne Fibrous Dust
The data recorded in the surveyed areas indicated that airborne fibrous dusts were either not
detected above the laboratory detection limit of 0.004 f/cc or were detected at levels of 0.004 and
0.005 f/cc. Because the samples were collected at stationary locations at approximate breathing
zone height, the resultant data are expected to represent building occupant exposure potentials for
those persons working in or passing through the areas monitored. These data, which are expected
to represent employee exposure potentials to fibers of various types, including man-made and
natural mineral fibers, cellulosics (paper or wood composition), gypsum, and other fibrous dusts
common in the environment, are well below the current Cal-OSHA 8-hour TWA PEL for asbestos
fibers of 0.1 f/cc, the most restrictive exposure limit for fibrous dusts.
4.5
Airborne Total Dust
Common dust that is typically identified in buildings usually contains a wide variety of materials
including, but not limited to, gypsum crystals, cellulosic particles, fiberglass fragments, mineral grains
from soil, fungi spores, fine glass fibers, textile and wood fibers, iron or steel fragments, dead skin
cells, insect parts, animal dander, and pollens. Generally, exposure to low levels of such materials
does not produce ill effects in most persons. In fact, these so-called nuisance dusts have a long
history of little adverse effect to the lungs and are not known to produce significant diseases or toxic
effects, such as collagen (scar tissue) formation, when exposure are kept under reasonable control.
The data recorded in the surveyed areas showed that airborne total dust was not detected at or
above the respective laboratory analytical detection limits of 0.19 or 0.20 mg/M3. Because the
samples were collected at stationary locations at approximate breathing zone height, the resultant
data are expected to represent building occupant exposure potentials for those persons working in
or passing through the areas monitored. These data are well below the State of California,
Department of Industrial Relations, Division of Occupational Safety and Health (Cal-OSHA) 8-hour
time-weighted average (TWA) permissible exposure limit (PEL) for total dust of 10 mg/M3, as defined
California State Board of Equalization
Limited Indoor Air Quality Survey – 17TH Floor
Document No. 20802001.13
Page 5
4.0
DISCUSSION (CONTINUED)
4.5
Airborne Total Dust (Continued)
in Title 8 of the California Code of Regulations, Section 5155 (T8, CCR § 5155). Note that these
data are also well below the American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists 8-hour
TWA threshold limit value (TLV-TWA) for particulate (not otherwise classified) of 10 mg/M3; the U.S.
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) National Ambient Air Quality Primary Standard of 0.26
mg/M3 (24-hour standard); and the American Society of Heating, Refrigerating, and Air-Conditioning
Engineers, Inc. (ASHRAE) theoretical value for non-occupational environments of 1/10 of the TLV.
4.6
Airborne Microbial Volatile Organic Compounds
Microbial Volatile Organic Compounds (MVOCs) are composed of low molecular weight alcohols,
aldehydes, amines, ketones, terpenes, aromatic and chlorinated hydrocarbons, and sulfur-based
compounds that are known to be byproducts of microbial metabolism. MVOCs have a very low
odor threshold, thus, making them easily detectable by smell. They often have strong odors and
are responsible for the smells generally associated with fungal growth.
The airborne MVOC data indicated the presence of 1-butanol at levels ranging from 373 ng/M3 to
536 ng/M3, 2-hexanone at levels ranging from 133 ng/m3 to 162 ng/m3, and 2-heptanone at levels
ranging from 177 ng/m3 to 230 ng/m3. Microbial growth related 1-butanol, 2-hexanone, and 2heptanone would not be expected to be present indoors without additional MVOCs such as ethanol,
1-octen-3-ol, 2-octen-1-ol, benzyl cyanide, 2-methyl-isoborneol, geosmin (1-10-dimethyl-trans-9decalol), and/or terpenes also being present. The fact that 1-butanol, 2-heptananone, and 2heptanone were detected at low levels without the other above mentioned MVOCs would indicate
that its presence on the 17TH Floor was most likely not fungal growth related and attributable to
personal products such as perfumes and other personal cosmetic products. All such data are well
below the applicable Cal-OSHA 8-hour TWA PELs as defined in T8, CCR § 5155.
4.7
Airborne Volatile Organic Compounds
With the use of a direct-reading photoionization detector, VOCs were not detected at or above the
instrument detection limit of 0.1 ppm. Because these data were recorded at stationary locations at
approximate breathing zone height, the results are expected to represent building occupant
exposure potentials for those persons occupying or passing through the areas monitored. These
data were well below the surrogate Cal-OSHA PELs that are often used for comparative
purposes regarding VOC exposures, such as those for gasoline, hexane, and varnish makers and
painters (VM&P) naphtha.
4.8
Airborne Ozone
O3 was not detected at or above the Dräger instrument detection limits of 0.05 ppm.
California State Board of Equalization
Limited Indoor Air Quality Survey – 17TH Floor
Document No. 20802001.13
Page 6
4.0
DISCUSSION (CONTINUED)
4.9
Airborne Carbon Dioxide
The direct-reading results indicated that CO2 was detected at levels ranging from 522 to 815 ppm on
the 17TH Floor. While these data were somewhat higher than the expected outdoor CO2 levels,
which generally range between 320 and 350 ppm, they are considered normal for occupied indoor
environments and they are all well below the Cal-OSHA 8-hour TWA PEL for CO2 of 5000 ppm (T8,
CCR, § 5155). They are also below the level of 1000 ppm, which is essentially equivalent to the
recommended upper limit for building occupant comfort and odor control established by ASHRAE
(not greater than 700 ppm above the outdoor CO2 value) as stated in ASHRAE 62-2001.
Based on historic studies performed by HygieneTech, building occupant complaints of "stuffy" air
often begin when CO2 levels exceed 800 ppm. HygieneTech has also found that some sensitive
persons may experience discomfort, including eye irritation and headache, when CO2 levels reach
1,000 ppm. Such symptoms are not believed to be the result of an unhealthful exposure to CO2;
rather, they are thought to be the result of exposure to other common indoor air pollutants which, if
not exhausted and/or diluted, can accumulate over time.
4.10
Air Temperature and Relative Humidity
Air temperatures ranged between 74.53 and 78.01 degrees Fahrenheit (°F) on April 2, 2008.
Based on the experience of HygieneTech, the air temperatures perceived as comfortable by most
persons in office environments, and recommended by ASHRAE for occupant comfort, range
between 68.0 and 74.5°F (winter) and 73.0 and 79.0°F (summer). The air temperatures recorded
in the surveyed areas were within the comfort range recommended for the summer months.
Relative humidity data were recorded indoors at levels ranging from 23.9 to 27.9 percent. Such
levels were well within the 20 to 60 percent relative humidity level range recommended by
ASHRAE for occupant comfort. Note that HygieneTech recommends that the relative humidity in
buildings not exceed 50 percent in order to limit the potential for fungal growth.
5.0
CONCLUSIONS
5.1
The airborne total and viable fungi data recorded in the surveyed areas showed airborne fungi
levels that were generally below those recorded outdoors and therefore considered unremarkable.
These data are not believed to pose a health risk beyond that posed by the outdoor environment
where exposures to airborne fungi are expected.
5.2
The surface fungal growth potentials data collected from the HVAC supply air registers indicated
low levels of Alternaria, Cladosporium, and/or Penicillium fungal growth. Be advised that visible
accumulation of debris, dust, and other particulates was observed on the reverse side of all
sampled HVAC supply air registers, and that such conditions are indicative of an environment
that may promote fungal growth. However, note that the airborne fungi results discussed above
would suggest that such fungal growth did not appear to have adversely affected the indoor air
quality on the 17TH Floor.
California State Board of Equalization
Limited Indoor Air Quality Survey – 17TH Floor
Document No. 20802001.13
Page 7
5.0
CONCLUSIONS (CONTINUED)
5.3
The airborne total and fibrous dust, VOC, and O3 recorded during the survey were unremarkable.
Collectively, the data were well below applicable Cal-OSHA 8-hour TWA PELs and/or other
occupational, non-occupational, ASHRAE, or foreign guidelines. The data are not expected to
represent conditions that pose a measurable health risk to the building occupants.
5.4
The airborne MVOC data indicated the presence of 1-butanol at levels ranging from 373 ng/M3 to
536 ng/M3, 2-hexanone at levels ranging from 133 ng/m3 to 162 ng/m3, and 2-heptanone at levels
ranging from 177 ng/m3 to 230 ng/m3. Microbial growth related 1-butanol, 2-hexanone, and 2heptanone would not be expected to be present indoors without additional MVOCs such as ethanol,
1-octen-3-ol, 2-octen-1-ol, benzyl cyanide, 2-methyl-isoborneol, geosmin (1-10-dimethyl-trans-9decalol), and/or terpenes also being present. The fact that 1-butanol, 2-heptananone, and 2heptanone were detected at low levels without the other above mentioned MVOCs would indicate
that its presence on the 17TH Floor was most likely not fungal growth related and attributable to
personal products such as perfumes and other personal cosmetic products. All such data are well
below the applicable Cal-OSHA 8-hour TWA PELs as defined in T8, CCR § 5155.
5.5
Air temperatures ranged between 74.53 and 78.01 degrees Fahrenheit (°F) on the survey date.
Based on the experience of HygieneTech, the air temperatures perceived as comfortable by most
persons in office environments, and recommended by ASHRAE for occupant comfort, range
between 68.0 and 74.5°F (winter) and 73.0 and 79.0°F (summer). The air temperatures recorded
in the surveyed areas were within the comfort range recommended for the summer months.
Relative humidity data were recorded indoors at levels ranging from 23.9 to 27.9 percent, levels
that were well within the 20 to 60 percent relative humidity level range recommended by ASHRAE
for occupant comfort. Note that HygieneTech recommends that the relative humidity in buildings
not exceed 50 percent in order to limit the potential for fungal growth.
5.6
Be advised that the data provided in this report only represent fungal growth and exposure
potentials that existed at the time the survey was performed and at the precise sample locations
only, the latter of which were selected based on the available background information provided.
Note that fungal growth and exposure potentials may change due to changes in environmental
conditions (such as those caused by water intrusion), use of mechanical systems, or other factors.
Also be advised that additional fungal growth may exist at one or more locations in the structure
that were not specifically assessed during the survey.
6.0
RECOMMENDATIONS
All such recommendations are based strictly on the assessment information and analytical data that were
available to HygieneTech at the time this report was prepared. Be advised that, in order to establish data
that accurately reflects all the fungal growth sites on the 17TH Floor, additional assessment evaluations may
be required as more information is known regarding the history of water intrusion episodes in discrete
building areas.
California State Board of Equalization
Limited Indoor Air Quality Survey – 17TH Floor
Document No. 20802001.13
Page 8
6.0
RECOMMENDATIONS (CONTINUED)
6.1
If not yet established, an accurate record of all air monitoring results should be maintained in
accordance with Cal-OSHA regulation found in T8, CCR § 3204. All affected employees should
be informed that the exposure potential data in this report exist and that those persons, or their
representatives, have a right to access relevant exposure data and medical records.
6.2
Routine cleaning of the HVAC supply air registers on the 17TH Floor should be performed to
preclude the build-up of dust and debris, which may potentially contribute to fungal growth on
those surfaces.
6.3
Also be advised that the exposure data recorded during the survey may not be sufficiently broad
to adequately assess the suitability of the indoor air quality for all individuals, particularly those
who are extremely sensitive to certain chemical and/or biological substances or for those
individuals with immune system deficiencies. Although not expected, if persons occupying or
passing through the 17TH Floor do experience non-specific ill effects of unknown etiology, then
those affected should be referred to a medical professional in order to determine or specify the
possible cause(s) of such reactions. If more information becomes available, further investigation
and air monitoring may be warranted.
HYGIENE TECHNOLOGIES INTERNATIONAL, INC.
Date:
July 25, 2008
Date:
July 25, 2008
Kenny K. Hsi, CIH
Technical Director
Brian P. Daly, CIH, PE
President
HYGIENE TECHNOLOGIES
INTERNATIONAL, INC.
APPENDIX A
TABLE 20802001-122
AIRBORNE TOTAL FUNGI RESULTS
17TH FLOOR
SACRAMENTO, CALIFORNIA
FEBRUARY 19 AND 21, 2008
CLIENT: California State Board of Equalization
450 N Street
Sacramento, California 94279
Page 1
Results reported in spores per cubic meter of air (spores/M3)
SAMPLE NUMBER
20802001-TM116CCJL
20802001-TM117CCJL
20802001-TM118CCJL
20802001-TM119CCJL
Room 1707; area
between Column L22
and M22; Cubicle 72;
within ceiling
plenum/Sampling
activities only
02-19-08
Room 1707; Column
K22; Cubicle 23;
northwestern
corner/Sampling
activities only
Room 1707; about six
feet south of column
K20; within ceiling
plenum/Sampling
activities only
Room 1706; about
center; within ceiling
plenum/Sampling
activities only
02-19-08
02-19-08
02-19-08
START/STOP
9:48:00/9:53:00
10:00:00/10:05:00
10:09:00/10:14:00
10:21:00/10:26:00
SAMPLE TIME
5 minutes
5 minutes
5 minutes
5 minutes
SAMPLING
LOCATION/ACTIVITIES
DATE
Alternaria
13
Arthrinium
Ascospores
53
Aureobasidium
Basidiospores
53
53
Bipolaris/Drechslera group
53
13
Botrytis
Chaetomium
Cladosporium
320
480
107
Curvularia
53
13
Epicoccum
Myrothecium
Nigrospora
Oidium
Other brown
Penicillium/Aspergillus types
373
Pithomyces
Rusts
13
Smuts (Periconia, Myxomycetes)
13
13
13
Stachybotrys
Stemphylium
13
Torula
Ulocladium
Hyphal fragments
13
<13
13
<13
Background particulates*
2+
2+
2+
2+
TOTAL**
746
506
186
211
Background debris is an indication of the amount of non-biological particulate matter present on the slide and is graded (from least to greatest) as 1+ to 4+.
HYGIENE TECHNOLOGIES
INTERNATIONAL, INC.
APPENDIX A
TABLE 20802001-122
AIRBORNE TOTAL FUNGI RESULTS
17TH FLOOR
SACRAMENTO, CALIFORNIA
FEBRUARY 19 AND 21, 2008
CLIENT: California State Board of Equalization
450 N Street
Sacramento, California 94279
Page 2
Results reported in spores per cubic meter of air (spores/M3)
SAMPLE NUMBER
20802001-TM120CCJL
20802001-TM121CCJL
20802001- TM122CCJL
20802001-TM123CCJL
Room 1707; Column
L18 area; Cubicle 3;
northwestern corner
ceiling; within ceiling
plenum/Sampling
activities only
02-19-08
Room 1723; Column
N18 area; Cubicle 119;
about center; within
ceiling plenum/
Sampling activities only
02-19-08
Room 1713; Column
N20 area; print station;
southwestern corner
within ceiling
plenum/Sampling
activities only
02-19-08
Room 1707; Column
N22 area; Cubicle 83;
northwestern corner;
within ceiling
plenum/Sampling
activities only
02-19-08
START/STOP
10:36:00/10:41:00
10:56:00/11:01:00
13:30:00/13:35:00
13:41:00/13:46:00
SAMPLE TIME
5 minutes
5 minutes
5 minutes
5 minutes
53
213
160
SAMPLING
LOCATION/ACTIVITIES
DATE
Alternaria
Arthrinium
Ascospores
Aureobasidium
Basidiospores
53
Bipolaris/Drechslera group
Botrytis
Chaetomium
13
Cladosporium
213
Curvularia
Epicoccum
Myrothecium
Nigrospora
Oidium
Other brown
Penicillium/Aspergillus types
53
Pithomyces
Rusts
Smuts (Periconia, Myxomycetes)
53
80
Hyphal fragments
<13
27
<13
13
Background particulates*
2+
2+
2+
2+
TOTAL**
332
133
213
213
Stachybotrys
Torula
Ulocladium
Unidentified mitosporic fungi
Background debris is an indication of the amount of non-biological particulate matter present on the slide and is graded (from least to greatest) as 1+ to 4+.
HYGIENE TECHNOLOGIES
INTERNATIONAL, INC.
APPENDIX A
TABLE 20802001-122
AIRBORNE TOTAL FUNGI RESULTS
17TH FLOOR
SACRAMENTO, CALIFORNIA
FEBRUARY 19 AND 21, 2008
CLIENT: California State Board of Equalization
450 N Street
Sacramento, California 94279
Page 3
Results reported in spores per cubic meter of air (spores/M3)
SAMPLE NUMBER
20802001-TM19OUT
20802001-TM37ME
20802001-TM38ME
20802001-TM39ME
SAMPLING
LOCATION/ACTIVITIES
Outdoor; about 50 feet
east of building;
approximately five feet
above ground/Normal
outdoor activities
Room 1707; Column
K21 area;
northwestern corner of
Cubicle 46;
approximately five feet
above floor/Normal
office activities
02-21-08
Room 1707; Column
K20 area; Cubicle 54;
about center;
approximately five feet
above floor/Normal
office activities
02-21-08
Room 1707; Column
N22 area; about five
feet east of Cubicle
69; approximately five
feet above
floor/Normal office
activities
02-21-08
START/STOP
10:30:00/10:35:00
14:50:00/14:55:00
15:00/15:05:00
15:07:00/15:12:00
SAMPLE TIME
5 minutes
5 minutes
5 minutes
5 minutes
53
53
DATE
02-21-08
Alternaria
Arthrinium
Ascospores
853
Aureobasidium
Basidiospores
1,600
53
960
53
Bipolaris/Drechslera group
Botrytis
Chaetomium
Cladosporium
Curvularia
Epicoccum
27
Nigrospora
Oidium
Penicillium/Aspergillus types
160
53
Pithomyces
Rusts
Smuts (Periconia, Myxomycetes)
Stachybotrys
Stemphylium
Torula
Ulocladium
Hyphal fragments
<13
<13
<13
13
Background particulates*
1+
1+
1+
1+
3,600
106
106
53
TOTAL**
Background debris is an indication of the amount of non-biological particulate matter present on the slide and is graded (from least to greatest) as 1+ to 4+.
HYGIENE TECHNOLOGIES
INTERNATIONAL, INC.
APPENDIX A
TABLE 20802001-122
AIRBORNE TOTAL FUNGI RESULTS
17TH FLOOR
SACRAMENTO, CALIFORNIA
FEBRUARY 19 AND 21, 2008
CLIENT: California State Board of Equalization
450 N Street
Sacramento, California 94279
Page 4
Results reported in spores per cubic meter of air (spores/M3)
SAMPLE NUMBER
20802001-TM40ME
20802001-TM41ME
20802001-TM42ME
20802001-TM43ME
Room 1707; Column
K21 area; Cubicle 26;
about center;
approximately five feet
above floor/Normal
office activities
02-21-08
Room 1707; area
between column K19
and K21 Cubicle 16;
about center;
approximately five feet
above floor/Normal
office activities
02-21-08
Room 1707; Column
K18 area; about ten
feet north of Cubicle
38; approximately five
feet above
floor/Normal office
activities
02-21-08
Room 1707; Column
K18 area; about ten
feet north of Cubicle
012; approximately
five feet above
floor/Normal office
activities
02-21-08
START/STOP
15:20:00/15:25:00
15:27:00/15:32:00
15:33:00/15:38:00
15:40:00/15:45:00
SAMPLE TIME
5 minutes
5 minutes
5 minutes
5 minutes
SAMPLING
LOCATION/ACTIVITIES
DATE
Alternaria
Arthrinium
Ascospores
Aureobasidium
Basidiospores
Bipolaris/Drechslera group
Botrytis
Chaetomium
Cladosporium
53
Curvularia
Epicoccum
Myrothecium
Nigrospora
Oidium
Other brown
Penicillium/Aspergillus types
Pithomyces
Rusts
Smuts (Periconia, Myxomycetes)
Stachybotrys
Torula
Ulocladium
Unidentified mitosporic fungi
Hyphal fragments
<13
<13
<13
<13
Background particulates*
1+
1+
1+
1+
TOTAL**
<13
<13
53
<13
Background debris is an indication of the amount of non-biological particulate matter present on the slide and is graded (from least to greatest) as 1+ to 4+.
HYGIENE TECHNOLOGIES
INTERNATIONAL, INC.
APPENDIX A
TABLE 20802001-122
AIRBORNE TOTAL FUNGI RESULTS
17TH FLOOR
SACRAMENTO, CALIFORNIA
FEBRUARY 19 AND 21, 2008
CLIENT: California State Board of Equalization
450 N Street
Sacramento, California 94279
Page 5
Results reported in spores per cubic meter of air (spores/M3)
SAMPLE NUMBER
20802001-TM44ME
20802001-TM45ME
20802001-TM46ME
20802001-TM47ME
Room 1707; Column
L18 area;
southwestern corner
of Cubicle 001;
approximately five feet
above floor/Normal
office activities
02-21-08
Room 1723; Column
N18 area; about five
feet north of Cubicle
123; approximately
five feet above
floor/Normal office
activities
02-21-08
Room 1720; Column
N19 area; Cubicle
113; about center;
approximately five feet
above floor/Normal
office activities
02-21-08
Room 1720; Column
N19 area; about 15
feet north of Cubicle
110; approximately
five feet above
floor/Normal office
activities
02-21-08
START/STOP
15:50:00/15:55:00
16:00:00/16:05:00
16:05:00/16:10:00
16:10:00/16:15:00
SAMPLE TIME
5 minutes
5 minutes
5 minutes
5 minutes
SAMPLING
LOCATION/ACTIVITIES
DATE
Alternaria
Arthrinium
Ascospores
107
Aureobasidium
Basidiospores
Bipolaris/Drechslera group
Botrytis
Chaetomium
Cladosporium
53
Curvularia
Epicoccum
Myrothecium
Nigrospora
Oidium
Other brown
Penicillium/Aspergillus types
Pithomyces
Rusts
Smuts (Periconia, Myxomycetes)
Stachybotrys
Torula
Ulocladium
Unidentified mitosporic fungi
Hyphal fragments
13
<13
<13
<13
Background particulates*
+1
1+
1+
1+
TOTAL**
<13
53
<13
107
Background debris is an indication of the amount of non-biological particulate matter present on the slide and is graded (from least to greatest) as 1+ to 4+.
HYGIENE TECHNOLOGIES
INTERNATIONAL, INC.
APPENDIX A
TABLE 20802001-122
AIRBORNE TOTAL FUNGI RESULTS
17TH FLOOR
SACRAMENTO, CALIFORNIA
FEBRUARY 19 AND 21, 2008
CLIENT: California State Board of Equalization
450 N Street
Sacramento, California 94279
Page 6
Results reported in spores per cubic meter of air (spores/M3)
SAMPLE NUMBER
20802001-TM48ME
20802001-TM49ME
20802001-TM36OUTME
20802001-TM50ME
SAMPLING
LOCATION/ACTIVITIES
Room 1713; Column
N20 area; Cubicle
107; about center;
approximately five
feet above
floor/Normal office
activities
02-21-08
Room 1713; Column
N21 area; Cubicle
100; about center;
approximately five
feet above
floor/Normal office
activities
02-21-08
Outdoor; about 50 feet
east of building;
approximately five feet
above ground/Normal
outdoor activities
02-21-08
Room 1702; Column
N22 area; Cubicle 87;
about center;
approximately five
feet above
floor/Normal office
activities
02-21-08
START/STOP
16:20:00/16:25:00
16:30:00/16:35:00
16:30:00/16:35:00
16:45:00/16:50:00
SAMPLE TIME
5 minutes
5 minutes
5 minutes
5 minutes
DATE
Alternaria
Arthrinium
Ascospores
480
Aureobasidium
Basidiospores
53
853
107
267
Bipolaris/Drechslera group
Botrytis
Chaetomium
Cladosporium
53
53
Curvularia
Epicoccum
Myrothecium
Nigrospora
Oidium
Other brown
Penicillium/Aspergillus types
160
Pithomyces
Rusts
Smuts (Periconia, Myxomycetes)
13
Stachybotrys
Torula
Ulocladium
Unidentified mitosporic fungi
Hyphal fragments
<13
<13
80
<13
Background particulates*
1+
1+
1+
1+
TOTAL**
66
160
1,760
53
Background debris is an indication of the amount of non-biological particulate matter present on the slide and is graded (from least to greatest) as 1+ to 4+.
HYGIENE TECHNOLOGIES
INTERNATIONAL, INC.
APPENDIX A
TABLE 20802001-122
AIRBORNE TOTAL FUNGI RESULTS
17TH FLOOR
SACRAMENTO, CALIFORNIA
FEBRUARY 19 AND 21, 2008
CLIENT: California State Board of Equalization
450 N Street
Sacramento, California 94279
Page 7
Results reported in spores per cubic meter of air (spores/M3)
SAMPLE NUMBER
20802001-TM51ME
20802001-TM52ME
Room 1702; Column
N22 area; Cubicle 78;
about center;
approximately five
feet above
floor/Normal office
activities
02-21-08
Room 1707; area
between L22 and M22;
Cubicle 64; about
center; approximately
five feet above
floor/Normal office
activities
02-21-08
START/STOP
16:51:00/16:56:00
17:05:00/17:10:00
SAMPLE TIME
5 minutes
5 minutes
107
53
SAMPLING
LOCATION/ACTIVITIES
DATE
This column
intentionally left blank
This column
intentionally left blank
Alternaria
Arthrinium
Ascospores
Aureobasidium
Basidiospores
Bipolaris/Drechslera group
Botrytis
Chaetomium
Cladosporium
53
Curvularia
Epicoccum
Nigrospora
Oidium
Other brown
Penicillium/Aspergillus types
Pithomyces
Rusts
Smuts (Periconia, Myxomycetes)
Stachybotrys
Torula
Ulocladium
Unidentified mitosporic fungi
Hyphal fragments
<13
<13
Background particulates*
1+
1+
TOTAL**
107
106
Background debris is an indication of the amount of non-biological particulate matter present on the slide and is graded (from least to greatest) as 1+ to 4+.
HYGIENE TECHNOLOGIES
INTERNATIONAL, INC.
APPENDIX A
TABLE 20802001-123
AIRBORNE VIABLE FUNGI RESULTS
17th FLOOR
SACRAMENTO, CALIFORNIA
FEBRUARY 21, 2008
CLIENT: California State Board of Equalization
450 N Street
Sacramento, California 94279
Page 1
Results reported in colony forming units per cubic meter of air (CFU/M3)
SAMPLE NUMBER
20802001-VM01OUTME
20802001-VM11ME
20802001-VM12ME
20802001.VM13ME
SAMPLING
LOCATION/ACTIVITIES
Outdoors; about 25 feet
east of building;
approximately five feet
above ground/Normal
outdoor activities
Room 1707; Column
N20 area; Cubicle 42;
about center;
approximately five feet
above floor/Normal
office activities
Room 1707; Column
K18 area; about ten feet
north of Cubicle 12;
approximately five feet
above floor/Normal
office activities
15:14:00/15:17:00
15:46:00/15:48:00
2 minutes
2 minutes
START/STOP
10:37:00/10:39:00
Room 1707; Colum
N22 area; about five
feet east of Cubicle
69; approximately five
feet above
floor/Normal office
activities
14:57:00/14:59:00
SAMPLE TIME
2 minutes
2 minutes
Acremonium
Alternaria
Aspergillus flavus
Aspergillus niger
71
18
Aspergillus other
Aspergillus versicolor
Aureobasidium
18
Beauveria
Bipolaris/Drechslera group
Botrytis
Chaetomium
Cladosporium
212
18
Curvularia
Epicoccum
Nigrospora
Memnoniella
Myrothecium
Non-sporulating fungi
53
Paecilomyces
Penicillium
35
Phoma/coelomycetes
Sporobolomyces
Stachybotrys chartarum (atra)
Torula herbarum
Trichoderma
Ulocladium
Yeasts
106
TOTAL
389
124
18
18
18
36
HYGIENE TECHNOLOGIES
INTERNATIONAL, INC.
APPENDIX A
TABLE 20802001-123
AIRBORNE VIABLE FUNGI RESULTS
17th FLOOR
SACRAMENTO, CALIFORNIA
FEBRUARY 21, 2008
CLIENT: California State Board of Equalization
450 N Street
Sacramento, California 94279
Page 2
Results reported in colony forming units per cubic meter of air (CFU/M3)
SAMPLE NUMBER
SAMPLING
LOCATION/ACTIVITIES
20802001-VM14ME
20802001-VM15ME
20802001-VM16ME
20802001-VM17ME
Room 1707;
southwestern corner of
Cubicle 001;
approximately five feet
above floor/Normal
office activities
Room 1713; About
center; Cubicle 100;
approximately five feet
above floor/Normal
office activities
Room 1707; Cubicle 78;
about center;
approximately five feet
above floor/Normal
office activities
16:37:00/16:39:00
16:57:00/16:59:00
2 minutes
2 minutes
START/STOP
15:56:00/15:58:00
Room 1723; Column
N18 area; about five
feet north of Cubicle
123; approximately five
feet above
floor/Normal office
activities
16:06:00/16:08:00
SAMPLE TIME
2 minutes
2 minutes
Acremonium
Alternaria
Aspergillus flavus
Aspergillus niger
53
Aspergillus other
Aspergillus versicolor
Aureobasidium
Beauveria
Bipolaris/Drechslera group
Botrytis
Chaetomium
Cladosporium
18
18
Curvularia
Epicoccum
Fusarium
Memnoniella
Myrothecium
Non-sporulating fungi
Others
Paecilomyces
Penicillium
Phoma/coelomycetes
Sporobolomyces
Stachybotrys chartarum (atra)
Torula herbarum
Trichoderma
Ulocladium
Yeasts
TOTAL
18
53
<18
18
HYGIENE TECHNOLOGIES
INTERNATIONAL, INC.
APPENDIX A
TABLE 20802001-123
AIRBORNE VIABLE FUNGI RESULTS
17th FLOOR
SACRAMENTO, CALIFORNIA
FEBRUARY 21, 2008
CLIENT: California State Board of Equalization
450 N Street
Sacramento, California 94279
Page 3
Results reported in colony forming units per cubic meter of air (CFU/M3)
SAMPLE NUMBER
20802001-VM18ME
20802001-VM10OUTME
START/STOP
Room 1707; Cubicle
64; about center;
approximately five feet
above floor/Normal
office activities
17:11:00/17:16:00
Outdoors; about 20 feet
east of building;
approximately five feet
above ground/Normal
outdoor activities
17:55:00/17:57:00
SAMPLE TIME
2 minutes
2 minutes
SAMPLING
LOCATION/ACTIVITIES
Acremonium
Alternaria
Aspergillus flavus
Aspergillus niger
Aspergillus other
Aspergillus versicolor
Aureobasidium
Beauveria
Bipolaris/Drechslera group
Botrytis
Chaetomium
Cladosporium
777
Curvularia
Epicoccum
18
Fusarium
Memnoniella
Myrothecium
Non-sporulating fungi
53
Others
Paecilomyces
Penicillium
Phoma/coelomycetes
Sporobolomyces
Stachybotrys chartarum (atra)
Torula herbarum
Trichoderma
Ulocladium
Yeasts
TOTAL
<18
848
This column
intentionally left blank
This column
intentionally left blank
HYGIENE TECHNOLOGIES
INTERNATIONAL, INC.
CLIENT: California State Board of Equalization
450 N Street
Sacramento, California 94279
APPENDIX A
TABLE 20802001-124
SURFACE FUNGAL GROWTH POTENTIALS
17TH FLOOR
SACRAMENTO, CALIFORNIA
FEBRUARY 15 AND 19, 2008
Page 1
DATE
02-15-08
SAMPLE
NUMBER
SAMPLING
LOCATION
AMORPHOUS
DEBRIS
FUNGI SEEN
WITH
UNDERLYING
MYCELIAL
AND/OR
SPORULATING
STRUCTURES**
20802001TL41JL
Room 1707; area between
Columns L18 and M18;
Cubicle 7; southern cubicle
partition; about center; from
top horizontal surface
Room 1707; Column M18
area; Cubicle 130; western
cubicle partition; about
center; from top horizontal
surface
Room 1707; Column K18
area; Cubicle 5; western
cubicle partition ; about
center; from top horizontal
surface
Room 1707; Column K18
area; Cubicle 37; southern
cubicle partition; about
center; from top horizontal
surface
Room 1707; Column K19
area; Cubicle 15; northern
cubicle partition; about
center; from top horizontal
surface
Room 1707; Column K20
area; Cubicle 30; western
cubicle partition; about
center; from top horizontal
surface
Room 1707; Column K19
area; Cubicle 51; southern
cubicle partition; about
center; from top horizontal
surface
Room 1707; Column K21
area; Cubicle 46; western
cubicle partition; about
center; from top horizontal
surface
Room 1707; Column K22
area; Cubicle 24; western
cubicle partition; about
center; from top horizontal
surface
Scant
Very few
None
None
Background
Scant
Very few
None
None
Background
Scant
Very few
None
None
Background
Scant
Very few
None
None
Background
Scant
Very few
None
None
Background
Scant
Very few
None
None
Background
Scant
Very few
None
None
Background
Scant
Very few
None
None
Background
Scant
Very few
None
None
Background
02-15-08
20802001TL42JL
02-15-08
20802001TL43JL
02-15-08
20802001TL44JL
02-15-08
20802001TL45JL
02-15-08
20802001TL46JL
02-15-08
20802001TL47JL
02-15-08
20802001TL48JL
02-15-08
20802001TL49JL
OTHER
COMMENTS
MISCELLANEOUS
FUNGI/POLLEN*
GENERAL
IMPRESSION
*Includes basidiospores (mushroom spores), myxomycetes, plant pathogens such as ascospores, rusts and smuts, and a mix of saprophytic genera with no particular spore type
predominating (indicative of normal trapping).
**Quantities of fungi are graded (from least to greatest) as <1+ to 4+.
HYGIENE TECHNOLOGIES
INTERNATIONAL, INC.
APPENDIX A
TABLE 20802001-124
SURFACE FUNGAL GROWTH POTENTIALS
17TH FLOOR
SACRAMENTO, CALIFORNIA
FEBRUARY 15 AND 19, 2008
CLIENT: California State Board of Equalization
450 N Street
Sacramento, California 94279
Page 2
DATE
02-15-08
SAMPLE
NUMBER
SAMPLING
LOCATION
AMORPHOUS
DEBRIS
FUNGI SEEN
WITH
UNDERLYING
MYCELIAL
AND/OR
SPORULATING
STRUCTURES**
20802001TL50JL
Room 1707; Column K22
area; Cubicle 69; eastern
cubicle partition; about
center; from top horizontal
surface
Room 1707; Column L22;
Cubicle 62; southern cubicle
partition; about center; from
top horizontal surface
Room 1707; area between
L22 and M22; Cubicle 73;
eastern cubicle partition;
about center; from top
horizontal surface
Room 1707; Column N22
area; Cubicle 78; northern
cubicle partition; about
center; from top horizontal
surface
Room 1707; Column N22;
Cubicle 93; northern cubicle
partition; about center; from
top horizontal surface
Room 1707; Column N21
area; Cubicle 85; eastern
cubicle partition; about
center; from top horizontal
surface
Room 1713; Column N20
area; Cubicle 100; northern
cubicle partition; about
center; from top horizontal
surface
Room 1713; Column N20
area; Cubicle 104; northern
cubicle partition; about
center; from top horizontal
surface
Room 1723; Column N18
area; Cubicle 125; northern
cubicle partition; about
center; from top horizontal
surface
Scant
Very few
None
None
Background
Scant
Very few
None
None
Background
Scant
Very few
None
None
Background
Scant
Very few
None
None
Background
Scant
Very few
None
None
Background
Scant
Very few
None
None
Background
Scant
Very few
None
None
Background
Scant
Very few
None
None
Background
Light
Very few
None
None
Background
02-15-08
20802001TL51JL
02-15-08
20802001TL52JL
02-15-08
20802001TL53JL
02-15-08
20802001TL54JL
02-15-08
20802001TL55JL
02-15-08
20802001TL56JL
02-15-08
20802001TL57JL
02-15-08
20802001TL58JL
OTHER
COMMENTS
MISCELLANEOUS
FUNGI/POLLEN*
GENERAL
IMPRESSION
*Includes basidiospores (mushroom spores), myxomycetes, plant pathogens such as ascospores, rusts and smuts, and a mix of saprophytic genera with no particular spore type
predominating (indicative of normal trapping).
**Quantities of fungi are graded (from least to greatest) as <1+ to 4+.
HYGIENE TECHNOLOGIES
INTERNATIONAL, INC.
CLIENT: California State Board of Equalization
450 N Street
Sacramento, California 94279
APPENDIX A
TABLE 20802001-124
SURFACE FUNGAL GROWTH POTENTIALS
17TH FLOOR
SACRAMENTO, CALIFORNIA
FEBRUARY 15 AND 19, 2008
Page 3
DATE
02-15-08
02-19-08
02-19-08
02-19-08
SAMPLE
NUMBER
SAMPLING
LOCATION
AMORPHOUS
DEBRIS
FUNGI SEEN
WITH
UNDERLYING
MYCELIAL
AND/OR
SPORULATING
STRUCTURES**
20802001TL59JL
Room 1723; Column
N18 area; Cubicle 118;
southern cubicle
partition; about center;
from top horizontal
surface
Room 1707; area
between Column L22
and M22; Cubicle 72;
ceiling; from reverse
side of HVAC supply air
register
Scant
Very few
None
None
Background
Moderate
Very few
<1+ Cladosporium
species (spores,
hyphae)
A few
Chaetomium
spores detected
Minimal
fungal
growth
None
Minimal
fungal
growth
Very few
Chaetomium
spores detected
Minimal
fungal
growth
None
Minimal
fungal
growth
20802001S17JL
20802001S18JL
20802001S19JL
Room 1707; Column
K22 area; Cubicle 23;
northwestern corner;
ceiling; from reverse
side of HVAC supply air
register
Room 1707; about five
feet south of Column
K20; ceiling; from
reverse side of HVAC
supply air register
Moderate
Very few
OTHER COMMENTS
MISCELLANEOUS
FUNGI/POLLEN*
GENERAL
IMPRESSION
<1+ Alternaria
species (spores,
hyphae)
<1+ Cladosporium
species (spores,
hyphae)
<1+Penicillium
species (spores,
hyphae,
conidiophores)
Moderate
Very few
<1+ Alternaria
species
(spores,hypae)
<1+Penicillium
species (spores,
hyphae,
conidiophores)
<1+ Cladosporium
species (spores,
hyphae)
02-19-08
20802001S20JL
Room 1706; ceiling;
about center; from
reverse side of HVAC
supply air register
Moderate
Very few
<1+ Alternaria
species
(spores,hypae)
<1+ Cladosporium
species (spores,
hyphae)
<1+ Alternaria
species
(spores,hypae)
*Includes basidiospores (mushroom spores), myxomycetes, plant pathogens such as ascospores, rusts and smuts, and a mix of saprophytic genera with no particular spore type
predominating (indicative of normal trapping).
**Quantities of fungi are graded (from least to greatest) as <1+ to 4+.
HYGIENE TECHNOLOGIES
INTERNATIONAL, INC.
CLIENT: California State Board of Equalization
450 N Street
Sacramento, California 94279
APPENDIX A
TABLE 20802001-124
SURFACE FUNGAL GROWTH POTENTIALS
17TH FLOOR
SACRAMENTO, CALIFORNIA
FEBRUARY 15 AND 19, 2008
Page 4
DATE
02-19-08
02-19-08
02-19-08
02-19-08
SAMPLE
NUMBER
SAMPLING
LOCATION
AMORPHOUS
DEBRIS
FUNGI SEEN
WITH
UNDERLYING
MYCELIAL
AND/OR
SPORULATING
STRUCTURES**
20802001S21JL
Room 1707; Column
L18 area; Cubicle 3;
northwestern corner
ceiling; from reverse
side of HVAC supply air
register
Room 1723; Colum N18
area; Cubicle 119;
ceiling; about center;
from reverse side of
HVAC supply air
register
Moderate
Very few
Moderate
Very few
20802001S22JL
20802001S23Jl
20802001S24JL
OTHER COMMENTS
<1+ Cladosporium
species (spores,
hyphae)
1+Penicillium
species (spores,
hyphae,
conidiophores)
MISCELLANEOUS
FUNGI/POLLEN*
GENERAL
IMPRESSION
None
Minimal
fungal
growth
None
Fungal
growth
None
Minimal
fungal
growth
None
Fungal
growth
<1+ Cladosporium
species (spores,
hyphae)
Room 1713; Column
N20; print station;
southwestern corner;
from reverse side of
HVAC supply air
register
Moderate
Room 1707; Column
N22 area; Cubicle 83;
northwestern corner;
from reverse side of
HVAC supply air
register
Moderate
Very few
<1+ Cladosporium
species (spores,
hyphae)
<1+ Alternaria
species
(spores,hypae)
Very few
1+ Penicillium
species (spores,
hyphae,
conidiophores)
1+ Aspergillus
species (spores,
hypae,
conidiophores)
<1+ Cladosporium
species (spores,
hyphae
*Includes basidiospores (mushroom spores), myxomycetes, plant pathogens such as ascospores, rusts and smuts, and a mix of saprophytic genera with no particular spore type
predominating (indicative of normal trapping).
**Quantities of fungi are graded (from least to greatest) as <1+ to 4+.
HYGIENE TECHNOLOGIES
INTERNATIONAL, INC.
APPENDIX A
TABLE 20802001-125
AIRBORNE FIBERS RESULTS
17TH FLOOR
SACRAMENTO, CALIFORNIA
MARCH 6, 2008
CLIENT: California State Board of Equalization
450 N Street
Sacramento, California 94279
NAME/
REFERENCE
Area Sample
Area Sample
Area Sample
Area Sample
Area Sample
Area Sample
Area Sample
Blank
LOCATION/
ACTIVITIES
Room 1707; Column K22 area; about six feet north of Cubicle
023; approximately six feet above floor/Normal office activities
Room 1707; Column K20 area; Cubicle 17A; approximately six
feet above floor/Normal office activities
Room 1707; Column K18 area; about ten feet north of Cubicle
012; approximately six feet above floor/Normal office activities
Room 1707; area between Column L18 and M18; about eight
feet west of Cubicle 132; approximately six feet above
floor/Normal office activities
Room 1723; Column N18 area; about eight feet west of Cubicle
127; approximately six feet above floor/Normal office activities
Room 1713; Column N20 area; about six feet south of Cubicle
104; approximately six feet above floor/Normal office activities
Room 1707; Column N22 area; about eight feet north of cubicle
90; approximately six feet above floor/Normal office activities
N/A
PPE
USED
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
SAMPLE
NUMBER
20803001F01ME
20803001F02ME
20803001F03ME
20803001F04ME
START/
STOP
8:49/
16:58
8:52/
16:59
8:55/
17:07
8:57/
17:08
SAMPLE
TIME
489
CONTAMINANT
Fibers
RESULTS
(f/cc)
<0.004
PEL
(f/cc)
0.1
487
Fibers
<0.004
0.1
492
Fibers
<0.004
0.1
491
Fibers
<0.004
0.1
20803001F05ME
20803001F06ME
20803001F07ME
20803001F44BlankME
9:00/
17:10
9:05/
17:13
9:07/
17:15
N/A
490
Fibers
<0.004
0.1
488
Fibers
0.005
0.1
488
Fibers
0.004
0.1
N/A
Fibers
All data blank
corrected
N/A
LEGEND
PPE: Personal protective equipment
N/A: Not applicable
PEL: Cal-OSHA 8-hour time-weighted average permissible exposure limit
<: Less than
f/cc: Fibers per cubic centimeter of air
HYGIENE TECHNOLOGIES
INTERNATIONAL, INC.
APPENDIX A
TABLE 20802001-126
AIRBORNE TOTAL DUST RESULTS
17TH FLOOR
SACRAMENTO, CALIFORNIA
FEBRUARY 19, 2008
CLIENT: California State Board of Equalization
450 N Street
Sacramento, California 94279
NAME/
REFERENCE
Area Sample
Area Sample
Area Sample
Area Sample
Area Sample
Area Sample
Area Sample
Area Sample
Area Sample
Area Sample
Blank
LOCATION/
ACTIVITIES
Room 1707;Column N22 area; Cubicle 90; southeastern corner
cubicle partition; approximately five feet above floor/Normal office
activities
Room 1707; area between Columns L22 and M22; Cubicle 65;
northeastern corner cubicle partition; approximately five feet above
floor/Normal office activities
Room 1707; Column K22 area; Cubicle 58; southwestern corner
cubicle partition; approximately five feet above floor/Normal office
activities
Room 1707; Column K22 area; Cubicle 24; southwestern corner
cubicle partiton; approximately five feet above floor/Normal office
activities
Room 1707;Column K20 area; Cubicle 42; western cubicle
partition; about center; approximately five feet above floor/Normal
office activities
Room 1707;Column K18 area; Cubicle 35; southeastern corner
cubicle partition; approximately five feet above floor/Normal office
activities
Room 1707; Column L18 area; Cubicle 3; northwestern corner
cubicle partiton; approximately five feet above floor/Normal office
activities
Room 1723; Column N18 area; Cubicle 123; northeastern corner
cubicle partiton; approximately five feet above floor/normal office
activities
Room 1718; Column N19 area; Cubicle 112; northeastern corner
cubicle partiton; approximately five feet above floor/normal office
activities
Room 1713; Column N21 area; Cubicle 100; northeastern corner
cubicle partition; approximately five feet above floor/Normal office
activities
N/A
PPE
USED
N/A
SAMPLE
NUMBER
20802001TD01ME
START/
STOP
11:45/
16:13
SAMPLE
TIME
268
minutes
CONTAMINANT
Total dust
RESULTS
3
(mg/M )
<0.19
PEL
3
(mg/M )
10
N/A
20802001TD02ME
11:48/
16:11
263
minutes
Total dust
<0.20
10
N/A
20802001TD03ME
11:50/
16:09
259
minutes
Total dust
<0.20
10
N/A
20802001TD04ME
11:52/
16:14
262
minutes
Total dust
<0.19
10
N/A
20802001TD05ME
11:54/
16:06
252
minutes
Total dust
<0.20
10
N/A
20802001TD06ME
11:57/
16:16
259
minutes
Total dust
<0.19
10
N/A
20802001TD07ME
11:59/
16:10
251
minutes
Total dust
<0.20
10
N/A
20802001TD08ME
12:02/
16:14
252
minutes
Total dust
<0.20
10
N/A
20802001TD09ME
12:06/
16:18
252
minutes
Total dust
<0.20
10
N/A
20802001TD10ME
12:08/
16:22
254
minutes
Total dust
<0.20
10
N/A
20802001TD100BLKME
N/A
N/A
Total dust
All data blank
corrected
N/A
LEGEND
PPE: Personal protective equipment
N/A: Not applicable
3
mg/M : Milligrams per cubic meter
<: Less than
PEL: Cal-OSHA 8-hour time-weighted average permissible exposure limit
HYGIENE TECHNOLOGIES
INTERNATIONAL, INC.
APPENDIX A
TABLE 20802001-127
MICROBIAL VOLATILE ORGANIC COMPOUNDS
17TH FLOOR
SACRAMENTO, CALIFORNIA
MARCH 25, 2008
CLIENT: California State Board of Equalization
450 N Street
Sacramento, California 94279
Page 1
NAME/
REFERENCE
Area Sample
LOCATION/
ACTIVITIES
Room 1707; area between Column L22 and M22;
about center; approximately five feet above
floor/Normal office activities
PPE
USED
N/A
SAMPLE
NUMBER
20803001M01JL
START/
STOP
9:27/
10:59
SAMPLE
TIME
92
minutes
CONTAMINANT
3-Methylfuran
2-Methyl-1-propanol
1-Butanol
3-Methyl-2-butanol
2-Pentanol
3-Methyl-2-butanol
Methyl disulfide
Ethyl isobutyrate
2-Hexanone
2-Heptanone
5-Methyl-3-heptanone
1-Octen-3-ol
3-Octanone
3-Octanol
2-Pentylfuran
2-Octen-1-ol
2-Methoxy-3-1(methylethyl) pyrazine
2-Nonanone
Fenchone
2-Methyl-isoborneol
a-Terpineol
Borneol
Geosmin
Thujopsene
LEGEND
PPE: Personal protective equipment
N/A: Not applicable
PEL: Cal-OSHA 8-hour time-weighted average permissible exposure limit
<: Less than
3
mg/M : Milligrams per cubic meter
nd: Not detected
RESULTS
3
(mg/m )
nd
nd
-6
373 x10
nd
nd
nd
nd
nd
-6
160 x10
-6
230 x10
nd
nd
nd
nd
nd
nd
nd
nd
nd
nd
nd
nd
nd
nd
PEL
3
(mg/m )
N/A
N/A
300
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
410
468
130
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
HYGIENE TECHNOLOGIES
INTERNATIONAL, INC.
APPENDIX A
TABLE 20802001-127
MICROBIAL VOLATILE ORGANIC COMPOUNDS
17TH FLOOR
SACRAMENTO, CALIFORNIA
MARCH 25, 2008
CLIENT: California State Board of Equalization
450 N Street
Sacramento, California 94279
Page 2
NAME/
REFERENCE
Area Sample
LOCATION/
ACTIVITIES
Room 1707; about five feet south of Column K20;
approximately five feet above floor/Normal office
activities
PPE
USED
N/A
SAMPLE
NUMBER
20803001M02JL
START/
STOP
9:30/
11:00
SAMPLE
TIME
90
minutes
CONTAMINANT
3-Methylfuran
2-Methyl-1-propanol
1-Butanol
3-Methyl-2-butanol
2-Pentanol
3-Methyl-2-butanol
Methyl disulfide
Ethyl isobutyrate
2-Hexanone
2-Heptanone
5-Methyl-3-heptanone
1-Octen-3-ol
3-Octanone
3-Octanol
2-Pentylfuran
2-Octen-1-ol
2-Methoxy-3-1(methylethyl) pyrazine
2-Nonanone
Fenchone
2-Methyl-isoborneol
a-Terpineol
Borneol
Geosmin
Thujopsene
LEGEND
PPE: Personal protective equipment
N/A: Not applicable
PEL: Cal-OSHA 8-hour time-weighted average permissible exposure limit
<: Less than
3
mg/M : Milligrams per cubic meter
nd: Not detected
RESULTS
3
(mg/m )
nd
nd
-6
447 x10
nd
nd
nd
nd
nd
-6
162 x10
-6
208 x10
nd
nd
nd
nd
nd
nd
nd
nd
nd
nd
nd
nd
nd
nd
PEL
3
(mg/m )
N/A
N/A
300
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
410
468
130
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
HYGIENE TECHNOLOGIES
INTERNATIONAL, INC.
APPENDIX A
TABLE 20802001-127
MICROBIAL VOLATILE ORGANIC COMPOUNDS
17TH FLOOR
SACRAMENTO, CALIFORNIA
MARCH 25, 2008
CLIENT: California State Board of Equalization
450 N Street
Sacramento, California 94279
Page 3
NAME/
REFERENCE
Area Sample
LOCATION/
ACTIVITIES
Room 1707; area between Column L18 and M18;
about center; approximately five feet above
floor/Normal office activities
PPE
USED
N/A
SAMPLE
NUMBER
20803001M03JL
START/
STOP
9:34/
11:06
SAMPLE
TIME
92
minutes
CONTAMINANT
3-Methylfuran
2-Methyl-1-propanol
1-Butanol
3-Methyl-2-butanol
2-Pentanol
3-Methyl-2-butanol
Methyl disulfide
Ethyl isobutyrate
2-Hexanone
2-Heptanone
5-Methyl-3-heptanone
1-Octen-3-ol
3-Octanone
3-Octanol
2-Pentylfuran
2-Octen-1-ol
2-Methoxy-3-1(methylethyl) pyrazine
2-Nonanone
Fenchone
2-Methyl-isoborneol
a-Terpineol
Borneol
Geosmin
Thujopsene
LEGEND
PPE: Personal protective equipment
N/A: Not applicable
PEL: Cal-OSHA 8-hour time-weighted average permissible exposure limit
<: Less than
3
mg/M : Milligrams per cubic meter
nd: Not detected
RESULTS
3
(mg/m )
nd
nd
-6
439 x10
nd
nd
nd
nd
nd
-6
133 x10
-6
177 x10
nd
nd
nd
nd
nd
nd
nd
nd
nd
nd
nd
nd
nd
nd
PEL
3
(mg/m )
N/A
N/A
300
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
410
468
130
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
HYGIENE TECHNOLOGIES
INTERNATIONAL, INC.
APPENDIX A
TABLE 20802001-127
MICROBIAL VOLATILE ORGANIC COMPOUNDS
17TH FLOOR
SACRAMENTO, CALIFORNIA
MARCH 25, 2008
CLIENT: California State Board of Equalization
450 N Street
Sacramento, California 94279
Page 4
NAME/
REFERENCE
Area Sample
LOCATION/
ACTIVITIES
Room 1718; Column N19 area; about two feet
south of Cubicle 117; approximately five feet
above floor/Normal office activities
PPE
USED
N/A
SAMPLE
NUMBER
20803001M04JL
START/
STOP
9:39/
11:10
SAMPLE
TIME
91
minutes
CONTAMINANT
3-Methylfuran
2-Methyl-1-propanol
1-Butanol
3-Methyl-2-butanol
2-Pentanol
3-Methyl-2-butanol
Methyl disulfide
Ethyl isobutyrate
2-Hexanone
2-Heptanone
5-Methyl-3-heptanone
1-Octen-3-ol
3-Octanone
3-Octanol
2-Pentylfuran
2-Octen-1-ol
2-Methoxy-3-1(methylethyl) pyrazine
2-Nonanone
Fenchone
2-Methyl-isoborneol
a-Terpineol
Borneol
Geosmin
Thujopsene
LEGEND
PPE: Personal protective equipment
N/A: Not applicable
PEL: Cal-OSHA 8-hour time-weighted average permissible exposure limit
<: Less than
3
mg/M : Milligrams per cubic meter
nd: Not detected
RESULTS
3
(mg/m )
nd
nd
-6
536 x10
nd
nd
nd
nd
nd
-6
134 x10
-6
222 x10
nd
nd
nd
nd
nd
nd
nd
nd
nd
nd
nd
nd
nd
nd
PEL
3
(mg/m )
N/A
N/A
300
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
410
468
130
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
HYGIENE TECHNOLOGIES
INTERNATIONAL, INC.
APPENDIX A
TABLE 20802001-127
DIRECT-READING RESULTS
17TH FLOOR
SACRAMENTO, CALIFORNIA
FEBRUARY 15, 2008
CLIENT: California State Board of Equalization
450 N Street
Sacramento, California 94279
LOCATION/SITE ACTIVITIES
Room 1707; Column K22 area; about four feet
east of Cubicle 69; approximately five feet above
floor/Normal office activities
Room 1707; Column K18 area; about four feet
north of Cubicle 12; approximately five feet above
floor/Normal office activities
Room 1723; Column N18 area; about four feet
south of Cubicle 119; approximately five feet
above floor/Normal office activities
Room 1707; Column N22 area; about four feet
east of Cubicle 76; approximately five feet above
floor/Normal office activities
SAMPLE
TIME
15:05/15:08
CONTAMINANT
Volatile Organic Compounds
RESULTS
(ppm)
ND < 0.1
COMMENTS
N/A
15:15/15:18
Ozone
Volatile Organic Compounds
ND < 0.05
ND <0.1
N/A
15:25/15:28
Ozone
Volatile Organic Compounds
<0.05
ND < 0.1
N/A
15:35/15:38
Ozone
Volatile Organic Compounds
ND <0.05
ND < 0.1
N/A
Ozone
ND <0.05
LEGEND
ND: Not detected
<: Less than
N/A: Not applicable
ppm: Parts per million
EMLab P&K
Report for:
Mr. Wes Frey
Hygiene Technologies International, Inc.: Northern California
3127 Bowen Island Street
West Sacramento, CA 95691
Regarding:
Project: 20802001
EML ID: 391883
Approved by:
Dates of Analysis:
Spore trap analysis: 02-27-2008
Lab Manager
Magzoub Ismail
Project SOPs: Spore trap analysis (I100000)
This coversheet is included with your report in order to comply with AIHA and ISO accreditation requirements.
For clarity, we report the number of significant digits as calculated; but, due to the nature of this type of biological data, the number of significant
digits that is used for interpretation should generally be one or two. All samples were received in acceptable condition unless noted in the Report
Comments portion in the body of the report. Due to the nature of the analyses performed, field blank corrections of results is not a standard
practice. The results relate only to the items tested.
EMLab P&K ("the Company") shall have no liability to the client or the client's customer with respect to decisions or recommendations made,
actions taken or courses of conduct implemented by either the client or the client's customer as a result of or based upon the Test Results. In no
event shall the Company be liable to the client with respect to the Test Results except for the Company's own willful misconduct or gross
negligence nor shall the Company be liable for incidental or consequential damages or lost profits or revenues to the fullest extent such liability
may be disclaimed by law, even if the Company has been advised of the possibility of such damages, lost profits or lost revenues. In no event shall
the Company's liability with respect to the Test Results exceed the amount paid to the Company by the client therefor.
Document Number: 200091 - Revision Number: 5
Client: Hygiene Technologies International, Inc.:
Northern California
C/O: Mr. Wes Frey
Re: 20802001
EMLab P&K
3800 Watt Ave., Suite 145, Sacramento, CA 95821
(650) 829-5800 Fax (650) 829-5852 www.emlab.com
Date of Submittal: 02-22-2008
Date of Receipt: 02-22-2008
Date of Report: 02-27-2008
SPORE TRAP REPORT: NON-VIABLE METHODOLOGY
Location:
20802001TM19outME
20802001TM20ME
20802001TM21ME
20802001TM22ME
None
None
None
None
1720573-1
1720574-1
1720575-1
1720576-1
Comments (see below)
Lab ID-Version‡:
raw ct. spores/m3 raw ct. spores/m3 raw ct. spores/m3 raw ct. spores/m3
Alternaria
Arthrinium
Ascospores*
Aureobasidium
Basidiospores*
Bipolaris/Drechslera group
Botrytis
Chaetomium
Cladosporium
Curvularia
Epicoccum
Fusarium
Myrothecium
Nigrospora
Other colorless
Penicillium/Aspergillus types†
Pithomyces
Rusts*
16
853
1
53
30
1,600
1
53
1
53
18
960
2
107
1
53
2
27
3
160
1
53
2
27
Smuts*, Periconia, Myxomycetes*
Stachybotrys
Stemphylium
Torula
Ulocladium
Zygomycetes
Background debris (1-4+)††
Hyphal fragments/m3
Pollen/m3
Skin cells (1-4+)
Sample volume (liters)
TOTAL SPORE/m3
1+
< 13
173
< 1+
1+
13
13
1+
1+
< 13
< 13
1+
1+
< 13
13
1+
75
75
75
75
3,600
160
53
186
Comments:
* Most of these spore types are not seen with culturable methods (Andersen sampling), although some may appear as non-sporulating fungi.
Most of the basidiospores are "mushroom" spores while the rusts and smuts are plant pathogens.
† The spores of Aspergillus and Penicillium (and others such as Acremonium, Paecilomyces) are small and round with very few distinguishing
characteristics. They cannot be differentiated by non-viable sampling methods. Also, some species with very small spores are easily missed, and
may be undercounted.
††Background debris indicates the amount of non-biological particulate matter present on the trace (dust in the air) and the resulting visibility
for the analyst. It is rated from 1+ (low) to 4+ (high). Counts from areas with 4+ background debris should be regarded as minimal counts and
may be higher then reported. It is important to account for samples volumes when evaluating dust levels.
The Limit of Detection is the product of a raw count of 1 and 100 divided by the percent read. The analytical sensitivity (counts/m3) is the
product of the Limit of Detection and 1000 divided by the sample volume.
‡ A "Version" greater than 1 indicates amended data.
EMLab ID: 391883, Page 1 of 5
Client: Hygiene Technologies International, Inc.:
Northern California
C/O: Mr. Wes Frey
Re: 20802001
EMLab P&K
3800 Watt Ave., Suite 145, Sacramento, CA 95821
(650) 829-5800 Fax (650) 829-5852 www.emlab.com
Date of Submittal: 02-22-2008
Date of Receipt: 02-22-2008
Date of Report: 02-27-2008
SPORE TRAP REPORT: NON-VIABLE METHODOLOGY
Location:
20802001TM23ME
20802001TM24ME
20802001TM25ME
20802001TM26ME
None
None
None
None
1720577-1
1720578-1
1720579-1
1720580-1
Comments (see below)
Lab ID-Version‡:
raw ct. spores/m3 raw ct. spores/m3 raw ct. spores/m3 raw ct. spores/m3
Alternaria
Arthrinium
Ascospores*
Aureobasidium
Basidiospores*
Bipolaris/Drechslera group
Botrytis
Chaetomium
Cladosporium
Curvularia
Epicoccum
Fusarium
Myrothecium
Nigrospora
Other colorless
Penicillium/Aspergillus types†
Pithomyces
Rusts*
1
53
1
53
1
53
1
1
1
13
1
53
1
53
53
13
Smuts*, Periconia, Myxomycetes*
Stachybotrys
Stemphylium
Torula
Ulocladium
Zygomycetes
Background debris (1-4+)††
Hyphal fragments/m3
Pollen/m3
Skin cells (1-4+)
Sample volume (liters)
TOTAL SPORE/m3
1+
13
< 13
1+
1+
13
13
1+
1+
13
13
1+
1+
< 13
< 13
1+
75
75
75
75
53
119
53
119
Comments:
* Most of these spore types are not seen with culturable methods (Andersen sampling), although some may appear as non-sporulating fungi.
Most of the basidiospores are "mushroom" spores while the rusts and smuts are plant pathogens.
† The spores of Aspergillus and Penicillium (and others such as Acremonium, Paecilomyces) are small and round with very few distinguishing
characteristics. They cannot be differentiated by non-viable sampling methods. Also, some species with very small spores are easily missed, and
may be undercounted.
††Background debris indicates the amount of non-biological particulate matter present on the trace (dust in the air) and the resulting visibility
for the analyst. It is rated from 1+ (low) to 4+ (high). Counts from areas with 4+ background debris should be regarded as minimal counts and
may be higher then reported. It is important to account for samples volumes when evaluating dust levels.
The Limit of Detection is the product of a raw count of 1 and 100 divided by the percent read. The analytical sensitivity (counts/m3) is the
product of the Limit of Detection and 1000 divided by the sample volume.
‡ A "Version" greater than 1 indicates amended data.
EMLab ID: 391883, Page 2 of 5
Client: Hygiene Technologies International, Inc.:
Northern California
C/O: Mr. Wes Frey
Re: 20802001
EMLab P&K
3800 Watt Ave., Suite 145, Sacramento, CA 95821
(650) 829-5800 Fax (650) 829-5852 www.emlab.com
Date of Submittal: 02-22-2008
Date of Receipt: 02-22-2008
Date of Report: 02-27-2008
SPORE TRAP REPORT: NON-VIABLE METHODOLOGY
Location:
20802001TM27ME
20802001TM28ME
20802001TM29ME
20802001TM30ME
None
None
None
None
1720581-1
1720582-1
1720583-1
1720584-1
Comments (see below)
Lab ID-Version‡:
raw ct. spores/m3 raw ct. spores/m3 raw ct. spores/m3 raw ct. spores/m3
Alternaria
Arthrinium
Ascospores*
Aureobasidium
Basidiospores*
Bipolaris/Drechslera group
Botrytis
Chaetomium
Cladosporium
Curvularia
Epicoccum
Fusarium
Myrothecium
Nigrospora
Other colorless
Penicillium/Aspergillus types†
Pithomyces
Rusts*
2
107
1
53
2
107
1
53
1
53
1
53
1
53
Smuts*, Periconia, Myxomycetes*
Stachybotrys
Stemphylium
Torula
Ulocladium
Zygomycetes
Background debris (1-4+)††
Hyphal fragments/m3
Pollen/m3
Skin cells (1-4+)
Sample volume (liters)
TOTAL SPORE/m3
1+
< 13
< 13
1+
1+
< 13
< 13
1+
1+
< 13
< 13
1+
1+
< 13
< 13
1+
75
75
75
75
267
53
53
106
Comments:
* Most of these spore types are not seen with culturable methods (Andersen sampling), although some may appear as non-sporulating fungi.
Most of the basidiospores are "mushroom" spores while the rusts and smuts are plant pathogens.
† The spores of Aspergillus and Penicillium (and others such as Acremonium, Paecilomyces) are small and round with very few distinguishing
characteristics. They cannot be differentiated by non-viable sampling methods. Also, some species with very small spores are easily missed, and
may be undercounted.
††Background debris indicates the amount of non-biological particulate matter present on the trace (dust in the air) and the resulting visibility
for the analyst. It is rated from 1+ (low) to 4+ (high). Counts from areas with 4+ background debris should be regarded as minimal counts and
may be higher then reported. It is important to account for samples volumes when evaluating dust levels.
The Limit of Detection is the product of a raw count of 1 and 100 divided by the percent read. The analytical sensitivity (counts/m3) is the
product of the Limit of Detection and 1000 divided by the sample volume.
‡ A "Version" greater than 1 indicates amended data.
EMLab ID: 391883, Page 3 of 5
Client: Hygiene Technologies International, Inc.:
Northern California
C/O: Mr. Wes Frey
Re: 20802001
EMLab P&K
3800 Watt Ave., Suite 145, Sacramento, CA 95821
(650) 829-5800 Fax (650) 829-5852 www.emlab.com
Date of Submittal: 02-22-2008
Date of Receipt: 02-22-2008
Date of Report: 02-27-2008
SPORE TRAP REPORT: NON-VIABLE METHODOLOGY
Location:
20802001TM31ME
20802001TM32ME
20802001TM33ME
20802001TM34ME
None
None
None
None
1720585-1
1720586-1
1720587-1
1720588-1
Comments (see below)
Lab ID-Version‡:
raw ct. spores/m3 raw ct. spores/m3 raw ct. spores/m3 raw ct. spores/m3
Alternaria
Arthrinium
Ascospores*
Aureobasidium
Basidiospores*
Bipolaris/Drechslera group
Botrytis
Chaetomium
Cladosporium
Curvularia
Epicoccum
Fusarium
Myrothecium
Nigrospora
Other colorless
Penicillium/Aspergillus types†
Pithomyces
Rusts*
1
1
53
1
53
2
53
107
1
53
1
53
Smuts*, Periconia, Myxomycetes*
Stachybotrys
Stemphylium
Torula
Ulocladium
Zygomycetes
Background debris (1-4+)††
Hyphal fragments/m3
Pollen/m3
Skin cells (1-4+)
Sample volume (liters)
TOTAL SPORE/m3
1+
< 13
< 13
1+
1+
13
< 13
1+
1+
27
< 13
1+
1+
13
13
1+
75
75
75
75
106
107
53
106
Comments:
* Most of these spore types are not seen with culturable methods (Andersen sampling), although some may appear as non-sporulating fungi.
Most of the basidiospores are "mushroom" spores while the rusts and smuts are plant pathogens.
† The spores of Aspergillus and Penicillium (and others such as Acremonium, Paecilomyces) are small and round with very few distinguishing
characteristics. They cannot be differentiated by non-viable sampling methods. Also, some species with very small spores are easily missed, and
may be undercounted.
††Background debris indicates the amount of non-biological particulate matter present on the trace (dust in the air) and the resulting visibility
for the analyst. It is rated from 1+ (low) to 4+ (high). Counts from areas with 4+ background debris should be regarded as minimal counts and
may be higher then reported. It is important to account for samples volumes when evaluating dust levels.
The Limit of Detection is the product of a raw count of 1 and 100 divided by the percent read. The analytical sensitivity (counts/m3) is the
product of the Limit of Detection and 1000 divided by the sample volume.
‡ A "Version" greater than 1 indicates amended data.
EMLab ID: 391883, Page 4 of 5
Client: Hygiene Technologies International, Inc.:
Northern California
C/O: Mr. Wes Frey
Re: 20802001
EMLab P&K
3800 Watt Ave., Suite 145, Sacramento, CA 95821
(650) 829-5800 Fax (650) 829-5852 www.emlab.com
Date of Submittal: 02-22-2008
Date of Receipt: 02-22-2008
Date of Report: 02-27-2008
SPORE TRAP REPORT: NON-VIABLE METHODOLOGY
Location:
20802001-TM35ME
20802001-TM36outME
None
None
1720589-1
1720590-1
Comments (see below)
Lab ID-Version‡:
Alternaria
Arthrinium
Ascospores*
Aureobasidium
Basidiospores*
Bipolaris/Drechslera group
Botrytis
Chaetomium
Cladosporium
Curvularia
Epicoccum
Fusarium
Myrothecium
Nigrospora
Other colorless
Penicillium/Aspergillus types†
Pithomyces
Rusts*
raw ct.
spores/m3
raw ct.
spores/m3
1
13
1
53
9
480
1
53
16
853
5
267
3
160
Smuts*, Periconia, Myxomycetes*
Stachybotrys
Stemphylium
Torula
Ulocladium
Zygomycetes
Background debris (1-4+)††
Hyphal fragments/m3
Pollen/m3
Skin cells (1-4+)
Sample volume (liters)
TOTAL SPORE/m3
1+
< 13
13
1+
1+
80
27
1+
75
75
119
1,760
Comments:
* Most of these spore types are not seen with culturable methods (Andersen sampling), although some may appear as non-sporulating fungi.
Most of the basidiospores are "mushroom" spores while the rusts and smuts are plant pathogens.
† The spores of Aspergillus and Penicillium (and others such as Acremonium, Paecilomyces) are small and round with very few distinguishing
characteristics. They cannot be differentiated by non-viable sampling methods. Also, some species with very small spores are easily missed, and
may be undercounted.
††Background debris indicates the amount of non-biological particulate matter present on the trace (dust in the air) and the resulting visibility
for the analyst. It is rated from 1+ (low) to 4+ (high). Counts from areas with 4+ background debris should be regarded as minimal counts and
may be higher then reported. It is important to account for samples volumes when evaluating dust levels.
The Limit of Detection is the product of a raw count of 1 and 100 divided by the percent read. The analytical sensitivity (counts/m3) is the
product of the Limit of Detection and 1000 divided by the sample volume.
‡ A "Version" greater than 1 indicates amended data.
EMLab ID: 391883, Page 5 of 5
Client: Hygiene Technologies International, Inc.:
Northern California
C/O: Mr. Wes Frey
Re: 20802001
EMLab P&K
3800 Watt Ave., Suite 145, Sacramento, CA 95821
(650) 829-5800 Fax (650) 829-5852 www.emlab.com
Date of Submittal: 02-22-2008
Date of Receipt: 02-22-2008
Date of Report: 02-27-2008
MoldRANGE™: Extended Outdoor Comparison
Outdoor Location: 20802001-TM19outME
Fungi Identified
Generally able to grow indoors*
Alternaria
Bipolaris/Drechslera group
Chaetomium
Cladosporium
Curvularia
Epicoccum
Nigrospora
Penicillium/Aspergillus types
Stachybotrys
Torula
Seldom found growing indoors**
Ascospores
Basidiospores
Rusts
Smuts, Periconia, Myxomycetes
TOTAL SPORES/M3
Outdoor
data
spores/m3
Typical Outdoor Data by Date†
Month: February
low
med
high
freq %
Typical Outdoor Data by Location‡
State: CA
low
med
high
freq %
960
27
160
-
7
7
7
27
7
7
7
27
7
7
19
13
13
290
13
13
13
160
13
13
190
160
130
4,300
340
240
140
1,700
370
230
35
10
7
89
8
14
8
84
3
5
7
7
7
53
7
7
7
40
7
7
27
13
13
640
13
13
13
210
13
13
230
120
110
6,500
210
160
170
2,500
330
150
60
14
19
98
7
21
8
89
5
13
853
1,600
3,600
13
13
7
7
110
270
13
27
2,200
8,600
240
270
67
87
11
53
13
13
7
8
110
270
13
40
1,800
6,900
270
480
73
95
29
71
† The Typical Outdoor Data by Date represents the typical outdoor spore levels across North America for the month indicated. The last column
represents the frequency of occurrence. The low, medium, and high values represent the 2.5, 50, and 97.5 percentile values of the spore type
when it is detected. For example, if the frequency of occurrence is 63% and the low value is 53, it would mean that the given spore type is
detected 63% of the time and, when detected, 2.5% of the time it is present in levels above the detection limit and below 53 spores/m3. These
values are updated periodically, and if enough data is not available to make a statistically meaningful assessment, it is indicated with a dash.
‡ The Typical Outdoor Data by Location represents the typical outdoor spore levels for the region indicated for the entire year. As with the
Typical Outdoor Data by Date, the four columns represent the frequency of occurrence and the typical low, medium, and high concentration
values for the spore type indicated. These values are updated periodically, and if enough data is not available to make a statistically meaningful
assessment, it is indicated with a dash.
*The spores in this category are generally capable of growing on wet building materials in addition to growing outdoors. Building related
growth is dependent upon the fungal type, moisture level, type of material, and other factors. Cladosporium is one of the predominant spore
types worldwide and is frequently present in high numbers. Penicillium/Aspergillus species colonize both outdoor and indoor wet surfaces
rapidly and are very easily dispersed. Other genera are usually present in lesser numbers.
**These fungi are generally not found growing on wet building materials. For example, the rusts and smuts are obligate plant pathogens.
However, in each group there are notable exceptions. For example, agents of wood decay are members of the basidiomycetes and high counts of
a single morphological type of basidiospore on an inside sample should be considered significant.
Interpretation of the data contained in this report is left to the client or the persons who conducted the field work. This report is provided for
informational and comparative purposes only and should not be relied upon for any other purpose. "Typical outdoor data" are based on the
results of the analysis of samples delivered to and analyzed by EMLab P&K and assumptions regarding the origins of those samples. Sampling
techniques, contaminants infecting samples, unrepresentative samples and other similar or dissimilar factors may affect these results. In
addition, EMLab P&K may not have received and tested a representative number of samples for every region or time period. EMLab P&K
hereby disclaims any liability for any and all direct, indirect, punitive, incidental, special or consequential damages arising out of the use or
interpretation of the data contained in, or any actions taken or omitted in reliance upon, this report.
© 2008 EMLab P&K, Patent Pending
EMLab ID: 391883, Page 1 of 2
Client: Hygiene Technologies International, Inc.:
Northern California
C/O: Mr. Wes Frey
Re: 20802001
EMLab P&K
3800 Watt Ave., Suite 145, Sacramento, CA 95821
(650) 829-5800 Fax (650) 829-5852 www.emlab.com
Date of Submittal: 02-22-2008
Date of Receipt: 02-22-2008
Date of Report: 02-27-2008
MoldRANGE™: Extended Outdoor Comparison
Outdoor Location: 20802001-TM36outME
Fungi Identified
Generally able to grow indoors*
Alternaria
Bipolaris/Drechslera group
Chaetomium
Cladosporium
Curvularia
Epicoccum
Nigrospora
Penicillium/Aspergillus types
Stachybotrys
Torula
Seldom found growing indoors**
Ascospores
Basidiospores
Rusts
Smuts, Periconia, Myxomycetes
TOTAL SPORES/M3
Outdoor
data
spores/m3
Typical Outdoor Data by Date†
Month: February
low
med
high
freq %
Typical Outdoor Data by Location‡
State: CA
low
med
high
freq %
267
160
-
7
7
7
27
7
7
7
27
7
7
19
13
13
290
13
13
13
160
13
13
190
160
130
4,300
340
240
140
1,700
370
230
35
10
7
89
8
14
8
84
3
5
7
7
7
53
7
7
7
40
7
7
27
13
13
640
13
13
13
210
13
13
230
120
110
6,500
210
160
170
2,500
330
150
60
14
19
98
7
21
8
89
5
13
480
853
1,760
13
13
7
7
110
270
13
27
2,200
8,600
240
270
67
87
11
53
13
13
7
8
110
270
13
40
1,800
6,900
270
480
73
95
29
71
† The Typical Outdoor Data by Date represents the typical outdoor spore levels across North America for the month indicated. The last column
represents the frequency of occurrence. The low, medium, and high values represent the 2.5, 50, and 97.5 percentile values of the spore type
when it is detected. For example, if the frequency of occurrence is 63% and the low value is 53, it would mean that the given spore type is
detected 63% of the time and, when detected, 2.5% of the time it is present in levels above the detection limit and below 53 spores/m3. These
values are updated periodically, and if enough data is not available to make a statistically meaningful assessment, it is indicated with a dash.
‡ The Typical Outdoor Data by Location represents the typical outdoor spore levels for the region indicated for the entire year. As with the
Typical Outdoor Data by Date, the four columns represent the frequency of occurrence and the typical low, medium, and high concentration
values for the spore type indicated. These values are updated periodically, and if enough data is not available to make a statistically meaningful
assessment, it is indicated with a dash.
*The spores in this category are generally capable of growing on wet building materials in addition to growing outdoors. Building related
growth is dependent upon the fungal type, moisture level, type of material, and other factors. Cladosporium is one of the predominant spore
types worldwide and is frequently present in high numbers. Penicillium/Aspergillus species colonize both outdoor and indoor wet surfaces
rapidly and are very easily dispersed. Other genera are usually present in lesser numbers.
**These fungi are generally not found growing on wet building materials. For example, the rusts and smuts are obligate plant pathogens.
However, in each group there are notable exceptions. For example, agents of wood decay are members of the basidiomycetes and high counts of
a single morphological type of basidiospore on an inside sample should be considered significant.
Interpretation of the data contained in this report is left to the client or the persons who conducted the field work. This report is provided for
informational and comparative purposes only and should not be relied upon for any other purpose. "Typical outdoor data" are based on the
results of the analysis of samples delivered to and analyzed by EMLab P&K and assumptions regarding the origins of those samples. Sampling
techniques, contaminants infecting samples, unrepresentative samples and other similar or dissimilar factors may affect these results. In
addition, EMLab P&K may not have received and tested a representative number of samples for every region or time period. EMLab P&K
hereby disclaims any liability for any and all direct, indirect, punitive, incidental, special or consequential damages arising out of the use or
interpretation of the data contained in, or any actions taken or omitted in reliance upon, this report.
© 2008 EMLab P&K, Patent Pending
EMLab ID: 391883, Page 2 of 2
Client: Hygiene Technologies International, Inc.:
Northern California
C/O: Mr. Wes Frey
Re: 20802001
EMLab P&K
3800 Watt Ave., Suite 145, Sacramento, CA 95821
(650) 829-5800 Fax (650) 829-5852 www.emlab.com
Date of Submittal: 02-22-2008
Date of Receipt: 02-22-2008
Date of Report: 02-27-2008
MoldSTAT™: Supplementary Statistical Spore Trap Report
Outdoor Summary: 20802001-TM19outME:
Species detected
Outdoor sample spores/m3
<100
1K
10K
>100K
Typical outdoor ranges Freq.
(North America)
%
Ascospores
Basidiospores
Cladosporium
Epicoccum
Penicillium/Aspergillus types
Smuts, Periconia, Myxomycetes
Total
853
13 - 160 - 4,200
76
1,600
13 - 320 - 14,000
92
960
40 - 530 - 8,500
95
27
7 - 13 - 320
24
160
27 - 210 - 2,600
85
ND
7 - 40 - 760
70
3,600
The "Typical outdoor ranges" and "Freq. %" columns show the typical low, medium, and high spore counts per cubic meter and
the frequency of occurrence for the given spore type. The low, medium, and high values represent the 2.5, 50, and 97.5 percentile
values when the spore type is detected. For example, if the low value is 53 and the frequency of occurence is 63%, it would mean
that we typically detect the given spore type on 63 percent of all outdoor samples and, when detected, 2.5% of the time it is
present in levels below 53 spores/m3.
Indoor Samples
Location: 20802001-TM20ME
% of outdoor total
Friedman chiAgreement ratio**
spores/m3
square*
(indoor/outdoor)
(indoor variation)
Result: 4%
dF: 15
Result: 6.1733
Critical value: 24.9958
Inside Similar: Yes
Result: 0.5714
Species Detected
Spearman rank
correlation***
(indoor/outdoor)
MoldSCORE****
(indoor/outdoor)
dF: 5
Result: 0.8000
Critical value: 0.8000
Outside Similar: No
Score: 104
Result: Low
Spores/m3
<100
1K
10K
>100K
Basidiospores
Cladosporium
Total
53
107
160
Location: 20802001-TM21ME
% of outdoor total
Friedman chiAgreement ratio**
spores/m3
square*
(indoor/outdoor)
(indoor variation)
Result: 1%
dF: 15
Result: 6.1733
Critical value: 24.9958
Inside Similar: Yes
Result: 0.3333
Species Detected
MoldSCORE****
(indoor/outdoor)
dF: 5
Result: 0.2500
Critical value: 0.8000
Outside Similar: No
Score: 100
Result: Low
Spores/m3
<100
Ascospores
Total
© 2008 EMLab P&K
Spearman rank
correlation***
(indoor/outdoor)
1K
10K
>100K
53
53
EMLab ID: 391883, Page 1 of 7
Client: Hygiene Technologies International, Inc.:
Northern California
C/O: Mr. Wes Frey
Re: 20802001
EMLab P&K
3800 Watt Ave., Suite 145, Sacramento, CA 95821
(650) 829-5800 Fax (650) 829-5852 www.emlab.com
Date of Submittal: 02-22-2008
Date of Receipt: 02-22-2008
Date of Report: 02-27-2008
MoldSTAT™: Supplementary Statistical Spore Trap Report
Location: 20802001-TM22ME
% of outdoor total
Friedman chiAgreement ratio** Spearman rank
spores/m3
square*
(indoor/outdoor)
correlation***
(indoor variation)
(indoor/outdoor)
Result: 5%
dF: 15
Result: 6.1733
Critical value: 24.9958
Inside Similar: Yes
Result: 0.6667
dF: 6
Result: 0.5571
Critical value: 0.7714
Outside Similar: No
Species Detected
MoldSCORE****
(indoor/outdoor)
Score: 107
Result: Low
Spores/m3
<100
1K
10K
>100K
Basidiospores
Cladosporium
Penicillium/Aspergillus types
Smuts, Periconia, Myxomycetes
Total
53
53
53
27
186
Location: 20802001-TM23ME
% of outdoor total
Friedman chiAgreement ratio**
spores/m3
square*
(indoor/outdoor)
(indoor variation)
Result: 1%
dF: 15
Result: 6.1733
Critical value: 24.9958
Inside Similar: Yes
Result: 0.3333
Species Detected
Spearman rank
correlation***
(indoor/outdoor)
MoldSCORE****
(indoor/outdoor)
dF: 5
Result: 0.7500
Critical value: 0.8000
Outside Similar: No
Score: 103
Result: Low
Spores/m3
<100
1K
10K
>100K
Basidiospores
Total
53
53
Location: 20802001-TM24ME
% of outdoor total
Friedman chiAgreement ratio**
spores/m3
square*
(indoor/outdoor)
(indoor variation)
Result: 3%
dF: 15
Result: 6.1733
Critical value: 24.9958
Inside Similar: Yes
Result: 0.5000
Species Detected
© 2008 EMLab P&K
MoldSCORE****
(indoor/outdoor)
dF: 6
Result: 0.5857
Critical value: 0.7714
Outside Similar: No
Score: 101
Result: Low
Spores/m3
<100
Basidiospores
Cladosporium
Rusts
Total
Spearman rank
correlation***
(indoor/outdoor)
1K
10K
>100K
53
53
13
119
EMLab ID: 391883, Page 2 of 7
Client: Hygiene Technologies International, Inc.:
Northern California
C/O: Mr. Wes Frey
Re: 20802001
EMLab P&K
3800 Watt Ave., Suite 145, Sacramento, CA 95821
(650) 829-5800 Fax (650) 829-5852 www.emlab.com
Date of Submittal: 02-22-2008
Date of Receipt: 02-22-2008
Date of Report: 02-27-2008
MoldSTAT™: Supplementary Statistical Spore Trap Report
Location: 20802001-TM25ME
% of outdoor total
Friedman chiAgreement ratio** Spearman rank
spores/m3
square*
(indoor/outdoor)
correlation***
(indoor variation)
(indoor/outdoor)
Result: 1%
dF: 15
Result: 6.1733
Critical value: 24.9958
Inside Similar: Yes
Result: 0.3333
dF: 5
Result: 0.7500
Critical value: 0.8000
Outside Similar: No
Species Detected
MoldSCORE****
(indoor/outdoor)
Score: 103
Result: Low
Spores/m3
<100
1K
10K
>100K
Basidiospores
Total
53
53
Location: 20802001-TM26ME
% of outdoor total
Friedman chiAgreement ratio**
spores/m3
square*
(indoor/outdoor)
(indoor variation)
Result: 3%
dF: 15
Result: 6.1733
Critical value: 24.9958
Inside Similar: Yes
Result: 0.5000
Species Detected
Spearman rank
correlation***
(indoor/outdoor)
MoldSCORE****
(indoor/outdoor)
dF: 6
Result: -0.0143
Critical value: 0.7714
Outside Similar: No
Score: 108
Result: Low
Spores/m3
<100
1K
10K
>100K
Alternaria
Cladosporium
Penicillium/Aspergillus types
Total
13
53
53
119
Location: 20802001-TM27ME
% of outdoor total
Friedman chiAgreement ratio**
spores/m3
square*
(indoor/outdoor)
(indoor variation)
Result: 7%
dF: 15
Result: 6.1733
Critical value: 24.9958
Inside Similar: Yes
Result: 0.7500
Species Detected
© 2008 EMLab P&K
MoldSCORE****
(indoor/outdoor)
dF: 5
Result: 0.5000
Critical value: 0.8000
Outside Similar: No
Score: 115
Result: Low
Spores/m3
<100
Basidiospores
Cladosporium
Penicillium/Aspergillus types
Total
Spearman rank
correlation***
(indoor/outdoor)
1K
10K
>100K
107
53
107
267
EMLab ID: 391883, Page 3 of 7
Client: Hygiene Technologies International, Inc.:
Northern California
C/O: Mr. Wes Frey
Re: 20802001
EMLab P&K
3800 Watt Ave., Suite 145, Sacramento, CA 95821
(650) 829-5800 Fax (650) 829-5852 www.emlab.com
Date of Submittal: 02-22-2008
Date of Receipt: 02-22-2008
Date of Report: 02-27-2008
MoldSTAT™: Supplementary Statistical Spore Trap Report
Location: 20802001-TM28ME
% of outdoor total
Friedman chiAgreement ratio** Spearman rank
spores/m3
square*
(indoor/outdoor)
correlation***
(indoor variation)
(indoor/outdoor)
Result: 1%
dF: 15
Result: 6.1733
Critical value: 24.9958
Inside Similar: Yes
Result: 0.3333
dF: 5
Result: 0.5000
Critical value: 0.8000
Outside Similar: No
Species Detected
MoldSCORE****
(indoor/outdoor)
Score: 102
Result: Low
Spores/m3
<100
1K
10K
>100K
Cladosporium
Total
53
53
Location: 20802001-TM29ME
% of outdoor total
Friedman chiAgreement ratio**
spores/m3
square*
(indoor/outdoor)
(indoor variation)
Result: 1%
dF: 15
Result: 6.1733
Critical value: 24.9958
Inside Similar: Yes
Result: 0.3333
Species Detected
Spearman rank
correlation***
(indoor/outdoor)
MoldSCORE****
(indoor/outdoor)
dF: 5
Result: 0.5000
Critical value: 0.8000
Outside Similar: No
Score: 102
Result: Low
Spores/m3
<100
1K
10K
>100K
Cladosporium
Total
53
53
Location: 20802001-TM30ME
% of outdoor total
Friedman chiAgreement ratio**
spores/m3
square*
(indoor/outdoor)
(indoor variation)
Result: 2%
dF: 15
Result: 6.1733
Critical value: 24.9958
Inside Similar: Yes
Result: 0.5714
Species Detected
© 2008 EMLab P&K
MoldSCORE****
(indoor/outdoor)
dF: 5
Result: 0.8750
Critical value: 0.8000
Outside Similar: Yes
Score: 102
Result: Low
Spores/m3
<100
Basidiospores
Cladosporium
Total
Spearman rank
correlation***
(indoor/outdoor)
1K
10K
>100K
53
53
106
EMLab ID: 391883, Page 4 of 7
Client: Hygiene Technologies International, Inc.:
Northern California
C/O: Mr. Wes Frey
Re: 20802001
EMLab P&K
3800 Watt Ave., Suite 145, Sacramento, CA 95821
(650) 829-5800 Fax (650) 829-5852 www.emlab.com
Date of Submittal: 02-22-2008
Date of Receipt: 02-22-2008
Date of Report: 02-27-2008
MoldSTAT™: Supplementary Statistical Spore Trap Report
Location: 20802001-TM31ME
% of outdoor total
Friedman chiAgreement ratio** Spearman rank
spores/m3
square*
(indoor/outdoor)
correlation***
(indoor variation)
(indoor/outdoor)
Result: 2%
dF: 15
Result: 6.1733
Critical value: 24.9958
Inside Similar: Yes
Result: 0.5714
dF: 5
Result: 0.1250
Critical value: 0.8000
Outside Similar: No
Species Detected
MoldSCORE****
(indoor/outdoor)
Score: 108
Result: Low
Spores/m3
<100
1K
10K
>100K
Cladosporium
Penicillium/Aspergillus types
Total
53
53
106
Location: 20802001-TM32ME
% of outdoor total
Friedman chiAgreement ratio**
spores/m3
square*
(indoor/outdoor)
(indoor variation)
Result: 2%
dF: 15
Result: 6.1733
Critical value: 24.9958
Inside Similar: Yes
Result: 0.3333
Species Detected
Spearman rank
correlation***
(indoor/outdoor)
MoldSCORE****
(indoor/outdoor)
dF: 5
Result: 0.5000
Critical value: 0.8000
Outside Similar: No
Score: 105
Result: Low
Spores/m3
<100
1K
10K
>100K
Cladosporium
Total
107
107
Location: 20802001-TM33ME
% of outdoor total
Friedman chiAgreement ratio**
spores/m3
square*
(indoor/outdoor)
(indoor variation)
Result: 1%
dF: 15
Result: 6.1733
Critical value: 24.9958
Inside Similar: Yes
Result: 0.3333
Species Detected
© 2008 EMLab P&K
MoldSCORE****
(indoor/outdoor)
dF: 5
Result: 0.7500
Critical value: 0.8000
Outside Similar: No
Score: 103
Result: Low
Spores/m3
<100
Basidiospores
Total
Spearman rank
correlation***
(indoor/outdoor)
1K
10K
>100K
53
53
EMLab ID: 391883, Page 5 of 7
Client: Hygiene Technologies International, Inc.:
Northern California
C/O: Mr. Wes Frey
Re: 20802001
EMLab P&K
3800 Watt Ave., Suite 145, Sacramento, CA 95821
(650) 829-5800 Fax (650) 829-5852 www.emlab.com
Date of Submittal: 02-22-2008
Date of Receipt: 02-22-2008
Date of Report: 02-27-2008
MoldSTAT™: Supplementary Statistical Spore Trap Report
Location: 20802001-TM34ME
% of outdoor total
Friedman chiAgreement ratio** Spearman rank
spores/m3
square*
(indoor/outdoor)
correlation***
(indoor variation)
(indoor/outdoor)
Result: 2%
dF: 15
Result: 6.1733
Critical value: 24.9958
Inside Similar: Yes
Result: 0.5714
dF: 5
Result: 0.8750
Critical value: 0.8000
Outside Similar: Yes
Species Detected
MoldSCORE****
(indoor/outdoor)
Score: 102
Result: Low
Spores/m3
<100
1K
10K
>100K
Basidiospores
Cladosporium
Total
53
53
106
Location: 20802001-TM35ME
% of outdoor total
Friedman chiAgreement ratio**
spores/m3
square*
(indoor/outdoor)
(indoor variation)
Result: 3%
dF: 15
Result: 6.1733
Critical value: 24.9958
Inside Similar: Yes
Result: 0.5000
Species Detected
MoldSCORE****
(indoor/outdoor)
dF: 6
Result: 0.3857
Critical value: 0.7714
Outside Similar: No
Score: 105
Result: Low
Spores/m3
<100
Alternaria
Ascospores
Basidiospores
Total
Spearman rank
correlation***
(indoor/outdoor)
1K
10K
>100K
13
53
53
119
* The Friedman chi-square statistic is a non-parametric test that examines variation in a set of data (in this case, all indoor spore
counts). The null hypothesis (H0) being tested is that there is no meaningful difference in the data for all indoor locations. The
alternative hypothesis (used if the test disproves the null hypothesis) is that there is a difference between the indoor locations.
The null hypothesis is rejected when the result of the test is greater than the critical value. The critical value that is displayed is
based on the degrees of freedom (dF) of the test and a significance level of 0.05.
** An agreement ratio is a simple method for assessing the similarity of two samples (in this case the indoor sample and the
outdoor summary) based on the spore types present. A score of one indicates that the types detected in one location are the same
as that in the other. A score of zero indicates that none of the types detected indoors are present outdoors. Typically, an
agreement of 0.8 or higher is considered high.
*** The Spearman rank correlation is a non-parametric test that examines correlation between two sets of data (in this case the
indoor location and the outdoor summary). The null hypothesis (H0) being tested is that the indoor and outdoor samples are
unrelated. The alternative hypothesis (used if the test disproves the null hypothesis) is that the samples are similar. The null
hypothesis is rejected when the result of the test is greater than the critical value. The critical value that is displayed is based on
the degrees of freedom (dF) of the test and a significance level of 0.05.
© 2008 EMLab P&K
EMLab ID: 391883, Page 6 of 7
Client: Hygiene Technologies International, Inc.:
Northern California
C/O: Mr. Wes Frey
Re: 20802001
EMLab P&K
3800 Watt Ave., Suite 145, Sacramento, CA 95821
(650) 829-5800 Fax (650) 829-5852 www.emlab.com
Date of Submittal: 02-22-2008
Date of Receipt: 02-22-2008
Date of Report: 02-27-2008
MoldSTAT™: Supplementary Statistical Spore Trap Report
**** MoldSCORE™ is a specialized method for examining air sampling data. It is a score between 100 and 300, with 100
indicating a greater likelihood that the airborne indoor spores originated from the outside, and 300 indicating a greater likelihood
that they originated from an inside source. The Result displayed is based on the numeric score given and will be either Low,
Medium, or High, indicating a low, medium, or high likelihood that the spores detected originated from an indoor source. EMLab
P&Kreserves the right to, and may at anytime, modify or change the MoldScore algorithm without notice.
Interpretation of the data contained in this report is left to the client or the persons who conducted the field work. This report is
provided for informational and comparative purposes only and should not be relied upon for any other purpose. "Typical outdoor
ranges" are based on the results of the analysis of samples delivered to and analyzed by EMLab P&K and assumptions regarding
the origins of those samples. Sampling techniques, contaminants infecting samples, unrepresentative samples and other similar or
dissimilar factors may affect these results. With the statistical analysis provided, as with all statistical comparisons and analyses,
false-positive and false-negative results can and do occur. EMLab P&K hereby disclaims any liability for any and all direct,
indirect, punitive, incidental, special or consequential damages arising out of the data contained in, or any actions taken or
omitted in reliance upon, this report.
© 2008 EMLab P&K
EMLab ID: 391883, Page 7 of 7
Client: Hygiene Technologies International, Inc.:
Northern California
C/O: Mr. Wes Frey
Re: 20802001
EMLab P&K
3800 Watt Ave., Suite 145, Sacramento, CA 95821
(650) 829-5800 Fax (650) 829-5852 www.emlab.com
Date of Submittal: 02-22-2008
Date of Receipt: 02-22-2008
Date of Report: 02-27-2008
MoldSTAT™: Supplementary Statistical Spore Trap Report
Outdoor Summary: 20802001-TM36outME:
Species detected
Outdoor sample spores/m3
<100
1K
10K
>100K
Typical outdoor ranges Freq.
(North America)
%
Ascospores
Basidiospores
Cladosporium
Penicillium/Aspergillus types
Smuts, Periconia, Myxomycetes
Total
480
13 - 160 - 4,200
76
853
13 - 320 - 14,000
92
267
40 - 530 - 8,500
95
160
27 - 210 - 2,600
85
ND
7 - 40 - 760
70
1,760
The "Typical outdoor ranges" and "Freq. %" columns show the typical low, medium, and high spore counts per cubic meter and
the frequency of occurrence for the given spore type. The low, medium, and high values represent the 2.5, 50, and 97.5 percentile
values when the spore type is detected. For example, if the low value is 53 and the frequency of occurence is 63%, it would mean
that we typically detect the given spore type on 63 percent of all outdoor samples and, when detected, 2.5% of the time it is
present in levels below 53 spores/m3.
Indoor Samples
Location: 20802001-TM20ME
% of outdoor total
Friedman chiAgreement ratio**
spores/m3
square*
(indoor/outdoor)
(indoor variation)
Result: 9%
dF: 15
Result: 6.1733
Critical value: 24.9958
Inside Similar: Yes
Result: 0.6667
Species Detected
Spearman rank
correlation***
(indoor/outdoor)
MoldSCORE****
(indoor/outdoor)
dF: 4
Result: 0.2500
Critical value: N/A
Outside Similar: N/A
Score: 105
Result: Low
Spores/m3
<100
1K
10K
>100K
Basidiospores
Cladosporium
Total
53
107
160
Location: 20802001-TM21ME
% of outdoor total
Friedman chiAgreement ratio**
spores/m3
square*
(indoor/outdoor)
(indoor variation)
Result: 3%
dF: 15
Result: 6.1733
Critical value: 24.9958
Inside Similar: Yes
Result: 0.4000
Species Detected
MoldSCORE****
(indoor/outdoor)
dF: 4
Result: 0.4000
Critical value: N/A
Outside Similar: N/A
Score: 100
Result: Low
Spores/m3
<100
Ascospores
Total
© 2008 EMLab P&K
Spearman rank
correlation***
(indoor/outdoor)
1K
10K
>100K
53
53
EMLab ID: 391883, Page 1 of 7
Client: Hygiene Technologies International, Inc.:
Northern California
C/O: Mr. Wes Frey
Re: 20802001
EMLab P&K
3800 Watt Ave., Suite 145, Sacramento, CA 95821
(650) 829-5800 Fax (650) 829-5852 www.emlab.com
Date of Submittal: 02-22-2008
Date of Receipt: 02-22-2008
Date of Report: 02-27-2008
MoldSTAT™: Supplementary Statistical Spore Trap Report
Location: 20802001-TM22ME
% of outdoor total
Friedman chiAgreement ratio** Spearman rank
spores/m3
square*
(indoor/outdoor)
correlation***
(indoor variation)
(indoor/outdoor)
Result: 10%
dF: 15
Result: 6.1733
Critical value: 24.9958
Inside Similar: Yes
Result: 0.7500
dF: 5
Result: 0.2000
Critical value: 0.8000
Outside Similar: No
Species Detected
MoldSCORE****
(indoor/outdoor)
Score: 106
Result: Low
Spores/m3
<100
1K
10K
>100K
Basidiospores
Cladosporium
Penicillium/Aspergillus types
Smuts, Periconia, Myxomycetes
Total
53
53
53
27
186
Location: 20802001-TM23ME
% of outdoor total
Friedman chiAgreement ratio**
spores/m3
square*
(indoor/outdoor)
(indoor variation)
Result: 3%
dF: 15
Result: 6.1733
Critical value: 24.9958
Inside Similar: Yes
Result: 0.4000
Species Detected
Spearman rank
correlation***
(indoor/outdoor)
MoldSCORE****
(indoor/outdoor)
dF: 4
Result: 0.8000
Critical value: N/A
Outside Similar: N/A
Score: 103
Result: Low
Spores/m3
<100
1K
10K
>100K
Basidiospores
Total
53
53
Location: 20802001-TM24ME
% of outdoor total
Friedman chiAgreement ratio**
spores/m3
square*
(indoor/outdoor)
(indoor variation)
Result: 6%
dF: 15
Result: 6.1733
Critical value: 24.9958
Inside Similar: Yes
Result: 0.5714
Species Detected
© 2008 EMLab P&K
MoldSCORE****
(indoor/outdoor)
dF: 5
Result: 0.3500
Critical value: 0.8000
Outside Similar: No
Score: 102
Result: Low
Spores/m3
<100
Basidiospores
Cladosporium
Rusts
Total
Spearman rank
correlation***
(indoor/outdoor)
1K
10K
>100K
53
53
13
119
EMLab ID: 391883, Page 2 of 7
Client: Hygiene Technologies International, Inc.:
Northern California
C/O: Mr. Wes Frey
Re: 20802001
EMLab P&K
3800 Watt Ave., Suite 145, Sacramento, CA 95821
(650) 829-5800 Fax (650) 829-5852 www.emlab.com
Date of Submittal: 02-22-2008
Date of Receipt: 02-22-2008
Date of Report: 02-27-2008
MoldSTAT™: Supplementary Statistical Spore Trap Report
Location: 20802001-TM25ME
% of outdoor total
Friedman chiAgreement ratio** Spearman rank
spores/m3
square*
(indoor/outdoor)
correlation***
(indoor variation)
(indoor/outdoor)
Result: 3%
dF: 15
Result: 6.1733
Critical value: 24.9958
Inside Similar: Yes
Result: 0.4000
dF: 4
Result: 0.8000
Critical value: N/A
Outside Similar: N/A
Species Detected
MoldSCORE****
(indoor/outdoor)
Score: 103
Result: Low
Spores/m3
<100
1K
10K
>100K
Basidiospores
Total
53
53
Location: 20802001-TM26ME
% of outdoor total
Friedman chiAgreement ratio**
spores/m3
square*
(indoor/outdoor)
(indoor variation)
Result: 6%
dF: 15
Result: 6.1733
Critical value: 24.9958
Inside Similar: Yes
Result: 0.5714
Species Detected
Spearman rank
correlation***
(indoor/outdoor)
MoldSCORE****
(indoor/outdoor)
dF: 5
Result: -0.5500
Critical value: 0.8000
Outside Similar: No
Score: 107
Result: Low
Spores/m3
<100
1K
10K
>100K
Alternaria
Cladosporium
Penicillium/Aspergillus types
Total
13
53
53
119
Location: 20802001-TM27ME
% of outdoor total
Friedman chiAgreement ratio**
spores/m3
square*
(indoor/outdoor)
(indoor variation)
Result: 15%
dF: 15
Result: 6.1733
Critical value: 24.9958
Inside Similar: Yes
Result: 0.8571
Species Detected
© 2008 EMLab P&K
MoldSCORE****
(indoor/outdoor)
dF: 4
Result: -0.0500
Critical value: N/A
Outside Similar: N/A
Score: 114
Result: Low
Spores/m3
<100
Basidiospores
Cladosporium
Penicillium/Aspergillus types
Total
Spearman rank
correlation***
(indoor/outdoor)
1K
10K
>100K
107
53
107
267
EMLab ID: 391883, Page 3 of 7
Client: Hygiene Technologies International, Inc.:
Northern California
C/O: Mr. Wes Frey
Re: 20802001
EMLab P&K
3800 Watt Ave., Suite 145, Sacramento, CA 95821
(650) 829-5800 Fax (650) 829-5852 www.emlab.com
Date of Submittal: 02-22-2008
Date of Receipt: 02-22-2008
Date of Report: 02-27-2008
MoldSTAT™: Supplementary Statistical Spore Trap Report
Location: 20802001-TM28ME
% of outdoor total
Friedman chiAgreement ratio** Spearman rank
spores/m3
square*
(indoor/outdoor)
correlation***
(indoor variation)
(indoor/outdoor)
Result: 3%
dF: 15
Result: 6.1733
Critical value: 24.9958
Inside Similar: Yes
Result: 0.4000
dF: 4
Result: 0.0000
Critical value: N/A
Outside Similar: N/A
Species Detected
MoldSCORE****
(indoor/outdoor)
Score: 103
Result: Low
Spores/m3
<100
1K
10K
>100K
Cladosporium
Total
53
53
Location: 20802001-TM29ME
% of outdoor total
Friedman chiAgreement ratio**
spores/m3
square*
(indoor/outdoor)
(indoor variation)
Result: 3%
dF: 15
Result: 6.1733
Critical value: 24.9958
Inside Similar: Yes
Result: 0.4000
Species Detected
Spearman rank
correlation***
(indoor/outdoor)
MoldSCORE****
(indoor/outdoor)
dF: 4
Result: 0.0000
Critical value: N/A
Outside Similar: N/A
Score: 103
Result: Low
Spores/m3
<100
1K
10K
>100K
Cladosporium
Total
53
53
Location: 20802001-TM30ME
% of outdoor total
Friedman chiAgreement ratio**
spores/m3
square*
(indoor/outdoor)
(indoor variation)
Result: 6%
dF: 15
Result: 6.1733
Critical value: 24.9958
Inside Similar: Yes
Result: 0.6667
Species Detected
© 2008 EMLab P&K
MoldSCORE****
(indoor/outdoor)
dF: 4
Result: 0.5000
Critical value: N/A
Outside Similar: N/A
Score: 102
Result: Low
Spores/m3
<100
Basidiospores
Cladosporium
Total
Spearman rank
correlation***
(indoor/outdoor)
1K
10K
>100K
53
53
106
EMLab ID: 391883, Page 4 of 7
Client: Hygiene Technologies International, Inc.:
Northern California
C/O: Mr. Wes Frey
Re: 20802001
EMLab P&K
3800 Watt Ave., Suite 145, Sacramento, CA 95821
(650) 829-5800 Fax (650) 829-5852 www.emlab.com
Date of Submittal: 02-22-2008
Date of Receipt: 02-22-2008
Date of Report: 02-27-2008
MoldSTAT™: Supplementary Statistical Spore Trap Report
Location: 20802001-TM31ME
% of outdoor total
Friedman chiAgreement ratio** Spearman rank
spores/m3
square*
(indoor/outdoor)
correlation***
(indoor variation)
(indoor/outdoor)
Result: 6%
dF: 15
Result: 6.1733
Critical value: 24.9958
Inside Similar: Yes
Result: 0.6667
dF: 4
Result: -0.7000
Critical value: N/A
Outside Similar: N/A
Species Detected
MoldSCORE****
(indoor/outdoor)
Score: 107
Result: Low
Spores/m3
<100
1K
10K
>100K
Cladosporium
Penicillium/Aspergillus types
Total
53
53
106
Location: 20802001-TM32ME
% of outdoor total
Friedman chiAgreement ratio**
spores/m3
square*
(indoor/outdoor)
(indoor variation)
Result: 6%
dF: 15
Result: 6.1733
Critical value: 24.9958
Inside Similar: Yes
Result: 0.4000
Species Detected
Spearman rank
correlation***
(indoor/outdoor)
MoldSCORE****
(indoor/outdoor)
dF: 4
Result: 0.0000
Critical value: N/A
Outside Similar: N/A
Score: 106
Result: Low
Spores/m3
<100
1K
10K
>100K
Cladosporium
Total
107
107
Location: 20802001-TM33ME
% of outdoor total
Friedman chiAgreement ratio**
spores/m3
square*
(indoor/outdoor)
(indoor variation)
Result: 3%
dF: 15
Result: 6.1733
Critical value: 24.9958
Inside Similar: Yes
Result: 0.4000
Species Detected
© 2008 EMLab P&K
MoldSCORE****
(indoor/outdoor)
dF: 4
Result: 0.8000
Critical value: N/A
Outside Similar: N/A
Score: 103
Result: Low
Spores/m3
<100
Basidiospores
Total
Spearman rank
correlation***
(indoor/outdoor)
1K
10K
>100K
53
53
EMLab ID: 391883, Page 5 of 7
Client: Hygiene Technologies International, Inc.:
Northern California
C/O: Mr. Wes Frey
Re: 20802001
EMLab P&K
3800 Watt Ave., Suite 145, Sacramento, CA 95821
(650) 829-5800 Fax (650) 829-5852 www.emlab.com
Date of Submittal: 02-22-2008
Date of Receipt: 02-22-2008
Date of Report: 02-27-2008
MoldSTAT™: Supplementary Statistical Spore Trap Report
Location: 20802001-TM34ME
% of outdoor total
Friedman chiAgreement ratio** Spearman rank
spores/m3
square*
(indoor/outdoor)
correlation***
(indoor variation)
(indoor/outdoor)
Result: 6%
dF: 15
Result: 6.1733
Critical value: 24.9958
Inside Similar: Yes
Result: 0.6667
dF: 4
Result: 0.5000
Critical value: N/A
Outside Similar: N/A
Species Detected
MoldSCORE****
(indoor/outdoor)
Score: 102
Result: Low
Spores/m3
<100
1K
10K
>100K
Basidiospores
Cladosporium
Total
53
53
106
Location: 20802001-TM35ME
% of outdoor total
Friedman chiAgreement ratio**
spores/m3
square*
(indoor/outdoor)
(indoor variation)
Result: 6%
dF: 15
Result: 6.1733
Critical value: 24.9958
Inside Similar: Yes
Result: 0.5714
Species Detected
MoldSCORE****
(indoor/outdoor)
dF: 5
Result: 0.6500
Critical value: 0.8000
Outside Similar: No
Score: 105
Result: Low
Spores/m3
<100
Alternaria
Ascospores
Basidiospores
Total
Spearman rank
correlation***
(indoor/outdoor)
1K
10K
>100K
13
53
53
119
* The Friedman chi-square statistic is a non-parametric test that examines variation in a set of data (in this case, all indoor spore
counts). The null hypothesis (H0) being tested is that there is no meaningful difference in the data for all indoor locations. The
alternative hypothesis (used if the test disproves the null hypothesis) is that there is a difference between the indoor locations.
The null hypothesis is rejected when the result of the test is greater than the critical value. The critical value that is displayed is
based on the degrees of freedom (dF) of the test and a significance level of 0.05.
** An agreement ratio is a simple method for assessing the similarity of two samples (in this case the indoor sample and the
outdoor summary) based on the spore types present. A score of one indicates that the types detected in one location are the same
as that in the other. A score of zero indicates that none of the types detected indoors are present outdoors. Typically, an
agreement of 0.8 or higher is considered high.
*** The Spearman rank correlation is a non-parametric test that examines correlation between two sets of data (in this case the
indoor location and the outdoor summary). The null hypothesis (H0) being tested is that the indoor and outdoor samples are
unrelated. The alternative hypothesis (used if the test disproves the null hypothesis) is that the samples are similar. The null
hypothesis is rejected when the result of the test is greater than the critical value. The critical value that is displayed is based on
the degrees of freedom (dF) of the test and a significance level of 0.05.
© 2008 EMLab P&K
EMLab ID: 391883, Page 6 of 7
Client: Hygiene Technologies International, Inc.:
Northern California
C/O: Mr. Wes Frey
Re: 20802001
EMLab P&K
3800 Watt Ave., Suite 145, Sacramento, CA 95821
(650) 829-5800 Fax (650) 829-5852 www.emlab.com
Date of Submittal: 02-22-2008
Date of Receipt: 02-22-2008
Date of Report: 02-27-2008
MoldSTAT™: Supplementary Statistical Spore Trap Report
**** MoldSCORE™ is a specialized method for examining air sampling data. It is a score between 100 and 300, with 100
indicating a greater likelihood that the airborne indoor spores originated from the outside, and 300 indicating a greater likelihood
that they originated from an inside source. The Result displayed is based on the numeric score given and will be either Low,
Medium, or High, indicating a low, medium, or high likelihood that the spores detected originated from an indoor source. EMLab
P&Kreserves the right to, and may at anytime, modify or change the MoldScore algorithm without notice.
Interpretation of the data contained in this report is left to the client or the persons who conducted the field work. This report is
provided for informational and comparative purposes only and should not be relied upon for any other purpose. "Typical outdoor
ranges" are based on the results of the analysis of samples delivered to and analyzed by EMLab P&K and assumptions regarding
the origins of those samples. Sampling techniques, contaminants infecting samples, unrepresentative samples and other similar or
dissimilar factors may affect these results. With the statistical analysis provided, as with all statistical comparisons and analyses,
false-positive and false-negative results can and do occur. EMLab P&K hereby disclaims any liability for any and all direct,
indirect, punitive, incidental, special or consequential damages arising out of the data contained in, or any actions taken or
omitted in reliance upon, this report.
© 2008 EMLab P&K
EMLab ID: 391883, Page 7 of 7
Client: Hygiene Technologies International, Inc.:
Northern California
C/O: Mr. Wes Frey
Re: 20802001
EMLab P&K
3800 Watt Ave., Suite 145, Sacramento, CA 95821
(650) 829-5800 Fax (650) 829-5852 www.emlab.com
Date of Submittal: 02-22-2008
Date of Receipt: 02-22-2008
Date of Report: 02-27-2008
MoldSCORE™: Spore Trap Report
Outdoor Sample: 20802001-TM19outME
Fungi Identified
Outdoor sample spores/m3 Raw
<100
1K
10K
>100K count
Generally able to grow indoors*
Alternaria
Bipolaris/Drechslera group
Chaetomium
Cladosporium
Curvularia
Epicoccum
Nigrospora
Penicillium/Aspergillus types†
Stachybotrys
Torula
Seldom found growing indoors**
Ascospores††
Basidiospores††
Rusts
Smuts, Periconia, Myxomycetes††
Total
ND
ND
ND
18
ND
2
ND
3
ND
ND
16
30
ND
ND
Spores/
m3
< 13
< 13
< 13
960
< 13
27
< 13
160
< 13
< 13
853
1,600
< 13
< 13
3,600
Location: 20802001-TM20ME
Fungi Identified
Indoor sample spores/m3
<100
Generally able to grow indoors*
Alternaria
Bipolaris/Drechslera group
Chaetomium
Cladosporium
Curvularia
Nigrospora
Penicillium/Aspergillus types†
Stachybotrys
Torula
Seldom found growing indoors**
Ascospores††
Basidiospores††
Rusts
Smuts, Periconia, Myxomycetes††
Total
© 2008 EMLab P&K
1K
10K
>100K
Raw
count
Spores/
m3
ND
ND
ND
< 13
< 13
< 13
107
< 13
< 13
< 13
< 13
< 13
100
100
100
104
100
100
100
100
100
< 13
53
< 13
< 13
160
100
100
100
100
104
2
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
1
ND
ND
MoldSCORE‡
100
200
300 Score
Final MoldSCORE
EMLab ID: 391883, Page 1 of 9
Client: Hygiene Technologies International, Inc.:
Northern California
C/O: Mr. Wes Frey
Re: 20802001
EMLab P&K
3800 Watt Ave., Suite 145, Sacramento, CA 95821
(650) 829-5800 Fax (650) 829-5852 www.emlab.com
Date of Submittal: 02-22-2008
Date of Receipt: 02-22-2008
Date of Report: 02-27-2008
MoldSCORE™: Spore Trap Report
Location: 20802001-TM21ME
Fungi Identified
Indoor sample spores/m3
<100
1K
10K
>100K
Generally able to grow indoors*
Alternaria
Bipolaris/Drechslera group
Chaetomium
Cladosporium
Curvularia
Nigrospora
Penicillium/Aspergillus types†
Stachybotrys
Torula
Seldom found growing indoors**
Ascospores††
Basidiospores††
Rusts
Smuts, Periconia, Myxomycetes††
Total
Raw
count
Spores/
m3
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
< 13
< 13
< 13
< 13
< 13
< 13
< 13
< 13
< 13
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
1
53
< 13
< 13
< 13
53
116
100
100
100
100
ND
ND
ND
MoldSCORE‡
100
200
300 Score
Final MoldSCORE
Location: 20802001-TM22ME
Fungi Identified
Indoor sample spores/m3
<100
Generally able to grow indoors*
Alternaria
Bipolaris/Drechslera group
Chaetomium
Cladosporium
Curvularia
Nigrospora
Penicillium/Aspergillus types†
Stachybotrys
Torula
Seldom found growing indoors**
Ascospores††
Basidiospores††
Rusts
Smuts, Periconia, Myxomycetes††
Total
© 2008 EMLab P&K
1K
10K
>100K
Raw
count
Spores/
m3
ND
ND
ND
< 13
< 13
< 13
53
< 13
< 13
53
< 13
< 13
100
100
100
100
100
100
107
100
100
< 13
53
< 13
27
186
100
100
100
105
107
1
ND
ND
1
ND
ND
ND
1
ND
2
MoldSCORE‡
100
200
300 Score
Final MoldSCORE
EMLab ID: 391883, Page 2 of 9
Client: Hygiene Technologies International, Inc.:
Northern California
C/O: Mr. Wes Frey
Re: 20802001
EMLab P&K
3800 Watt Ave., Suite 145, Sacramento, CA 95821
(650) 829-5800 Fax (650) 829-5852 www.emlab.com
Date of Submittal: 02-22-2008
Date of Receipt: 02-22-2008
Date of Report: 02-27-2008
MoldSCORE™: Spore Trap Report
Location: 20802001-TM23ME
Fungi Identified
Indoor sample spores/m3
<100
1K
10K
>100K
Generally able to grow indoors*
Alternaria
Bipolaris/Drechslera group
Chaetomium
Cladosporium
Curvularia
Nigrospora
Penicillium/Aspergillus types†
Stachybotrys
Torula
Seldom found growing indoors**
Ascospores††
Basidiospores††
Rusts
Smuts, Periconia, Myxomycetes††
Total
Raw
count
Spores/
m3
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
< 13
< 13
< 13
< 13
< 13
< 13
< 13
< 13
< 13
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
ND
< 13
53
< 13
< 13
53
100
103
100
100
103
1
ND
ND
MoldSCORE‡
100
200
300 Score
Final MoldSCORE
Location: 20802001-TM24ME
Fungi Identified
Indoor sample spores/m3
<100
Generally able to grow indoors*
Alternaria
Bipolaris/Drechslera group
Chaetomium
Cladosporium
Curvularia
Nigrospora
Penicillium/Aspergillus types†
Stachybotrys
Torula
Seldom found growing indoors**
Ascospores††
Basidiospores††
Rusts
Smuts, Periconia, Myxomycetes††
Total
© 2008 EMLab P&K
1K
10K
>100K
Raw
count
Spores/
m3
ND
ND
ND
< 13
< 13
< 13
53
< 13
< 13
< 13
< 13
< 13
100
100
100
101
100
100
100
100
100
< 13
53
13
< 13
119
100
100
105
100
101
1
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
1
1
ND
MoldSCORE‡
100
200
300 Score
Final MoldSCORE
EMLab ID: 391883, Page 3 of 9
Client: Hygiene Technologies International, Inc.:
Northern California
C/O: Mr. Wes Frey
Re: 20802001
EMLab P&K
3800 Watt Ave., Suite 145, Sacramento, CA 95821
(650) 829-5800 Fax (650) 829-5852 www.emlab.com
Date of Submittal: 02-22-2008
Date of Receipt: 02-22-2008
Date of Report: 02-27-2008
MoldSCORE™: Spore Trap Report
Location: 20802001-TM25ME
Fungi Identified
Indoor sample spores/m3
<100
1K
10K
>100K
Generally able to grow indoors*
Alternaria
Bipolaris/Drechslera group
Chaetomium
Cladosporium
Curvularia
Nigrospora
Penicillium/Aspergillus types†
Stachybotrys
Torula
Seldom found growing indoors**
Ascospores††
Basidiospores††
Rusts
Smuts, Periconia, Myxomycetes††
Total
Raw
count
Spores/
m3
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
< 13
< 13
< 13
< 13
< 13
< 13
< 13
< 13
< 13
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
ND
< 13
53
< 13
< 13
53
100
103
100
100
103
1
ND
ND
MoldSCORE‡
100
200
300 Score
Final MoldSCORE
Location: 20802001-TM26ME
Fungi Identified
Indoor sample spores/m3
<100
Generally able to grow indoors*
Alternaria
Bipolaris/Drechslera group
Chaetomium
Cladosporium
Curvularia
Nigrospora
Penicillium/Aspergillus types†
Stachybotrys
Torula
Seldom found growing indoors**
Ascospores††
Basidiospores††
Rusts
Smuts, Periconia, Myxomycetes††
Total
© 2008 EMLab P&K
1K
10K
>100K
Raw
count
Spores/
m3
1
13
< 13
< 13
53
< 13
< 13
53
< 13
< 13
105
100
100
101
100
100
108
100
100
< 13
< 13
< 13
< 13
119
100
100
100
100
108
ND
ND
1
ND
ND
1
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
MoldSCORE‡
100
200
300 Score
Final MoldSCORE
EMLab ID: 391883, Page 4 of 9
Client: Hygiene Technologies International, Inc.:
Northern California
C/O: Mr. Wes Frey
Re: 20802001
EMLab P&K
3800 Watt Ave., Suite 145, Sacramento, CA 95821
(650) 829-5800 Fax (650) 829-5852 www.emlab.com
Date of Submittal: 02-22-2008
Date of Receipt: 02-22-2008
Date of Report: 02-27-2008
MoldSCORE™: Spore Trap Report
Location: 20802001-TM27ME
Fungi Identified
Indoor sample spores/m3
<100
1K
10K
>100K
Generally able to grow indoors*
Alternaria
Bipolaris/Drechslera group
Chaetomium
Cladosporium
Curvularia
Nigrospora
Penicillium/Aspergillus types†
Stachybotrys
Torula
Seldom found growing indoors**
Ascospores††
Basidiospores††
Rusts
Smuts, Periconia, Myxomycetes††
Total
Raw
count
Spores/
m3
ND
ND
ND
< 13
< 13
< 13
53
< 13
< 13
107
< 13
< 13
100
100
100
100
100
100
115
100
100
< 13
107
< 13
< 13
267
100
100
100
100
115
1
ND
ND
2
ND
ND
ND
2
ND
ND
MoldSCORE‡
100
200
300 Score
Final MoldSCORE
Location: 20802001-TM28ME
Fungi Identified
Indoor sample spores/m3
<100
Generally able to grow indoors*
Alternaria
Bipolaris/Drechslera group
Chaetomium
Cladosporium
Curvularia
Nigrospora
Penicillium/Aspergillus types†
Stachybotrys
Torula
Seldom found growing indoors**
Ascospores††
Basidiospores††
Rusts
Smuts, Periconia, Myxomycetes††
Total
© 2008 EMLab P&K
1K
10K
>100K
Raw
count
Spores/
m3
ND
ND
ND
< 13
< 13
< 13
53
< 13
< 13
< 13
< 13
< 13
100
100
100
102
100
100
100
100
100
< 13
< 13
< 13
< 13
53
100
100
100
100
102
1
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
MoldSCORE‡
100
200
300 Score
Final MoldSCORE
EMLab ID: 391883, Page 5 of 9
Client: Hygiene Technologies International, Inc.:
Northern California
C/O: Mr. Wes Frey
Re: 20802001
EMLab P&K
3800 Watt Ave., Suite 145, Sacramento, CA 95821
(650) 829-5800 Fax (650) 829-5852 www.emlab.com
Date of Submittal: 02-22-2008
Date of Receipt: 02-22-2008
Date of Report: 02-27-2008
MoldSCORE™: Spore Trap Report
Location: 20802001-TM29ME
Fungi Identified
Indoor sample spores/m3
<100
1K
10K
>100K
Generally able to grow indoors*
Alternaria
Bipolaris/Drechslera group
Chaetomium
Cladosporium
Curvularia
Nigrospora
Penicillium/Aspergillus types†
Stachybotrys
Torula
Seldom found growing indoors**
Ascospores††
Basidiospores††
Rusts
Smuts, Periconia, Myxomycetes††
Total
Raw
count
Spores/
m3
ND
ND
ND
< 13
< 13
< 13
53
< 13
< 13
< 13
< 13
< 13
100
100
100
102
100
100
100
100
100
< 13
< 13
< 13
< 13
53
100
100
100
100
102
1
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
MoldSCORE‡
100
200
300 Score
Final MoldSCORE
Location: 20802001-TM30ME
Fungi Identified
Indoor sample spores/m3
<100
Generally able to grow indoors*
Alternaria
Bipolaris/Drechslera group
Chaetomium
Cladosporium
Curvularia
Nigrospora
Penicillium/Aspergillus types†
Stachybotrys
Torula
Seldom found growing indoors**
Ascospores††
Basidiospores††
Rusts
Smuts, Periconia, Myxomycetes††
Total
© 2008 EMLab P&K
1K
10K
>100K
Raw
count
Spores/
m3
ND
ND
ND
< 13
< 13
< 13
53
< 13
< 13
< 13
< 13
< 13
100
100
100
102
100
100
100
100
100
< 13
53
< 13
< 13
106
100
101
100
100
102
1
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
1
ND
ND
MoldSCORE‡
100
200
300 Score
Final MoldSCORE
EMLab ID: 391883, Page 6 of 9
Client: Hygiene Technologies International, Inc.:
Northern California
C/O: Mr. Wes Frey
Re: 20802001
EMLab P&K
3800 Watt Ave., Suite 145, Sacramento, CA 95821
(650) 829-5800 Fax (650) 829-5852 www.emlab.com
Date of Submittal: 02-22-2008
Date of Receipt: 02-22-2008
Date of Report: 02-27-2008
MoldSCORE™: Spore Trap Report
Location: 20802001-TM31ME
Fungi Identified
Indoor sample spores/m3
<100
1K
10K
>100K
Generally able to grow indoors*
Alternaria
Bipolaris/Drechslera group
Chaetomium
Cladosporium
Curvularia
Nigrospora
Penicillium/Aspergillus types†
Stachybotrys
Torula
Seldom found growing indoors**
Ascospores††
Basidiospores††
Rusts
Smuts, Periconia, Myxomycetes††
Total
Raw
count
Spores/
m3
ND
ND
ND
< 13
< 13
< 13
53
< 13
< 13
53
< 13
< 13
100
100
100
102
100
100
108
100
100
< 13
< 13
< 13
< 13
106
100
100
100
100
108
1
ND
ND
1
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
MoldSCORE‡
100
200
300 Score
Final MoldSCORE
Location: 20802001-TM32ME
Fungi Identified
Indoor sample spores/m3
<100
Generally able to grow indoors*
Alternaria
Bipolaris/Drechslera group
Chaetomium
Cladosporium
Curvularia
Nigrospora
Penicillium/Aspergillus types†
Stachybotrys
Torula
Seldom found growing indoors**
Ascospores††
Basidiospores††
Rusts
Smuts, Periconia, Myxomycetes††
Total
© 2008 EMLab P&K
1K
10K
>100K
Raw
count
Spores/
m3
ND
ND
ND
< 13
< 13
< 13
107
< 13
< 13
< 13
< 13
< 13
100
100
100
105
100
100
100
100
100
< 13
< 13
< 13
< 13
107
100
100
100
100
105
2
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
MoldSCORE‡
100
200
300 Score
Final MoldSCORE
EMLab ID: 391883, Page 7 of 9
Client: Hygiene Technologies International, Inc.:
Northern California
C/O: Mr. Wes Frey
Re: 20802001
EMLab P&K
3800 Watt Ave., Suite 145, Sacramento, CA 95821
(650) 829-5800 Fax (650) 829-5852 www.emlab.com
Date of Submittal: 02-22-2008
Date of Receipt: 02-22-2008
Date of Report: 02-27-2008
MoldSCORE™: Spore Trap Report
Location: 20802001-TM33ME
Fungi Identified
Indoor sample spores/m3
<100
1K
10K
>100K
Generally able to grow indoors*
Alternaria
Bipolaris/Drechslera group
Chaetomium
Cladosporium
Curvularia
Nigrospora
Penicillium/Aspergillus types†
Stachybotrys
Torula
Seldom found growing indoors**
Ascospores††
Basidiospores††
Rusts
Smuts, Periconia, Myxomycetes††
Total
Raw
count
Spores/
m3
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
< 13
< 13
< 13
< 13
< 13
< 13
< 13
< 13
< 13
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
ND
< 13
53
< 13
< 13
53
100
103
100
100
103
1
ND
ND
MoldSCORE‡
100
200
300 Score
Final MoldSCORE
Location: 20802001-TM34ME
Fungi Identified
Indoor sample spores/m3
<100
Generally able to grow indoors*
Alternaria
Bipolaris/Drechslera group
Chaetomium
Cladosporium
Curvularia
Nigrospora
Penicillium/Aspergillus types†
Stachybotrys
Torula
Seldom found growing indoors**
Ascospores††
Basidiospores††
Rusts
Smuts, Periconia, Myxomycetes††
Total
© 2008 EMLab P&K
1K
10K
>100K
Raw
count
Spores/
m3
ND
ND
ND
< 13
< 13
< 13
53
< 13
< 13
< 13
< 13
< 13
100
100
100
102
100
100
100
100
100
< 13
53
< 13
< 13
106
100
101
100
100
102
1
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
1
ND
ND
MoldSCORE‡
100
200
300 Score
Final MoldSCORE
EMLab ID: 391883, Page 8 of 9
Client: Hygiene Technologies International, Inc.:
Northern California
C/O: Mr. Wes Frey
Re: 20802001
EMLab P&K
3800 Watt Ave., Suite 145, Sacramento, CA 95821
(650) 829-5800 Fax (650) 829-5852 www.emlab.com
Date of Submittal: 02-22-2008
Date of Receipt: 02-22-2008
Date of Report: 02-27-2008
MoldSCORE™: Spore Trap Report
Location: 20802001-TM35ME
Fungi Identified
Indoor sample spores/m3
<100
Generally able to grow indoors*
Alternaria
Bipolaris/Drechslera group
Chaetomium
Cladosporium
Curvularia
Nigrospora
Penicillium/Aspergillus types†
Stachybotrys
Torula
Seldom found growing indoors**
Ascospores††
Basidiospores††
Rusts
Smuts, Periconia, Myxomycetes††
Total
1K
10K
>100K
Raw
count
Spores/
m3
1
13
< 13
< 13
< 13
< 13
< 13
< 13
< 13
< 13
105
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
53
53
< 13
< 13
119
110
100
100
100
105
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
1
1
ND
ND
MoldSCORE‡
100
200
300 Score
Final MoldSCORE
*The spores in this category are generally capable of growing on wet building materials in addition to growing outdoors. Building related
growth is dependent upon the fungal type, moisture level, type of material, and other factors. Cladosporium is one of the predominant spore
types worldwide and is frequently present in high numbers. Penicillium/Aspergillus species colonize both outdoor and indoor wet surfaces
rapidly and are very easily dispersed. Other genera are usually present in lesser numbers.
**These fungi are generally not found growing on wet building materials. For example, the rusts and smuts are obligate plant pathogens.
However, in each group there are notable exceptions. For example, agents of wood decay are members of the basidiomycetes and high counts of
a single morphological type of basidiospore on an inside sample should be considered significant.
†The spores of Aspergillus and Penicillium (and others such as Acremonium, Paecilomyces) are small and round with very few distinguishing
characteristics. They cannot be differentiated by non-viable sampling methods.
††Most of these spore types are not seen with culturable methods (Anderson sampling), although some may appear as non-sporulating fungi.
Most of the basidiospores are "mushroom" spores.
‡Rated on a scale from 100 to 300. A rating less than 150 is low and indicates a low probability of spores originating inside. A rating greater
than 250 is high and indicates a high probability that the spores originated from inside, presumably from indoor mold growth. A rating between
150 and 250 indicates a moderate likelihood of indoor fungal growth. MoldSCORE is NOT intended for wall cavity samples. It is intended for
ambient air samples in residences. Using the analysis on other samples (like wall cavity samples) will lead to misleading results.
© 2008 EMLab P&K
EMLab ID: 391883, Page 9 of 9
Client: Hygiene Technologies International, Inc.:
Northern California
C/O: Mr. Wes Frey
Re: 20802001
EMLab P&K
3800 Watt Ave., Suite 145, Sacramento, CA 95821
(650) 829-5800 Fax (650) 829-5852 www.emlab.com
Date of Submittal: 02-22-2008
Date of Receipt: 02-22-2008
Date of Report: 02-27-2008
MoldSCORE™: Spore Trap Report
Outdoor Sample: 20802001-TM36outME
Fungi Identified
Outdoor sample spores/m3 Raw
<100
1K
10K
>100K count
Generally able to grow indoors*
Alternaria
Bipolaris/Drechslera group
Chaetomium
Cladosporium
Curvularia
Nigrospora
Penicillium/Aspergillus types†
Stachybotrys
Torula
Seldom found growing indoors**
Ascospores††
Basidiospores††
Rusts
Smuts, Periconia, Myxomycetes††
Total
ND
ND
ND
5
ND
ND
3
ND
ND
9
16
ND
ND
Spores/
m3
< 13
< 13
< 13
267
< 13
< 13
160
< 13
< 13
480
853
< 13
< 13
1,760
Location: 20802001-TM20ME
Fungi Identified
Indoor sample spores/m3
<100
Generally able to grow indoors*
Alternaria
Bipolaris/Drechslera group
Chaetomium
Cladosporium
Curvularia
Nigrospora
Penicillium/Aspergillus types†
Stachybotrys
Torula
Seldom found growing indoors**
Ascospores††
Basidiospores††
Rusts
Smuts, Periconia, Myxomycetes††
Total
© 2008 EMLab P&K
1K
10K
>100K
Raw
count
Spores/
m3
ND
ND
ND
< 13
< 13
< 13
107
< 13
< 13
< 13
< 13
< 13
100
100
100
105
100
100
100
100
100
< 13
53
< 13
< 13
160
100
100
100
100
105
2
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
1
ND
ND
MoldSCORE‡
100
200
300 Score
Final MoldSCORE
EMLab ID: 391883, Page 1 of 9
Client: Hygiene Technologies International, Inc.:
Northern California
C/O: Mr. Wes Frey
Re: 20802001
EMLab P&K
3800 Watt Ave., Suite 145, Sacramento, CA 95821
(650) 829-5800 Fax (650) 829-5852 www.emlab.com
Date of Submittal: 02-22-2008
Date of Receipt: 02-22-2008
Date of Report: 02-27-2008
MoldSCORE™: Spore Trap Report
Location: 20802001-TM21ME
Fungi Identified
Indoor sample spores/m3
<100
1K
10K
>100K
Generally able to grow indoors*
Alternaria
Bipolaris/Drechslera group
Chaetomium
Cladosporium
Curvularia
Nigrospora
Penicillium/Aspergillus types†
Stachybotrys
Torula
Seldom found growing indoors**
Ascospores††
Basidiospores††
Rusts
Smuts, Periconia, Myxomycetes††
Total
Raw
count
Spores/
m3
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
< 13
< 13
< 13
< 13
< 13
< 13
< 13
< 13
< 13
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
1
53
< 13
< 13
< 13
53
116
100
100
100
100
ND
ND
ND
MoldSCORE‡
100
200
300 Score
Final MoldSCORE
Location: 20802001-TM22ME
Fungi Identified
Indoor sample spores/m3
<100
Generally able to grow indoors*
Alternaria
Bipolaris/Drechslera group
Chaetomium
Cladosporium
Curvularia
Nigrospora
Penicillium/Aspergillus types†
Stachybotrys
Torula
Seldom found growing indoors**
Ascospores††
Basidiospores††
Rusts
Smuts, Periconia, Myxomycetes††
Total
© 2008 EMLab P&K
1K
10K
>100K
Raw
count
Spores/
m3
ND
ND
ND
< 13
< 13
< 13
53
< 13
< 13
53
< 13
< 13
100
100
100
102
100
100
106
100
100
< 13
53
< 13
27
186
100
100
100
105
106
1
ND
ND
1
ND
ND
ND
1
ND
2
MoldSCORE‡
100
200
300 Score
Final MoldSCORE
EMLab ID: 391883, Page 2 of 9
Client: Hygiene Technologies International, Inc.:
Northern California
C/O: Mr. Wes Frey
Re: 20802001
EMLab P&K
3800 Watt Ave., Suite 145, Sacramento, CA 95821
(650) 829-5800 Fax (650) 829-5852 www.emlab.com
Date of Submittal: 02-22-2008
Date of Receipt: 02-22-2008
Date of Report: 02-27-2008
MoldSCORE™: Spore Trap Report
Location: 20802001-TM23ME
Fungi Identified
Indoor sample spores/m3
<100
1K
10K
>100K
Generally able to grow indoors*
Alternaria
Bipolaris/Drechslera group
Chaetomium
Cladosporium
Curvularia
Nigrospora
Penicillium/Aspergillus types†
Stachybotrys
Torula
Seldom found growing indoors**
Ascospores††
Basidiospores††
Rusts
Smuts, Periconia, Myxomycetes††
Total
Raw
count
Spores/
m3
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
< 13
< 13
< 13
< 13
< 13
< 13
< 13
< 13
< 13
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
ND
< 13
53
< 13
< 13
53
100
103
100
100
103
1
ND
ND
MoldSCORE‡
100
200
300 Score
Final MoldSCORE
Location: 20802001-TM24ME
Fungi Identified
Indoor sample spores/m3
<100
Generally able to grow indoors*
Alternaria
Bipolaris/Drechslera group
Chaetomium
Cladosporium
Curvularia
Nigrospora
Penicillium/Aspergillus types†
Stachybotrys
Torula
Seldom found growing indoors**
Ascospores††
Basidiospores††
Rusts
Smuts, Periconia, Myxomycetes††
Total
© 2008 EMLab P&K
1K
10K
>100K
Raw
count
Spores/
m3
ND
ND
ND
< 13
< 13
< 13
53
< 13
< 13
< 13
< 13
< 13
100
100
100
102
100
100
100
100
100
< 13
53
13
< 13
119
100
100
105
100
102
1
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
1
1
ND
MoldSCORE‡
100
200
300 Score
Final MoldSCORE
EMLab ID: 391883, Page 3 of 9
Client: Hygiene Technologies International, Inc.:
Northern California
C/O: Mr. Wes Frey
Re: 20802001
EMLab P&K
3800 Watt Ave., Suite 145, Sacramento, CA 95821
(650) 829-5800 Fax (650) 829-5852 www.emlab.com
Date of Submittal: 02-22-2008
Date of Receipt: 02-22-2008
Date of Report: 02-27-2008
MoldSCORE™: Spore Trap Report
Location: 20802001-TM25ME
Fungi Identified
Indoor sample spores/m3
<100
1K
10K
>100K
Generally able to grow indoors*
Alternaria
Bipolaris/Drechslera group
Chaetomium
Cladosporium
Curvularia
Nigrospora
Penicillium/Aspergillus types†
Stachybotrys
Torula
Seldom found growing indoors**
Ascospores††
Basidiospores††
Rusts
Smuts, Periconia, Myxomycetes††
Total
Raw
count
Spores/
m3
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
< 13
< 13
< 13
< 13
< 13
< 13
< 13
< 13
< 13
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
ND
< 13
53
< 13
< 13
53
100
103
100
100
103
1
ND
ND
MoldSCORE‡
100
200
300 Score
Final MoldSCORE
Location: 20802001-TM26ME
Fungi Identified
Indoor sample spores/m3
<100
Generally able to grow indoors*
Alternaria
Bipolaris/Drechslera group
Chaetomium
Cladosporium
Curvularia
Nigrospora
Penicillium/Aspergillus types†
Stachybotrys
Torula
Seldom found growing indoors**
Ascospores††
Basidiospores††
Rusts
Smuts, Periconia, Myxomycetes††
Total
© 2008 EMLab P&K
1K
10K
>100K
Raw
count
Spores/
m3
1
13
< 13
< 13
53
< 13
< 13
53
< 13
< 13
105
100
100
102
100
100
107
100
100
< 13
< 13
< 13
< 13
119
100
100
100
100
107
ND
ND
1
ND
ND
1
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
MoldSCORE‡
100
200
300 Score
Final MoldSCORE
EMLab ID: 391883, Page 4 of 9
Client: Hygiene Technologies International, Inc.:
Northern California
C/O: Mr. Wes Frey
Re: 20802001
EMLab P&K
3800 Watt Ave., Suite 145, Sacramento, CA 95821
(650) 829-5800 Fax (650) 829-5852 www.emlab.com
Date of Submittal: 02-22-2008
Date of Receipt: 02-22-2008
Date of Report: 02-27-2008
MoldSCORE™: Spore Trap Report
Location: 20802001-TM27ME
Fungi Identified
Indoor sample spores/m3
<100
1K
10K
>100K
Generally able to grow indoors*
Alternaria
Bipolaris/Drechslera group
Chaetomium
Cladosporium
Curvularia
Nigrospora
Penicillium/Aspergillus types†
Stachybotrys
Torula
Seldom found growing indoors**
Ascospores††
Basidiospores††
Rusts
Smuts, Periconia, Myxomycetes††
Total
Raw
count
Spores/
m3
ND
ND
ND
< 13
< 13
< 13
53
< 13
< 13
107
< 13
< 13
100
100
100
101
100
100
114
100
100
< 13
107
< 13
< 13
267
100
100
100
100
114
1
ND
ND
2
ND
ND
ND
2
ND
ND
MoldSCORE‡
100
200
300 Score
Final MoldSCORE
Location: 20802001-TM28ME
Fungi Identified
Indoor sample spores/m3
<100
Generally able to grow indoors*
Alternaria
Bipolaris/Drechslera group
Chaetomium
Cladosporium
Curvularia
Nigrospora
Penicillium/Aspergillus types†
Stachybotrys
Torula
Seldom found growing indoors**
Ascospores††
Basidiospores††
Rusts
Smuts, Periconia, Myxomycetes††
Total
© 2008 EMLab P&K
1K
10K
>100K
Raw
count
Spores/
m3
ND
ND
ND
< 13
< 13
< 13
53
< 13
< 13
< 13
< 13
< 13
100
100
100
103
100
100
100
100
100
< 13
< 13
< 13
< 13
53
100
100
100
100
103
1
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
MoldSCORE‡
100
200
300 Score
Final MoldSCORE
EMLab ID: 391883, Page 5 of 9
Client: Hygiene Technologies International, Inc.:
Northern California
C/O: Mr. Wes Frey
Re: 20802001
EMLab P&K
3800 Watt Ave., Suite 145, Sacramento, CA 95821
(650) 829-5800 Fax (650) 829-5852 www.emlab.com
Date of Submittal: 02-22-2008
Date of Receipt: 02-22-2008
Date of Report: 02-27-2008
MoldSCORE™: Spore Trap Report
Location: 20802001-TM29ME
Fungi Identified
Indoor sample spores/m3
<100
1K
10K
>100K
Generally able to grow indoors*
Alternaria
Bipolaris/Drechslera group
Chaetomium
Cladosporium
Curvularia
Nigrospora
Penicillium/Aspergillus types†
Stachybotrys
Torula
Seldom found growing indoors**
Ascospores††
Basidiospores††
Rusts
Smuts, Periconia, Myxomycetes††
Total
Raw
count
Spores/
m3
ND
ND
ND
< 13
< 13
< 13
53
< 13
< 13
< 13
< 13
< 13
100
100
100
103
100
100
100
100
100
< 13
< 13
< 13
< 13
53
100
100
100
100
103
1
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
MoldSCORE‡
100
200
300 Score
Final MoldSCORE
Location: 20802001-TM30ME
Fungi Identified
Indoor sample spores/m3
<100
Generally able to grow indoors*
Alternaria
Bipolaris/Drechslera group
Chaetomium
Cladosporium
Curvularia
Nigrospora
Penicillium/Aspergillus types†
Stachybotrys
Torula
Seldom found growing indoors**
Ascospores††
Basidiospores††
Rusts
Smuts, Periconia, Myxomycetes††
Total
© 2008 EMLab P&K
1K
10K
>100K
Raw
count
Spores/
m3
ND
ND
ND
< 13
< 13
< 13
53
< 13
< 13
< 13
< 13
< 13
100
100
100
102
100
100
100
100
100
< 13
53
< 13
< 13
106
100
101
100
100
102
1
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
1
ND
ND
MoldSCORE‡
100
200
300 Score
Final MoldSCORE
EMLab ID: 391883, Page 6 of 9
Client: Hygiene Technologies International, Inc.:
Northern California
C/O: Mr. Wes Frey
Re: 20802001
EMLab P&K
3800 Watt Ave., Suite 145, Sacramento, CA 95821
(650) 829-5800 Fax (650) 829-5852 www.emlab.com
Date of Submittal: 02-22-2008
Date of Receipt: 02-22-2008
Date of Report: 02-27-2008
MoldSCORE™: Spore Trap Report
Location: 20802001-TM31ME
Fungi Identified
Indoor sample spores/m3
<100
1K
10K
>100K
Generally able to grow indoors*
Alternaria
Bipolaris/Drechslera group
Chaetomium
Cladosporium
Curvularia
Nigrospora
Penicillium/Aspergillus types†
Stachybotrys
Torula
Seldom found growing indoors**
Ascospores††
Basidiospores††
Rusts
Smuts, Periconia, Myxomycetes††
Total
Raw
count
Spores/
m3
ND
ND
ND
< 13
< 13
< 13
53
< 13
< 13
53
< 13
< 13
100
100
100
102
100
100
107
100
100
< 13
< 13
< 13
< 13
106
100
100
100
100
107
1
ND
ND
1
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
MoldSCORE‡
100
200
300 Score
Final MoldSCORE
Location: 20802001-TM32ME
Fungi Identified
Indoor sample spores/m3
<100
Generally able to grow indoors*
Alternaria
Bipolaris/Drechslera group
Chaetomium
Cladosporium
Curvularia
Nigrospora
Penicillium/Aspergillus types†
Stachybotrys
Torula
Seldom found growing indoors**
Ascospores††
Basidiospores††
Rusts
Smuts, Periconia, Myxomycetes††
Total
© 2008 EMLab P&K
1K
10K
>100K
Raw
count
Spores/
m3
ND
ND
ND
< 13
< 13
< 13
107
< 13
< 13
< 13
< 13
< 13
100
100
100
106
100
100
100
100
100
< 13
< 13
< 13
< 13
107
100
100
100
100
106
2
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
MoldSCORE‡
100
200
300 Score
Final MoldSCORE
EMLab ID: 391883, Page 7 of 9
Client: Hygiene Technologies International, Inc.:
Northern California
C/O: Mr. Wes Frey
Re: 20802001
EMLab P&K
3800 Watt Ave., Suite 145, Sacramento, CA 95821
(650) 829-5800 Fax (650) 829-5852 www.emlab.com
Date of Submittal: 02-22-2008
Date of Receipt: 02-22-2008
Date of Report: 02-27-2008
MoldSCORE™: Spore Trap Report
Location: 20802001-TM33ME
Fungi Identified
Indoor sample spores/m3
<100
1K
10K
>100K
Generally able to grow indoors*
Alternaria
Bipolaris/Drechslera group
Chaetomium
Cladosporium
Curvularia
Nigrospora
Penicillium/Aspergillus types†
Stachybotrys
Torula
Seldom found growing indoors**
Ascospores††
Basidiospores††
Rusts
Smuts, Periconia, Myxomycetes††
Total
Raw
count
Spores/
m3
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
< 13
< 13
< 13
< 13
< 13
< 13
< 13
< 13
< 13
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
ND
< 13
53
< 13
< 13
53
100
103
100
100
103
1
ND
ND
MoldSCORE‡
100
200
300 Score
Final MoldSCORE
Location: 20802001-TM34ME
Fungi Identified
Indoor sample spores/m3
<100
Generally able to grow indoors*
Alternaria
Bipolaris/Drechslera group
Chaetomium
Cladosporium
Curvularia
Nigrospora
Penicillium/Aspergillus types†
Stachybotrys
Torula
Seldom found growing indoors**
Ascospores††
Basidiospores††
Rusts
Smuts, Periconia, Myxomycetes††
Total
© 2008 EMLab P&K
1K
10K
>100K
Raw
count
Spores/
m3
ND
ND
ND
< 13
< 13
< 13
53
< 13
< 13
< 13
< 13
< 13
100
100
100
102
100
100
100
100
100
< 13
53
< 13
< 13
106
100
101
100
100
102
1
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
1
ND
ND
MoldSCORE‡
100
200
300 Score
Final MoldSCORE
EMLab ID: 391883, Page 8 of 9
Client: Hygiene Technologies International, Inc.:
Northern California
C/O: Mr. Wes Frey
Re: 20802001
EMLab P&K
3800 Watt Ave., Suite 145, Sacramento, CA 95821
(650) 829-5800 Fax (650) 829-5852 www.emlab.com
Date of Submittal: 02-22-2008
Date of Receipt: 02-22-2008
Date of Report: 02-27-2008
MoldSCORE™: Spore Trap Report
Location: 20802001-TM35ME
Fungi Identified
Indoor sample spores/m3
<100
Generally able to grow indoors*
Alternaria
Bipolaris/Drechslera group
Chaetomium
Cladosporium
Curvularia
Nigrospora
Penicillium/Aspergillus types†
Stachybotrys
Torula
Seldom found growing indoors**
Ascospores††
Basidiospores††
Rusts
Smuts, Periconia, Myxomycetes††
Total
1K
10K
>100K
Raw
count
Spores/
m3
1
13
< 13
< 13
< 13
< 13
< 13
< 13
< 13
< 13
105
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
53
53
< 13
< 13
119
110
100
100
100
105
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
1
1
ND
ND
MoldSCORE‡
100
200
300 Score
Final MoldSCORE
*The spores in this category are generally capable of growing on wet building materials in addition to growing outdoors. Building related
growth is dependent upon the fungal type, moisture level, type of material, and other factors. Cladosporium is one of the predominant spore
types worldwide and is frequently present in high numbers. Penicillium/Aspergillus species colonize both outdoor and indoor wet surfaces
rapidly and are very easily dispersed. Other genera are usually present in lesser numbers.
**These fungi are generally not found growing on wet building materials. For example, the rusts and smuts are obligate plant pathogens.
However, in each group there are notable exceptions. For example, agents of wood decay are members of the basidiomycetes and high counts of
a single morphological type of basidiospore on an inside sample should be considered significant.
†The spores of Aspergillus and Penicillium (and others such as Acremonium, Paecilomyces) are small and round with very few distinguishing
characteristics. They cannot be differentiated by non-viable sampling methods.
††Most of these spore types are not seen with culturable methods (Anderson sampling), although some may appear as non-sporulating fungi.
Most of the basidiospores are "mushroom" spores.
‡Rated on a scale from 100 to 300. A rating less than 150 is low and indicates a low probability of spores originating inside. A rating greater
than 250 is high and indicates a high probability that the spores originated from inside, presumably from indoor mold growth. A rating between
150 and 250 indicates a moderate likelihood of indoor fungal growth. MoldSCORE is NOT intended for wall cavity samples. It is intended for
ambient air samples in residences. Using the analysis on other samples (like wall cavity samples) will lead to misleading results.
© 2008 EMLab P&K
EMLab ID: 391883, Page 9 of 9
EMLab P&K
Report for:
Mr. Wes Frey
Hygiene Technologies International, Inc.: Northern California
3127 Bowen Island Street
West Sacramento, CA 95691
Regarding:
Project: 20802001
EML ID: 391883
Approved by:
Dates of Analysis:
Culturable air fungi (Incl. Asp spp.): 02-29-2008
Spore trap analysis: 02-27-2008
Lab Manager
Magzoub Ismail
Project SOPs: Culturable air fungi (Incl. Asp spp.) (I100002), Spore trap analysis (I100000)
This coversheet is included with your report in order to comply with AIHA and ISO accreditation requirements.
For clarity, we report the number of significant digits as calculated; but, due to the nature of this type of biological data, the number of significant
digits that is used for interpretation should generally be one or two. All samples were received in acceptable condition unless noted in the Report
Comments portion in the body of the report. Due to the nature of the analyses performed, field blank corrections of results is not a standard
practice. The results relate only to the items tested.
EMLab P&K ("the Company") shall have no liability to the client or the client's customer with respect to decisions or recommendations made,
actions taken or courses of conduct implemented by either the client or the client's customer as a result of or based upon the Test Results. In no
event shall the Company be liable to the client with respect to the Test Results except for the Company's own willful misconduct or gross
negligence nor shall the Company be liable for incidental or consequential damages or lost profits or revenues to the fullest extent such liability
may be disclaimed by law, even if the Company has been advised of the possibility of such damages, lost profits or lost revenues. In no event shall
the Company's liability with respect to the Test Results exceed the amount paid to the Company by the client therefor.
Document Number: 200091 - Revision Number: 5
EMLab P&K
5473 Kearny Villa Road, Suite 130, San Diego, CA 92123
(858) 569-5800 Fax (858) 569-5806 www.emlab.com
Client: Hygiene Technologies International, Inc.:
Date of Submittal: 02-22-2008
Northern California
Date of Receipt: 02-22-2008
C/O: Mr. Wes Frey
Date of Report: 02-29-2008
Re: 20802001
CULTURABLE AIR FUNGI REPORT
Location:
20802001VM01outME
20802001VM02ME
20802001VM03ME
20802001VM04ME
None
None
None
None
1720563-1
1720564-1
1720565-1
1720566-1
Comments (see below)
Lab ID-Version‡:
Acremonium
Alternaria
Aspergillus flavus
Aspergillus fumigatus
Aspergillus nidulans
Aspergillus niger
Aspergillus ochraceus
Aspergillus versicolor
Aureobasidium
Basidiomycetes
Bipolaris/Drechslera group
Botrytis
Chaetomium
Cladosporium
Curvularia
Epicoccum
Fusarium
Non-sporulating fungi
Paecilomyces
Penicillium
Phoma
Rhizopus
Stachybotrys chartarum
Ulocladium
Yeasts
Positive Hole
Sample volume (liters)
TOTAL CFU*/M3
* cfu = colony forming units
Comments:
raw ct.
cfu*/m3
1
18
12
212
3
53
6
106
400
56.6
raw ct.
cfu*/m3
400
56.6
389
raw ct.
cfu*/m3
400
56.6
< 18
raw ct.
cfu*/m3
400
56.6
< 18
< 18
Positive hole correction chart used for all calculations
Note: Interpretation is left to the company and/or persons who conducted the field work. Variation is an inherent part of biological sampling.
The presence or absence of a few genera in small numbers should not be considered abnormal.
NORMAL SPORE LEVELS: Indoor spore levels usually average 30 to 80% of the outdoor spore level at the time of sampling, with the same
general distribution of spore types. Filtered air, air-conditioned air, or air remote from outside sources may average 5 to 15% of the outside air
at the time of sampling. (These percentages are guidelines, only. A major factor is the accessibility of outdoor air. A residence with open doors
and windows and heavy foot traffic may average 95% of the outdoor level while high rise office buildings with little air exchange may average
2%. Dusty interiors may exceed 100% of the outdoors to some degree, but will still mirror the outdoor distribution of spore types.)
PROBLEM INTERIORS: A substantial increase of one or two spore types which are inconsistent with and non-reflective of the outside
distribution of spore types is usually indicative of an indoor reservoir of mold growth.
The Limit of Detection is the product of a raw count of 1 and 100 divided by the percent read. The analytical sensitivity (counts/m3) is the
product of the Limit of Detection and 1000 divided by the sample volume.
‡ A "Version" greater than 1 indicates amended data.
EMLab ID: 391883, Page 1 of 3
EMLab P&K
5473 Kearny Villa Road, Suite 130, San Diego, CA 92123
(858) 569-5800 Fax (858) 569-5806 www.emlab.com
Client: Hygiene Technologies International, Inc.:
Date of Submittal: 02-22-2008
Northern California
Date of Receipt: 02-22-2008
C/O: Mr. Wes Frey
Date of Report: 02-29-2008
Re: 20802001
CULTURABLE AIR FUNGI REPORT
Location:
20802001VM05ME
20802001VM06ME
20802001VM07ME
20802001VM08ME
None
None
None
None
1720567-1
1720568-1
1720569-1
1720570-1
Comments (see below)
Lab ID-Version‡:
raw ct.
Acremonium
Alternaria
Aspergillus flavus
Aspergillus fumigatus
Aspergillus nidulans
Aspergillus niger
Aspergillus ochraceus
Aspergillus versicolor
Aureobasidium
Basidiomycetes
Bipolaris/Drechslera group
Botrytis
Chaetomium
Cladosporium
Curvularia
Epicoccum
Fusarium
Non-sporulating fungi
Paecilomyces
Penicillium
Phoma
Rhizopus
Stachybotrys chartarum
Ulocladium
Yeasts
Positive Hole
Sample volume (liters)
TOTAL CFU*/M3
* cfu = colony forming units
Comments:
cfu*/m3
raw ct.
cfu*/m3
raw ct.
1
1
18
400
56.6
1
raw ct.
cfu*/m3
1
18
1
18
18
18
400
56.6
18
cfu*/m3
400
56.6
18
400
56.6
18
36
Positive hole correction chart used for all calculations
Note: Interpretation is left to the company and/or persons who conducted the field work. Variation is an inherent part of biological sampling.
The presence or absence of a few genera in small numbers should not be considered abnormal.
NORMAL SPORE LEVELS: Indoor spore levels usually average 30 to 80% of the outdoor spore level at the time of sampling, with the same
general distribution of spore types. Filtered air, air-conditioned air, or air remote from outside sources may average 5 to 15% of the outside air
at the time of sampling. (These percentages are guidelines, only. A major factor is the accessibility of outdoor air. A residence with open doors
and windows and heavy foot traffic may average 95% of the outdoor level while high rise office buildings with little air exchange may average
2%. Dusty interiors may exceed 100% of the outdoors to some degree, but will still mirror the outdoor distribution of spore types.)
PROBLEM INTERIORS: A substantial increase of one or two spore types which are inconsistent with and non-reflective of the outside
distribution of spore types is usually indicative of an indoor reservoir of mold growth.
The Limit of Detection is the product of a raw count of 1 and 100 divided by the percent read. The analytical sensitivity (counts/m3) is the
product of the Limit of Detection and 1000 divided by the sample volume.
‡ A "Version" greater than 1 indicates amended data.
EMLab ID: 391883, Page 2 of 3
EMLab P&K
5473 Kearny Villa Road, Suite 130, San Diego, CA 92123
(858) 569-5800 Fax (858) 569-5806 www.emlab.com
Client: Hygiene Technologies International, Inc.:
Date of Submittal: 02-22-2008
Northern California
Date of Receipt: 02-22-2008
C/O: Mr. Wes Frey
Date of Report: 02-29-2008
Re: 20802001
CULTURABLE AIR FUNGI REPORT
Location:
20802001-VM09ME
20802001-VM10outME
None
None
1720571-1
1720572-1
Comments (see below)
Lab ID-Version‡:
Acremonium
Alternaria
Aspergillus flavus
Aspergillus fumigatus
Aspergillus nidulans
Aspergillus niger
Aspergillus ochraceus
Aspergillus versicolor
Aureobasidium
Basidiomycetes
Bipolaris/Drechslera group
Botrytis
Chaetomium
Cladosporium
Curvularia
Epicoccum
Fusarium
Non-sporulating fungi
Paecilomyces
Penicillium
Phoma
Rhizopus
Stachybotrys chartarum
Ulocladium
Yeasts
Positive Hole
Sample volume (liters)
TOTAL CFU*/M3
* cfu = colony forming units
Comments:
raw ct.
cfu*/m3
raw ct.
cfu*/m3
1
18
42
777
1
18
3
53
400
56.6
400
56.6
18
848
Positive hole correction chart used for all calculations
Note: Interpretation is left to the company and/or persons who conducted the field work. Variation is an inherent part of biological sampling.
The presence or absence of a few genera in small numbers should not be considered abnormal.
NORMAL SPORE LEVELS: Indoor spore levels usually average 30 to 80% of the outdoor spore level at the time of sampling, with the same
general distribution of spore types. Filtered air, air-conditioned air, or air remote from outside sources may average 5 to 15% of the outside air
at the time of sampling. (These percentages are guidelines, only. A major factor is the accessibility of outdoor air. A residence with open doors
and windows and heavy foot traffic may average 95% of the outdoor level while high rise office buildings with little air exchange may average
2%. Dusty interiors may exceed 100% of the outdoors to some degree, but will still mirror the outdoor distribution of spore types.)
PROBLEM INTERIORS: A substantial increase of one or two spore types which are inconsistent with and non-reflective of the outside
distribution of spore types is usually indicative of an indoor reservoir of mold growth.
The Limit of Detection is the product of a raw count of 1 and 100 divided by the percent read. The analytical sensitivity (counts/m3) is the
product of the Limit of Detection and 1000 divided by the sample volume.
‡ A "Version" greater than 1 indicates amended data.
EMLab ID: 391883, Page 3 of 3
EMLab P&K
Report for:
Mr. Wes Frey
Hygiene Technologies International, Inc.: Northern California
3127 Bowen Island Street
West Sacramento, CA 95691
Regarding:
Project: 20802001
EML ID: 391886
Approved by:
Dates of Analysis:
Spore trap analysis: 02-27-2008
Lab Manager
Magzoub Ismail
Project SOPs: Spore trap analysis (I100000)
This coversheet is included with your report in order to comply with AIHA and ISO accreditation requirements.
For clarity, we report the number of significant digits as calculated; but, due to the nature of this type of biological data, the number of significant
digits that is used for interpretation should generally be one or two. All samples were received in acceptable condition unless noted in the Report
Comments portion in the body of the report. Due to the nature of the analyses performed, field blank corrections of results is not a standard
practice. The results relate only to the items tested.
EMLab P&K ("the Company") shall have no liability to the client or the client's customer with respect to decisions or recommendations made,
actions taken or courses of conduct implemented by either the client or the client's customer as a result of or based upon the Test Results. In no
event shall the Company be liable to the client with respect to the Test Results except for the Company's own willful misconduct or gross
negligence nor shall the Company be liable for incidental or consequential damages or lost profits or revenues to the fullest extent such liability
may be disclaimed by law, even if the Company has been advised of the possibility of such damages, lost profits or lost revenues. In no event shall
the Company's liability with respect to the Test Results exceed the amount paid to the Company by the client therefor.
Document Number: 200091 - Revision Number: 5
Client: Hygiene Technologies International, Inc.:
Northern California
C/O: Mr. Wes Frey
Re: 20802001
EMLab P&K
3800 Watt Ave., Suite 145, Sacramento, CA 95821
(650) 829-5800 Fax (650) 829-5852 www.emlab.com
Date of Sampling: 02-21-2008
Date of Receipt: 02-22-2008
Date of Report: 02-27-2008
SPORE TRAP REPORT: NON-VIABLE METHODOLOGY
Location:
20802001TM37ME
20802001TM38ME
20802001TM39ME
20802001TM40ME
None
None
None
None
1720615-1
1720616-1
1720617-1
1720618-1
Comments (see below)
Lab ID-Version‡:
raw ct. spores/m3 raw ct. spores/m3 raw ct. spores/m3 raw ct. spores/m3
Alternaria
Arthrinium
Ascospores*
Aureobasidium
Basidiospores*
Bipolaris/Drechslera group
Botrytis
Chaetomium
Cladosporium
Curvularia
Epicoccum
Fusarium
Myrothecium
Nigrospora
Other colorless
Penicillium/Aspergillus types†
Pithomyces
Rusts*
1
53
1
53
1
53
1
53
1
53
Smuts*, Periconia, Myxomycetes*
Stachybotrys
Stemphylium
Torula
Ulocladium
Zygomycetes
Background debris (1-4+)††
Hyphal fragments/m3
Pollen/m3
Skin cells (1-4+)
Sample volume (liters)
TOTAL SPORE/m3
1+
< 13
< 13
1+
1+
< 13
< 13
1+
1+
13
< 13
1+
1+
< 13
< 13
1+
75
75
75
75
106
106
53
< 13
Comments:
* Most of these spore types are not seen with culturable methods (Andersen sampling), although some may appear as non-sporulating fungi.
Most of the basidiospores are "mushroom" spores while the rusts and smuts are plant pathogens.
† The spores of Aspergillus and Penicillium (and others such as Acremonium, Paecilomyces) are small and round with very few distinguishing
characteristics. They cannot be differentiated by non-viable sampling methods. Also, some species with very small spores are easily missed, and
may be undercounted.
††Background debris indicates the amount of non-biological particulate matter present on the trace (dust in the air) and the resulting visibility
for the analyst. It is rated from 1+ (low) to 4+ (high). Counts from areas with 4+ background debris should be regarded as minimal counts and
may be higher then reported. It is important to account for samples volumes when evaluating dust levels.
The Limit of Detection is the product of a raw count of 1 and 100 divided by the percent read. The analytical sensitivity (counts/m3) is the
product of the Limit of Detection and 1000 divided by the sample volume.
‡ A "Version" greater than 1 indicates amended data.
EMLab ID: 391886, Page 1 of 4
Client: Hygiene Technologies International, Inc.:
Northern California
C/O: Mr. Wes Frey
Re: 20802001
EMLab P&K
3800 Watt Ave., Suite 145, Sacramento, CA 95821
(650) 829-5800 Fax (650) 829-5852 www.emlab.com
Date of Sampling: 02-21-2008
Date of Receipt: 02-22-2008
Date of Report: 02-27-2008
SPORE TRAP REPORT: NON-VIABLE METHODOLOGY
Location:
20802001TM41ME
20802001TM42ME
20802001TM43ME
20802001TM44ME
None
None
None
None
1720619-1
1720620-1
1720621-1
1720622-1
Comments (see below)
Lab ID-Version‡:
raw ct. spores/m3 raw ct. spores/m3 raw ct. spores/m3 raw ct. spores/m3
Alternaria
Arthrinium
Ascospores*
Aureobasidium
Basidiospores*
Bipolaris/Drechslera group
Botrytis
Chaetomium
Cladosporium
Curvularia
Epicoccum
Fusarium
Myrothecium
Nigrospora
Other colorless
Penicillium/Aspergillus types†
Pithomyces
Rusts*
1
53
Smuts*, Periconia, Myxomycetes*
Stachybotrys
Stemphylium
Torula
Ulocladium
Zygomycetes
Background debris (1-4+)††
Hyphal fragments/m3
Pollen/m3
Skin cells (1-4+)
Sample volume (liters)
TOTAL SPORE/m3
1+
< 13
< 13
1+
1+
< 13
< 13
1+
1+
< 13
< 13
1+
1+
13
< 13
1+
75
75
75
75
< 13
53
< 13
< 13
Comments:
* Most of these spore types are not seen with culturable methods (Andersen sampling), although some may appear as non-sporulating fungi.
Most of the basidiospores are "mushroom" spores while the rusts and smuts are plant pathogens.
† The spores of Aspergillus and Penicillium (and others such as Acremonium, Paecilomyces) are small and round with very few distinguishing
characteristics. They cannot be differentiated by non-viable sampling methods. Also, some species with very small spores are easily missed, and
may be undercounted.
††Background debris indicates the amount of non-biological particulate matter present on the trace (dust in the air) and the resulting visibility
for the analyst. It is rated from 1+ (low) to 4+ (high). Counts from areas with 4+ background debris should be regarded as minimal counts and
may be higher then reported. It is important to account for samples volumes when evaluating dust levels.
The Limit of Detection is the product of a raw count of 1 and 100 divided by the percent read. The analytical sensitivity (counts/m3) is the
product of the Limit of Detection and 1000 divided by the sample volume.
‡ A "Version" greater than 1 indicates amended data.
EMLab ID: 391886, Page 2 of 4
Client: Hygiene Technologies International, Inc.:
Northern California
C/O: Mr. Wes Frey
Re: 20802001
EMLab P&K
3800 Watt Ave., Suite 145, Sacramento, CA 95821
(650) 829-5800 Fax (650) 829-5852 www.emlab.com
Date of Sampling: 02-21-2008
Date of Receipt: 02-22-2008
Date of Report: 02-27-2008
SPORE TRAP REPORT: NON-VIABLE METHODOLOGY
Location:
20802001TM45ME
20802001TM46ME
20802001TM47ME
20802001TM48ME
None
None
None
None
1720623-1
1720624-1
1720625-1
1720626-1
Comments (see below)
Lab ID-Version‡:
raw ct. spores/m3 raw ct. spores/m3 raw ct. spores/m3 raw ct. spores/m3
Alternaria
Arthrinium
Ascospores*
Aureobasidium
Basidiospores*
Bipolaris/Drechslera group
Botrytis
Chaetomium
Cladosporium
Curvularia
Epicoccum
Fusarium
Myrothecium
Nigrospora
Other colorless
Penicillium/Aspergillus types†
Pithomyces
Rusts*
2
1
107
53
Smuts*, Periconia, Myxomycetes*
Stachybotrys
Stemphylium
Torula
Ulocladium
Zygomycetes
Background debris (1-4+)††
Hyphal fragments/m3
Pollen/m3
Skin cells (1-4+)
Sample volume (liters)
TOTAL SPORE/m3
1
53
1
13
1+
< 13
< 13
1+
1+
< 13
< 13
1+
1+
< 13
< 13
1+
1+
< 13
< 13
1+
75
75
75
75
53
< 13
107
66
Comments:
* Most of these spore types are not seen with culturable methods (Andersen sampling), although some may appear as non-sporulating fungi.
Most of the basidiospores are "mushroom" spores while the rusts and smuts are plant pathogens.
† The spores of Aspergillus and Penicillium (and others such as Acremonium, Paecilomyces) are small and round with very few distinguishing
characteristics. They cannot be differentiated by non-viable sampling methods. Also, some species with very small spores are easily missed, and
may be undercounted.
††Background debris indicates the amount of non-biological particulate matter present on the trace (dust in the air) and the resulting visibility
for the analyst. It is rated from 1+ (low) to 4+ (high). Counts from areas with 4+ background debris should be regarded as minimal counts and
may be higher then reported. It is important to account for samples volumes when evaluating dust levels.
The Limit of Detection is the product of a raw count of 1 and 100 divided by the percent read. The analytical sensitivity (counts/m3) is the
product of the Limit of Detection and 1000 divided by the sample volume.
‡ A "Version" greater than 1 indicates amended data.
EMLab ID: 391886, Page 3 of 4
Client: Hygiene Technologies International, Inc.:
Northern California
C/O: Mr. Wes Frey
Re: 20802001
EMLab P&K
3800 Watt Ave., Suite 145, Sacramento, CA 95821
(650) 829-5800 Fax (650) 829-5852 www.emlab.com
Date of Sampling: 02-21-2008
Date of Receipt: 02-22-2008
Date of Report: 02-27-2008
SPORE TRAP REPORT: NON-VIABLE METHODOLOGY
Location:
20802001TM49ME
20802001TM50ME
20802001TM51ME
20802001TM52ME
None
None
None
None
1720627-1
1720628-1
1720629-1
1720630-1
Comments (see below)
Lab ID-Version‡:
raw ct. spores/m3 raw ct. spores/m3 raw ct. spores/m3 raw ct. spores/m3
Alternaria
Arthrinium
Ascospores*
Aureobasidium
Basidiospores*
Bipolaris/Drechslera group
Botrytis
Chaetomium
Cladosporium
Curvularia
Epicoccum
Fusarium
Myrothecium
Nigrospora
Other colorless
Penicillium/Aspergillus types†
Pithomyces
Rusts*
1
53
2
107
2
1
107
53
1
53
1
53
Smuts*, Periconia, Myxomycetes*
Stachybotrys
Stemphylium
Torula
Ulocladium
Zygomycetes
Background debris (1-4+)††
Hyphal fragments/m3
Pollen/m3
Skin cells (1-4+)
Sample volume (liters)
TOTAL SPORE/m3
1+
< 13
< 13
1+
1+
< 13
< 13
1+
1+
< 13
13
1+
1+
< 13
< 13
1+
75
75
75
75
160
53
107
106
Comments:
* Most of these spore types are not seen with culturable methods (Andersen sampling), although some may appear as non-sporulating fungi.
Most of the basidiospores are "mushroom" spores while the rusts and smuts are plant pathogens.
† The spores of Aspergillus and Penicillium (and others such as Acremonium, Paecilomyces) are small and round with very few distinguishing
characteristics. They cannot be differentiated by non-viable sampling methods. Also, some species with very small spores are easily missed, and
may be undercounted.
††Background debris indicates the amount of non-biological particulate matter present on the trace (dust in the air) and the resulting visibility
for the analyst. It is rated from 1+ (low) to 4+ (high). Counts from areas with 4+ background debris should be regarded as minimal counts and
may be higher then reported. It is important to account for samples volumes when evaluating dust levels.
The Limit of Detection is the product of a raw count of 1 and 100 divided by the percent read. The analytical sensitivity (counts/m3) is the
product of the Limit of Detection and 1000 divided by the sample volume.
‡ A "Version" greater than 1 indicates amended data.
EMLab ID: 391886, Page 4 of 4
EMLab P&K
Report for:
Mr. Wes Frey
Hygiene Technologies International, Inc.: Northern California
3127 Bowen Island Street
West Sacramento, CA 95691
Regarding:
Project: 20802001
EML ID: 391886
Approved by:
Dates of Analysis:
Culturable air fungi (Incl. Asp spp.): 02-29-2008
Spore trap analysis: 02-27-2008
Lab Manager
Magzoub Ismail
Project SOPs: Culturable air fungi (Incl. Asp spp.) (I100002), Spore trap analysis (I100000)
This coversheet is included with your report in order to comply with AIHA and ISO accreditation requirements.
For clarity, we report the number of significant digits as calculated; but, due to the nature of this type of biological data, the number of significant
digits that is used for interpretation should generally be one or two. All samples were received in acceptable condition unless noted in the Report
Comments portion in the body of the report. Due to the nature of the analyses performed, field blank corrections of results is not a standard
practice. The results relate only to the items tested.
EMLab P&K ("the Company") shall have no liability to the client or the client's customer with respect to decisions or recommendations made,
actions taken or courses of conduct implemented by either the client or the client's customer as a result of or based upon the Test Results. In no
event shall the Company be liable to the client with respect to the Test Results except for the Company's own willful misconduct or gross
negligence nor shall the Company be liable for incidental or consequential damages or lost profits or revenues to the fullest extent such liability
may be disclaimed by law, even if the Company has been advised of the possibility of such damages, lost profits or lost revenues. In no event shall
the Company's liability with respect to the Test Results exceed the amount paid to the Company by the client therefor.
Document Number: 200091 - Revision Number: 5
EMLab P&K
5473 Kearny Villa Road, Suite 130, San Diego, CA 92123
(858) 569-5800 Fax (858) 569-5806 www.emlab.com
Client: Hygiene Technologies International, Inc.:
Date of Sampling: 02-21-2008
Northern California
Date of Receipt: 02-22-2008
C/O: Mr. Wes Frey
Date of Report: 02-29-2008
Re: 20802001
CULTURABLE AIR FUNGI REPORT
Location:
20802001VM11ME
20802001VM12ME
20802001VM13ME
20802001VM14ME
None
None
None
None
1720597-1
1720598-1
1720599-1
1720600-1
Comments (see below)
Lab ID-Version‡:
Acremonium
Alternaria
Aspergillus flavus
Aspergillus fumigatus
Aspergillus nidulans
Aspergillus niger
Aspergillus ochraceus
Aspergillus versicolor
Aureobasidium
Basidiomycetes
Bipolaris/Drechslera group
Botrytis
Chaetomium
Cladosporium
Curvularia
Epicoccum
Fusarium
Non-sporulating fungi
Paecilomyces
Penicillium
Phoma
Rhizopus
Stachybotrys chartarum
Ulocladium
Yeasts
Positive Hole
Sample volume (liters)
TOTAL CFU*/M3
* cfu = colony forming units
Comments:
raw ct.
cfu*/m3
4
71
1
18
2
35
raw ct.
1
400
56.6
cfu*/m3
18
400
56.6
124
raw ct.
cfu*/m3
1
18
1
cfu*/m3
1
18
18
400
56.6
18
raw ct.
400
56.6
36
18
Positive hole correction chart used for all calculations
Note: Interpretation is left to the company and/or persons who conducted the field work. Variation is an inherent part of biological sampling.
The presence or absence of a few genera in small numbers should not be considered abnormal.
NORMAL SPORE LEVELS: Indoor spore levels usually average 30 to 80% of the outdoor spore level at the time of sampling, with the same
general distribution of spore types. Filtered air, air-conditioned air, or air remote from outside sources may average 5 to 15% of the outside air
at the time of sampling. (These percentages are guidelines, only. A major factor is the accessibility of outdoor air. A residence with open doors
and windows and heavy foot traffic may average 95% of the outdoor level while high rise office buildings with little air exchange may average
2%. Dusty interiors may exceed 100% of the outdoors to some degree, but will still mirror the outdoor distribution of spore types.)
PROBLEM INTERIORS: A substantial increase of one or two spore types which are inconsistent with and non-reflective of the outside
distribution of spore types is usually indicative of an indoor reservoir of mold growth.
The Limit of Detection is the product of a raw count of 1 and 100 divided by the percent read. The analytical sensitivity (counts/m3) is the
product of the Limit of Detection and 1000 divided by the sample volume.
‡ A "Version" greater than 1 indicates amended data.
EMLab ID: 391886, Page 1 of 2
EMLab P&K
5473 Kearny Villa Road, Suite 130, San Diego, CA 92123
(858) 569-5800 Fax (858) 569-5806 www.emlab.com
Client: Hygiene Technologies International, Inc.:
Date of Sampling: 02-21-2008
Northern California
Date of Receipt: 02-22-2008
C/O: Mr. Wes Frey
Date of Report: 02-29-2008
Re: 20802001
CULTURABLE AIR FUNGI REPORT
Location:
20802001VM15ME
20802001VM16ME
20802001VM17ME
20802001VM18ME
None
None
None
None
1720601-1
1720602-1
1720603-1
1720604-1
Comments (see below)
Lab ID-Version‡:
Acremonium
Alternaria
Aspergillus flavus
Aspergillus fumigatus
Aspergillus nidulans
Aspergillus niger
Aspergillus ochraceus
Aspergillus versicolor
Aureobasidium
Basidiomycetes
Bipolaris/Drechslera group
Botrytis
Chaetomium
Cladosporium
Curvularia
Epicoccum
Fusarium
Non-sporulating fungi
Paecilomyces
Penicillium
Phoma
Rhizopus
Stachybotrys chartarum
Ulocladium
Yeasts
Positive Hole
Sample volume (liters)
TOTAL CFU*/M3
* cfu = colony forming units
Comments:
raw ct.
cfu*/m3
3
53
400
56.6
raw ct.
cfu*/m3
400
56.6
53
raw ct.
cfu*/m3
1
18
400
56.6
< 18
raw ct.
cfu*/m3
400
56.6
18
< 18
Positive hole correction chart used for all calculations
Note: Interpretation is left to the company and/or persons who conducted the field work. Variation is an inherent part of biological sampling.
The presence or absence of a few genera in small numbers should not be considered abnormal.
NORMAL SPORE LEVELS: Indoor spore levels usually average 30 to 80% of the outdoor spore level at the time of sampling, with the same
general distribution of spore types. Filtered air, air-conditioned air, or air remote from outside sources may average 5 to 15% of the outside air
at the time of sampling. (These percentages are guidelines, only. A major factor is the accessibility of outdoor air. A residence with open doors
and windows and heavy foot traffic may average 95% of the outdoor level while high rise office buildings with little air exchange may average
2%. Dusty interiors may exceed 100% of the outdoors to some degree, but will still mirror the outdoor distribution of spore types.)
PROBLEM INTERIORS: A substantial increase of one or two spore types which are inconsistent with and non-reflective of the outside
distribution of spore types is usually indicative of an indoor reservoir of mold growth.
The Limit of Detection is the product of a raw count of 1 and 100 divided by the percent read. The analytical sensitivity (counts/m3) is the
product of the Limit of Detection and 1000 divided by the sample volume.
‡ A "Version" greater than 1 indicates amended data.
EMLab ID: 391886, Page 2 of 2
EMLab P&K
Report for:
Mr. Wes Frey
Hygiene Technologies International, Inc.: Northern California
3127 Bowen Island Street
West Sacramento, CA 95691
Regarding:
Project: 20802001
EML ID: 391400
Approved by:
Dates of Analysis:
Direct microscopic exam (Qualitative): 02-26-2008
Spore trap analysis: 02-26-2008
Lab Manager
Dr. Kamashwaran Ramanathan
Project SOPs: Direct microscopic exam (Qualitative) (I100005), Spore trap analysis (I100000)
This coversheet is included with your report in order to comply with AIHA and ISO accreditation requirements.
For clarity, we report the number of significant digits as calculated; but, due to the nature of this type of biological data, the number of significant
digits that is used for interpretation should generally be one or two. All samples were received in acceptable condition unless noted in the Report
Comments portion in the body of the report. Due to the nature of the analyses performed, field blank corrections of results is not a standard
practice. The results relate only to the items tested.
EMLab P&K ("the Company") shall have no liability to the client or the client's customer with respect to decisions or recommendations made,
actions taken or courses of conduct implemented by either the client or the client's customer as a result of or based upon the Test Results. In no
event shall the Company be liable to the client with respect to the Test Results except for the Company's own willful misconduct or gross
negligence nor shall the Company be liable for incidental or consequential damages or lost profits or revenues to the fullest extent such liability
may be disclaimed by law, even if the Company has been advised of the possibility of such damages, lost profits or lost revenues. In no event shall
the Company's liability with respect to the Test Results exceed the amount paid to the Company by the client therefor.
Document Number: 200091 - Revision Number: 5
Client: Hygiene Technologies International, Inc.:
Northern California
C/O: Mr. Wes Frey
Re: 20802001
EMLab P&K
3800 Watt Ave., Suite 145, Sacramento, CA 95821
(650) 829-5800 Fax (650) 829-5852 www.emlab.com
Date of Sampling: 02-19-2008
Date of Receipt: 02-21-2008
Date of Report: 02-26-2008
SPORE TRAP REPORT: NON-VIABLE METHODOLOGY
Location:
20802001TM116CCJL
20802001TM117CCJL
20802001TM118CCJL
20802001TM119CCJL
None
None
None
None
1718344-1
1718345-1
1718346-1
1718347-1
Comments (see below)
Lab ID-Version‡:
raw ct. spores/m3 raw ct. spores/m3 raw ct. spores/m3 raw ct. spores/m3
Alternaria
Arthrinium
Ascospores*
Aureobasidium
Basidiospores*
Bipolaris/Drechslera group
Botrytis
Chaetomium
Cladosporium
Curvularia
Epicoccum
Fusarium
Myrothecium
Nigrospora
Other colorless
Penicillium/Aspergillus types†
Pithomyces
Rusts*
1
1
53
6
320
7
373
Smuts*, Periconia, Myxomycetes*
Stachybotrys
Stemphylium
Torula
Ulocladium
Zygomycetes
Background debris (1-4+)††
Hyphal fragments/m3
Pollen/m3
Skin cells (1-4+)
Sample volume (liters)
TOTAL SPORE/m3
13
1
53
1
53
1
1
53
13
1
1
53
13
1
13
1
13
9
480
2
107
1
1
13
13
1
13
2+
13
< 13
1+
2+
< 13
13
1+
2+
13
< 13
1+
2+
< 13
< 13
1+
75
75
75
75
746
506
186
211
Comments:
* Most of these spore types are not seen with culturable methods (Andersen sampling), although some may appear as non-sporulating fungi.
Most of the basidiospores are "mushroom" spores while the rusts and smuts are plant pathogens.
† The spores of Aspergillus and Penicillium (and others such as Acremonium, Paecilomyces) are small and round with very few distinguishing
characteristics. They cannot be differentiated by non-viable sampling methods. Also, some species with very small spores are easily missed, and
may be undercounted.
††Background debris indicates the amount of non-biological particulate matter present on the trace (dust in the air) and the resulting visibility
for the analyst. It is rated from 1+ (low) to 4+ (high). Counts from areas with 4+ background debris should be regarded as minimal counts and
may be higher then reported. It is important to account for samples volumes when evaluating dust levels.
The Limit of Detection is the product of a raw count of 1 and 100 divided by the percent read. The analytical sensitivity (counts/m3) is the
product of the Limit of Detection and 1000 divided by the sample volume.
‡ A "Version" greater than 1 indicates amended data.
EMLab ID: 391400, Page 1 of 2
Client: Hygiene Technologies International, Inc.:
Northern California
C/O: Mr. Wes Frey
Re: 20802001
EMLab P&K
3800 Watt Ave., Suite 145, Sacramento, CA 95821
(650) 829-5800 Fax (650) 829-5852 www.emlab.com
Date of Sampling: 02-19-2008
Date of Receipt: 02-21-2008
Date of Report: 02-26-2008
SPORE TRAP REPORT: NON-VIABLE METHODOLOGY
Location:
20802001TM120CCJL
20802001TM121CCJL
20802001TM122CCJL
20802001TM123CCJL
None
None
None
None
1718348-1
1718349-1
1718350-1
1718351-1
Comments (see below)
Lab ID-Version‡:
raw ct. spores/m3 raw ct. spores/m3 raw ct. spores/m3 raw ct. spores/m3
Alternaria
Arthrinium
Ascospores*
Aureobasidium
Basidiospores*
Bipolaris/Drechslera group
Botrytis
Chaetomium
Cladosporium
Curvularia
Epicoccum
Fusarium
Myrothecium
Nigrospora
Other colorless
Penicillium/Aspergillus types†
Pithomyces
Rusts*
Smuts*, Periconia, Myxomycetes*
Stachybotrys
Stemphylium
Torula
Ulocladium
Zygomycetes
Background debris (1-4+)††
Hyphal fragments/m3
Pollen/m3
Skin cells (1-4+)
Sample volume (liters)
TOTAL SPORE/m3
1
53
1
4
13
213
4
53
1
6
53
4
213
3
160
1
53
80
2+
< 13
< 13
1+
2+
27
13
1+
2+
< 13
< 13
1+
2+
13
< 13
1+
75
75
75
75
332
133
213
213
Comments:
* Most of these spore types are not seen with culturable methods (Andersen sampling), although some may appear as non-sporulating fungi.
Most of the basidiospores are "mushroom" spores while the rusts and smuts are plant pathogens.
† The spores of Aspergillus and Penicillium (and others such as Acremonium, Paecilomyces) are small and round with very few distinguishing
characteristics. They cannot be differentiated by non-viable sampling methods. Also, some species with very small spores are easily missed, and
may be undercounted.
††Background debris indicates the amount of non-biological particulate matter present on the trace (dust in the air) and the resulting visibility
for the analyst. It is rated from 1+ (low) to 4+ (high). Counts from areas with 4+ background debris should be regarded as minimal counts and
may be higher then reported. It is important to account for samples volumes when evaluating dust levels.
The Limit of Detection is the product of a raw count of 1 and 100 divided by the percent read. The analytical sensitivity (counts/m3) is the
product of the Limit of Detection and 1000 divided by the sample volume.
‡ A "Version" greater than 1 indicates amended data.
EMLab ID: 391400, Page 2 of 2
Client: Hygiene Technologies International, Inc.:
Northern California
C/O: Mr. Wes Frey
Re: 20802001
EMLab P&K
3800 Watt Ave., Suite 145, Sacramento, CA 95821
(650) 829-5800 Fax (650) 829-5852 www.emlab.com
Date of Sampling: 02-19-2008
Date of Receipt: 02-21-2008
Date of Report: 02-26-2008
DIRECT MICROSCOPIC EXAMINATION REPORT
(Wet Mount)
Background
Miscellaneous
MOLD GROWTH: Molds seen
Debris and/or Spores Present* with underlying mycelial and/or
Description
sporulating structures†
Lab ID-Version‡: 1718336-1: Swab sample 20802001-S17JL
Moderate
Very few
< 1+ Cladosporium species (spores,
hyphae)
< 1+ Alternaria species (spores,
hyphae)
Lab ID-Version: 1718337-1: Swab sample 20802001-S18JL
Moderate
Very few
1+ Cladosporium species (spores,
hyphae)
< 1+ Penicillium species (spores,
hyphae, conidiophores)
< 1+ Alternaria species (spores,
hyphae)
Lab ID-Version: 1718338-1: Swab sample 20802001-S19JL
Moderate
Very few
< 1+ Penicillium species (spores,
hyphae, conidiophores)
< 1+ Cladosporium species (spores,
hyphae)
< 1+ Alternaria species (spores,
hyphae)
Lab ID-Version: 1718339-1: Swab sample 20802001-S20JL
Moderate
Very few
< 1+ Cladosporium species (spores,
hyphae)
< 1+ Alternaria species (spores,
hyphae)
Lab ID-Version: 1718340-1: Swab sample 20802001-S21JL
Moderate
Very few
< 1+ Cladosporium species (spores,
hyphae)
Lab ID-Version: 1718341-1: Swab sample 20802001-S22JL
Moderate
Very few
1+ Penicillium species (spores,
hyphae, conidiophores)
< 1+ Cladosporium species (spores,
hyphae)
Lab ID-Version: 1718342-1: Swab sample 20802001-S23JL
Moderate
Very few
< 1+ Cladosporium species (spores,
hyphae)
< 1+ Alternaria species (spores,
hyphae)
Other
Comments††
General
Impression
A few Chaetomium
spores detected.
Minimal mold
growth
None
Mold growth
Very few
Chaetomium
spores detected.
Minimal mold
growth
None
Minimal mold
growth
None
Minimal mold
growth
None
Mold growth
None
Minimal mold
growth
EMLab ID: 391400, Page 1 of 2
Background
Debris and/or
Description
Miscellaneous
Spores Present*
MOLD GROWTH: Molds seen
with underlying mycelial and/or
sporulating structures†
Lab ID-Version‡: 1718343-1: Swab sample 20802001-S24JL
Moderate
Very few
1+ Penicillium species (spores,
hyphae, conidiophores)
1+ Aspergillus species (spores,
hyphae, conidiophores)
< 1+ Cladosporium species (spores,
hyphae)
Other
Comments††
General
Impression
None
Mold growth
‡ A "Version" greater than 1 indicates amended data.
EMLab ID: 391400, Page 2 of 2
EMLab P&K
Report for:
Mr. Wes Frey
Hygiene Technologies International, Inc.: Northern California
3127 Bowen Island Street
West Sacramento, CA 95691
Regarding:
Project: 20802001
EML ID: 390732
Approved by:
Dates of Analysis:
Direct microscopic exam (Qualitative): 02-22-2008
Lab Manager
Dr. Kamashwaran Ramanathan
Project SOPs: Direct microscopic exam (Qualitative) (I100005)
This coversheet is included with your report in order to comply with AIHA and ISO accreditation requirements.
For clarity, we report the number of significant digits as calculated; but, due to the nature of this type of biological data, the number of significant
digits that is used for interpretation should generally be one or two. All samples were received in acceptable condition unless noted in the Report
Comments portion in the body of the report. Due to the nature of the analyses performed, field blank corrections of results is not a standard
practice. The results relate only to the items tested.
EMLab P&K ("the Company") shall have no liability to the client or the client's customer with respect to decisions or recommendations made,
actions taken or courses of conduct implemented by either the client or the client's customer as a result of or based upon the Test Results. In no
event shall the Company be liable to the client with respect to the Test Results except for the Company's own willful misconduct or gross
negligence nor shall the Company be liable for incidental or consequential damages or lost profits or revenues to the fullest extent such liability
may be disclaimed by law, even if the Company has been advised of the possibility of such damages, lost profits or lost revenues. In no event shall
the Company's liability with respect to the Test Results exceed the amount paid to the Company by the client therefor.
Document Number: 200091 - Revision Number: 5
Client: Hygiene Technologies International, Inc.:
Northern California
C/O: Mr. Wes Frey
Re: 20802001
EMLab P&K
3800 Watt Ave., Suite 145, Sacramento, CA 95821
(650) 829-5800 Fax (650) 829-5852 www.emlab.com
Date of Sampling: 02-19-2008
Date of Receipt: 02-20-2008
Date of Report: 02-22-2008
DIRECT MICROSCOPIC EXAMINATION REPORT
(Wet Mount)
Background
Miscellaneous
MOLD GROWTH: Molds seen
Debris and/or Spores Present* with underlying mycelial and/or
Description
sporulating structures†
Other
Comments††
General
Impression
Lab ID-Version‡: 1716433-1: Tape sample 20802001-TL41JL
Scant
Very few
None
None
Normal trapping
Lab ID-Version: 1716434-1: Tape sample 20802001-TL42JL
Scant
Very few
None
None
Normal trapping
Lab ID-Version: 1716435-1: Tape sample 20802001-TL43JL
Scant
Very few
None
None
Normal trapping
Lab ID-Version: 1716436-1: Tape sample 20802001-TL44JL
Scant
Very few
None
None
Normal trapping
Lab ID-Version: 1716437-1: Tape sample 20802001-TL45JL
Scant
Very few
None
None
Normal trapping
Lab ID-Version: 1716438-1: Tape sample 20802001-TL46JL
Scant
Very few
None
None
Normal trapping
Lab ID-Version: 1716439-1: Tape sample 20802001-TL47JL
Scant
Very few
None
None
Normal trapping
Lab ID-Version: 1716440-1: Tape sample 20802001-TL48JL
Scant
Very few
None
None
Normal trapping
Lab ID-Version: 1716441-1: Tape sample 20802001-TL49JL
Scant
Very few
None
None
Normal trapping
Lab ID-Version: 1716442-1: Tape sample 20802001-TL50JL
Scant
Very few
None
None
Normal trapping
Lab ID-Version: 1716443-1: Tape sample 20802001-TL51JL
Scant
Very few
None
None
Normal trapping
EMLab ID: 390732, Page 1 of 2
Background
Debris and/or
Description
Miscellaneous
Spores Present*
MOLD GROWTH: Molds seen
with underlying mycelial and/or
sporulating structures†
Other
Comments††
General
Impression
Lab ID-Version‡: 1716444-1: Tape sample 20802001-TL52JL
Scant
Very few
None
None
Normal trapping
Lab ID-Version: 1716445-1: Tape sample 20802001-TL53JL
Scant
Very few
None
None
Normal trapping
Lab ID-Version: 1716446-1: Tape sample 20802001-TL54JL
Scant
Very few
None
None
Normal trapping
Lab ID-Version: 1716447-1: Tape sample 20802001-TL55JL
Scant
Very few
None
None
Normal trapping
Lab ID-Version: 1716448-1: Tape sample 20802001-TL56JL
Scant
Very few
None
None
Normal trapping
Lab ID-Version: 1716449-1: Tape sample 20802001-TL57JL
Scant
Very few
None
None
Normal trapping
Lab ID-Version: 1716450-1: Tape sample 20802001-TL58JL
Light
Very few
None
None
Normal trapping
Lab ID-Version: 1716451-1: Tape sample 20802001-TL59JL
Scant
Very few
None
None
Normal trapping
‡ A "Version" greater than 1 indicates amended data.
EMLab ID: 390732, Page 2 of 2
Fly UP