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Juvenile Justice 2006
Juvenile
Justice
in
C alifornia
2006
Edmund G. Brown Jr., Attorney General
California Department of Justice
Division of California Justice Information Services
Bureau of Criminal Information and Analysis
CRIMINAL JUSTICE STATISTICS CENTER
Edmund G. Brown Jr., Attorney General
California Department of Justice
Division of California Justice Information Services
Bureau of Criminal Information and Analysis
CRIMINAL JUSTICE STATISTICS CENTER
An electronic version of this report and other reports are available on the California Attorney General’s website:
http://ag.ca.gov
Juvenile
Justice
in
C alifornia
2006
Juvenile Justice in California, 2006



CALIFORNIA DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE
Edmund G. Brown Jr., Attorney General
DIVISION OF CALIFORNIA JUSTICE INFORMATION SERVICES
Gary Cooper, Director
BUREAU OF CRIMINAL INFORMATION AND ANALYSIS
Julie Basco, Bureau Chief
Marilyn Yankee, Assistant Bureau Chief
JUVENILE JUSTICE IN CALIFORNIA, 2006
Laura M. Towse, Principal Analyst
The role of the Criminal Justice Statistics Center is to:
 Collect, analyze, and report statistical data which provide valid measures of crime and the criminal justice process.
 Examine these data on an ongoing basis to better describe crime and the criminal justice system.
 Promote the responsible presentation and use of crime statistics.
ii
JUVENILE JUSTICE IN CALIFORNIA, 2006



JUVENILE JUSTICE IN CALIFORNIA, 2006
Contents
Introduction............................................................................................
Highlights...............................................................................................
Juvenile Justice System Fallout Chart................................................
iv
v
vi
Data Analysis......................................................................................... 1
Arrests............................................................................................... 3
Referrals........................................................................................... 15
Petitions............................................................................................ 29
Dispositions in Adult Court................................................................ 47
Data Tables............................................................................................. 55
Appendices............................................................................................ 97
1 Background................................................................................... 99
2 Data Limitations............................................................................ 100
3 Penal Code Sections.................................................................... 102
4 Felony-Level Arrest Offense Codes.............................................. 104
5 Misdemeanor-Level Arrest Offense Codes................................... 106
6 Juvenile Justice Glossary............................................................. 108
CONTENTS
iii
Juvenile Justice in California, 2006



INTRODUCTION
Juvenile Justice in California, 2006 analyzes the juvenile
justice process by providing specific information on the
number of arrests, referrals to probation departments,
petitions filed, and dispositions for juveniles tried in
juvenile and adult courts in California.
The juvenile justice system in California differs from
the adult system in the type of offenders received and
the manner in which they are processed. The juvenile
system primarily deals with persons under 18 years of
age who have either violated criminal statutes or have
committed status offenses such as curfew violations,
truancy, running away, and incorrigibility. Status
offenses are acts that are offenses only when committed
by a juvenile.
Included in this report is information submitted by 56 of
California’s 58 county probation departments regarding
iv
JUVENILE JUSTICE IN CALIFORNIA, 2006
referrals, petitions, and minority contact data. These
56 counties represent approximately 99 percent of
the state’s juvenile population. Del Norte and Sierra
Counties were unable to provide data and thus are not
included in this report. Arrest and adult disposition data
was reported by law enforcement agencies statewide.
Information displayed in this publication was obtained
from several databases maintained by the Criminal
Justice Statistics Center (CJSC). The primary source
of information is the Juvenile Court and Probation
Statistical System which collects juvenile referral,
petition, and minority contact data from California
probation departments. Arrest data were extracted
from CJSC’s Monthly Arrest and Citation register, while
information regarding juvenile dispositions in adult court
was obtained from the Offender-Based Transaction
Statistics system.



JUVENILE JUSTICE IN CALIFORNIA, 2006
HIGHLIGHTS

ARRESTS
In 2006, of the juveniles arrested, more than half were
arrested for a misdemeanor offense (56.3 percent),
another quarter were arrested for a felony offense
(28.0 percent), and the remainder (15.7 percent) were
arrested for a status offense. (Source: Table 1.)

PETITIONS
Of the juveniles handled formally by the juvenile court,
the majority (61.9 percent) were made wards of the
court. (Source: Table 19.)
One-fifth (20.2 percent) of the petitions for formal juvenile
court adjudication were dismissed. (Source: Table 19.)
In 2006, eight out of ten arrested juveniles (80.4 percent)
were referred to county juvenile probation departments.
(Source: Table 1.)


REFERRALS
ADULT COURT DISPOSITIONS
Three-fourths (77.6 percent) of the juvenile dispositions
filed in adult court resulted in a conviction.
(Source: Table 27.)
Nearly ninety percent (88.8 percent) of juveniles referred
to county probation departments were referred by law
enforcement agencies. (Source: Table 8)
Less than one-fourth (24.4 percent) of juveniles referred
to county probation departments were detained.
(Source: Table 13)
Over one-third (35.2 percent) of the juvenile cases
referred to county probation departments were closed
at intake, indicating that no further action was taken.
(Source: Table 13.)
Of the total juveniles referred to county probation
departments, over one-half (50.2 percent) resulted in
the filling of a petition for formal juvenile court
adjudication. (Source: Table 13.)
HIGHLIGHTS
v
Juvenile Justice in California, 2006



FIGURE 1
JUVENILE JUSTICE SYSTEM, 2006
FALLOUT CHART

ARRESTS
232,849
100.0%
Referred to
Probation1
187,296
80.4%
Counseled and
Released
 42,995
18.5%

Turned
Over
2,558
1.1%
Juvenile Probation

Law
Enforcement
Referral
Cases 1
184,051
88.8%
Other Public
Agency/
Individual
11,772
5.7%
Other
Sources
3,927
1.9%
Transfers
3,777
1.8%
Schools,
Parents,
Private Agency/
Individual
3,771
1.8%
Probation
Department
Dispositions 1
207,298
100.0%


Closed at
Intake
72,961
35.2%

Informal
Probation
6,792
3.3%

Diversion
10,856
5.2%

Juvenile
Court
Dispositions
104,094
100.0%

Juvenile Arrests
Transferred2
11,941
5.8%

Petitions
Filed
104,094
50.2%

Direct File in
Adult Court
654
0.3%
Source: Tables 1, 8, 13, 19, and 27.
Note: Percentages may not add to 100.0 because of rounding.
1
The arrest data was reported by law enforcement agencies and law enforcement referral data was reported by probation departments.
Comparisons between arrest data and referral data should not be made because of differences in the way data is reported between the two
sources. See Appendix 2, page 108, for more detail.
2
Transferred includes: traffic court and deported.
a
In 2006, probation departments reported information on 929 transfers to the adult system. The adult court disposition information discussed here
is for the 505 dispositions received in 2006.
vi
JUVENILE JUSTICE IN CALIFORNIA, 2006


FALLOUT CHART

Typically, referrals are made to the probation department in the
juvenile’s county of residence. The majority of these referrals came
from police and sheriff’s departments (88.8 percent).


Wardship
64,458
61.9%
Dismissed
20,994
20.2%
Diversion,
Deferred Entry
of Judgment,
or Transferred2
7,867
7.6%


Informal
Probation
5,756
5.5%
Non-Ward
Probation
4,744
4.6%
Remanded to
Adult Court
275

0.3%



Own or
Relative’s
Home
37,389
58.0%
Secure
County
Facility
17,354
26.9%
Non-Secure
County
Facility
2,261
3.5%
Other Public
or Private
 Agency
6,833
10.6%

Probation departments decide how to process referred cases. A case
may be closed or transferred, a juvenile may be placed on informal
probation or in a diversion program, or a petition may be sought for
a court hearing.
Most formal juvenile court hearings resulted in the juvenile being made a
ward of the court (61.9 percent). Most wards were allowed to go home
under the supervision of the probation department (58.0 percent).
Juveniles can be transferred to the adult criminal justice system for
prosecution by failing a fitness hearing in juvenile court and can also
be sent there directly by the District Attorney. More than three-fourths
of the dispositions received in 2006 resulted in a conviction (77.6
percent).
Juveniles to Adult Court

Youth
Authority
621
1.0%


Adult
Dispositions
Received in
2006
505 a
100.0%
Convicted
392
77.6%

Acquitted
4
0.8%

Dismissed
99
19.6%



Probation
23
5.9%

Probation
with Jail
147
37.5%

Jail
7
1.8%
Diversions
Dismissed
4
0.8%
Certified to
Juvenile Court
6

1.2%
Prison/Youth
Authority
201
51.3%

Other
14
3.6%
FALLOUT CHART
vii
Data Analysis
Arrests
Arrests
A juvenile may be arrested for either violating a criminal statute or for committing
a status offense. Status offenses are acts that are offenses only when
committed by a juvenile such as curfew violations, truancy, running away, and
incorrigibility.
This section contains information on the 232,849 juvenile arrests reported by
law enforcement agencies in 2006. It includes information on the characteristics
of juvenile arrests and the final law enforcement dispositions of those arrests.
Although some arrests involve more than one offense, only the most serious are
shown in this report. Data for all 58 counties were extracted from the Monthly
Arrest and Citation Register.
The law enforcement disposition of a juvenile arrest is affected by a number
of variables including: investigative findings regarding the circumstances of
the minor and the facts surrounding the alleged offense; prior arrest record;
seriousness of the offense; determined need for admonishment; recourse to
other authority; and other factors as determined by the individual case.
Three methods are available to law enforcement agencies for the disposition
of a juvenile arrest:
Juvenile arrests may be referred to probation departments for further processing. Some are handled at the probation level and others are sent to juvenile and criminal courts for final disposition.
Juvenile arrests may be handled within the department, counseled and
released.
Juvenile arrests may be turned over to another agency.
The race/ethnic groups represented in this report include white, Hispanic, black,
and “other.” The “other” category includes those juveniles whose race/ethnic
group is not included in the previously listed groups.
ARRESTS
3
Juvenile Justice in California, 2006



LEVEL OF OFFENSE
In 2006, of the 232,849 juvenile
arrests reported:
 Felony arrests accounted for
Figure 2
JUVENILE Arrests, 2006
By Level of Offense
28.0 percent (65,189).
STATUS
OFFENSES
FELONY
15.7%
 Misdemeanor arrests
28.0%
accounted for 56.3 percent
(131,164).
 Status offense arrests
MISDEMEANOR
accounted for 15.7 percent
(36,496).
56.3%
Source: Table 1.
In 2006, of the 172,747 arrests of
males:
 Felony arrests accounted for 31.5
percent (54,399).
Figure 3
JUVENILE ARRESTS, 2006
Gender of Arrestee by Level of Offense
55.0%
31.5%
MALE
13.5%
 Misdemeanor arrests accounted
for 55.0 percent (95,059).
 Status arrests accounted for 13.5
percent (23,289).
In 2006, of the 60,102 arrests of
females:
 Felony arrests accounted for 18.0
percent (10,790).
 Misdemeanor arrests accounted
for 60.1 percent (36,105).
 Status arrests accounted for 22.0
percent (13,207).
4
JUVENILE JUSTICE IN CALIFORNIA, 2006
18.0%
FEMALE
0
22.0%
60.1%
20
40
60
80
PERCENT
FELONY
MISDEMEANOR
Source: Table 1.
Note: Percentages may not add to 100.0 because of rounding.
STATUS
OFFENSES
100
Arrests
LEVEL OF OFFENSE (cont.)
In 2006:
Figure 4
JUVENILE ARRESTS, 2006
Age Group of Arrestee by Level of Offense
UNDER
12
28.6%
12-14
26.5%
61.1%
28.6%
15-17
0
 Juveniles in each age group were
20
FELONY
10.3%
58.9%
14.6%
55.2%
16.3%
40
60
PERCENT
arrested for similar proportions of
felony, misdemeanor, and status
offenses.
80
MISDEMEANOR
100
STATUS
OFFENSES
Source: Table 1.
Note: Percentages may not add to 100.0 because of rounding.
In 2006:
Figure 5
JUVENILE ARRESTS, 2006
Race/Ethnic Group of Arrestee by Level of Offense
23.8%
WHITE
63.1%
26.9%
HISPANIC
0
20
18.7%
51.1%
40
60
arrested for a misdemeanor
than Hispanics or blacks (63.1
vs. 54.4 and 51.1 percent,
respectively).
 Blacks were more likely to be
11.5%
57.1%
28.7%
OTHER
13.1%
54.4%
37.4%
BLACK
 Whites were more likely to be
arrested for a felony than whites
or Hispanics (37.4 vs. 23.8 and
26.9 percent, respectively).
14.2%
80
100
PERCENT
FELONY
MISDEMEANOR
STATUS
OFFENSES
Source: Table 1.
ARRESTS
5
Juvenile Justice in California, 2006



FELONY ARRESTS
In 2006, of the 65,189 juvenile felony
arrests reported:
 26.2 percent (17,079) were for
Figure 6
FELONY ARRESTS, 2006
By Category
violent offenses.
ALL
OTHER
OFFENSES
 Less than ten percent (5,699)
were for offenses involving drugs.
VIOLENT
OFFENSES
26.2%
25.6%
DRUG
OFFENSES
PROPERTY
OFFENSES
8.7%
39.4%
Source: Table 3.
Note: Percentages do not add to 100.0 because of rounding.
In 2006, of the 54,399 felony arrests
of males:
 Violent offenses accounted for
26.1 percent (14,213).
Figure 7
FELONY Arrests, 2006
Gender of Arrestee by Category
MALE
26.1%
FEMALE
26.6%
37.6%
27.6%
8.7%
 Property offenses accounted for
37.6 percent (20,479).
In 2006, of the 10,790 felony arrests
of females:
 Violent offenses accounted for
26.6 percent (2,866).
 Property offenses accounted for
48.4 percent (5,224).
6
JUVENILE JUSTICE IN CALIFORNIA, 2006
0
20
48.4%
40
9.1%
60
80
15.9%
100
PERCENT
VIOLENT
OFFENSES
Source: Table 3.
PROPERTY
OFFENSES
DRUG
OFFENSES
ALL OTHER
OFFENSES
Arrests
FELONY ARRESTS (cont.)
In 2006:
Figure 8
FELONY Arrests, 2006
Age Group of Arrestee by Category
UNDER
12
12-14
26.2%
39.8%
15-17
26.2%
39.2%
20
30.7%
 Proportionately, juveniles in the
4.4%
15–17 age group were more
likely to be arrested for a felony
drug offense than juveniles in
the under 12 or 12–14 age group
(10.5 vs. 1.2 and 4.4 percent,
respectively).
29.6%
24.0%
10.5%
40
60
PERCENT
80
100
DRUG
OFFENSES
PROPERTY
OFFENSES
VIOLENT
OFFENSES
arrested for similar proportions of
violent and property offenses.
1.2%
43.5%
24.6%
0
 Juveniles in each age group were
ALL OTHER
OFFENSES
Source: Table 3.
Note: Percentages may not add to 100.0 because of rounding.
In 2006:
Figure 9
FELONY Arrests, 2006
Race/Ethnic Group of Arrestee by Category
WHITE
19.3%
HISPANIC
46.0%
23.4%
OTHER
0
20
31.8%
8.2%
37.3%
45.0%
25.0%
40
be arrested for a felony drug
offense than Hispanics or blacks
(10.3 vs. 8.2 and 8.3 percent,
respectively).
24.4%
10.3%
36.6%
39.1%
BLACK
 Whites were more likely to
8.3%
8.6%
60
80
 Blacks were more likely to be
15.4%
 Regardless of race/ethnic group,
21.4%
100
PERCENT
VIOLENT
OFFENSES
PROPERTY
OFFENSES
DRUG
OFFENSES
arrested for a felony violent
offense than whites or Hispanics
(39.1 vs. 19.3 and 23.4 percent,
respectively).
the smallest proportion of arrests
were for felony drug offenses
(10.3, 8.2, 8.3, and 8.6 percent).
ALL OTHER
OFFENSES
Source: Table 3.
Note: Percentages may not add to 100.0 because of rounding.
ARRESTS
7
Juvenile Justice in California, 2006



MISDEMEANOR ARRESTS
In 2006, of the 131,164 juvenile
misdemeanor arrests reported:
 17.4 percent (22,757) were for
Figure 10
MISDEMEANOR ARRESTS, 2006
By Category
assault and battery.
 17.3 percent (22,711) were for
ASSAULT
AND
BATTERY
ALL
OTHER
theft offenses.
17.4%
23.9%
 20.3 percent (26,682) were for
THEFT
drug and alcohol offenses.
17.3%
MALICIOUS
MISCHIEF
 21.1 percent (27,639) were for
DRUG
AND
ALCOHOL
21.1%
malicious mischief offenses.
20.3%
 23.9 percent (31,375) were for all
other.
Source: Table 3.
In 2006:
 Males were more likely to be
arrested for a misdemeanor
drug and alcohol offense than
females (22.2 vs. 15.5 percent,
respectively).
 Females were more likely to
be arrested for a misdemeanor
assault and battery offense than
males (20.0 vs. 16.3 percent,
respectively).
Figure 11
MISDEMEANOR Arrests, 2006
Gender of Arrestee by Category
16.3% 13.3%
MALE
20.0%
FEMALE
0
JUVENILE JUSTICE IN CALIFORNIA, 2006
27.8%
20
22.5%
15.5%
40
25.7%
17.4%
60
19.3%
80
100
PERCENT
ASSAULT
AND BATTERY
Source: Table 3.
8
22.2%
THEFT
DRUG AND
ALCOHOL
MALICIOUS
MISCHIEF
ALL
OTHER
Arrests
MISDEMEANOR ARRESTS (cont.)
In 2006:
Figure 12
MISDEMEANOR Arrests, 2006
Age Group of Arrestee by Category
UNDER
12
15-17 15.7% 16.0%
0
31.9%
24.2%
20
19.9%
25.9%
18.1%
40
60
PERCENT
ASSAULT
AND BATTERY
80
DRUG AND
ALCOHOL
THEFT
misdemeanor drug and alcohol
arrestees were in the 15–17 age
category than were juveniles
under 12 and 12–14 (24.2 vs. 4.2
and 12.3 percent, respectively).
14.8%
27.3%
19.9% 12.3%
20.6%
12-14
4.2%
23.0%
26.1%
 A greater percentage of
100
MALICIOUS
MISCHIEF
ALL
OTHER
Source: Table 3.
Note: Percentages may not add to 100.0 because of rounding.
In 2006:
Figure 13
MISDEMEANOR Arrests, 2006
Race/Ethnic Group of Arrestee by Category
WHITE 14.7%
HISPANIC
17.5%
16.7% 14.8%
24.7%
BLACK
OTHER 16.2%
0
28.6%
18.8%
21.3%
25.8%
20
 Whites were more likely than
15.2%
24.0%
24.8%
24.9%
10.8%
22.3%
21.0%
16.9%
17.6%
23.5%
40
60
Hispanics or blacks to be
arrested for a misdemeanor
drug and alcohol offense (28.6
vs. 18.8 and 10.8 percent,
respectively).
80
 Blacks were more likely to be
arrested for a misdemeanor
assault and battery offense
than whites or Hispanics (24.7
vs. 14.7 and 16.7 percent,
respectively).
100
PERCENT
ASSAULT
AND BATTERY
THEFT
DRUG AND
ALCOHOL
MALICIOUS
MISCHIEF
ALL
OTHER
Source: Table 3.
Note: Percentages may not add to 100.0 because of rounding.
ARRESTS
9
Juvenile Justice in California, 2006



STATUS OFFENSES
In 2006, of the 36,496 status
offenses reported:
 Curfew violations accounted for
Figure 14
STATUS OFFENSES, 2006
By Category
OTHER
STATUS
OFFENSES
more than half (19,618).
12.6%
 Runaways accounted for 14.2
percent (5,185).
TRUANCY
19.4%
RUNAWAY
14.2%
CURFEW
53.8%
Source: Table 3.
Note: “Other” includes incorrigible, minor beyond parental control, and failure to obey a juvenile court order.
In 2006:
 Males were more likely to be
arrested for curfew violations
than females (57.3 vs. 47.5
percent).
 Proportionately, females were
more than twice as likely to be
arrested for being a runaway
than males (21.9 vs. 9.8 percent).
Figure 15
STATUS OFFENSES, 2006
Gender of Arrestee by Category
18.9%
MALE
20.5%
FEMALE
0
47.5%
21.9%
20
14.0%
57.3%
9.8%
40
60
10.1%
80
100
PERCENT
TRUANCY
RUNAWAY
CURFEW
OTHER STATUS
OFFENSES
Source: Table 3.
Note: “Other” includes incorrigible, minor beyond parental control, and failure to obey a juvenile court order.
10
JUVENILE JUSTICE IN CALIFORNIA, 2006
Arrests
STATUS OFFENSES (cont.)
In 2006:
Figure 16
Status OFFENSES, 2006
Age Group of Arrestee by Category
UNDER
15.3%
12
50.4%
18.2%
runaways were in the under 12
age group than were juveniles
age 12–14 and 15–17 (25.2
vs. 18.2 and 12.6 percent,
respectively).
21.6%
37.9%
25.2%
19.5%
12-14
 A greater percentage of
11.9%
 Juveniles in the 15–17 age group
19.5% 12.6%
15-17
0
20
55.2%
12.7%
40
60
PERCENT
80
OTHER STATUS
OFFENSES
CURFEW
RUNAWAY
TRUANCY
100
were more likely to be arrested
for curfew violations than were
those juveniles under 12 and
12–14 years of age (55.2 vs. 37.9
and 50.4 percent, respectively).
Source: Table 3.
Note: “Other” includes incorrigible, minor beyond parental control, and failure to obey a juvenile court order.
In 2006:
Figure 17
Status OFFENSES, 2006
Race/Ethnic Group of Arrestee by Category
WHITE 15.0%
21.3%
HISPANIC
27.7%
39.0%
0
20
10.3%
14.1%
64.7%
37.4%
11.3%
40
greatest percentage of status
offenses for all race/ethnic
groups.
18.3%
58.2%
10.2%
BLACK 10.4% 10.8%
OTHER
 Curfew violations made up the
40.3%
60
11.0%
80
100
PERCENT
TRUANCY
RUNAWAY
CURFEW
OTHER STATUS
OFFENSES
Source: Table 3.
Note: “Other” includes incorrigible, minor beyond parental control, and failure to obey a juvenile court order.
ARRESTS
11
Juvenile Justice in California, 2006



LAW ENFORCEMENT
DISPOSITIONS
When processing juvenile arrestees,
law enforcement agencies may refer
them to the probation department,
counsel and release the juvenile, or
turn them over to another agency.
Figure 18
LAW ENFORCEMENT Dispositions, 2006
By Type of Disposition
TURNED OVER
1.1%
COUNSELED
& RELEASED
18.5%
In 2006, of the 232,849 law
enforcement dispositions reported:
 80.4 percent resulted in a referral
to probation (187,296).
REFERRED
TO PROBATION
 18.5 percent resulted in the
juvenile being counseled and
released (42,995).
80.4%
Source: Table 1.
In 2006:
Males were slightly more likely
than females to be referred to the
probation department (81.6 vs.
77.0 percent).
 Females were slightly more likely
than males to be counseled and
released (21.8 vs. 17.3 percent).
Figure 19
LAW ENFORCEMENT Dispositions, 2006
Gender by Disposition
1.0%
81.6%
MALE
17.3%
1.3%
77.0%
FEMALE
0
20
40
21.8%
60
80
100
PERCENT
REFERRED
TO PROBATION
COUNSELED
AND RELEASED
Source: Table 1.
Note: Percentages do not add to 100.0 because of rounding.
12
JUVENILE JUSTICE IN CALIFORNIA, 2006
TURNED
OVER
Arrests
LAW ENFORCEMENT
DISPOSITIONS (cont.)
In 2006:
Figure 20
LAW ENFORCEMENT Dispositions, 2006
Age Group by Disposition
UNDER
12
 The proportional breakdown of
75.1%
23.9%
0
20
1.1%
17.7%
40
60
PERCENT
REFERRED
TO PROBATION
majority of juvenile offenders
were referred to probation.
20.0%
81.2%
15-17
 Regardless of age group, the
1.1%
78.9%
12-14
law enforcement dispositions
were similar for each age group.
1.0%
80
COUNSELED
AND RELEASED
100
TURNED
OVER
Source: Table 1.
In 2006:
Figure 21
LAW ENFORCEMENT Dispositions, 2006
Race/Ethnic Group by Disposition
WHITE
82.5%
HISPANIC
78.6%
BLACK
81.7%
OTHER
82.4%
0
20
40

More than three-fourths of
juveniles in each race/ethnic
group were referred to probation
departments by law enforcement.
0.9%
16.6%

Hispanics were slightly more
1.0%
likely to be counseled and
released than any other race/
ethnic group (20.4 vs. 16.6, 16.4
and 16.8 percent, respectively).
20.4%
1.9%
16.4%
0.8%
16.8%
60
80
100
PERCENT
REFERRED
TO PROBATION
COUNSELED
AND RELEASED
TURNED
OVER
Source: Table 1.
ARRESTS
13
REFERRALS
REFERRALS
Referrals
Juvenile referrals occur when a juvenile is brought to the attention of the
probation department for a review of his or her case. They can be referred by
a number of sources; the largest percentage being law enforcement. Referrals
may also be generated by schools, parents, public or private agencies,
individuals, or by transfers from another county or state.
Referrals to the probation department consist of two types: new and subsequent.
The term “new referral” refers to a juvenile who is not currently being supervised
by the probation department. A new referral is typically a first-time offender. The
term “subsequent referral” refers to a juvenile who is currently being supervised
by the probation department. A subsequent referral is generally the result of
a new arrest or a violation of probation.
After a juvenile is referred to the probation department, a probation officer
determines whether the juvenile should be detained or released. The probation
department also conducts an investigation and determines whether the case
should be closed or transferred, the juvenile should be placed on informal
probation, or a petition should be filed with the court.
This section examines referrals by gender, age group, and race/ethnic group.
For the purpose of this section, the term “juvenile” refers to those individuals
processed through the juvenile court system.
The data used in this section originated from the 56 participating county
probation departments and was routed to the Department of Justice from
referrals reported via the Juvenile Court and Probation Statistical System (see
Appendix 2).
Note: Arrest data is reported by law
enforcement agencies whereas law
enforcement referral data is reported by
probation departments. Comparisons
between arrest data and referral
data should not be made because
of differences in the way data is
reported between the two sources. See
Appendix 2, “Data Limitations,” page
108, for more detail.
REFERRALS
15
Juvenile Justice in California, 2006



REFERRAL SOURCE AND TYPE
In 2006, of the 207,298 referrals to
probation reported:
 88.8 percent (184,051) were from
law enforcement.
 1.8 percent (3,771) were from
schools, parents, and private
agencies and individuals.
Figure 22
REFERRALS, 2006
By Source
TRANSFERS
OTHER PUBLIC
AGENCY/INDIVIDUAL
1.8%
OTHER
SOURCES
5.7%
1.9%
SCHOOL/PARENT/
GUARDIAN
1.8%
 5.7 percent (11,772) were from
public agencies or individuals.
LAW
ENFORCEMENT
 1.8 percent (3,777) were
88.8%
transfers from another county or
state.
 1.9 percent (3,927) were from
other sources.
In 2006, of the 207,298 referrals
reported:
 73.3 percent (151,888) were new
Source: Table 8.
Figure 23
REFERRALS, 2006
By Type
referrals.
SUBSEQUENT
 26.7 percent (55,410) were
26.7%
subsequent referrals.
NEW
73.3%
Source: Table 8.
16
JUVENILE JUSTICE IN CALIFORNIA, 2006
REFERRALS
OFFENSE LEVEL
Figure 24
REFERRALS, 2006
By Level of Offense
In 2006, of the 267,029 referral
offenses reported:
STATUS
OFFENSES
 31.8 percent (84,985) were for
felonies.
12.4%
 55.8 percent (148,870) were for
misdemeanors.
FELONY
31.8%
 12.4 percent (33,174) were for
status offenses.
MISDEMEANOR
55.8%
Source: Table 8.
Note: As many as five offenses can be
reported for each referral. Consequently,
the number of referral offenses may be
higher than the number of referrals.
REFERRALS
17
Juvenile Justice in California, 2006



REFERRALS FOR FELONY
OFFENSES
In 2006, of the 84,985 referrals for
felony offenses:
 24.9 percent (21,146) were for
Figure 25
TYPE OF REFERRALS, 2006
By Category
violent offenses.
VIOLENT
OFFENSES
OTHER
OFFENSES
 38.6 percent (32,798) were for
property offenses.
24.9%
27.7%
 8.8 percent (7,461) were for drug
offenses.
PROPERTY
OFFENSES
DRUG
OFFENSES
 27.7 percent (23,580) were for
38.6%
8.8%
other felony offenses.
Source: Table 9
In 2006:
 Proportionately, females were
slightly more likely than males
to be referred to the probation
department for violent offenses
(26.0 vs. 24.7 percent).
Figure 26
REFERRALS FOR FELONY OFFENSES, 2006
Gender by Category
MALE
24.7%
FEMALE
26.0%
0
37.5%
20
45.0%
40
29.3%
8.5%
10.3%
60
80
18.7%
100
PERCENT
VIOLENT
OFFENSES
Source: Table 9.
18
JUVENILE JUSTICE IN CALIFORNIA, 2006
PROPERTY
OFFENSES
DRUG
OFFENSES
OTHER
OFFENSES
REFERRALS
REFERRALS FOR FELONY
OFFENSES (cont.)
In 2006:
Figure 27
REFERRALS FOR FELONY OFFENSES, 2006
Age Group by Category
UNDER
12
21.4%
44.3%
12-14
25.5%
15-17
25.0%
38.5%
37.8%
0
20
40
had the greatest percentage of
felony property offense referrals
than any other age group.
33.1%
3.9%
38.8%
22.6%
18-24
1.1%
 Juveniles under the age of 12

Regardless of age group,
31.8%
9.8%
26.7%
13.0%
26.6%
60
80
approximately one-fourth of
juveniles were referred to
probation departments for violent
felony offenses.
100
PERCENT
DRUG
OFFENSES
PROPERTY
OFFENSES
VIOLENT
OFFENSES
OTHER
OFFENSES
Source: Table 9.
Note: Percentages may not add to 100.0 because of rounding.
In 2006:
Figure 28
REFERRALS FOR FELONY OFFENSES, 2006
Race/Ethnic Group by Category
18.6%
WHITE
45.2%
21.7%
HISPANIC
9.3%
35.9%
 Proportionately, whites were
more likely to be referred to
the probation department for a
property offense than Hispanics
or blacks (45.2 vs. 35.9 and 36.3
percent, respectively).
26.9%
8.9%
33.5%
 Proportionately, blacks were
36.9%
BLACK
42.8%
23.7%
OTHER
0
36.3%
20
40
8.5%
7.4%
60
more likely to be referred to
the probation department for a
violent offense than whites or
Hispanics (36.9 vs. 18.6 and 21.7
percent, respectively).
18.3%
26.1%
80
100
PERCENT
VIOLENT
OFFENSES
PROPERTY
OFFENSES
DRUG
OFFENSES
OTHER
OFFENSES
Source: Table 9.
REFERRALS
19
Juvenile Justice in California, 2006



REFERRALS FOR MISDEMEANOR
OFFENSES
In 2006, of the 148,870
misdemeanor referral offenses
reported:
Figure 29
REFERRALS FOR MISDEMEANOR OFFENSES, 2006
By Category
 21.7 percent (32,250) were for
assault and battery.
ASSAULT
AND
BATTERY
ALL
OTHER
 15.4 percent (22,909) were for
21.7%
30.7%
drug and alcohol offenses.
THEFT
13.7%
MALICIOUS
MISCHIEF
18.6%
DRUG
AND
ALCOHOL
15.4%
Source: Table 9.
Note: Percentages do not add to 100.0 because of rounding.
In 2006:
 Proportionately, males were
more likely to be referred to
the probation department for
drug and alcohol offenses than
females (15.9 vs. 13.7 percent).
 Proportionately, females were
more likely to be referred to
the probation department for
misdemeanor assault and
battery than males (25.0 vs. 20.5
percent).
Figure 30
REFERRALS FOR MISDEMEANOR OFFENSES, 2006
Gender by Category
20.5%
MALE
11.4% 15.9%
25.0%
FEMALE
0
20.8%
20
20.3%
13.7% 13.3%
40
60
JUVENILE JUSTICE IN CALIFORNIA, 2006
27.2%
80
100
PERCENT
ASSAULT
AND BATTERY
THEFT
DRUG AND
ALCOHOL
Source: Table 9.
Note: Percentages may not add to 100.0 because of rounding.
20
31.8%
MALICIOUS
MISCHIEF
ALL
OTHER
REFERRALS
REFERRALS FOR MISDEMEANOR
OFFENSES (cont.)
In 2006:
Figure 31
REFERRALS FOR MISDEMEANOR OFFENSES, 2006
Age Group by Category
UNDER
12
3.1%
33.7%
28.2%
12-14
20.2%
15-17
12.9% 16.5%
18-24 15.2% 12.3%
0
24.0%
16.8% 9.1%
24.2%
20
21.9%
17.4%
33.0%
13.2%
35.2%
40
12 years of age were twice as
likely as juveniles in the 18–24
age group to be referred for a
misdemeanor assault and battery
(33.7 vs. 15.2 percent).
16.4%
28.0%
18.8%
 Proportionately, juveniles under
60
80
100
PERCENT
ASSAULT
AND BATTERY
DRUG AND
ALCOHOL
THEFT
MALICIOUS
MISCHIEF
ALL
OTHER
Source: Table 9.
Note: Percentages may not add to 100.0 because of rounding.
In 2006:
Figure 32
REFERRALS FOR MISDEMEANOR OFFENSES, 2006
Race/Ethnic Group by Category
17.9%
WHITE
13.9%
21.5%
HISPANIC
11.9% 13.9%
17.6%
30.4%
BLACK
19.0%
OTHER
0
22.7%
14.6%
20
30.2%
6.5%
 Proportionately, whites were
more likely to be referred to
probation for a drug and alcohol
offense than any other race/
ethnic group (22.7 vs. 13.9, 6.5,
and 12.9).
29.4%
16.0%
40
the percentage of referrals for
assault and battery was greater
than the percentage for theft
offenses.
30.8%
22.6%
16.2% 12.9% 15.7%
 Regardless of race/ethnic group,
36.3%
60
80
100
PERCENT
ASSAULT
AND BATTERY
THEFT
DRUG AND
ALCOHOL
MALICIOUS
MISCHIEF
ALL
OTHER
Source: Table 9.
Note: Percentages do not add to 100.0 because of rounding.
REFERRALS
21
Juvenile Justice in California, 2006



REFERRALS FOR STATUS
OFFENSES
In 2006, of the 33,174 referrals for
status offenses:
 13.8 percent (4,585) were for
Figure 33
REFERRALS FOR STATUS OFFENSES, 2006
By Category
truancy.
TRUANCY
13.8%
 6.6 percent (2,198) were for
RUNAWAY
6.6%
CURFEW
runaway.
2.4%
 2.4 percent (809) were for
INCORRIGIBLE
5.9%
OTHER
STATUS
OFFENSES
curfew.
71.2%
 5.9 percent (1,954) were for
incorrigible.
 71.2 percent (23,626) were for
other status offenses.
In 2006:
71.5 percent (23,718) of all
referrals for status offenses were
males.
Source: Table 9.
Notes: “Other” includes minor beyond parental control and failure to obey a juvenile court order.
Percentages do not add to 100.0 because of rounding.
Figure 34
REFERRALS FOR STATUS OFFENSES, 2006
By Gender
28.5 percent (9,456) of all
FEMALE
referrals for status offenses were
females.
28.5%
MALE
71.5%
Source: Table 12.
22
JUVENILE JUSTICE IN CALIFORNIA, 2006
REFERRALS
REFERRALS FOR STATUS
OFFENSES (cont.)
Figure 35
REFERRALS FOR STATUS OFFENSES, 2006
By Age Group
UNDER
12
0.8%
0.8 percent (250) were for
juveniles under 12 years of age.
 18.2 percent (6,048) were for
juveniles in the 12–14 age group.
18-24
11.9%
In 2006:
12-14
18.2%
 69.1 percent (22,928) were for
juveniles in the 15–17 age group.
 11.9 percent (3,948) were for
juveniles in the 18–24 age group.
15-17
69.1%
Source: Table 12.
Figure 36
REFERRALS FOR STATUS OFFENSES, 2006
By Race/Ethnic Group
OTHER
In 2006:
30.3 percent (10,039) were white.
 44.5 percent (14,772) were
8.2%
Hispanic.
BLACK
WHITE
17.0%
30.3%
 17.0 percent (5,654) were black.
 8.2 percent (2,709) were from the
“other” race/ethnic groups.
HISPANIC
44.5%
Source: Table 12.
REFERRALS
23
Juvenile Justice in California, 2006



DETENTIONS
In 2006, of the 195,090 known preadjudication detentions reported:
74.1 percent (144,497) of
Figure 37
DETENTIONS, 2006
By Type
juveniles were not detained.
DETAINED
25.9%
94.3 percent (47,714) of those
juveniles detained were detained
in a secure facility.
NOT
DETAINED
74.1%
3.5%
94.3%

2.2%
0
0
SECURE
FACILITY
NON-SECURE
FACILITY
HOME
SUPERVISION
100
Source: Table 13.
In 2006:
Females were slightly more likely
to be detained in a non-secure
facility than males (4.2 vs. 3.3
percent).
Figure 38
DETENTIONS, 2006
Gender by Detention Type
MALE
94.5%
2.1%
3.3%
FEMALE
93.3%
2.5%
4.2%
0
20
40
60
80
100
PERCENT
SECURE
FACILITY
NON-SECURE
FACILITY
Source: Table 13.
Note: Percentages may not add to 100.0 because of rounding.
24
JUVENILE JUSTICE IN CALIFORNIA, 2006
HOME
SUPERVISION
REFERRALS
DETENTIONS (cont.)
In 2006:
Figure 39
DETENTIONS, 2006
Age Group by Detention Type
Juveniles under the age of 12
UNDER
12
90.1%
12-14
92.7%
15-17
94.5%
18-24
96.8%
0
20
40
5.7%
4.2%
4.2%
3.1%
3.5%
were more likely to receive home
supervision than were any other
age group (4.2 vs. 3.1, 2.1, and
1.1 percent, respectively).
Regardless of age group, when
detained, nine out of ten juveniles
were placed in a secure facility.
2.1%
2.1%
1.1%
60
80
100
PERCENT
NON-SECURE
FACILITY
SECURE
FACILITY
HOME
SUPERVISION
Source: Table 13.
Note: Percentages may not add to 100.0 because of rounding.
In 2006:
Figure 40
DETENTIONS, 2006
Race/Ethnic Group by Detention Type
Regardless of race/ethnic group,
5.3%
91.9%
WHITE
HISPANIC
94.2%
BLACK
96.5%
OTHER
94.6%
0
20
40
the majority of detained juveniles
were detained in a secure facility.
2.8%
3.5%
2.3%
2.0%
Proportionately, whites were
more likely than Hispanics or
blacks to be detained in a nonsecure facility (5.3 vs. 3.5 and 2.0
percent, respectively).
1.4%
3.2%
2.2%
60
80
100
PERCENT
SECURE
FACILITY
NON-SECURE
FACILITY
HOME
SUPERVISION
Source: Table 13.
Note: Percentages may not add to 100.0 because of rounding.
REFERRALS
25
Juvenile Justice in California, 2006



PROBATION DEPARTMENT
DISPOSITIONS
In 2006, of the 207,298 referrals
handled by probation departments:
50.2 percent (104,094) resulted
Figure 41
PROBATION DEPARTMENT DISPOSITIONS, 2006
By Type
in a petition being filed.
35.2 percent (72,961) were
CLOSED
AT INTAKE
closed at intake.
35.2%
PETITIONS
FILED
50.2%
INFORMAL
PROBATION
3.3%
DIVERSION
5.2% TRANSFERRED
6.1%
Source: Table 13.
Note: “Transferred” includes the dispositions of traffic court, deported, direct filed, and transferred.
In 2006:
Males were more likely than
females to have petitions filed to
proceed to juvenile court (53.1
vs. 40.8 percent).
Females were more likely than
males to have their cases closed
at intake (40.6 vs. 33.5 percent).
Figure 42
PROBATION DEPARTMENT DISPOSITIONS, 2006
Gender by Disposition Type
53.1%
MALE
40.8%
FEMALE
0
20
3.0%
4.5%
5.8%
33.5%
4.1%
40.6%
40
60
7.6%
80
6.8%
100
PERCENT
PETITION
FILED
CLOSED
AT INTAKE
INFORMAL
PROBATION
DIVERSION
TRANSFERRED
Source: Table 13.
Notes: “Transferred” includes the dispositions of traffic court, deported, direct filed, and transferred.
Percentages do not add to 100.0 because of rounding.
26
JUVENILE JUSTICE IN CALIFORNIA, 2006
REFERRALS
PROBATION DEPARTMENT
DISPOSITIONS (cont.)
In 2006:
Figure 43
PROBATION DEPARTMENT DISPOSITIONS, 2006
Age Group by Disposition Type
UNDER
12
22.0%
55.4%
8.0% 11.5%
40.6%
41.8%
12-14
0
20
5.5%
8.0%
4.2%
2.8%
4.7%
6.9%
0.8%
1.8%
4.2%
30.3%
62.9%
18-24
3.1%
33.8%
51.8%
15-17
Juveniles under the age of 12
40
60
80
100
PERCENT
PETITION
FILED
INFORMAL
PROBATION
CLOSED
AT INTAKE
DIVERSION
TRANSFERRED
Source: Table 13.
Notes: “Transferred” includes the dispositions of traffic court, deported, direct filed, and transferred.
Percentages may not add to 100.0 because of rounding. 46.6%
HISPANIC
OTHER
20
3.5%
5.6%
4.7%
1.5%
2.9%
5.5%
35.6%
40
60
The proportion of juveniles
having petitions filed increased
with age. Conversely, the
proportions being closed at
intake, receiving informal
probation, and diversion
decreased with age.
receive diversion than any other
race/ethnic group (6.4 vs. 5.6,
2.9, and 4.6 percent).
Regardless of race/ethnic group,
close to half of the referrals
resulted in a petition being filed.
3.0%
4.6%
10.2%
37.7%
44.6%
0
4.2%
6.4%
7.8%
34.7%
54.5%
BLACK
in the 15–17 age group had
petitions filed to proceed to
juvenile court.
Whites were more likely to
35.0%
51.4%
More than one-half of juveniles
In 2006:
Figure 44
PROBATION DEPARTMENT DISPOSITIONS, 2006
Race/Ethnic Group by Disposition Type
WHITE
had a greater percentage of
cases closed at intake, cases
receiving informal probation, and
cases receiving diversion than
any other age group.
80
100
PERCENT
PETITION
FILED
CLOSED
AT INTAKE
INFORMAL
PROBATION
DIVERSION
TRANSFERRED
Source: Table 13.
Notes: “Transferred” includes the dispositions of traffic court, deported, direct filed, and transferred.
Percentages may not add to 100.0 because of rounding.
REFERRALS
27
PETITIONS
Petitions
In the juvenile justice system, a case may be handled informally by the
probation department or formally by the juvenile court. If the case proceeds
for formal processing, the District Attorney files a petition with the juvenile
court to initiate court action.
There are two types of petitions filed in juvenile court: new and subsequent.
The term “new petition” refers to a juvenile who is not being supervised by
the probation department and is typically a first-time offender. The term
“subsequent petition” refers to a juvenile who is currently being supervised
by the probation department and subsequently re-offends.
This section examines petitions by gender, age group, race/ethnic group,
offense, fitness hearings, and disposition.
The data used originated from the 56 participating county probation departments
and was routed to the Department of Justice from referrals reported via the
Juvenile Court and Probation Statistical System (see Appendix 2).
PETITIONS
29
Juvenile Justice in California, 2006



PETITION TYPE
In 2006, of the 104,094 reported
petitions filed in juvenile court:
56.7 percent (59,012) were new
Figure 45
PETITIONS FILED, 2006
By Type
petitions.
43.3 percent (45,082) were
subsequent petitions.
SUBSEQUENT
43.3%
Source: Table 16.
30
JUVENILE JUSTICE IN CALIFORNIA, 2006
NEW
56.7%
PETITIONS
PETITION LEVEL
In 2006, of the 148,130 petitioned
offenses filed:
Figure 46
PETITIONS FILED, 2006
By Level of Offense
42.9 percent (63,575) were for
felonies.
STATUS
OFFENSES
14.6%
42.5 percent (62,888) were for
misdemeanors.
FELONY
42.9%
MISDEMEANOR
42.5%
14.6 percent (21,667) were for
status offenses.
Source: Table 16.
Note: As many as five offenses can
be reported for each petition filed.
Consequently, the number of petition
offenses may be higher than the
number of petitions.
PETITIONS
31
Juvenile Justice in California, 2006



PETITIONS FOR FELONY
OFFENSES
In 2006, of the 63,575 petitioned
felony offenses filed in juvenile court:
24.9 percent (15,842) were for
Figure 47
PETITIONS FOR FELONY OFFENSES, 2006
By Category
violent offenses.
VIOLENT
OFFENSES
OTHER
OFFENSES
39.5 percent (25,117) were for
property offenses.
24.9%
26.7%
8.9 percent (5,648) were for drug
offenses.
DRUG
OFFENSES
PROPERTY
OFFENSES
8.9%
26.7 percent (16,968) were for all
39.5%
other felony offenses.
Source: Table 17.
In 2006,
Regardless of gender, the largest
proportion of felony petitions
were filed for property offenses
(38.6 and 44.9 percent).
Figure 48
PETITIONS FOR FELONY OFFENSES, 2006
Gender by Category
24.5%
MALE
38.6%
27.6%
FEMALE
0
20
44.9%
40
28.3%
8.6%
10.8%
60
80
16.7%
100
PERCENT
VIOLENT
OFFENSES
Source: Table 17.
32
JUVENILE JUSTICE IN CALIFORNIA, 2006
PROPERTY
OFFENSES
DRUG
OFFENSES
OTHER
OFFENSES
PETITIONS
PETITIONS FOR FELONY
OFFENSES (cont.)
Figure 49
PETITIONS FOR FELONY OFFENSES, 2006
Age Group by Category
UNDER
12
24.7%
45.5%
12-14
27.1%
39.2%
24.8%
15-17
0
39.5%
20
40
Juveniles in the under 12 age
group had a greater percentage
of petitions filed for felony
property offenses and the least
percentage of petitions filed for
felony drug offenses than any
other age group.
28.8%
3.4%
39.5%
21.5%
18-24
1.0%
In 2006:
30.3%
9.8%
25.9%
13.7%
25.3%
60
80
100
PERCENT
DRUG
OFFENSES
PROPERTY
OFFENSES
VIOLENT
OFFENSES
OTHER
OFFENSES
Source: Table 17.
In 2006:
Figure 50
PETITIONS FOR FELONY OFFENSES, 2006
Race/Ethnic Group by Category
WHITE
19.0%
46.4%
HISPANIC
22.1%
36.8%
36.2%
BLACK
0
37.3%
20
40
petitions filed for felony property
offenses than any other race/
ethnic group (46.4 vs. 36.8, 37.3,
and 42.9 percent, respectively).
25.5%
31.9%
9.2%
42.9%
23.6%
OTHER
9.1%
Whites were more likely to have
8.4%
7.7%
60
18.1%
25.8%
80
100
PERCENT
VIOLENT
OFFENSES
PROPERTY
OFFENSES
DRUG
OFFENSES
OTHER
OFFENSES
Source: Table 17.
PETITIONS
33
Juvenile Justice in California, 2006



PETITIONS FOR MISDEMEANOR
OFFENSES
In 2006, of the 62,888 petitioned
misdemeanor offenses filed in
juvenile court:
Figure 51
PETITIONS FOR MISDEMEANOR OFFENSES, 2006
By Category
27.1 percent (17,063) were for
assault and battery offenses.
ASSAULT
AND
BATTERY
ALL
OTHER
12.2 percent (7,701) were for
26.4%
theft offenses.
15.4 percent (9,705) were for
MALICIOUS
MISCHIEF
drug and alcohol offenses.
18.8%
18.8 percent (11,816) were for
27.1%
THEFT
12.2%
DRUG
AND
ALCOHOL
15.4%
malicious mischief offenses.
26.4 percent (16,601) were for all
Source: Table 17.
Note: Percentages do not add to 100.0 because of rounding.
In 2006,
Figure 52
PETITIONS FOR MISDEMEANOR OFFENSES, 2006
Gender by Category
other misdemeanors.
Regardless of gender, the largest
proportion of petitions were filed
for assault and battery.
25.9%
MALE
The proportion of petitions filed
for drug and alcohol offenses
was similar for males and
females (15.4 and 15.6 percent,
respectively).
31.6%
FEMALE
0
Source: Table 17.
JUVENILE JUSTICE IN CALIFORNIA, 2006
20.7%
16.0% 15.6% 11.7%
20
40
60
26.7%
25.1%
80
100
PERCENT
ASSAULT
AND BATTERY
34
11.3% 15.4%
THEFT
DRUG AND
ALCOHOL
MALICIOUS
MISCHIEF
ALL
OTHER
PETITIONS
PETITIONS FOR MISDEMEANOR
OFFENSES (cont.)
In 2006:
Figure 53
PETITIONS FOR MISDEMEANOR OFFENSES, 2006
Age Group by Category
UNDER
12
39.0%
12-14
35.4%
26.4%
15-17
17.5%
0
6.9%
20
18.4%
14.4%
27.3%
40
60
The proportions of drug and
20.6%
22.6%
11.9% 16.0%
battery petitions decreased with
age (39.0, 35.4, 26.4, to 16.9
percent, respectively).
17.5%
24.9%
14.4%
16.9% 10.9%
18-24
1.1%
The proportions of assault and
alcohol petitions filed increased
with age (1.1, 6.9, 16.0, to 27.3
percent, respectively).
27.3%
30.5%
80
100
PERCENT
ASSAULT
AND BATTERY
DRUG AND
ALCOHOL
THEFT
MALICIOUS
MISCHIEF
ALL
OTHER
Source: Table 17.
Note: Percentages may not add to 100.0 because of rounding.
In 2006:
Figure 54
PETITIONS FOR MISDEMEANOR OFFENSES, 2006
Race/Ethnic Group by Category
WHITE
23.2%
HISPANIC
26.3%
13.3%
10.0% 14.4%
36.3%
BLACK
25.7%
OTHER
0
22.7%
16.2%
20
27.2%
6.2%
40
26.0%
15.1%
13.4% 14.7% 16.5%
60
more likely to have a petition filed
for drug and alcohol offenses
while Hispanics were more
likely to have a petition filed for
malicious mischief and blacks for
assault and battery.
24.6%
22.1%
16.3%
Proportionately, whites were
29.7%
80
100
PERCENT
ASSAULT
AND BATTERY
THEFT
DRUG AND
ALCOHOL
MALICIOUS
MISCHIEF
ALL
OTHER
Source: Table 17.
Note: Percentages may not add to 100.0 because of rounding.
PETITIONS
35
Juvenile Justice in California, 2006



PETITIONS FOR STATUS
OFFENSES
In 2006, of the 21,667 petitioned
status offenses reported:
4.3 percent (934) were for
Figure 55
PETITIONS FOR STATUS OFFENSES, 2006
By Category
RUNAWAY
truancy.
0.2%
TRUANCY
CURFEW
0.1%
INCORRIGIBLE
4.3%
0.2%
0.2 percent (47) were for
runaway.
0.1 percent (21) were for curfew.
0.2 percent (49) were for
OTHER
STATUS
OFFENSES
incorrigible.
95.4 percent (20,665) were
for other status offenses; the
majority of which were violations
of court orders.
In 2006:
77.4 percent (16,777) of all
petitions for status offenses were
male.
95.1%
Source: Table 17.
Note: “Other” includes minor beyond parental control and failure to obey a juvenile court order.
Figure 56
PETITIONS FOR STATUS OFFENSES, 2006
By Gender
22.6 percent (4,890) of all
FEMALE
22.6%
petitions for status offenses were
female.
MALE
77.4%
Source: Table 22.
36
JUVENILE JUSTICE IN CALIFORNIA, 2006
PETITIONS
PETITIONS FOR STATUS
OFFENSES (cont.)
Figure 57
PETITIONS FOR STATUS OFFENSES, 2006
By Age Group
UNDER
12
0.2%
18-24
15.4%
12-14
13.2%
In 2006:
0.2 percent (46) of all petitions for
status offenses were for juveniles
under the age of 12.
13.2 percent (2,869) of all
petitions for status offenses were
for juveniles in the 12-14 age
group.
71.1 percent (15,412) of all
petitions for status offenses were
for juveniles in the 15-17 age
group.
15-17
71.1%
15.4 percent (3,340) of all
Source: Table 22.
Note: Percentages do not add to 100.0 because of rounding.
Figure 58
PETITIONS FOR STATUS OFFENSES, 2006
By Race/Ethnic Group
OTHER
7.2%
petitions for status offenses were
for juveniles in the 18-24 age
group.
In 2006:
29.5 percent (6,394) of those
petitioned for status offenses
were white.
44.6 percent (9,656) of those
WHITE
BLACK
29.5%
18.7%
petitioned for status offenses
were Hispanic.
18.7 percent (4,059) of those
HISPANIC
44.6%
Source: Table 22.
petitioned for status offenses
were black.
7.2 percent (1,558) of those
petitioned for status offenses
were for other race/ethnic
groups.
PETITIONS
37
Juvenile Justice in California, 2006



Defense Representation
In 2006, of the 79,977 known
defense representations reported:
98.3 percent (78,641) of the
Figure 59
DEFENSE REPRESENTATION, 2006
By Type
NOT
REPRESENTED
juveniles were represented by
counsel.
1.3%
1.7 percent (1,336) of the
juveniles were not represented
by counsel.
REPRESENTED
98.3%
24.3%
67.3%

7.7%
0.8%
PRIVATE
COUNSEL
COURTAPPOINTED
COUNSEL
0
PUBLIC
DEFENDER
OTHER
100
Source: Table 18.
Note: Percentages may not add to 100.0 because of rounding.
In 2006, of the 78,641 juveniles
represented by counsel:
Proportionately, males were
more likely to be represented by
private counsel than females (7.9
vs. 6.8 percent).
Proportionately, females were
more likely to be represented
by a public defender than males
(72.6 vs. 66.1 percent).
Figure 60
DEFENSE REPRESENTATION, 2006
Gender by Type
MALE 7.9%
0
JUVENILE JUSTICE IN CALIFORNIA, 2006
20
0.8%
72.6%
FEMALE 6.8% 20.1%
40
60
0.5%
80
100
PERCENT
PRIVATE
COUNSEL
Source: Table 18.
38
66.1%
25.2%
COURT-APPOINTED
COUNSEL
PUBLIC
DEFENDER
OTHER
PETITIONS
Defense Representation
(cont.)
In 2006:
Figure 61
DEFENSE REPRESENTATION, 2006
Age Group by Type
6.5%
UNDER
12
22.3%
6.1%
12-14
23.0%
Regardless of age group, the
70.6%
0.7%
70.1%
0.9%
15-17 7.8%
25.1%
66.4%
0.8%
18-24 10.3%
20.5%
68.8%
0.4%
0
20
40
60
80
proportional breakdown of
defense representation was
similar, with the majority being
represented by a public defender.
100
PERCENT
PRIVATE
COUNSEL
PUBLIC
DEFENDER
COURT-APPOINTED
COUNSEL
OTHER
Source: Table 18.
Notes: Percentages may not add to 100.0 because of rounding.
In 2006:
Figure 62
DEFENSE REPRESENTATION, 2006
Race/Ethnic Group by Type
WHITE 12.5%
Regardless of race/ethnic group,
0.4%
69.4%
17.7%
6 out of 10 juveniles were
represented by a public defender.
Whites were at least twice as
6.0%
HISPANIC
5.2%
BLACK
0
20.4%
20
1.4%
62.3%
31.1%
OTHER 10.1%
0.7%
67.9%
25.4%
69.3%
40
60
likely to be represented by
private counsel than Hispanics
or blacks (12.5 vs. 6.0 and 5.2
percent, respectively).
0.2%
80
100
PERCENT
PRIVATE
COUNSEL
COURT-APPOINTED
COUNSEL
PUBLIC
DEFENDER
OTHER
Source: Table 18.
PETITIONS
39
Juvenile Justice in California, 2006



FITNESS HEARINGS
In 2006, of the 374 fitness hearings
reported:
70.3 percent (263) were
Figure 63
FITNESS HEARINGS, 2006
By Outcome
determined to be unfit and were
transferred to adult court for trial.
FIT
29.7 percent (111) were
29.7%
determined to be fit and
remained in the juvenile system.
UNFIT
70.3%
Source: Table 26.
In 2006,
Females were nearly twice as
likely as males to be found fit and
remain in juvenile court (54.2 vs.
28.0 percent).
Figure 64
FITNESS HEARINGS, 2006
Gender by Outcome
28.0%
MALE
72.0%
54.2%
FEMALE
20
0
45.8%
40
60
PERCENT
FIT
Source: Table 26.
40
JUVENILE JUSTICE IN CALIFORNIA, 2006
UNFIT
80
100
PETITIONS
FITNESS HEARINGS (cont.)
Figure 65
FITNESS HEARINGS, 2006
Age by Outcome
In 2006,
As juveniles age, the likelihood of
55.6%
14
39.5%
15
16
31.0%
17
28.7%
ALL
OTHER
60.5%
69.0%
71.3%
21.3%
0
being found unfit and transferred
to adult court increased.
44.4%
78.7%
20
40
60
80
100
PERCENT
FIT
UNFIT
Source: Table 26.
In 2006,
Figure 66
FITNESS HEARINGS, 2006
Race/Ethnic Group by Outcome
Whites were more likely to be
54.5%
WHITE
45.5%
23.3%
HISPANIC
76.7%
BLACK
32.6%
67.4%
OTHER
30.4%
69.6%
0
found fit and remain in juvenile
court (54.5 percent) than
Hispanics or blacks (23.3 percent
and 32.6 percent, respectively).
20
40
60
80
100
PERCENT
FIT
UNFIT
Source: Table 26.
PETITIONS
41
Juvenile Justice in California, 2006



JUVENILE COURT DISPOSITIONS
In 2006, of the 104,094 juvenile
court dispositions:
61.9 percent (64,458) resulted in
Figure 67
JUVENILE COURT DISPOSITIONS, 2006
By Type
INFORMAL
PROBATION
wardship probation.
5.5%
20.2 percent (20,994) were
4.6%
DISMISSED
dismissed.
20.2%
OTHER
NON-WARD
PROBATION
7.8%
WARDSHIP
61.9%
Source: Table 19.
Note: “Other” includes transferred, remanded to adult court, deported, diversion, and deferred
entry of judgment.
In 2006,
Proportionately, males were
slightly more likely to receive
a wardship disposition than
females (63.0 vs. 57.2 percent,
respectively).
Regardless of gender,
approximately 2 out of 10 cases
were dismissed.
Figure 68
JUVENILE COURT DISPOSITIONS, 2006
Gender by Type
MALE
20.1%
FEMALE
20.6%
0
5.1%
4.0%
7.3%
20
6.8%
63.0%
7.8%
57.2%
8.1%
40
60
80
100
PERCENT
DISMISSED
INFORMAL
PROBATION
NON-WARD
PROBATION
WARDSHIP
OTHER
Source: Table 19.
Note: “Other” includes transferred, remanded to adult court, deported, diversion, and deferred
entry of judgment.
42
JUVENILE JUSTICE IN CALIFORNIA, 2006
PETITIONS
JUVENILE COURT DISPOSITIONS
(cont.)
In 2006,
Figure 69
JUVENILE COURT DISPOSITIONS, 2006
Age Group by Type
UNDER
12
36.9%
12-14
20.0%
15-17
18.6%
20.4%
6.0%
8.3%
4.8%
0
20
40
60
group were more likely to receive
a wardship disposition than
juveniles in any other age group.
8.5%
6.0%
53.6%
5.6%
Juveniles in the 15–17 age
6.5%
64.0%
4.9%
were more likely to have their
cases dismissed than juveniles in
any other age group.
2.6%
35.3%
59.3%
4.0%
29.8%
18-24
4.8%
Juveniles under the age of 12
80
100
PERCENT
DISMISSED
NON-WARD
PROBATION
INFORMAL
PROBATION
WARDSHIP
OTHER
Source: Table 19.
Notes: Percentages may not add to 100.0 because of rounding.
“Other” includes transferred, remanded to adult court, deported, diversion, and deferred entry of judgment.
In 2006,
Figure 70
JUVENILE COURT DISPOSITIONS, 2006
Race/Ethnic Group by Type
22.1%
WHITE
3.4%
23.7%
BLACK
4.7%
6.7%
22.2%
OTHER
0
5.5%
20
receive informal probation than
any other race/ethnic group.
8.9%
55.5%
Hispanics were less likely to have
5.0%
3.9%
17.3%
HISPANIC
5.5%
7.9%
Whites were more likely to
66.6%
7.3%
61.0%
7.2%
55.8%
40
60
their cases dismissed and more
likely to receive wardship than
any other race/ethnic group.
9.8%
80
100
PERCENT
DISMISSED
INFORMAL
PROBATION
NON-WARD
PROBATION
WARDSHIP
OTHER
Source: Table 19.
Notes: Percentages may not add to 100.0 because of rounding.
“Other” includes transferred, remanded to adult court, deported, diversion, and deferred entry of judgment.
PETITIONS
43
Juvenile Justice in California, 2006



WARDSHIP PROBATION
In 2006, of the 64,458 wardship
probation placements:
58.0 percent (37,389) returned
Figure 71
WARDSHIP PROBATION, 2006
By Placement Type
OTHER
to their own home or a relative’s
home.
10.6%
YOUTH
AUTHORITY
1.0%
1.0 (621) were youth authority
NON-SECURE
COUNTY
FACILITY
commitments.
3.5%
SECURE
COUNTY
FACILITY
HOME
58.0%
26.9%
Source: Table 19.
Note: “Other” includes miscellaneous public and private facilities.
In 2006,
Males were more more likely to
be committed to a secure county
facility than were females (28.1
vs. 21.5 percent).
Females were more likely than
males to be returned to their own
home or a relative’s home (62.4
vs. 57.1 percent).
Figure 72
WARDSHIP PROBATION, 2006
Gender by Placement Type
57.1%
MALE
28.1%
2.2%
0.3%
62.4%
FEMALE
0
20
3.8%
1.1%
21.5%
40
60
9.9%
13.7%
80
HOME
SECURE
COUNTY
FACILITY
NON-SECURE
COUNTY
FACILITY
YOUTH
AUTHORITY
Source: Table 19.
Notes: Percentages may not add to 100.0 because of rounding.
“Other” includes miscellaneous public and private facilities.
44
JUVENILE JUSTICE IN CALIFORNIA, 2006
100
PERCENT
OTHER
PETITIONS
WARDSHIP PROBATION (cont.)
In 2006,
Figure 73
WARDSHIP PROBATION, 2006
Age Group by Placement Type
UNDER
12
Juveniles under the age of 12
75.7%
2.7%
0.2%
28.1%
66.4%
18-24
0
20
13.1%
21.1%
55.8%
15-17
9.7%
10.7%
62.9%
12-14
were less likely to be committed
to a secure county facility and
more likely to be returned to their
own home or a relative’s home
than were any other age group.
3.9%
Juveniles in the 15–17 age group
4.1%
1.0%
11.1%
0.6%
2.1%
28.6%
40
60
2.3%
80
were less likely to be returned
to their own home or a relative’s
home than were any other age
group.
100
PERCENT
NON-SECURE
COUNTY
FACILITY
SECURE
COUNTY
FACILITY
HOME
YOUTH
AUTHORITY
OTHER
Source: Table 19.
Notes: Percentages may not add to 100.0 because of rounding.
“Other” includes miscellaneous public and private facilities.
In 2006,
Figure 74
WARDSHIP PROBATION, 2006
Race/Ethnic Group by Placement Type
WHITE
Hispanics were more likely to be
64.9%
HISPANIC
55.5%
BLACK
54.7%
0
20
9.1%
3.8%
1.0%
9.7%
21.8%
30.0%
25.7%
2.8%
1.3%
23.8%
40
60
committed to a secure county
facility than were any other race/
ethnic group.
15.5%
3.4%
0.5%
65.0%
OTHER
3.5%
0.6%
80
7.3%
100
PERCENT
HOME
SECURE
COUNTY
FACILITY
NON-SECURE
COUNTY
FACILITY
YOUTH
AUTHORITY
OTHER
Source: Table 19.
Notes: Percentages may not add to 100.0 because of rounding.
“Other” includes miscellaneous public and private facilities.
PETITIONS
45
ADULT COURT DISPOSITIONS
Dispositions in Adult Court
Juveniles can be transferred to the adult justice system for prosecution for
failing a juvenile court fitness hearing, or at the discretion of the District Attorney.
In 2006, probation departments reported information on 929 transfers to the
adult system. The adult level disposition information discussed herein is for
the 505 final dispositions received in 2006.
This section examines adult level dispositions by gender, age, race/ethnic
group, offense, and disposition. The data used was obtained from the
Department of Justice’s Offender-Based Transaction Statistics (OBTS) file. If
a person is arrested for multiple offenses, OBTS selects only the most serious
offense based on the severity of possible punishment. If there are multiple
court dispositions, OBTS selects the most serious court disposition and the
associated offense. (See additional data limitations in Appendix 2.)
Many of the large and small percentages displayed throughout this section
are the result of percentages that were calculated using the small number of
incidents received.
ADULT COURT DISPOSITIONS
47
Juvenile Justice in California, 2006



ADULT COURT DISPOSITIONS
In 2006, of the 505 adult level court
dispositions received:
91.3 percent (461) were for
Figure 75
ADULT COURT DISPOSITIONS, 2006
By Gender
FEMALE
8.7%
males.
8.7 percent (44) were for
females.
MALE
91.3%
Source: Table 28.
In 2006,
2.4 percent (12) were for
juveniles 14 years of age.
Figure 76
ADULT COURT DISPOSITIONS, 2006
By Age
14 YEARS
2.4%
15 YEARS
5.7%
5.7 percent (29) were for
juveniles 15 years of age.
29.3 percent (148) were for
16 YEARS
juveniles 16 years of age.
17 YEARS
62.6%
62.6 percent (316) were for
juveniles 17 years of age.
Source: Table 28.
48
JUVENILE JUSTICE IN CALIFORNIA, 2006
29.3%
ADULT COURT DISPOSITIONS
ADULT COURT DISPOSITIONS
(cont.)
In 2006,
Figure 77
ADULT COURT DISPOSITIONS, 2006
By Race/Ethnic Group
16.0 percent (81) were white.
OTHER
6.1%
51.1 percent (258) were
WHITE
16.0%
Hispanic.
26.7 percent (135) were black.
BLACK
26.7%
The “other” race/ethnic group
HISPANIC
51.1%
accounted for 6.1 percent (31) of
the dispositions.
Source: Table 28.
Note: Percentages do not add to 100.0 because of rounding.
ADULT COURT DISPOSITIONS
49
Juvenile Justice in California, 2006



ADULT COURT DISPOSITIONS
In 2006, of the 505 adult level court
dispositions received:
77.6 percent (392) resulted in a
Figure 78
ADULT COURT DISPOSITIONS, 2006
By Type
conviction.
DISMISSED
OTHER
19.6%
21.2%
Only 1.2 percent (6) were
certified to juvenile court.
CERTIFIED TO
JUVENILE
COURT
CONVICTED
77.6%
1.2%
Source: Table 27.
Note: “Other” includes dismissed, diversion dismissed, and acquitted.
In 2006,
Males were more likely to be
convicted than were females
(78.7 vs. 65.9 percent).
Figure 79
ADULT COURT DISPOSITIONS, 2006
Gender by Type
78.7%
MALE
0
20
1.1%
2.3%
65.9%
FEMALE
55.0%
60.1%
40
60
20.2%
31.8%
80
100
PERCENT
CONVICTED
CERTIFIED TO
JUVENILE COURT
OTHER
Source: Table 27.
Note: “Other” includes dismissed, diversion dismissed, and acquitted.
50
JUVENILE JUSTICE IN CALIFORNIA, 2006
ADULT COURT DISPOSITIONS
ADULT COURT DISPOSITIONS
(cont.)
In 2006,
Figure 80
ADULT COURT DISPOSITIONS, 2006
Age by Type
Regardless of age group,
83.3%
14
16.7%
3.4%
69.0%
15
0
20
22.3%
0.9%
78.8%
17
27.6%
1.4%
76.4%
16
juveniles in the adult court
system were convicted in the
majority of cases.
40
60
20.3%
80
100
PERCENT
CERTIFIED TO
JUVENILE COURT
CONVICTED
OTHER
Source: Table 27.
Notes: “Other” includes dismissed, diversion dismissed, and acquitted.
Percentages may not add to 100.0 because if rounding.
In 2006,
Figure 81
ADULT COURT DISPOSITIONS, 2006
Race/Ethnic Group by Type
Regardless of race/ethnic group,
81.5%
WHITE
18.5%
1.9%
76.0%
HISPANIC
74.2%
OTHER
0
20
40
22.1%
0.7%
79.3%
BLACK
juveniles in the adult court
system received a conviction in
approximately three-fourths of all
cases.
20.0%
25.8%
60
80
100
PERCENT
CONVICTED
CERTIFIED TO
JUVENILE COURT
OTHER
Source: Table 27.
Note: “Other” includes dismissed, diversion dismissed, and acquitted.
ADULT COURT DISPOSITIONS
51
Juvenile Justice in California, 2006



CONVICTIONS
In 2006, of the 392 convictions
received:
51.3 percent (201) were
Figure 82
ADULT COURT CONVICTIONS, 2006
By Type of Sentence
sentenced to prison or the youth
authority.
OTHER
3.6%
JAIL
1.8%
37.5 percent (147) received
probation with jail.
PRISON/
YOUTH
AUTHORITY
PROBATION
WITH JAIL
37.5%
51.3%
PROBATION
5.9%
Source: Table 27.
Note: Percentages do not add to 100.0 because of rounding.
In 2006,
Males were more likely than
females to be sent to prison or
the youth authority (52.6 vs. 34.5
percent).
Females were more likely to be
sentenced to probation with jail
than were males (55.2 vs. 36.1
percent).
Figure 83
ADULT COURT CONVICTIONS, 2006
Gender by Type of Sentence
34.5%
FEMALE
0
20
1.7%
5.8%
52.6%
MALE
36.1%
3.4%
55.2%
6.9%
40
60
80
PROBATION
PROBATION/
JAIL
Source: Table 27.
Note: Percentages may not add to100.0 because of rounding.
JUVENILE JUSTICE IN CALIFORNIA, 2006
100
PERCENT
PRISON/
YOUTH
AUTHORITY
52
3.9%
JAIL
OTHER
ADULT COURT DISPOSITIONS
CONVICTIONS (cont.)
In 2006,
Figure 84
ADULT COURT CONVICTIONS, 2006
Age by Type of Sentence
24.2%
WHITE
34.8%
OTHER
0
20
39.1%
40
1.9%
36.4%
13.0%
60
convicted in adult court were
most likely to be sentenced to
prison or youth authority.
4.1%
31.1%
1.9%
59.8%
4.5%
2.0%
5.1%
57.7%
BLACK
1.5%
57.6%
12.1%
HISPANIC
Regardless of age, juveniles
8.7%
80
3.2%
100
PERCENT
PRISON/
YOUTH
AUTHORITY
PROBATION/
JAIL
PROBATION
JAIL
OTHER
Source: Table 27.
In 2006,
Figure 85
ADULT COURT CONVICTIONS, 2006
Race/Ethnic Group by Type of Sentence
24.2%
WHITE
34.8%
OTHER
0
20
1.9%
36.4%
39.1%
13.0%
40
4.1%
31.1%
1.9%
59.8%
4.5%
2.0%
5.1%
57.7%
BLACK
1.5%
57.6%
12.1%
HISPANIC
Blacks and Hispanics were more
60
8.7%
80
likely to be committed to prison
or the youth authority than were
whites (59.8 and 57.7 vs. 24.2
percent, respectively).
Whites were more likely to be
sentenced to probation with jail
than were any other race/ethnic
group.
3.2%
100
PERCENT
PRISON/
YOUTH
AUTHORITY
PROBATION
PROBATION/
JAIL
JAIL
OTHER
Source: Table 27.
Note: Percentages may not add to 100.0 because of rounding.
ADULT COURT DISPOSITIONS
53
Data Tables
Table 1
JUVENILE ARRESTS, 2006
Gender, Age Group, and Race/Ethnic Group by Level of Offense and Law Enforcement Disposition
Gender
Male
Female
Level of offense and law
enforcement disposition
Total
Total………………………………
232,849
172,747
60,102
Under 12
Number
4,701
65,189
131,164
36,496
54,399
95,059
23,289
10,790
36,105
13,207
Law enforcement disposition…… 232,849
172,747
Felony……………………………
Misdemeanor……………………
Status offenses…………………
Age group
12-14
15-17
White
Race/ethnic group
Hispanic
Black
Other
64,122
164,026
62,093
115,520
40,586
14,650
1,344
2,872
485
16,967
37,799
9,356
46,878
90,493
26,655
14,758
39,204
8,131
31,065
62,837
21,618
15,159
20,756
4,671
4,207
8,367
2,076
60,102
4,701
64,122
164,026
62,093
115,520
40,586
14,650
50,607
12,815
700
133,157
29,057
1,812
51,246
10,293
554
90,815
23,576
1,129
33,164
6,658
764
12,071
2,468
111
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
Referred to probation…………
Counseled and released………
Turned over……………………
187,296
42,995
2,558
141,046
29,904
1,797
46,250
13,091
761
Total………………………………
100.0
100.0
100.0
3,532
1,123
46
Percent
100.0
Felony……………………………
Misdemeanor……………………
Status offenses…………………
28.0
56.3
15.7
31.5
55.0
13.5
18.0
60.1
22.0
28.6
61.1
10.3
26.5
58.9
14.6
28.6
55.2
16.3
23.8
63.1
13.1
26.9
54.4
18.7
37.4
51.1
11.5
28.7
57.1
14.2
Law enforcement disposition……
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
Referred to probation…………
Counseled and released………
Turned over……………………
80.4
18.5
1.1
81.6
17.3
1.0
77.0
21.8
1.3
75.1
23.9
1.0
78.9
20.0
1.1
81.2
17.7
1.1
82.5
16.6
0.9
78.6
20.4
1.0
81.7
16.4
1.9
82.4
16.8
0.8
Note: Percentages may not add to 100.0 because of rounding.
63
64
Table 2
JUVENILE ARRESTS, 2006
Offense Level and Category by Gender, Age Group, and Race/Ethnic Group
White
Race/ethnic group
Hispanic
Black
Other
164,026
62,093
115,520
40,586
14,650
16,967
4,449
6,750
745
5,023
46,878
12,299
18,369
4,938
11,272
14,758
2,842
6,790
1,525
3,601
31,065
7,267
11,365
2,560
9,873
15,159
5,920
5,654
1,253
2,332
4,207
1,050
1,894
361
902
2,872
749
661
121
915
37,799
7,793
7,530
4,647
10,322
90,493
14,215
14,520
21,914
16,402
39,204
5,764
6,857
11,204
5,974
62,837
10,513
9,285
11,827
15,568
20,756
5,122
4,412
2,234
4,628
8,367
1,358
2,157
1,417
1,469
6,964
426
7,507
23,442
9,405
15,644
4,360
1,966
23,289
13,207
485
Percent
9,356
26,655
8,131
21,618
4,671
2,076
100.0
74.2
25.8
2.0
27.5
70.4
26.7
49.6
17.4
6.3
Felony……………………………
Violent offenses………………
Property offenses………………
Drug offenses…………………
All other offenses………………
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
83.4
83.2
79.7
82.7
89.7
16.6
16.8
20.3
17.3
10.3
2.1
1.9
2.3
0.3
2.5
26.0
26.0
26.3
13.1
30.1
71.9
72.0
71.5
86.6
67.5
22.6
16.6
26.4
26.8
21.6
47.7
42.5
44.2
44.9
59.1
23.3
34.7
22.0
22.0
14.0
6.5
6.1
7.4
6.3
5.4
Misdemeanor……………………
Assault and battery……………
Theft………………………….
Drug and alcohol………………
Malicious mischief……………
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
72.5
68.2
55.7
79.1
77.3
27.5
31.8
44.3
20.9
22.7
2.2
3.3
2.9
0.5
3.3
28.8
34.2
33.2
17.4
37.3
69.0
62.5
63.9
82.1
59.3
29.9
25.3
30.2
42.0
21.6
47.9
46.2
40.9
44.3
56.3
15.8
22.5
19.4
8.4
16.7
6.4
6.0
9.5
5.3
5.3
All other…………………………
100.0
77.8
22.2
1.4
23.9
74.7
30.0
49.9
13.9
6.3
100.0
63.8
36.2
1.3
25.6
73.0
22.3
59.2
12.8
5.7
Gender
Male
Female
Age group
12-14
15-17
4,701
64,122
10,790
2,866
5,224
986
1,714
1,344
331
584
16
413
95,059
15,528
12,660
21,096
21,364
36,105
7,229
10,051
5,586
6,275
31,375
24,411
Status offenses…………………
36,496
Total…………………………………
Offense level and category
Total
Total…………...……………………
232,849
172,747
60,102
Felony……………………………
Violent offenses………………
Property offenses………………
Drug offenses…………………
All other offenses………………
65,189
17,079
25,703
5,699
16,708
54,399
14,213
20,479
4,713
14,994
Misdemeanor……………………
Assault and battery……………
Theft……………………………
Drug and alcohol………………
Malicious mischief……………
131,164
22,757
22,711
26,682
27,639
All other…………………………
Status offenses…………………
Note:
Percentages may not add to 100.0 because of rounding.
Under 12
Number
Table 3
JUVENILE ARRESTS, 2006
Gender, Age Group, and Race/Ethnic Group by Offense Level and Category
Gender
Male
Female
Age group
12-14
Race/ethnic group
Hispanic
Black
Offense level and category
Total
Total………………………………
232,849
172,747
60,102
Under 12
Number
4,701
64,122
164,026
62,093
115,520
40,586
14,650
65,189
17,079
25,703
5,699
16,708
54,399
14,213
20,479
4,713
14,994
10,790
2,866
5,224
986
1,714
1,344
331
584
16
413
16,967
4,449
6,750
745
5,023
46,878
12,299
18,369
4,938
11,272
14,758
2,842
6,790
1,525
3,601
31,065
7,267
11,365
2,560
9,873
15,159
5,920
5,654
1,253
2,332
4,207
1,050
1,894
361
902
Misdemeanor…………………… 131,164
Assault and battery…………… 22,757
Theft……………………………
22,711
Drug and alcohol……………… 26,682
Malicious mischief……………
27,639
All other ………………………
31,375
95,059
15,528
12,660
21,096
21,364
24,411
36,105
7,229
10,051
5,586
6,275
6,964
2,872
749
661
121
915
426
37,799
7,793
7,530
4,647
10,322
7,507
90,493
14,215
14,520
21,914
16,402
23,442
39,204
5,764
6,857
11,204
5,974
9,405
62,837
10,513
9,285
11,827
15,568
15,644
20,756
5,122
4,412
2,234
4,628
4,360
8,367
1,358
2,157
1,417
1,469
1,966
Status offenses…………………
Truancy………………………
Runaway………………………
Curfew…………………………
Incorrigible……………………
Other status offenses…………
36,496
7,094
5,185
19,618
1,300
3,299
23,289
4,393
2,287
13,339
708
2,562
13,207
2,701
2,898
6,279
592
737
9,356
1,829
1,705
4,711
499
612
26,655
5,191
3,358
14,723
726
2,657
8,131
1,222
2,251
3,168
622
868
21,618
4,611
2,195
12,590
453
1,769
4,671
484
505
3,023
164
495
2,076
777
234
837
61
167
Felony……………………………
Violent offenses………………
Property offenses……………
Drug offenses…………………
All other offenses……………
15-17
White
Other
100.0
100.0
100.0
485
74
122
184
75
30
Percent
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
Felony……………………………
Violent offenses………………
Property offenses……………
Drug offenses…………………
All other offenses……………
Misdemeanor……………………
Assault and battery……………
Theft……………………………
Drug and alcohol………………
Malicious mischief……………
All other ………………………
100.0
26.2
39.4
8.7
25.6
100.0
17.4
17.3
20.3
21.1
23.9
100.0
26.1
37.6
8.7
27.6
100.0
16.3
13.3
22.2
22.5
25.7
100.0
26.6
48.4
9.1
15.9
100.0
20.0
27.8
15.5
17.4
19.3
100.0
24.6
43.5
1.2
30.7
100.0
26.1
23.0
4.2
31.9
14.8
100.0
26.2
39.8
4.4
29.6
100.0
20.6
19.9
12.3
27.3
19.9
100.0
26.2
39.2
10.5
24.0
100.0
15.7
16.0
24.2
18.1
25.9
100.0
19.3
46.0
10.3
24.4
100.0
14.7
17.5
28.6
15.2
24.0
100.0
23.4
36.6
8.2
31.8
100.0
16.7
14.8
18.8
24.8
24.9
100.0
39.1
37.3
8.3
15.4
100.0
24.7
21.3
10.8
22.3
21.0
100.0
25.0
45.0
8.6
21.4
100.0
16.2
25.8
16.9
17.6
23.5
Status offenses…………………
Truancy………………………
Runaway………………………
Curfew…………………………
Incorrigible……………………
Other status offenses…………
100.0
19.4
14.2
53.8
3.6
9.0
100.0
18.9
9.8
57.3
3.0
11.0
100.0
20.5
21.9
47.5
4.5
5.6
100.0
15.3
25.2
37.9
15.5
6.2
100.0
19.5
18.2
50.4
5.3
6.5
100.0
19.5
12.6
55.2
2.7
10.0
100.0
15.0
27.7
39.0
7.6
10.7
100.0
21.3
10.2
58.2
2.1
8.2
100.0
10.4
10.8
64.7
3.5
10.6
100.0
37.4
11.3
40.3
2.9
8.0
Total………………………………
65
Note: Percentages may not add to 100.0 because of rounding.
66
Table 4
JUVENILE FELONY ARRESTS, 2006
Category and Offense by Gender, Age Group, Race/Ethnic Group, and Law Enforcement Disposition
Category and offense
Total
Gender
Male
Age group
Female
Under 12
12-14
Race/ethnic group
15-17
White
Hispanic
Black
Other
Number
Total…………………………………
Violent offenses……………………
Homicide…………………………
Forcible rape……………………
Robbery……………………………
Assault……………………………
Kidnapping………………………
Property offenses…………………
Law enforcement disposition
Referred to Counseled Turned
probation and released over
65,189
54,399
10,790
1,344
16,967
46,878
14,758
31,065
15,159
4,207
59,104
5,471
614
17,079
14,213
2,866
331
4,449
12,299
2,842
7,267
5,920
1,050
15,869
1,039
171
241
224
6,639
9,894
81
231
221
5,783
7,909
69
10
3
856
1,985
12
0
0
75
256
0
23
49
1,559
2,798
20
218
175
5,005
6,840
61
15
53
594
2,172
8
121
108
2,396
4,609
33
80
57
3,308
2,445
30
25
6
341
668
10
220
212
6,198
9,171
68
18
12
351
650
8
3
0
90
73
5
25,703
20,479
5,224
584
6,750
18,369
6,790
11,365
5,654
1,894
23,064
2,436
203
Burglary…………………………… 13,183
6,004
Theft………………………………
5,424
Motor vehicle theft………………
Forgery/checks/access cards…
398
694
Arson………………………………
10,549
4,608
4,426
266
630
2,634
1,396
998
132
64
403
97
19
2
63
3,712
1,473
1,133
62
370
9,068
4,434
4,272
334
261
3,751
1,582
973
129
355
5,452
2,610
2,923
148
232
2,941
1,403
1,161
77
72
1,039
409
367
44
35
11,789
5,306
4,995
358
616
1,309
653
367
34
73
85
45
62
6
5
Drug offenses………………………
5,699
4,713
986
16
745
4,938
1,525
2,560
1,253
361
5,215
418
66
Narcotics…………………………
Marijuana…………………………
Dangerous drugs…………………
Other drug violations……………
1,759
1,847
2,054
39
1,418
1,717
1,548
30
341
130
506
9
3
9
3
1
191
331
213
10
1,565
1,507
1,838
28
437
502
579
7
587
737
1,221
15
658
466
115
14
77
142
139
3
1,622
1,688
1,866
39
117
138
163
0
20
21
25
0
All other offenses…………………
16,708
14,994
1,714
413
5,023
11,272
3,601
9,873
2,332
902
14,956
1,578
174
Manslaughter-vehicle……………
Lewd or lascivious………………
Other sex…………………………
Weapons…………………………
Drive under the influence………
8
762
578
6,825
82
6
730
492
6,301
67
2
32
86
524
15
0
39
20
173
0
0
363
205
2,063
0
8
360
353
4,589
82
5
209
128
1,235
37
3
398
302
4,193
38
0
130
124
988
1
0
25
24
409
6
8
715
514
6,178
73
0
42
56
581
6
0
5
8
66
3
Hit-and-run………………………
Escape……………………………
Bookmaking………………………
Other felonies……………………
125
24
0
8,304
101
22
0
7,275
24
2
0
1,029
0
0
0
181
7
4
0
2,381
118
20
0
5,742
26
4
0
1,957
64
10
0
4,865
15
7
0
1,067
20
3
0
415
106
22
0
7,340
17
2
0
874
2
0
0
90
(continued)
Table 4 - continued
JUVENILE FELONY ARRESTS, 2006
Category and Offense by Gender, Age Group, Race/Ethnic Group, and Law Enforcement Disposition
Category and offense
Total
Gender
Male
Age group
Female
Under 12
12-14
Race/ethnic group
15-17
White
Hispanic
Black
Other
23.3
6.5
Percent
Total…………………………………
2.1
26.0
71.9
22.6
16.8
1.9
4.1
1.3
12.9
20.1
14.8
0.0
0.0
1.1
2.6
0.0
26.0
72.0
16.6
42.5
34.7
6.1
92.9
6.1
1.0
9.5
21.9
23.5
28.3
24.7
90.5
78.1
75.4
69.1
75.3
6.2
23.7
8.9
22.0
9.9
50.2
48.2
36.1
46.6
40.7
33.2
25.4
49.8
24.7
37.0
10.4
2.7
5.1
6.8
12.3
91.3
94.6
93.4
92.7
84.0
7.5
5.4
5.3
6.6
9.9
1.2
0.0
1.4
0.7
6.2
79.7
20.3
2.3
26.3
71.5
26.4
44.2
22.0
7.4
89.7
9.5
0.8
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
80.0
76.7
81.6
66.8
90.8
20.0
23.3
18.4
33.2
9.2
3.1
1.6
0.4
0.5
9.1
28.2
24.5
20.9
15.6
53.3
68.8
73.9
78.8
83.9
37.6
28.5
26.3
17.9
32.4
51.2
41.4
43.5
53.9
37.2
33.4
22.3
23.4
21.4
19.3
10.4
7.9
6.8
6.8
11.1
5.0
89.4
88.4
92.1
89.9
88.8
9.9
10.9
6.8
8.5
10.5
0.6
0.7
1.1
1.5
0.7
Drug offenses………………………
100.0
82.7
17.3
0.3
13.1
86.6
26.8
44.9
22.0
6.3
91.5
7.3
1.2
Narcotics…………………………
Marijuana…………………………
Dangerous drugs…………………
Other drug violations……………
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
80.6
93.0
75.4
76.9
19.4
7.0
24.6
23.1
0.2
0.5
0.1
2.6
10.9
17.9
10.4
25.6
89.0
81.6
89.5
71.8
24.8
27.2
28.2
17.9
33.4
39.9
59.4
38.5
37.4
25.2
5.6
35.9
4.4
7.7
6.8
7.7
92.2
91.4
90.8
100.0
6.7
7.5
7.9
0.0
1.1
1.1
1.2
0.0
100.0
89.7
10.3
2.5
30.1
67.5
21.6
59.1
14.0
5.4
89.5
9.4
1.0
Manslaughter-vehicle……………
Lewd or lascivious………………
Other sex…………………………
Weapons…………………………
Drive under the influence………
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
75.0
95.8
85.1
92.3
81.7
25.0
4.2
14.9
7.7
18.3
0.0
5.1
3.5
2.5
0.0
0.0
47.6
35.5
30.2
0.0
100.0
47.2
61.1
67.2
100.0
62.5
27.4
22.1
18.1
45.1
37.5
52.2
52.2
61.4
46.3
0.0
17.1
21.5
14.5
1.2
0.0
3.3
4.2
6.0
7.3
100.0
93.8
88.9
90.5
89.0
0.0
5.5
9.7
8.5
7.3
0.0
0.7
1.4
1.0
3.7
Hit-and-run………………………
Escape……………………………
Bookmaking………………………
Other felonies……………………
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
80.8
91.7
0.0
87.6
19.2
8.3
0.0
12.4
0.0
0.0
0.0
2.2
5.6
16.7
0.0
28.7
94.4
83.3
0.0
69.1
20.8
16.7
0.0
23.6
51.2
41.7
0.0
58.6
12.0
29.2
0.0
12.8
16.0
12.5
0.0
5.0
84.8
91.7
0.0
88.4
13.6
8.3
0.0
10.5
1.6
0.0
0.0
1.1
Violent offenses……………………
Homicide…………………………
Forcible rape……………………
Robbery……………………………
Assault……………………………
Kidnapping………………………
Property offenses…………………
Burglary……………………………
Theft………………………………
Motor vehicle theft………………
Forgery/checks/access cards…
Arson………………………………
All other offenses…………………
100.0
83.4
16.6
100.0
83.2
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
95.9
98.7
87.1
79.9
85.2
100.0
Note: Percentages may not add to 100.0 because of rounding.
47.7
Law enforcement disposition
Referred to Counseled Turned
probation and released over
90.7
8.4
0.9
67
68
Table 5
JUVENILE MISDEMEANOR ARRESTS, 2006
Category and Offense by Gender, Age Group, Race/Ethnic Group, and Law Enforcement Disposition
Category and offense
Total
Total…………………………………… 131,164
Assault and battery………………
Theft ………………………………
Petty theft………...………………
Other theft…………………………
Drug and alcohol…………………
22,757
Gender
Age group
Male
Female
Under 12
95,059
36,105
2,872
15,528
7,229
749
12-14
Race/ethnic group
15-17
Number
37,799
90,493
7,793
14,215
Law enforcement disposition
Referred to Counseled Turned
probation and released over
White
Hispanic
Black
Other
39,204
62,837
20,756
8,367
106,001
23,621
1,542
5,764
10,513
5,122
1,358
19,156
3,467
134
22,711
12,660
10,051
661
7,530
14,520
6,857
9,285
4,412
2,157
17,664
4,759
288
22,018
693
12,165
495
9,853
198
650
11
7,386
144
13,982
538
6,654
203
8,993
292
4,271
141
2,100
57
17,094
570
4,644
115
280
8
26,682
21,096
5,586
121
4,647
21,914
11,204
11,827
2,234
1,417
22,095
4,198
389
Marijuana…………………………
Other drugs………………………
Drunk………………………………
Liquor laws………………………
Drive under the influence………
13,131
2,673
4,201
5,056
1,621
11,210
1,790
3,139
3,686
1,271
1,921
883
1,062
1,370
350
89
7
9
14
2
2,954
372
635
668
18
10,088
2,294
3,557
4,374
1,601
4,821
1,047
1,849
2,650
837
6,060
1,377
1,887
1,851
652
1,583
130
235
243
43
667
119
230
312
89
10,801
2,302
3,485
4,085
1,422
2,057
345
691
924
181
273
26
25
47
18
Malicious mischief…….……………
27,639
21,364
6,275
915
10,322
16,402
5,974
15,568
4,628
1,469
21,967
5,267
405
Disorderly conduct………………
Disturbing the peace……………
Vandalism…………………………
Malicious mischief…….…………
Trespassing………………………
356
12,206
11,487
191
3,399
299
7,788
10,273
172
2,832
57
4,418
1,214
19
567
6
375
453
5
76
75
4,911
4,331
52
953
275
6,920
6,703
134
2,370
119
1,865
2,880
55
1,055
152
6,569
7,174
104
1,569
60
3,003
967
20
578
25
769
466
12
197
270
9,718
9,239
169
2,571
86
2,182
2,192
21
786
0
306
56
1
42
All other offenses…………………
31,375
24,411
6,964
426
7,507
23,442
9,405
15,644
4,360
1,966
25,119
5,930
326
Manslaughter - misd.……………
Burglary……………………………
Checks/access cards……………
Indecent exposure..………………
Annoying children………………
4
323
103
141
215
3
261
63
135
146
1
62
40
6
69
0
12
4
4
4
0
89
23
52
62
4
222
76
85
149
1
113
50
56
64
2
146
31
52
122
0
29
15
22
25
1
35
7
11
4
4
291
87
112
190
0
32
16
28
25
0
0
0
1
0
Obscene matter…………………
Lewd conduct……………………
Prostitution………………………
Contributing delinquency minor…
Glue sniffing………………………
15
381
532
104
183
15
225
54
75
146
0
156
478
29
37
0
3
2
0
0
4
83
77
16
40
11
295
453
88
143
9
78
116
57
46
4
153
74
37
126
2
123
317
3
2
0
27
25
7
9
12
276
440
80
161
3
100
87
24
21
0
5
5
0
1
Weapons……...…………………
Hit-and-run….……………………
Selected traffic.…………………
Joy riding…………………………
Gambling…………………………
2,277
671
802
156
61
2,066
483
745
119
60
211
188
57
37
1
107
1
1
0
1
800
67
21
34
14
1,370
603
780
122
46
628
207
392
43
1
1,201
317
288
76
15
292
68
57
25
41
156
79
65
12
4
1,892
604
714
145
37
370
58
80
9
24
15
9
8
2
0
Nonsupport………………………
City/county ordinances…………
FTA-non traffic……………………
Other misdemeanors……………
2
9,666
832
14,907
1
7,083
612
12,119
1
2,583
220
2,788
0
126
6
155
1
2,670
159
3,295
1
6,870
667
11,457
0
2,776
232
4,536
0
5,088
430
7,482
2
1,365
136
1,836
0
437
34
1,053
1
7,977
792
11,304
1
1,620
14
3,418
0
69
26
185
(continued)
Table 5 - continued
JUVENILE MISDEMEANOR ARRESTS, 2006
Category and Offense by Gender, Age Group, Race/Ethnic Group, and Law Enforcement Disposition
Category and offense
Total
Gender
Male
Age group
Female
Under 12
12-14
Race/ethnic group
15-17
White
Hispanic
Black
Other
Percent
Law enforcement disposition
Referred to Counseled Turned
probation and released over
Total……………………………………
100.0
72.5
27.5
2.2
28.8
69.0
29.9
47.9
15.8
6.4
80.8
18.0
1.2
Assault and battery………………
100.0
68.2
31.8
3.3
34.2
62.5
25.3
46.2
22.5
6.0
84.2
15.2
0.6
Theft ………………………………
100.0
55.7
44.3
2.9
33.2
63.9
30.2
40.9
19.4
9.5
77.8
21.0
1.3
100.0
100.0
55.3
71.4
44.7
28.6
3.0
1.6
33.5
20.8
63.5
77.6
30.2
29.3
40.8
42.1
19.4
20.3
9.5
8.2
77.6
82.3
21.1
16.6
1.3
1.2
100.0
79.1
20.9
0.5
17.4
82.1
42.0
44.3
8.4
5.3
82.8
15.7
1.5
Marijuana…………………………
Other drugs………………………
Drunk………………………………
Liquor laws………………………
Drive under the influence………
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
85.4
67.0
74.7
72.9
78.4
14.6
33.0
25.3
27.1
21.6
0.7
0.3
0.2
0.3
0.1
22.5
13.9
15.1
13.2
1.1
76.8
85.8
84.7
86.5
98.8
36.7
39.2
44.0
52.4
51.6
46.2
51.5
44.9
36.6
40.2
12.1
4.9
5.6
4.8
2.7
5.1
4.5
5.5
6.2
5.5
82.3
86.1
83.0
80.8
87.7
15.7
12.9
16.4
18.3
11.2
2.1
1.0
0.6
0.9
1.1
Malicious mischief…….……………
100.0
77.3
22.7
3.3
37.3
59.3
21.6
56.3
16.7
5.3
79.5
19.1
1.5
Disorderly conduct………………
Disturbing the peace……………
Vandalism…………………………
Malicious mischief…….…………
Trespassing………………………
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
84.0
63.8
89.4
90.1
83.3
16.0
36.2
10.6
9.9
16.7
1.7
3.1
3.9
2.6
2.2
21.1
40.2
37.7
27.2
28.0
77.2
56.7
58.4
70.2
69.7
33.4
15.3
25.1
28.8
31.0
42.7
53.8
62.5
54.5
46.2
16.9
24.6
8.4
10.5
17.0
7.0
6.3
4.1
6.3
5.8
75.8
79.6
80.4
88.5
75.6
24.2
17.9
19.1
11.0
23.1
0.0
2.5
0.5
0.5
1.2
Petty theft………...………………
Other theft…………………………
Drug and alcohol…………………
All other offenses…………………
100.0
77.8
22.2
1.4
23.9
74.7
30.0
49.9
13.9
6.3
80.1
18.9
1.0
Manslaughter - misd.……………
Burglary……………………………
Checks/access cards……………
Indecent exposure..………………
Annoying children………………
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
75.0
80.8
61.2
95.7
67.9
25.0
19.2
38.8
4.3
32.1
0.0
3.7
3.9
2.8
1.9
0.0
27.6
22.3
36.9
28.8
100.0
68.7
73.8
60.3
69.3
25.0
35.0
48.5
39.7
29.8
50.0
45.2
30.1
36.9
56.7
0.0
9.0
14.6
15.6
11.6
25.0
10.8
6.8
7.8
1.9
100.0
90.1
84.5
79.4
88.4
0.0
9.9
15.5
19.9
11.6
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.7
0.0
Obscene matter…………………
Lewd conduct……………………
Prostitution………………………
Contributing delinquency minor…
Glue sniffing………………………
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
59.1
10.2
72.1
79.8
0.0
40.9
89.8
27.9
20.2
0.0
0.8
0.4
0.0
0.0
26.7
21.8
14.5
15.4
21.9
73.3
77.4
85.2
84.6
78.1
60.0
20.5
21.8
54.8
25.1
26.7
40.2
13.9
35.6
68.9
13.3
32.3
59.6
2.9
1.1
0.0
7.1
4.7
6.7
4.9
80.0
72.4
82.7
76.9
88.0
20.0
26.2
16.4
23.1
11.5
0.0
1.3
0.9
0.0
0.5
Weapons……...…………………
Hit-and-run….……………………
Selected traffic.…………………
Joy riding…………………………
Gambling…………………………
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
90.7
72.0
92.9
76.3
98.4
9.3
28.0
7.1
23.7
1.6
4.7
0.1
0.1
0.0
1.6
35.1
10.0
2.6
21.8
23.0
60.2
89.9
97.3
78.2
75.4
27.6
30.8
48.9
27.6
1.6
52.7
47.2
35.9
48.7
24.6
12.8
10.1
7.1
16.0
67.2
6.9
11.8
8.1
7.7
6.6
83.1
90.0
89.0
92.9
60.7
16.2
8.6
10.0
5.8
39.3
0.7
1.3
1.0
1.3
0.0
Nonsupport………………………
City/county ordinances…………
FTA-non traffic……………………
Other misdemeanors……………
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
50.0
73.3
73.6
81.3
50.0
26.7
26.4
18.7
0.0
1.3
0.7
1.0
50.0
27.6
19.1
22.1
50.0
71.1
80.2
76.9
0.0
28.7
27.9
30.4
0.0
52.6
51.7
50.2
100.0
14.1
16.3
12.3
0.0
4.5
4.1
7.1
50.0
82.5
95.2
75.8
50.0
16.8
1.7
22.9
0.0
0.7
3.1
1.2
Note: Percentages may not add to 100.0 because of rounding.
69
70
Table 6
JUVENILE STATUS OFFENSES, 2006
Offense by Gender, Age Group, Race/Ethnic Group, and Law Enforcement Disposition
Offense
Total
Gender
Male
Female
Race/ethnic group
Age group
Under
12
12-14
15-17
White
Hispanic
Black
Other
Number
Law enforcement disposition
Referred to Counseled Turned
probation and released over
Total………………………… 36,496
23,289
13,207
485
9,356
26,655
8,131
21,618
4,671
2,076
22,191
13,903
402
Truancy…………………… 7,094
Runaway………………… 5,185
Curfew…………………… 19,618
Incorrigible……………… 1,300
Other status offenses…… 3,299
4,393
2,287
13,339
708
2,562
2,701
2,898
6,279
592
737
74
122
184
75
30
1,829
1,705
4,711
499
612
5,191
3,358
14,723
726
2,657
Percent
1,222
2,251
3,168
622
868
4,611
2,195
12,590
453
1,769
484
505
3,023
164
495
777
234
837
61
167
6,277
2,753
9,609
934
2,618
807
2,307
9,949
294
546
10
125
60
72
135
Total………………………… 100.0
63.8
36.2
1.3
25.6
73.0
22.3
59.2
12.8
5.7
60.8
38.1
1.1
61.9
44.1
68.0
54.5
77.7
38.1
55.9
32.0
45.5
22.3
1.0
2.4
0.9
5.8
0.9
25.8
32.9
24.0
38.4
18.6
73.2
64.8
75.0
55.8
80.5
17.2
43.4
16.1
47.8
26.3
65.0
42.3
64.2
34.8
53.6
6.8
9.7
15.4
12.6
15.0
11.0
4.5
4.3
4.7
5.1
88.5
53.1
49.0
71.8
79.4
11.4
44.5
50.7
22.6
16.6
0.1
2.4
0.3
5.5
4.1
Truancy……………………
Runaway…………………
Curfew……………………
Incorrigible………………
Other status offenses……
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
Note: Percentages may not add to 100.0 because of rounding.
Table 7
JUVENILE LAW ENFORCEMENT DISPOSITIONS, 2006
Law Enforcement Disposition by Gender, Age Group, and Race/Ethnic Group
Law enforcement
disposition
Total
Gender
Age group
Race/ethnic group
Male
Female
Under 12
12-14
15-17
White
Hispanic
Black
Other
232,849
172,747
60,102
Number
4,701
64,122
164,026
62,093
115,520
40,586
14,650
Referred to probation………… 187,296
Counseled and released……
42,995
Turned over……………………
2,558
141,046
29,904
1,797
46,250
13,091
761
50,607
12,815
700
133,157
29,057
1,812
51,246
10,293
554
90,815
23,576
1,129
33,164
6,658
764
12,071
2,468
111
100.0
74.2
25.8
27.5
70.4
26.7
49.6
17.4
6.3
100.0
100.0
100.0
75.3
69.6
70.3
24.7
30.4
29.7
27.0
29.8
27.4
71.1
67.6
70.8
27.4
23.9
21.7
48.5
54.8
44.1
17.7
15.5
29.9
6.4
5.7
4.3
Total……………………………
Total……………………………
Referred to probation…………
Counseled and released……
Turned over……………………
Note: Percentages may not add to 100.0 because of rounding.
3,532
1,123
46
Percent
2.0
1.9
2.6
1.8
71
72
Table 8
JUVENILE REFERRALS, 2006
Gender, Age Group, and Race/Ethnic Group by Referral Source, Type, and Offense Level
Gender
Male
Female
Age group
Under 12
12-14
15-17
Number
Referral source, type and
offense level
Total
Referral source……………………
207,298
158,834
48,464
2,655
43,955
184,051
3,548
11,772
179
44
141,665
2,319
9,113
93
36
42,386
1,229
2,659
86
8
2,506
58
45
10
0
40,134
1,041
1,607
81
10
3,777
3,927
2,859
2,749
918
1,178
12
24
Referral type………………………
207,298
158,834
48,464
New………………………………
Subsequent………………………
151,888
55,410
113,040
45,794
Referral offense level1……………
267,029
Race/ethnic group
Hispanic
Black
18-24
White
143,209
17,479
56,868
95,987
39,883
14,560
126,857
2,303
8,290
87
30
14,554
146
1,830
1
4
50,406
695
3,127
42
13
86,530
1,889
4,640
106
20
34,776
499
3,070
25
5
12,339
465
935
6
6
491
591
2,785
2,857
489
455
1,065
1,520
1,409
1,393
938
570
365
444
2,655
43,955
143,209
17,479
56,868
95,987
39,883
14,560
38,848
9,616
2,454
201
35,603
8,352
101,947
41,262
11,884
5,595
43,305
13,563
68,210
27,777
28,599
11,284
11,774
2,786
207,619
59,410
3,141
53,998
186,996
22,894
75,021
122,125
50,519
19,364
84,985
148,870
33,174
72,235
111,666
23,718
12,750
37,204
9,456
990
16,940
1,901
31,010
250
6,048
Percent
60,070
103,998
22,928
6,985
11,961
3,948
19,008
45,974
10,039
38,924
68,429
14,772
20,897
23,968
5,654
6,156
10,499
2,709
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
Law enforcement………………..
School………………………………
Other public agency/individual…
Parent/guardian………………….
Private agency/individual…………
88.8
1.7
5.7
0.1
0.0
89.2
1.5
5.7
0.1
0.0
87.5
2.5
5.5
0.2
0.0
94.4
2.2
1.7
0.4
0.0
91.3
2.4
3.7
0.2
0.0
88.6
1.6
5.8
0.1
0.0
83.3
0.8
10.5
0.0
0.0
88.6
1.2
5.5
0.1
0.0
90.1
2.0
4.8
0.1
0.0
87.2
1.3
7.7
0.1
0.0
84.7
3.2
6.4
0.0
0.0
Transfer - other county/state……
Other………………………………
1.8
1.9
1.8
1.7
1.9
2.4
0.5
0.9
1.1
1.3
1.9
2.0
2.8
2.6
1.9
2.7
1.5
1.5
2.4
1.4
2.5
3.0
Referral type………………………
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
New………………………………
Subsequent………………………
73.3
26.7
71.2
28.8
80.2
19.8
92.4
7.6
81.0
19.0
71.2
28.8
68.0
32.0
76.2
23.8
71.1
28.9
71.7
28.3
80.9
19.1
Referral offense level1……………
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
31.8
55.8
12.4
34.8
53.8
11.4
21.5
62.6
15.9
31.5
60.5
8.0
31.4
57.4
11.2
32.1
55.6
12.3
30.5
52.2
17.2
25.3
61.3
13.4
31.9
56.0
12.1
41.4
47.4
11.2
31.8
54.2
14.0
Law enforcement………………..
School………………………………
Other public agency/individual…
Parent/guardian………………….
Private agency/individual…………
Transfer - other county/state……
Other………………………………
Felony………………………………
Misdemeanor………………………
Status………………………………
Referral source……………………
Felony………………………………
Misdemeanor………………………
Status………………………………
Note: Percentages may not add to 100.0 because of rounding.
Up to five offenses can be reported for each referral. Consequently, the number of referral offenses will be higher than the number of referrals.
1
Other
Table 9
JUVENILE REFERRALS, 2006
Gender, Age Group, and Race/Ethnic Group by Offense Level and Category
Gender
Male
Female
Age group
Under 12
12-14
15-17
Number
3,141
53,998
186,996
18-24
White
Race/ethnic group
Hispanic
Black
Other
22,894
75,021
122,125
50,519
19,364
60,070
15,028
23,141
5,888
16,013
6,985
1,581
2,643
906
1,855
19,008
3,535
8,598
1,762
5,113
38,924
8,435
13,974
3,476
13,039
20,897
7,717
7,591
1,766
3,823
6,156
1,459
2,635
457
1,605
31,010
8,758
5,210
2,812
7,454
6,776
103,998
21,037
13,379
17,146
18,073
34,363
11,961
1,814
1,467
2,892
1,580
4,208
45,974
8,250
6,380
10,446
6,729
14,169
68,429
14,710
8,110
9,538
15,433
20,638
23,968
7,298
4,226
1,567
3,833
7,044
10,499
1,992
1,697
1,358
1,644
3,808
22,928
3,119
1,397
564
1,198
16,650
3,948
188
36
30
16
3,678
10,039
1,045
939
322
812
6,921
14,772
2,080
937
383
911
10,461
5,654
425
199
72
166
4,792
2,709
1,035
123
32
65
1,454
100.0
6,048
1,221
738
203
672
3,214
Percent
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
26.0
45.0
10.3
18.7
100.0
21.4
44.3
1.1
33.1
100.0
25.5
38.8
3.9
31.8
100.0
25.0
38.5
9.8
26.7
100.0
22.6
37.8
13.0
26.6
100.0
18.6
45.2
9.3
26.9
100.0
21.7
35.9
8.9
33.5
100.0
36.9
36.3
8.5
18.3
100.0
23.7
42.8
7.4
26.1
100.0
20.5
11.4
15.9
20.3
31.8
100.0
25.0
20.8
13.7
13.3
27.2
100.0
33.7
18.8
3.1
28.0
16.4
100.0
28.2
16.8
9.1
24.0
21.9
100.0
20.2
12.9
16.5
17.4
33.0
100.0
15.2
12.3
24.2
13.2
35.2
100.0
17.9
13.9
22.7
14.6
30.8
100.0
21.5
11.9
13.9
22.6
30.2
100.0
30.4
17.6
6.5
16.0
29.4
100.0
19.0
16.2
12.9
15.7
36.3
100.0
11.5
4.5
2.6
4.1
77.4
100.0
19.7
12.0
2.1
10.5
55.7
100.0
22.8
10.8
4.8
27.2
34.4
100.0
20.2
12.2
3.4
11.1
53.1
100.0
13.6
6.1
2.5
5.2
72.6
100.0
4.8
0.9
0.8
0.4
93.2
100.0
10.4
9.4
3.2
8.1
68.9
100.0
14.1
6.3
2.6
6.2
70.8
100.0
7.5
3.5
1.3
2.9
84.8
100.0
38.2
4.5
1.2
2.4
53.7
Offense level
and category
Total
Total…………...…………………
267,029
207,619
59,410
Felony…………………………
Violent offenses……………
Property offenses……………
Drug offenses………………
Other offenses………………
84,985
21,146
32,798
7,461
23,580
72,235
17,829
27,056
6,151
21,199
12,750
3,317
5,742
1,310
2,381
990
212
439
11
328
16,940
4,325
6,575
656
5,384
Misdemeanor…………………
Assault and battery…………
Theft…………………………
Drug and alcohol……………
Malicious mischief…………
All other………………………
148,870
32,250
20,413
22,909
27,639
45,659
111,666
22,939
12,691
17,802
22,703
35,531
37,204
9,311
7,722
5,107
4,936
10,128
1,901
641
357
59
532
312
Status offenses………………
Truancy………………………
Runaway……………………
Curfew………………………
Incorrigible…………………
Other status offenses………
33,174
4,585
2,198
809
1,954
23,628
23,718
2,718
1,063
609
963
18,365
9,456
1,867
1,135
200
991
5,263
250
57
27
12
68
86
Total………………………………
100.0
100.0
Felony…………………………
Violent offenses……………
Property offenses……………
Drug offenses………………
Other offenses………………
100.0
24.9
38.6
8.8
27.7
100.0
24.7
37.5
8.5
29.3
Misdemeanor…………………
Assault and battery…………
Theft…………………………
Drug and alcohol……………
Malicious mischief…………
All other………………………
100.0
21.7
13.7
15.4
18.6
30.7
Status offenses………………
Truancy………………………
Runaway……………………
Curfew………………………
Incorrigible…………………
Other status offenses………
100.0
13.8
6.6
2.4
5.9
71.2
Notes: Percentages may not add to 100.0 because of rounding.
Up to five offenses can be reported for each referral. Consequently, the number of referral offenses will be higher than the number of referrals.
73
74
Table 10
JUVENILE FELONY REFERRAL OFFENSES, 2006
Category and Offense by Gender, Age Group, and Race/Ethnic Group
Category and offense
Total
Gender
Male
Age group
Female
Under 12
Race/ethnic group
12-14
15-17
18-24
White
Hispanic
Black
Other
Number
Total……………………………………
84,985
72,235
12,750
990
16,940
60,070
6,985
19,008
38,924
20,897
6,156
Violent offenses……………………
21,146
17,829
3,317
212
4,325
15,028
1,581
3,535
8,435
7,717
1,459
Homicide…………………………
Forcible rape………………………
Robbery……………………………
Assault……………………………
Kidnapping…………………………
652
378
7,894
12,084
138
604
374
6,931
9,808
112
48
4
963
2,276
26
2
0
51
159
0
50
30
1,472
2,755
18
503
286
5,811
8,324
104
97
62
560
846
16
36
97
649
2,731
22
355
172
2,588
5,259
61
202
95
4,214
3,170
36
59
14
443
924
19
Property offenses……………………
32,798
27,056
5,742
439
6,575
23,141
2,643
8,598
13,974
7,591
2,635
Burglary……………………………
Theft………………………………
Motor vehicle theft………………
Forgery/checks/access cards……
Arson………………………………
14,831
9,044
7,312
583
1,028
12,385
7,323
6,036
366
946
2,446
1,721
1,276
217
82
254
87
23
0
75
3,230
1,599
1,230
51
465
10,208
6,546
5,533
402
452
1,139
812
526
130
36
4,068
2,481
1,266
234
549
6,048
3,579
3,839
200
308
3,482
2,222
1,679
102
106
1,233
762
528
47
65
Drug offenses………………………
7,461
6,151
1,310
11
656
5,888
906
1,762
3,476
1,766
457
Narcotics…………………………
Marijuana…………………………
Dangerous drugs…………………
Other drug violations……………
2,186
2,464
2,772
39
1,772
2,276
2,073
30
414
188
699
9
4
5
2
0
158
295
197
6
1,762
1,876
2,221
29
262
288
352
4
415
607
733
7
762
1,050
1,642
22
946
625
188
7
63
182
209
3
All other………………………………
23,580
21,199
2,381
328
5,384
16,013
1,855
5,113
13,039
3,823
1,605
Manslaughter-vehicle……………
Lewd or lascivious………………
Other sex…………………………
Weapons…………………………
Drive under the influence………
26
1,987
1,234
8,377
301
22
1,921
1,116
7,756
229
4
66
118
621
72
0
49
27
100
0
0
696
322
1,884
2
14
1,007
752
5,860
206
12
235
133
533
93
16
631
344
1,216
140
4
886
535
5,057
132
0
340
286
1,535
7
6
130
69
569
22
Hit-and-run…………………………
Escape……………………………
Bookmaking………………………
Other felonies……………………
147
33
2
11,473
123
25
2
10,005
24
8
0
1,468
0
1
0
151
5
2
0
2,473
114
28
2
8,030
28
2
0
819
34
7
0
2,725
81
18
2
6,324
14
8
0
1,633
18
0
0
791
(continued)
Table 10 - continued
JUVENILE FELONY REFERRAL OFFENSES, 2006
Category and Offense by Gender, Age Group, and Race/Ethnic Group
Category and offense
Total
Gender
Male
Age group
Female
Under 12
12-14
Race/ethnic group
15-17
18-24
White
Hispanic
Black
Other
Percent
Total……………………………………
100.0
85.0
15.0
1.2
19.9
70.7
8.2
22.4
45.8
24.6
7.2
Violent offenses……………………
100.0
84.3
15.7
1.0
20.5
71.1
7.5
16.7
39.9
36.5
6.9
Homicide…………………………
Forcible rape………………………
Robbery……………………………
Assault……………………………
Kidnapping…………………………
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
92.6
98.9
87.8
81.2
81.2
7.4
1.1
12.2
18.8
18.8
0.3
0.0
0.6
1.3
0.0
7.7
7.9
18.6
22.8
13.0
77.1
75.7
73.6
68.9
75.4
14.9
16.4
7.1
7.0
11.6
5.5
25.7
8.2
22.6
15.9
54.4
45.5
32.8
43.5
44.2
31.0
25.1
53.4
26.2
26.1
9.0
3.7
5.6
7.6
13.8
Property offenses……………………
100.0
82.5
17.5
1.3
20.0
70.6
8.1
26.2
42.6
23.1
8.0
Burglary……………………………
Theft………………………………
Motor vehicle theft………………
Forgery/checks/access cards……
Arson………………………………
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
83.5
81.0
82.5
62.8
92.0
16.5
19.0
17.5
37.2
8.0
1.7
1.0
0.3
0.0
7.3
21.8
17.7
16.8
8.7
45.2
68.8
72.4
75.7
69.0
44.0
7.7
9.0
7.2
22.3
3.5
27.4
27.4
17.3
40.1
53.4
40.8
39.6
52.5
34.3
30.0
23.5
24.6
23.0
17.5
10.3
8.3
8.4
7.2
8.1
6.3
Drug offenses………………………
100.0
82.4
17.6
0.1
8.8
78.9
12.1
23.6
46.6
23.7
6.1
Narcotics…………………………
Marijuana…………………………
Dangerous drugs…………………
Other drug violations……………
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
81.1
92.4
74.8
76.9
18.9
7.6
25.2
23.1
0.2
0.2
0.1
0.0
7.2
12.0
7.1
15.4
80.6
76.1
80.1
74.4
12.0
11.7
12.7
10.3
19.0
24.6
26.4
17.9
34.9
42.6
59.2
56.4
43.3
25.4
6.8
17.9
2.9
7.4
7.5
7.7
All other………………….…………
100.0
89.9
10.1
1.4
22.8
67.9
7.9
21.7
55.3
16.2
6.8
Manslaughter-vehicle……………
Lewd or lascivious………………
Other sex…………………………
Weapons…………………………
Drive under the influence………
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
84.6
96.7
90.4
92.6
76.1
15.4
3.3
9.6
7.4
23.9
0.0
2.5
2.2
1.2
0.0
0.0
35.0
26.1
22.5
0.7
53.8
50.7
60.9
70.0
68.4
46.2
11.8
10.8
6.4
30.9
61.5
31.8
27.9
14.5
46.5
15.4
44.6
43.4
60.4
43.9
0.0
17.1
23.2
18.3
2.3
23.1
6.5
5.6
6.8
7.3
Hit-and-run…………………………
Escape……………………………
Bookmaking………………………
Other felonies……………………
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
83.7
75.8
100.0
87.2
16.3
24.2
0.0
12.8
0.0
3.0
0.0
1.3
3.4
6.1
0.0
21.6
77.6
84.8
100.0
70.0
19.0
6.1
0.0
7.1
23.1
21.2
0.0
23.8
55.1
54.5
100.0
55.1
9.5
24.2
0.0
14.2
12.2
0.0
0.0
6.9
Notes: Percentages may not add to 100.0 because of rounding.
Up to five offenses can be reported for each referral. Consequently, the number of referral offenses will be higher than the number of referrals.
75
76
Table 11
JUVENILE MISDEMEANOR REFERRAL OFFENSES, 2006
Category and Offense by Gender, Age Group, and Race/Ethnic Group
Category and offense
Total
Total……………………………………… 148,870
Gender
Age group
Male
Female
111,666
37,204
Under 12
12-14
Number
1,901
31,010
Race/ethnic group
15-17
18-24
White
Hispanic
Black
Other
103,998
11,961
45,974
68,429
23,968
10,499
Assault and battery……………………
32,250
22,939
9,311
641
8,758
21,037
1,814
8,250
14,710
7,298
1,992
Theft……………………………………
20,413
12,691
7,722
357
5,210
13,379
1,467
6,380
8,110
4,226
1,697
Petty theft………...…………………
Other theft……………………………
18,416
1,997
11,112
1,579
7,304
418
344
13
4,824
386
11,966
1,413
1,282
185
5,779
601
7,253
857
3,820
406
1,564
133
Drug and alcohol………………………
22,909
17,802
5,107
59
2,812
17,146
2,892
10,446
9,538
1,567
1,358
Marijuana……………………………
Other drugs…………………………
Drunk…………………………………
Liquor laws…………………………
Drive under the influence…………
8,696
5,043
2,551
4,185
2,434
7,452
3,378
1,896
3,147
1,929
1,244
1,665
655
1,038
505
38
5
6
10
0
1,635
477
302
382
16
6,389
3,916
2,035
3,230
1,576
634
645
208
563
842
3,542
2,047
1,204
2,364
1,289
3,749
2,453
1,098
1,336
902
937
256
113
188
73
468
287
136
297
170
27,639
22,703
4,936
532
7,454
18,073
1,580
6,729
15,433
3,833
1,644
337
8,054
15,257
878
3,113
293
5,448
13,613
776
2,573
44
2,606
1,644
102
540
4
93
377
3
55
68
2,287
4,298
112
689
243
5,305
9,754
620
2,151
22
369
828
143
218
132
1,481
3,767
216
1,133
124
4,282
9,419
362
1,246
52
1,675
1,379
216
511
29
616
692
84
223
Malicious mischief………………….
Disorderly conduct…………………
Disturbing the peace………………
Vandalism……………………………
Malicious mischief…….……………
Trespassing…………………………
All other offenses……………………
45,659
35,531
10,128
312
6,776
34,363
4,208
14,169
20,638
7,044
3,808
Manslaughter - misd.………………
Burglary………………………………
Checks/access cards………………
Indecent exposure..…………………
Annoying children…………………
38
1,508
255
177
497
26
1,131
141
167
405
12
377
114
10
92
0
29
0
3
5
0
312
25
51
112
22
1,015
187
107
321
16
152
43
16
59
21
641
112
64
144
12
545
65
43
260
0
179
49
61
71
5
143
29
9
22
Obscene matter……………………
Lewd conduct………………………
Prostitution…………………………
Contributing delinquency minor……
Glue sniffing…………………………
17
347
831
121
215
17
206
42
86
174
0
141
789
35
41
0
3
0
0
2
2
64
100
22
33
11
263
650
83
166
4
17
81
16
14
11
98
167
68
57
5
126
100
36
138
1
97
522
9
4
0
26
42
8
16
Weapons……...……………………
Hit-and-run….………………………
Selected traffic.……………………
Joy riding……………………………
Gambling……………………………
3,690
1,054
856
446
40
3,368
799
789
327
40
322
255
67
119
0
82
2
0
4
0
932
89
14
94
3
2,435
779
647
310
30
241
184
195
38
7
945
325
431
144
0
1,950
468
265
171
4
506
150
48
93
33
289
111
112
38
3
Nonsupport…………………………
City/county ordinances……………
FTA-non traffic………………………
Other misdemeanors………………
0
6,393
296
28,878
0
4,890
243
22,680
0
1,503
53
6,198
0
49
3
130
0
1,296
48
3,579
0
4,735
237
22,365
0
313
8
2,804
0
2,092
56
8,793
0
2,690
133
13,627
0
1,103
81
4,037
0
508
26
2,421
(continued)
Table 11 - continued
JUVENILE MISDEMEANOR REFERRAL OFFENSES, 2006
Category and Offense by Gender, Age Group, and Race/Ethnic Group
Category and offense
Total
Gender
Male
Age group
Female
Under 12
12-14
Percent
15-17
Race/ethnic group
18-24
White
Hispanic
Black
Other
Total………………………………………
100.0
75.0
25.0
1.3
20.8
69.9
8.0
30.9
46.0
16.1
7.1
Assault and battery……………………
100.0
71.1
28.9
2.0
27.2
65.2
5.6
25.6
45.6
22.6
6.2
Theft……………………………………
100.0
62.2
37.8
1.7
25.5
65.5
7.2
31.3
39.7
20.7
8.3
Petty theft………...…………………
Other theft……………………………
100.0
100.0
60.3
79.1
39.7
20.9
1.9
0.7
26.2
19.3
65.0
70.8
7.0
9.3
31.4
30.1
39.4
42.9
20.7
20.3
8.5
6.7
Drug and alcohol………………………
100.0
77.7
22.3
0.3
12.3
74.8
12.6
45.6
41.6
6.8
5.9
Marijuana……………………………
Other drugs…………………………
Drunk…………………………………
Liquor laws…………………………
Drive under the influence…………
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
85.7
67.0
74.3
75.2
79.3
14.3
33.0
25.7
24.8
20.7
0.4
0.1
0.2
0.2
0.0
18.8
9.5
11.8
9.1
0.7
73.5
77.7
79.8
77.2
64.7
7.3
12.8
8.2
13.5
34.6
40.7
40.6
47.2
56.5
53.0
43.1
48.6
43.0
31.9
37.1
10.8
5.1
4.4
4.5
3.0
5.4
5.7
5.3
7.1
7.0
100.0
82.1
17.9
1.9
27.0
65.4
5.7
24.3
55.8
13.9
5.9
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
86.9
67.6
89.2
88.4
82.7
13.1
32.4
10.8
11.6
17.3
1.2
1.2
2.5
0.3
1.8
20.2
28.4
28.2
12.8
22.1
72.1
65.9
63.9
70.6
69.1
6.5
4.6
5.4
16.3
7.0
39.2
18.4
24.7
24.6
36.4
36.8
53.2
61.7
41.2
40.0
15.4
20.8
9.0
24.6
16.4
8.6
7.6
4.5
9.6
7.2
Malicious mischief………………….
Disorderly conduct…………………
Disturbing the peace………………
Vandalism……………………………
Malicious mischief…….……………
Trespassing…………………………
All other offenses……………………
100.0
77.8
22.2
0.7
14.8
75.3
9.2
31.0
45.2
15.4
8.3
Manslaughter - misd.………………
Burglary………………………………
Checks/access cards………………
Indecent exposure..…………………
Annoying children…………………
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
68.4
75.0
55.3
94.4
81.5
31.6
25.0
44.7
5.6
18.5
0.0
1.9
0.0
1.7
1.0
0.0
20.7
9.8
28.8
22.5
57.9
67.3
73.3
60.5
64.6
42.1
10.1
16.9
9.0
11.9
55.3
42.5
43.9
36.2
29.0
31.6
36.1
25.5
24.3
52.3
0.0
11.9
19.2
34.5
14.3
13.2
9.5
11.4
5.1
4.4
Obscene matter……………………
Lewd conduct………………………
Prostitution…………………………
Contributing delinquency minor……
Glue sniffing…………………………
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
59.4
5.1
71.1
80.9
0.0
40.6
94.9
28.9
19.1
0.0
0.9
0.0
0.0
0.9
11.8
18.4
12.0
18.2
15.3
64.7
75.8
78.2
68.6
77.2
23.5
4.9
9.7
13.2
6.5
64.7
28.2
20.1
56.2
26.5
29.4
36.3
12.0
29.8
64.2
5.9
28.0
62.8
7.4
1.9
0.0
7.5
5.1
6.6
7.4
Weapons……...……………………
Hit-and-run….………………………
Selected traffic.……………………
Joy riding……………………………
Gambling……………………………
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
91.3
75.8
92.2
73.3
100.0
8.7
24.2
7.8
26.7
0.0
2.2
0.2
0.0
0.9
0.0
25.3
8.4
1.6
21.1
7.5
66.0
73.9
75.6
69.5
75.0
6.5
17.5
22.8
8.5
17.5
25.6
30.8
50.4
32.3
0.0
52.8
44.4
31.0
38.3
10.0
13.7
14.2
5.6
20.9
82.5
7.8
10.5
13.1
8.5
7.5
Nonsupport…………………………
City/county ordinances……………
FTA-non traffic………………………
Other misdemeanors………………
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
0.0
76.5
82.1
78.5
0.0
23.5
17.9
21.5
0.0
0.8
1.0
0.5
0.0
20.3
16.2
12.4
0.0
74.1
80.1
77.4
0.0
4.9
2.7
9.7
0.0
32.7
18.9
30.4
0.0
42.1
44.9
47.2
0.0
17.3
27.4
14.0
0.0
7.9
8.8
8.4
77
Notes: Percentages may not add to 100.0 because of rounding.
Up to five offenses can be reported for each referral. Consequently, the number of referral offenses will be higher than the number of referrals.
78
Table 12
JUVENILE REFERRALS FOR STATUS OFFENSES, 2006
Offense by Gender, Age Group, and Race/Ethnic Group
Offense
Total
Gender
Male
Age group
Female
Under 12
12-14
15-17
Race/ethnic group
18-24
White
Hispanic
Black
Other
Number
Total…………………………
Truancy ……….…………
Runaway …………….……
Curfew …………………..
Incorrigible ………………
Other status offenses……
Total…………………………
Truancy ……….…………
Runaway …………….……
Curfew …………………..
Incorrigible ………………
Other status offenses……
33,174
23,718
9,456
250
6,048
22,928
3,948
10,039
14,772
5,654
2,709
4,585
2,198
809
1,954
23,628
2,718
1,063
609
963
18,365
1,867
1,135
200
991
5,263
57
27
12
68
86
1,221
738
203
672
3,214
Percent
3,119
1,397
564
1,198
16,650
188
36
30
16
3,678
1,045
939
322
812
6,921
2,080
937
383
911
10,461
425
199
72
166
4,792
1,035
123
32
65
1,454
100.0
71.5
28.5
0.8
18.2
69.1
11.9
30.3
44.5
17.0
8.2
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
59.3
48.4
75.3
49.3
77.7
40.7
51.6
24.7
50.7
22.3
1.2
1.2
1.5
3.5
0.4
26.6
33.6
25.1
34.4
13.6
68.0
63.6
69.7
61.3
70.5
4.1
1.6
3.7
0.8
15.6
22.8
42.7
39.8
41.6
29.3
45.4
42.6
47.3
46.6
44.3
9.3
9.1
8.9
8.5
20.3
22.6
5.6
4.0
3.3
6.2
Note: Percentages may not add to 100.0 because of rounding.
Up to five offenses can be reported for each referral. Consequently, the number of referral offenses will be higher than the number of referrals.
Table 13
JUVENILE DETENTIONS AND PROBATION DEPARTMENT DISPOSITIONS, 2006
Gender, Age Group, and Race/Ethnic Group by Detention and Disposition
Detention and
disposition
Gender
Male
Female
Total detentions………………
207,298
158,834
48,464
Age group
12-14
15-17
Number
2,655
43,955
143,209
Unknown……………………
Total known…………………
12,208
195,090
9,193
149,641
3,015
45,449
208
2,447
2,396
41,559
8,462
134,747
1,142
16,337
3,051
53,817
4,995
90,992
2,737
37,146
1,425
13,135
Not detained………………
Detained……………………
144,497
50,593
108,223
41,418
36,274
9,175
2,255
192
32,820
8,739
96,851
37,896
12,571
3,766
42,473
11,344
66,920
24,072
24,630
12,516
10,474
2,661
Detained…………………
Secure facility…………
Nonsecure facility………
Home supervision………
50,593
47,714
1,768
1,111
41,418
39,155
1,385
878
9,175
8,559
383
233
192
173
11
8
8,739
8,100
368
271
37,896
35,795
1,311
790
3,766
3,646
78
42
11,344
10,426
597
321
24,072
22,687
834
551
12,516
12,083
252
181
2,661
2,518
85
58
Total dispositions……………
207,298
158,834
48,464
2,655
43,955
143,209
17,479
56,868
95,987
39,883
14,560
Petitions filed………………
Closed at intake……………
Informal probation…………
Diversion……………………
Transferred…………………
104,094
72,961
6,792
10,856
2,110
84,342
53,269
4,787
7,157
1,362
19,752
19,692
2,005
3,699
748
583
1,471
213
306
21
18,374
17,838
2,418
3,497
434
74,139
48,364
4,025
6,732
1,579
10,998
5,288
136
321
76
26,524
19,920
2,372
3,644
1,025
49,361
33,350
3,386
5,367
495
21,718
14,209
602
1,175
316
6,491
5,482
432
670
274
Traffic court…………………
Deported……………………
Direct file in adult court……
9,771
60
654
7,241
54
622
2,530
6
32
61
1,369
7,782
0
5
53
0
20
535
Percent based on total known
559
2
99
3,319
1
63
3,669
57
302
1,646
0
217
1,137
2
72
Total known……………………
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
Not detained…………………
Detained……………………
74.1
25.9
72.3
27.7
79.8
20.2
92.2
7.8
79.0
21.0
71.9
28.1
76.9
23.1
78.9
21.1
73.5
26.5
66.3
33.7
79.7
20.3
Detained……………………
Secure facility……………
Nonsecure facility………
Home supervision………
100.0
94.3
3.5
2.2
100.0
94.5
3.3
2.1
100.0
93.3
4.2
2.5
100.0
90.1
5.7
4.2
100.0
92.7
4.2
3.1
100.0
94.5
3.5
2.1
100.0
96.8
2.1
1.1
100.0
91.9
5.3
2.8
100.0
94.2
3.5
2.3
100.0
96.5
2.0
1.4
100.0
94.6
3.2
2.2
Total dispositions……………
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
Petitions filed………………
Closed at intake……………
Informal probation…………
Diversion……………………
Transferred…………………
50.2
35.2
3.3
5.2
1.0
53.1
33.5
3.0
4.5
0.9
40.8
40.6
4.1
7.6
1.5
22.0
55.4
8.0
11.5
0.8
41.8
40.6
5.5
8.0
1.0
51.8
33.8
2.8
4.7
1.1
62.9
30.3
0.8
1.8
0.4
46.6
35.0
4.2
6.4
1.8
51.4
34.7
3.5
5.6
0.5
54.5
35.6
1.5
2.9
0.8
44.6
37.7
3.0
4.6
1.9
Traffic court…………………
Deported……………………
Direct file in adult court……
4.7
0.0
0.3
4.6
0.0
0.4
5.2
0.0
0.1
2.3
0.0
0.0
3.1
0.0
0.0
5.4
0.0
0.4
3.2
0.0
0.6
5.8
0.0
0.1
3.8
0.1
0.3
4.1
0.0
0.5
7.8
0.0
0.5
Total
79
Note: Percentages may not add to 100.0 because of rounding.
Under 12
18-24
White
Race/ethnic group
Hispanic
Black
Other
17,479
56,868
95,987
39,883
14,560
80
Table 14
JUVENILE DETENTIONS, 2006
Detentions by Gender, Age Group, and Race/Ethnic Group
Detentions
Total
Total………………………… 207,298
Gender
Male
Age group
Female
Under 12
12-14
Number
2,655
43,955
Race/ethnic group
15-17
18-24
White
143,209
17,479
56,868
Hispanic
Black
Other
95,987
39,883
14,560
158,834
48,464
12,208
195,090
9,193
149,641
3,015
45,449
208
2,447
2,396
41,559
8,462
134,747
1,142
16,337
3,051
53,817
4,995
90,992
2,737
37,146
1,425
13,135
144,497
50,593
108,223
41,418
36,274
9,175
2,255
192
32,820
8,739
96,851
37,896
12,571
3,766
42,473
11,344
66,920
24,072
24,630
12,516
10,474
2,661
Detained………………
Secure facility…………
Nonsecure facility……
Home supervision…..
50,593
47,714
1,768
1,111
41,418
39,155
1,385
878
9,175
8,559
383
233
192
173
11
8
37,896
35,795
1,311
790
3,766
3,646
78
42
11,344
10,426
597
321
24,072
22,687
834
551
12,516
12,083
252
181
2,661
2,518
85
58
Total………………….………
100.0
76.7
23.3
8,739
8,100
368
271
Percent
1.3
21.3
69.1
8.4
27.6
46.6
19.0
6.7
Unknown…………………
Total known……………..
100.0
100.0
75.3
76.7
24.7
23.3
1.7
1.3
19.6
21.3
69.3
69.1
9.4
8.4
25.0
27.6
40.9
46.6
22.4
19.0
11.7
6.7
100.0
100.0
74.9
81.9
25.1
18.1
1.6
0.4
22.7
17.3
67.0
74.9
8.7
7.4
29.4
22.4
46.3
47.6
17.0
24.7
7.2
5.3
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
81.9
82.1
78.3
79.0
18.1
17.9
21.7
21.0
0.4
0.4
0.6
0.7
17.3
17.0
20.8
24.4
74.9
75.0
74.2
71.1
7.4
7.6
4.4
3.8
22.4
21.9
33.8
28.9
47.6
47.5
47.2
49.6
24.7
25.3
14.3
16.3
5.3
5.3
4.8
5.2
Unknown…………………
Total known……………..
Not detained……………
Detained…………………
Not detained……………
Detained…………………
Detained………………
Secure facility…………
Nonsecure facility……
Home supervision…..
Note: Percentages may not add to 100.0 because of rounding.
Table 15
PROBATION DEPARTMENT DISPOSITIONS, 2006
Probation Department Disposition by Gender, Age Group, and Race/Ethnic Group
Probation department
disposition
Total
Total…………………………
207,298
158,834
Petitions filed……………… 104,094
Closed at intake…………… 72,961
Informal probation…………
6,792
Diversion…………………… 10,856
2,110
Transferred…………………
84,342
53,269
4,787
7,157
1,362
19,752
19,692
2,005
3,699
748
583
1,471
213
306
21
9,771
60
654
7,241
54
622
2,530
6
32
61
0
0
100.0
76.6
Petitions filed………………
Closed at intake……………
Informal probation…………
Diversion……………………
Transferred…………………
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
Traffic court………………
Deported……………………
Direct file in adult court……
100.0
100.0
100.0
Traffic court………………
Deported……………………
Direct file in adult court……
Total…………………………
Gender
Male
Age group
15-17
18-24
143,209
17,479
56,868
18,374
17,838
2,418
3,497
434
74,139
48,364
4,025
6,732
1,579
10,998
5,288
136
321
76
7,782
53
535
23.4
1,369
5
20
Percent
1.3
21.2
81.0
73.0
70.5
65.9
64.5
19.0
27.0
29.5
34.1
35.5
0.6
2.0
3.1
2.8
1.0
74.1
90.0
95.1
25.9
10.0
4.9
0.6
0.0
0.0
Note: Percentages may not add to 100.0 because of rounding.
Female
Under 12
12-14
Number
48,464
2,655
43,955
Race/ethnic group
White
Hispanic
Black
Other
95,987
39,883
14,560
26,524
19,920
2,372
3,644
1,025
49,361
33,350
3,386
5,367
495
21,718
14,209
602
1,175
316
6,491
5,482
432
670
274
559
2
99
3,319
1
63
3,669
57
302
1,646
0
217
1,137
2
72
69.1
8.4
27.4
46.3
19.2
7.0
17.7
24.4
35.6
32.2
20.6
71.2
66.3
59.3
62.0
74.8
10.6
7.2
2.0
3.0
3.6
25.5
27.3
34.9
33.6
48.6
47.4
45.7
49.9
49.4
23.5
20.9
19.5
8.9
10.8
15.0
6.2
7.5
6.4
6.2
13.0
14.0
8.3
3.1
79.6
88.3
81.8
5.7
3.3
15.1
34.0
1.7
9.6
37.5
95.0
46.2
16.8
0.0
33.2
11.6
3.3
11.0
81
82
Table 16
JUVENILE PETITIONS FILED, 2006
Gender, Age Group, and Race/Ethnic Group by Petition Type and Offense Level
Type and level
Total
Gender
Male
Female
Petition type……………… 104,094
59,012
New………………………
Subsequent……………… 45,082
84,342
46,752
37,590
19,752
12,260
7,492
Petition offense level…… 148,130
Felony……………………
63,575
Misdemeanor……………
62,888
Status……………………
21,667
120,927
54,559
49,591
16,777
27,203
9,016
13,297
4,890
Age group
Under 12
12-14
Number
583
18,374
478
12,051
105
6,323
Petition type………………
New………………………
Subsequent………………
100.0
56.7
43.3
100.0
55.4
44.6
100.0
62.1
37.9
808
25,724
413
11,753
349
11,102
46
2,869
Percent
100.0
100.0
82.0
65.6
18.0
34.4
Petition offense level……
Felony……………………
Misdemeanor……………
Status……………………
100.0
42.9
42.5
14.6
100.0
45.1
41.0
13.9
100.0
33.1
48.9
18.0
100.0
51.1
43.2
5.7
100.0
45.7
43.2
11.2
15-17
18-24
White
Race/ethnic group
Hispanic
Black
74,139
40,291
33,848
10,998
6,192
4,806
26,524
16,314
10,210
49,361
26,311
23,050
21,718
12,000
9,718
6,491
4,387
2,104
106,510
45,953
45,145
15,412
15,088
5,456
6,292
3,340
39,268
14,369
18,505
6,394
68,567
29,338
29,573
9,656
30,520
15,416
11,045
4,059
9,775
4,452
3,765
1,558
100.0
54.3
45.7
100.0
56.3
43.7
100.0
61.5
38.5
100.0
53.3
46.7
100.0
55.3
44.7
100.0
67.6
32.4
100.0
43.1
42.4
14.5
100.0
36.2
41.7
22.1
100.0
36.6
47.1
16.3
100.0
42.8
43.1
14.1
100.0
50.5
36.2
13.3
100.0
45.5
38.5
15.9
Notes: Percentages may not add to 100.0 because of rounding.
Up to five offenses can be reported for each petition. Consequently, the number of offenses will be higher than the number of petitions.
Other
Table 17
JUVENILE PETITIONS FILED, 2006
Gender, Age Group, and Race/Ethnic Group by Petition Level and Category
Petition level
and category
Total
Gender
Male
Female
Age group
Under 12
12-14
15-17
Number
808
25,724
106,510
Race/ethnic group
Hispanic
Black
18-24
White
Other
15,088
39,268
68,567
30,520
9,775
148,130
120,927
27,203
Felony…………………………
Violent offenses……………
Property offenses…………
Drug offenses………………
Other offenses...……………
63,575
15,842
25,117
5,648
16,968
54,559
13,353
21,068
4,676
15,462
9,016
2,489
4,049
972
1,506
413
102
188
4
119
11,753
3,185
4,607
396
3,565
45,953
11,380
18,168
4,503
11,902
5,456
1,175
2,154
745
1,382
14,369
2,726
6,670
1,314
3,659
29,338
6,486
10,790
2,694
9,368
15,416
5,581
5,748
1,296
2,791
4,452
1,049
1,909
344
1,150
Misdemeanor………………
Assault and battery………
Theft…………………………
Drug and alcohol…………
Malicious mischief…………
All other...…………………
62,888
17,063
7,701
9,705
11,818
16,601
49,591
12,863
5,580
7,628
10,261
13,259
13,297
4,200
2,121
2,077
1,557
3,342
349
136
61
4
87
61
11,102
3,933
1,600
770
2,509
2,290
45,145
11,930
5,354
7,215
8,317
12,329
6,292
1,064
686
1,716
905
1,921
18,505
4,292
2,452
4,196
3,004
4,561
29,573
7,791
2,944
4,264
6,524
8,050
11,045
4,012
1,802
690
1,670
2,871
3,765
968
503
555
620
1,119
Status offenses………………
Truancy……………………
Runaway……………………
Curfew………………………
Incorrigible…………………
Other status offenses……
21,667
934
47
21
49
20,616
16,777
531
26
18
28
16,174
4,890
403
21
3
21
4,442
15,412
677
36
17
29
14,653
3,340
39
0
1
2
3,298
6,394
148
26
8
22
6,190
9,656
414
6
8
25
9,203
4,059
63
4
4
2
3,986
1,558
309
11
1
0
1,237
100.0
100.0
100.0
46
2,869
2
216
1
10
1
2
0
18
42
2,623
Percent
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
Felony…………………………
Violent offenses……………
Property offenses…………
Drug offenses………………
Other offenses...……………
100.0
24.9
39.5
8.9
26.7
100.0
24.5
38.6
8.6
28.3
100.0
27.6
44.9
10.8
16.7
100.0
24.7
45.5
1.0
28.8
100.0
27.1
39.2
3.4
30.3
100.0
24.8
39.5
9.8
25.9
100.0
21.5
39.5
13.7
25.3
100.0
19.0
46.4
9.1
25.5
100.0
22.1
36.8
9.2
31.9
100.0
36.2
37.3
8.4
18.1
100.0
23.6
42.9
7.7
25.8
Misdemeanor………………
Assault and battery………
Theft…………………………
Drug and alcohol…………
Malicious mischief…………
All other...…………………
100.0
27.1
12.2
15.4
18.8
26.4
100.0
25.9
11.3
15.4
20.7
26.7
100.0
31.6
16.0
15.6
11.7
25.1
100.0
39.0
17.5
1.1
24.9
17.5
100.0
35.4
14.4
6.9
22.6
20.6
100.0
26.4
11.9
16.0
18.4
27.3
100.0
16.9
10.9
27.3
14.4
30.5
100.0
23.2
13.3
22.7
16.2
24.6
100.0
26.3
10.0
14.4
22.1
27.2
100.0
36.3
16.3
6.2
15.1
26.0
100.0
25.7
13.4
14.7
16.5
29.7
Status offenses………………
Truancy……………………
Runaway……………………
Curfew………………………
Incorrigible…………………
Other status offenses……
100.0
4.3
0.2
0.1
0.2
95.1
100.0
3.2
0.2
0.1
0.2
96.4
100.0
8.2
0.4
0.1
0.4
90.8
100.0
4.3
2.2
2.2
0.0
91.3
100.0
7.5
0.3
0.1
0.6
91.4
100.0
4.4
0.2
0.1
0.2
95.1
100.0
1.2
0.0
0.0
0.1
98.7
100.0
2.3
0.4
0.1
0.3
96.8
100.0
4.3
0.1
0.1
0.3
95.3
100.0
1.6
0.1
0.1
0.0
98.2
100.0
19.8
0.7
0.1
0.0
79.4
Total…………...………………
Total……...……………………
83
Notes: Percentages may not add to 100.0 because of rounding.
Up to five offenses can be reported for each petition. Consequently, the number of offenses will be higher than the number of petitions.
84
Table 18
DEFENSE REPRESENTATION, 2006
Gender, Age Group, and Race/Ethnic Group by Type of Representation
Gender
Age group
Defense
representation
Total
Total………………………………
184,071
149,316
34,755
Unknown…………………………
Total known………………………
24,117
79,977
19,368
64,974
4,749
15,003
126
457
Not represented………………
Represented……………………
1,336
78,641
1,085
63,889
251
14,752
8
449
Represented…………………
Private counsel………………
Court appointed counsel……
Public defender……………
Other…………………………
78,641
6,055
19,072
52,919
595
63,889
5,052
16,110
42,209
518
100.0
100.0
Not represented…………………
Represented……………………
1.7
98.3
1.7
98.3
1.7
98.3
1.8
98.2
1.3
98.7
Represented……………………
Private counsel………………
Court appointed counsel……
Public defender………………
Other…………………………
100.0
7.7
24.3
67.3
0.8
100.0
7.9
25.2
66.1
0.8
100.0
6.8
20.1
72.6
0.5
100.0
6.5
22.3
70.6
0.7
100.0
6.1
23.0
70.1
0.9
Total known………………………
Male
Note: Percentages may not add to 100.0 because of rounding.
Female
Under 12
Race/ethnic group
12-14
15-17
18-24
White
Number
1,040
32,570
131,504
18,957
46,448
4,178
14,196
16,774
57,365
3,039
7,959
183
14,013
967
56,398
14,752
449
14,013
56,398
1,003
29
851
4,377
2,962
100
3,219
14,159
10,710
317
9,823
37,424
77
3
120
438
Percent based on total known
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
Hispanic
Black
Other
89,688
36,852
11,083
6,600
19,924
9,034
40,327
6,584
15,134
1,899
4,592
178
7,781
472
19,452
589
39,738
210
14,924
65
4,527
7,781
798
1,594
5,355
34
19,452
2,436
3,440
13,498
78
39,738
2,390
10,074
26,982
292
14,924
773
4,635
9,300
216
4,527
456
923
3,139
9
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
1.7
98.3
2.2
97.8
2.4
97.6
1.5
98.5
1.4
98.6
1.4
98.6
100.0
7.8
25.1
66.4
0.8
100.0
10.3
20.5
68.8
0.4
100.0
12.5
17.7
69.4
0.4
100.0
6.0
25.4
67.9
0.7
100.0
5.2
31.1
62.3
1.4
100.0
10.1
20.4
69.3
0.2
Table 19
JUVENILE COURT DISPOSITIONS, 2006
Gender, Age Group, and Race/Ethnic Group by Court Disposition
Gender
Age group
Court
disposition
Total
Total…………………………………
104,094
84,342
19,752
Dismissed…………………………
Transferred……………..…………
Remanded to adult court…………
Deported……..……………………
20,994
3,487
275
26
16,924
2,672
262
24
4,070
815
13
2
215
8
0
0
Informal probation…………………
Non-ward probation………………
Diversion……………………………
Deferred entry of judgment………
Wardship probation………………
5,756
4,744
673
3,681
64,458
4,309
3,410
466
3,116
53,159
1,447
1,334
207
565
11,299
Wardship probation……………
64,458
53,159
Own/relative's home…………
Secure county facility…..……
Non-secure county facility……
Other public facility……..……
Other private facility……..……
37,389
17,354
2,261
444
5,455
Youth Authority……..…………
Other……………...……..……
Male
Female
Under 12
12-14
Number
583
18,374
Race/ethnic group
15-17
18-24
White
Hispanic
Black
74,139
3,680
522
4
0
119
28
3
4
206
11,299
30,342
14,922
2,018
367
4,161
7,047
2,432
243
77
1,294
621
934
589
760
32
174
10,998
26,524
49,361
21,718
6,491
13,820
2,675
208
26
3,279
282
63
0
5,862
843
21
0
8,535
1,375
172
26
5,153
1,026
66
0
1,444
243
16
0
1,518
1,099
110
553
10,888
3,581
2,997
532
2,836
47,464
538
620
28
288
5,900
2,105
1,467
227
1,269
14,730
2,472
1,901
381
1,636
32,863
747
1,017
37
429
13,243
432
359
28
347
3,622
206
10,888
47,464
5,900
14,730
32,863
13,243
3,622
156
22
8
1
17
6,848
2,299
289
72
1,210
26,469
13,344
1,928
355
4,144
3,916
1,689
36
16
84
9,564
3,216
520
142
870
18,232
9,870
1,245
232
2,560
7,240
3,406
372
47
1,826
2,353
862
124
23
199
26
144
470
754
125
34
90
328
339
385
174
178
18
43
Total…………………………………
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
Dismissed…………………………
Transferred……………..…………
Remanded to adult court…………
Deported……..……………………
20.2
3.3
0.3
0.0
20.1
3.2
0.3
0.0
20.6
4.1
0.1
0.0
36.9
1.4
0.0
0.0
20.0
2.8
0.0
0.0
18.6
3.6
0.3
0.0
29.8
2.6
0.6
0.0
22.1
3.2
0.1
0.0
17.3
2.8
0.3
0.1
23.7
4.7
0.3
0.0
22.2
3.7
0.2
0.0
Informal probation…………………
Non-ward probation………………
Diversion……………………………
Deferred entry of judgment………
Wardship probation………………
5.5
4.6
0.6
3.5
61.9
5.1
4.0
0.6
3.7
63.0
7.3
6.8
1.0
2.9
57.2
20.4
4.8
0.5
0.7
35.3
8.3
6.0
0.6
3.0
59.3
4.8
4.0
0.7
3.8
64.0
4.9
5.6
0.3
2.6
53.6
7.9
5.5
0.9
4.8
55.5
5.0
3.9
0.8
3.3
66.6
3.4
4.7
0.2
2.0
61.0
6.7
5.5
0.4
5.3
55.8
Wardship probation……………
0
2
Percent
100.0
Other
85
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
Own/relative's home…………
Secure county facility…..……
Non-secure county facility……
Other public facility……..……
Other private facility……..……
58.0
26.9
3.5
0.7
8.5
57.1
28.1
3.8
0.7
7.8
62.4
21.5
2.2
0.7
11.5
75.7
10.7
3.9
0.5
8.3
62.9
21.1
2.7
0.7
11.1
55.8
28.1
4.1
0.7
8.7
66.4
28.6
0.6
0.3
1.4
64.9
21.8
3.5
1.0
5.9
55.5
30.0
3.8
0.7
7.8
54.7
25.7
2.8
0.4
13.8
65.0
23.8
3.4
0.6
5.5
Youth Authority……..…………
Other……………...……..……
1.0
1.4
1.1
1.4
0.3
1.5
0.0
1.0
0.2
1.3
1.0
1.6
2.1
0.6
0.6
2.2
1.0
1.2
1.3
1.3
0.5
1.2
Note: Percentages may not add to 100.0 because of rounding.
86
Table 20
JUVENILE PETITIONS FOR FELONY OFFENSES, 2006
Category and Offense by Gender, Age Group, and Race/Ethnic Group
Category and offense
Total
Gender
Male
Age group
Female
Under 12
12-14
Race/ethnic group
15-17
18-24
White
Hispanic
Black
Other
Number
Total……………………………………
63,575
54,559
9,016
413
11,753
45,953
5,456
14,369
29,338
15,416
4,452
15,842
13,353
2,489
102
3,185
11,380
1,175
2,726
6,486
5,581
1,049
258
175
5,976
9,331
102
227
173
5,250
7,624
79
31
2
726
1,707
23
1
0
25
76
0
31
16
1,094
2,031
13
186
125
4,429
6,560
80
40
34
428
664
9
17
37
523
2,134
15
153
86
2,060
4,139
48
74
44
3,060
2,377
26
14
8
333
681
13
25,117
21,068
4,049
188
4,607
18,168
2,154
6,670
10,790
5,748
1,909
11,204
7,295
5,449
428
741
9,556
6,015
4,542
270
685
1,648
1,280
907
158
56
99
45
12
0
32
2,259
1,164
838
28
318
7,930
5,408
4,171
298
361
916
678
428
102
30
3,097
1,974
1,023
177
399
4,663
2,878
2,884
143
222
2,597
1,835
1,164
76
76
847
608
378
32
44
Drug offenses…………………………
5,648
4,676
972
4
396
4,503
745
1,314
2,694
1,296
344
Narcotics……………………………
Marijuana……………………………
Dangerous drugs……………………
Other drug offenses………………
1,622
1,852
2,145
29
1,315
1,719
1,618
24
307
133
527
5
2
2
0
0
101
169
123
3
1,315
1,427
1,738
23
204
254
284
3
294
464
551
5
585
782
1,308
19
696
465
132
3
47
141
154
2
16,968
15,462
1,506
119
3,565
11,902
1,382
3,659
9,368
2,791
1,150
Manslaughter-vehicle………………
Lewd or lascivious…………………
Other sex……………………………
Weapons……………………………
Drive under the influence…………
22
1,462
690
6,284
232
19
1,424
675
5,866
181
3
38
15
418
51
0
15
12
43
0
0
505
177
1,245
0
12
777
422
4,581
147
10
165
79
415
85
12
468
209
892
107
4
659
272
3,799
101
0
241
170
1,162
5
6
94
39
431
19
Hit-and-run…………………………
Escape………………………………
Bookmaking…………………………
Other felonies………………………
118
23
2
8,135
99
16
2
7,180
19
7
0
955
0
0
0
49
4
1
0
1,633
87
20
2
5,854
27
2
0
599
24
2
0
1,945
71
17
2
4,443
8
4
0
1,201
Violent offenses………………………
Homicide……………………………
Forcible rape………………………
Robbery………………………………
Assault………………………………
Kidnapping…………………………
Property offenses……………………
Burglary………………………………
Theft…………………………………
Motor vehicle theft…………………
Forgery/checks/access cards……
Arson…………………………………
All other offenses……………………
15
0
0
546
(continued)
Table 20 - continued
JUVENILE PETITIONS FOR FELONY OFFENSES, 2006
Category and Offense by Gender, Age Group, and Race/Ethnic Group
Category and offense
Total
Gender
Male
Age group
Female
Under 12
12-14
15-17
Race/ethnic group
18-24
White
Hispanic
8.6
22.6
46.1
Black
Other
Percent
Total……………………………………
Violent offenses………………………
Homicide……………………………
Forcible rape………………………
Robbery………………………………
Assault………………………………
Kidnapping…………………………
Property offenses……………………
100.0
85.8
14.2
0.6
18.5
72.3
24.2
7.0
100.0
84.3
15.7
0.6
20.1
71.8
7.4
17.2
40.9
35.2
6.6
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
88.0
98.9
87.9
81.7
77.5
12.0
1.1
12.1
18.3
22.5
0.4
0.0
0.4
0.8
0.0
12.0
9.1
18.3
21.8
12.7
72.1
71.4
74.1
70.3
78.4
15.5
19.4
7.2
7.1
8.8
6.6
21.1
8.8
22.9
14.7
59.3
49.1
34.5
44.4
47.1
28.7
25.1
51.2
25.5
25.5
5.4
4.6
5.6
7.3
12.7
100.0
83.9
16.1
0.7
18.3
72.3
8.6
26.6
43.0
22.9
7.6
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
85.3
82.5
83.4
63.1
92.4
14.7
17.5
16.6
36.9
7.6
0.9
0.6
0.2
0.0
4.3
20.2
16.0
15.4
6.5
42.9
70.8
74.1
76.5
69.6
48.7
8.2
9.3
7.9
23.8
4.0
27.6
27.1
18.8
41.4
53.8
41.6
39.5
52.9
33.4
30.0
23.2
25.2
21.4
17.8
10.3
7.6
8.3
6.9
7.5
5.9
Drug offenses…………………………
100.0
82.8
17.2
0.1
7.0
79.7
13.2
23.3
47.7
22.9
6.1
Narcotics……………………………
Marijuana……………………………
Dangerous drugs……………………
Other drug offenses………………
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
81.1
92.8
75.4
82.8
18.9
7.2
24.6
17.2
0.1
0.1
0.0
0.0
6.2
9.1
5.7
10.3
81.1
77.1
81.0
79.3
12.6
13.7
13.2
10.3
18.1
25.1
25.7
17.2
36.1
42.2
61.0
65.5
42.9
25.1
6.2
10.3
2.9
7.6
7.2
6.9
Burglary………………………………
Theft…………………………………
Motor vehicle theft…………………
Forgery/checks/access cards……
Arson…………………………………
All other offenses……………………
100.0
91.1
8.9
0.7
21.0
70.1
8.1
21.6
55.2
16.4
6.8
Manslaughter-vehicle………………
Lewd or lascivious…………………
Other sex……………………………
Weapons……………………………
Drive under the influence…………
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
86.4
97.4
97.8
93.3
78.0
13.6
2.6
2.2
6.7
22.0
0.0
1.0
1.7
0.7
0.0
0.0
34.5
25.7
19.8
0.0
54.5
53.1
61.2
72.9
63.4
45.5
11.3
11.4
6.6
36.6
54.5
32.0
30.3
14.2
46.1
18.2
45.1
39.4
60.5
43.5
0.0
16.5
24.6
18.5
2.2
27.3
6.4
5.7
6.9
8.2
Hit-and-run…………………………
Escape………………………………
Bookmaking…………………………
Other felonies………………………
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
83.9
69.6
100.0
88.3
16.1
30.4
0.0
11.7
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.6
3.4
4.3
0.0
20.1
73.7
87.0
100.0
72.0
22.9
8.7
0.0
7.4
20.3
8.7
0.0
23.9
60.2
73.9
100.0
54.6
6.8
17.4
0.0
14.8
12.7
0.0
0.0
6.7
Note: Percentages may not add to 100.0 because of rounding.
87
88
Table 21
JUVENILE PETITIONS FOR MISDEMEANOR OFFENSES, 2006
Category and Offense by Gender, Age Group, and Race/Ethnic Group
Category and offense
Total
Gender
Age group
Male
Female
Under 12
12-14
Number
Race/ethnic group
15-17
18-24
White
Hispanic
Black
Other
Total……………………………………
62,888
49,591
13,297
349
11,102
45,145
6,292
18,505
29,573
11,045
3,765
Assault and battery…………………
17,063
12,863
4,200
136
3,933
11,930
1,064
4,292
7,791
4,012
968
Theft……………………………………
7,701
5,580
2,121
61
1,600
5,354
686
2,452
2,944
1,802
503
Petty theft………...…………………
Other theft…………………………
6,530
1,171
4,647
933
1,883
238
57
4
1,394
206
4,494
860
585
101
2,070
382
2,467
477
1,554
248
439
64
9,705
7,628
2,077
4
770
7,215
1,716
4,196
4,264
690
555
2,639
2,745
990
1,129
2,202
2,352
1,807
782
936
1,751
287
938
208
193
451
1
2
1
0
0
369
215
107
66
13
2,019
2,152
789
844
1,411
250
376
93
219
778
880
1,104
461
575
1,176
1,236
1,363
416
435
814
384
141
47
54
64
139
137
66
65
148
11,818
10,261
1,557
87
2,509
8,317
905
3,004
6,524
1,670
620
136
2,138
7,715
752
1,077
120
1,659
6,899
665
918
16
479
816
87
159
0
9
73
2
3
26
445
1,733
82
223
104
1,531
5,379
536
767
6
153
530
132
84
59
474
1,937
176
358
41
1,004
4,765
302
412
25
515
702
200
228
11
145
311
74
79
16,601
13,259
3,342
61
2,290
12,329
1,921
4,561
8,050
2,871
1,119
Manslaughter - misd.………………
Burglary……………………………
Checks/access cards………………
Indecent exposure..………………
Annoying children…………………
31
938
175
100
211
20
710
91
97
205
11
228
84
3
6
0
6
0
0
3
0
167
12
30
55
16
675
130
60
120
15
90
33
10
33
18
402
80
32
68
10
347
39
22
95
0
109
37
42
40
3
80
19
4
8
Obscene matter……………………
Lewd conduct………………………
Prostitution…………………………
Contributing delinquency minor…
Glue sniffing…………………………
11
132
543
38
74
11
70
17
26
62
0
62
526
12
12
0
0
0
0
0
2
22
57
4
2
5
101
441
30
65
4
9
45
4
7
8
40
116
22
30
3
40
66
7
37
0
43
339
7
2
0
9
22
2
5
Weapons……...……………………
Hit-and-run….………………………
Selected traffic.……………………
Joy riding……………………………
Gambling……………………………
2,356
738
362
350
20
2,169
586
332
253
20
187
152
30
97
0
19
1
0
1
0
517
59
6
68
0
1,678
532
230
251
16
142
146
126
30
4
587
211
184
108
0
1,288
337
111
131
1
319
122
24
81
19
162
68
43
30
0
Nonsupport…………………………
City/county ordinances……………
FTA-non traffic……………………
All other misdemeanors……………
0
566
37
9,919
0
487
34
8,069
0
79
3
1,850
0
3
0
28
0
100
4
1,185
0
416
28
7,535
0
47
5
1,171
0
124
4
2,527
0
323
26
5,167
0
84
4
1,599
Drug and alcohol……………………
Marijuana……………………………
Other drugs…………………………
Drunk………………………………
Liquor laws…………………………
Drive under the influence…………
Malicious mischief…………………..
Disorderly conduct…………………
Disturbing the peace………………
Vandalism…………………………
Malicious mischief…….……………
Trespassing…………………………
Other offenses………………………
0
35
3
626
(continued)
Table 21 - continued
JUVENILE PETITIONS FOR MISDEMEANOR OFFENSES, 2006
Category and Offense by Gender, Age Group, and Race/Ethnic Group
Category and offense
Total
Gender
Male
Age group
Female
Under 12
12-14
Percent
Race/ethnic group
15-17
18-24
White
Hispanic
Black
Other
Total……………………………………
100.0
78.9
21.1
0.6
17.7
71.8
10.0
29.4
47.0
17.6
6.0
Assault and battery…………………
100.0
75.4
24.6
0.8
23.0
69.9
6.2
25.2
45.7
23.5
5.7
Theft……………...……………………
100.0
72.5
27.5
0.8
20.8
69.5
8.9
31.8
38.2
23.4
6.5
Petty theft………...…………………
Other theft…………………………
100.0
100.0
71.2
79.7
28.8
20.3
0.9
0.3
21.3
17.6
68.8
73.4
9.0
8.6
31.7
32.6
37.8
40.7
23.8
21.2
6.7
5.5
Drug and alcohol……………………
100.0
78.6
21.4
0.0
7.9
74.3
17.7
43.2
43.9
7.1
5.7
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
89.1
65.8
79.0
82.9
79.5
10.9
34.2
21.0
17.1
20.5
0.0
0.1
0.1
0.0
0.0
14.0
7.8
10.8
5.8
0.6
76.5
78.4
79.7
74.8
64.1
9.5
13.7
9.4
19.4
35.3
33.3
40.2
46.6
50.9
53.4
46.8
49.7
42.0
38.5
37.0
14.6
5.1
4.7
4.8
2.9
5.3
5.0
6.7
5.8
6.7
100.0
86.8
13.2
0.7
21.2
70.4
7.7
25.4
55.2
14.1
5.2
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
88.2
77.6
89.4
88.4
85.2
11.8
22.4
10.6
11.6
14.8
0.0
0.4
0.9
0.3
0.3
19.1
20.8
22.5
10.9
20.7
76.5
71.6
69.7
71.3
71.2
4.4
7.2
6.9
17.6
7.8
43.4
22.2
25.1
23.4
33.2
30.1
47.0
61.8
40.2
38.3
18.4
24.1
9.1
26.6
21.2
8.1
6.8
4.0
9.8
7.3
100.0
79.9
20.1
0.4
13.8
74.3
11.6
27.5
48.5
17.3
6.7
Manslaughter - misd.………………
Burglary……………………………
Checks/access cards………………
Indecent exposure..………………
Annoying children…………………
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
64.5
75.7
52.0
97.0
97.2
35.5
24.3
48.0
3.0
2.8
0.0
0.6
0.0
0.0
1.4
0.0
17.8
6.9
30.0
26.1
51.6
72.0
74.3
60.0
56.9
48.4
9.6
18.9
10.0
15.6
58.1
42.9
45.7
32.0
32.2
32.3
37.0
22.3
22.0
45.0
0.0
11.6
21.1
42.0
19.0
9.7
8.5
10.9
4.0
3.8
Obscene matter……………………
Lewd conduct………………………
Prostitution…………………………
Contributing delinquency minor…
Glue sniffing…………………………
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
53.0
3.1
68.4
83.8
0.0
47.0
96.9
31.6
16.2
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
18.2
16.7
10.5
10.5
2.7
45.5
76.5
81.2
78.9
87.8
36.4
6.8
8.3
10.5
9.5
72.7
30.3
21.4
57.9
40.5
27.3
30.3
12.2
18.4
50.0
0.0
32.6
62.4
18.4
2.7
0.0
6.8
4.1
5.3
6.8
Weapons……...……………………
Hit-and-run….………………………
Selected traffic.……………………
Joy riding……………………………
Gambling……………………………
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
92.1
79.4
91.7
72.3
100.0
7.9
20.6
8.3
27.7
0.0
0.8
0.1
0.0
0.3
0.0
21.9
8.0
1.7
19.4
0.0
71.2
72.1
63.5
71.7
80.0
6.0
19.8
34.8
8.6
20.0
24.9
28.6
50.8
30.9
0.0
54.7
45.7
30.7
37.4
5.0
13.5
16.5
6.6
23.1
95.0
6.9
9.2
11.9
8.6
0.0
Nonsupport…………………………
City/county ordinances……………
FTA-non traffic……………………
All other misdemeanors……………
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
0.0
86.0
91.9
81.3
0.0
14.0
8.1
18.7
0.0
0.5
0.0
0.3
0.0
17.7
10.8
11.9
0.0
73.5
75.7
76.0
0.0
8.3
13.5
11.8
0.0
21.9
10.8
25.5
0.0
57.1
70.3
52.1
0.0
14.8
10.8
16.1
0.0
6.2
8.1
6.3
Marijuana……………………………
Other drugs…………………………
Drunk………………………………
Liquor laws…………………………
Drive under the influence…………
Malicious mischief…………………..
Disorderly conduct…………………
Disturbing the peace………………
Vandalism…………………………
Malicious mischief…….……………
Trespassing…………………………
Other offenses………………………
89
Note: Percentages may not add to 100.0 because of rounding.
90
Table 22
JUVENILE PETITIONS FOR STATUS OFFENSES, 2006
Offense by Gender, Age Group, and Race/Ethnic Group
Offense
Total
Gender
Male
Female
Age group
Under 12
12-14
Race/ethnic group
15-17
18-24
White
Hispanic
Black
Other
Number
Total…….……………………
21,667
16,777
4,890
46
2,869
15,412
3,340
6,394
9,656
4,059
1,558
Truancy……………………
Runaway…………………
Curfew……………………
Incorrigible…………………
Other status offenses……
934
47
21
49
20,616
531
26
18
28
16,174
403
21
3
21
4,442
2
216
1
10
1
2
0
18
42
2,623
Percent
677
36
17
29
14,653
39
0
1
2
3,298
148
26
8
22
6,190
414
6
8
25
9,203
63
4
4
2
3,986
309
11
1
0
1,237
Total……….…………………
100.0
77.4
22.6
0.2
13.2
71.1
15.4
29.5
44.6
18.7
7.2
Truancy……………………
Runaway…………………
Curfew……………………
Incorrigible…………………
Other status offenses……
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
56.9
55.3
85.7
57.1
78.5
43.1
44.7
14.3
42.9
21.5
0.2
2.1
4.8
0.0
0.2
23.1
21.3
9.5
36.7
12.7
72.5
76.6
81.0
59.2
71.1
4.2
0.0
4.8
4.1
16.0
15.8
55.3
38.1
44.9
30.0
44.3
12.8
38.1
51.0
44.6
6.7
8.5
19.0
4.1
19.3
33.1
23.4
4.8
0.0
6.0
Note: Percentages may not add to 100.0 because of rounding.
Table 23
DEFENSE REPRESENTATION, 2006
Representation by Gender, Age Group, and Race/Ethnic Group
Defense
representation
Total
Gender
Male
Age group
Female
Under 12
12-14
Race/ethnic group
15-17
18-24
White
Hispanic
Black
Other
74,139
10,998
26,524
49,361
21,718
6,491
Total………………………………… 104,094
84,342
19,752
Number
583
18,374
24,117
79,977
19,368
64,974
4,749
15,003
126
457
4,178
14,196
16,774
57,365
3,039
7,959
6,600
19,924
9,034
40,327
6,584
15,134
1,899
4,592
Not represented…………………
Represented……………………
1,336
78,641
1,085
63,889
251
14,752
8
449
183
14,013
967
56,398
178
7,781
472
19,452
589
39,738
210
14,924
65
4,527
Represented……………………
Private counsel………………
Court appointed counsel…..
Public defender…………….
Other………………………..
78,641
6,055
19,072
52,919
595
63,889
5,052
16,110
42,209
518
14,752
1,003
2,962
10,710
77
56,398
4,377
14,159
37,424
438
7,781
798
1,594
5,355
34
19,452
2,436
3,440
13,498
78
39,738
2,390
10,074
26,982
292
14,924
773
4,635
9,300
216
4,527
456
923
3,139
9
Total………...………………………
100.0
81.0
19.0
449
14,013
29
851
100
3,219
317
9,823
3
120
Percent
0.6
17.7
71.2
10.6
25.5
47.4
20.9
6.2
Unknown…………………………
Total known………………………
100.0
100.0
80.3
81.2
19.7
18.8
0.5
0.6
17.3
17.8
69.6
71.7
12.6
10.0
27.4
24.9
37.5
50.4
27.3
18.9
7.9
5.7
Not represented…………………
Represented……………………
100.0
100.0
81.2
81.2
18.8
18.8
0.6
0.6
13.7
17.8
72.4
71.7
13.3
9.9
35.3
24.7
44.1
50.5
15.7
19.0
4.9
5.8
Represented……………………
Private counsel………………
Court appointed counsel……
Public defender………………
Other…………………………
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
81.2
83.4
84.5
79.8
87.1
18.8
16.6
15.5
20.2
12.9
0.6
0.5
0.5
0.6
0.5
17.8
14.1
16.9
18.6
20.2
71.7
72.3
74.2
70.7
73.6
9.9
13.2
8.4
10.1
5.7
24.7
40.2
18.0
25.5
13.1
50.5
39.5
52.8
51.0
49.1
19.0
12.8
24.3
17.6
36.3
5.8
7.5
4.8
5.9
1.5
Unknown…………………………
Total known……………………..
Note: Percentages may not add to 100.0 because of rounding.
91
92
Table 24
JUVENILE COURT DISPOSITIONS, 2006
Court Disposition by Gender, Age Group, and Race/Ethnic Group
Gender
Age group
Court
disposition
Total
Total……………………………
104,094
84,342
19,752
Dismissed……………………
Transferred……………..…..
Remanded to adult court….
Deported……..……………..
20,994
3,487
275
26
16,924
2,672
262
24
4,070
815
13
2
Informal probation……………
Non-ward probation………..
Wardship probation…………
Diversion………………………
Deferred entry of judgment..
5,756
4,744
64,458
673
3,681
4,309
3,410
53,159
466
3,116
1,447
1,334
11,299
207
565
Total……………………………
100.0
81.0
Dismissed……………………
Transferred……………..…..
Remanded to adult court….
Deported……..……………..
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
Informal probation……………
Non-ward probation………..
Wardship probation…………
Diversion………………………
Deferred entry of judgment..
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
Male
15-17
18-24
White
74,139
10,998
26,524
49,361
21,718
6,491
3,680
522
4
0
13,820
2,675
208
26
3,279
282
63
0
5,862
843
21
0
8,535
1,375
172
26
5,153
1,026
66
0
1,444
243
16
0
3,581
2,997
47,464
532
2,836
538
620
5,900
28
288
2,105
1,467
14,730
227
1,269
2,472
1,901
32,863
381
1,636
747
1,017
13,243
37
429
432
359
3,622
28
347
19.0
119
1,518
28
1,099
206
10,888
3
110
4
553
Percent
0.6
17.7
71.2
10.6
25.5
47.4
20.9
6.2
80.6
76.6
95.3
92.3
19.4
23.4
4.7
7.7
1.0
0.2
0.0
0.0
17.5
15.0
1.5
0.0
65.8
76.7
75.6
100.0
15.6
8.1
22.9
0.0
27.9
24.2
7.6
0.0
40.7
39.4
62.5
100.0
24.5
29.4
24.0
0.0
6.9
7.0
5.8
0.0
74.9
71.9
82.5
69.2
84.7
25.1
28.1
17.5
30.8
15.3
2.1
0.6
0.3
0.4
0.1
26.4
23.2
16.9
16.3
15.0
62.2
63.2
73.6
79.0
77.0
9.3
13.1
9.2
4.2
7.8
36.6
30.9
22.9
33.7
34.5
42.9
40.1
51.0
56.6
44.4
13.0
21.4
20.5
5.5
11.7
7.5
7.6
5.6
4.2
9.4
Note: Percentages may not add to 100.0 because of rounding.
Female
Under 12
12-14
Number
583
18,374
Race/ethnic group
215
8
0
0
Hispanic
Black
Other
Table 25
WARDSHIP PROBATION PLACEMENTS, 2006
Placement Type by Gender, Age Group, and Race/Ethnic Group
Placement
type
Total
Gender
Male
Age group
Female
Total…………………………….
64,458
53,159
11,299
Own/relative's home…………
Non-secure county facility….
Secure county facility……..
Other public facility………..
Other private facility………..
37,389
2,261
17,354
444
5,455
30,342
2,018
14,922
367
4,161
7,047
243
2,432
77
1,294
934
621
760
589
174
32
Total…………………………….
100.0
82.5
Own/relative's home…………
Non-secure county facility….
Secure county facility……..
Other public facility………..
Other private facility………..
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
Other……………………………
Youth Authority………………
100.0
100.0
Other……………………………
Youth Authority………………
Under 12
12-14
Number
206
10,888
Race/ethnic group
15-17
18-24
White
Hispanic
Black
Other
47,464
5,900
14,730
32,863
13,243
3,622
6,848
289
2,299
72
1,210
26,469
1,928
13,344
355
4,144
3,916
36
1,689
16
84
9,564
520
3,216
142
870
18,232
1,245
9,870
232
2,560
7,240
372
3,406
47
1,826
2,353
124
862
23
199
754
470
34
125
328
90
385
339
178
174
43
18
17.5
2
144
0
26
Percent
0.3
16.9
73.6
9.2
22.9
51.0
20.5
5.6
81.2
89.3
86.0
82.7
76.3
18.8
10.7
14.0
17.3
23.7
0.4
0.4
0.1
0.2
0.3
18.3
12.8
13.2
16.2
22.2
70.8
85.3
76.9
80.0
76.0
10.5
1.6
9.7
3.6
1.5
25.6
23.0
18.5
32.0
15.9
48.8
55.1
56.9
52.3
46.9
19.4
16.5
19.6
10.6
33.5
6.3
5.5
5.0
5.2
3.6
81.4
94.8
18.6
5.2
0.2
0.0
15.4
4.2
80.7
75.7
3.6
20.1
35.1
14.5
41.2
54.6
19.1
28.0
4.6
2.9
Note: Percentages may not add to 100.0 because of rounding.
156
8
22
1
17
93
94
Table 26
FITNESS HEARINGS, 2006
Gender, Age, and Race/Ethnic Group by Outcome
Outcome
Total
Gender
Male
Age
Female
14
15
Race/ethnic group
16
17
All other
White
Hispanic
Black
Other
Number
Total………………..………………
374
350
24
9
38
116
136
75
44
215
92
23
Fitness hearing outcome
Fit…………………………………
Unfit………………………………
111
263
98
252
13
11
5
4
15
23
Percent
36
80
39
97
16
59
24
20
50
165
30
62
7
16
Total……………………..…………
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
Fitness hearing outcome
Fit…………………………………
Unfit………………………………
29.7
70.3
28.0
72.0
54.2
45.8
55.6
44.4
39.5
60.5
31.0
69.0
28.7
71.3
21.3
78.7
54.5
45.5
23.3
76.7
32.6
67.4
30.4
69.6
Table 27
ADULT COURT DISPOSITIONS, 2006
Gender, Age, and Race/Ethnic Group by Disposition
Disposition
Gender
Male
Female
Total
Age
14
Number
12
2
0
0
0
10
15
16
17
29
8
1
0
0
20
148
31
2
1
1
113
316
58
3
3
3
249
81
14
0
1
0
66
258
52
5
2
3
196
135
25
1
1
1
107
31
8
0
0
0
23
113
66
6
35
2
4
249
116
15
105
5
8
66
16
8
38
1
3
196
113
10
61
4
8
107
64
2
39
0
2
23
8
3
9
2
1
100.0
20.9
1.4
0.7
0.7
76.4
100.0
18.4
0.9
0.9
0.9
78.8
100.0
17.3
0.0
1.2
0.0
81.5
100.0
20.2
1.9
0.8
1.2
76.0
100.0
18.5
0.7
0.7
0.7
79.3
100.0
25.8
0.0
0.0
0.0
74.2
100.0
58.4
5.3
31.0
1.8
3.5
100.0
46.6
6.0
42.2
2.0
3.2
100.0
24.2
12.1
57.6
1.5
4.5
100.0
57.7
5.1
31.1
2.0
4.1
100.0
59.8
1.9
36.4
0.0
1.9
100.0
34.8
13.0
39.1
8.7
4.3
Total……………………………………
Dismissed……………………………
Certified to juvenile court…………
Diversions dismissed………………
Acquitted……………………………
Convicted……………………………
505
99
6
4
4
392
461
86
5
3
4
363
44
13
1
1
0
29
Convicted…………………………
Prison/youth authority……………
Probation…………………………
Probation/jail………………………
Jail…………………………………
Other………………………………
392
201
23
147
7
14
363
191
21
131
6
14
29
10
2
16
1
0
Total……………………………………
Dismissed……………………………
Certified to juvenile court…………
Diversions dismissed………………
Acquitted……………………………
Convicted……………………………
100.0
19.6
1.2
0.8
0.8
77.6
100.0
18.7
1.1
0.7
0.9
78.7
100.0
29.5
2.3
2.3
0.0
65.9
10
20
6
13
1
1
2
5
0
0
1
1
Percent
100.0
100.0
16.7
27.6
0.0
3.4
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
83.3
69.0
Convicted…………………………
100.0
Prison/youth authority…………… 51.3
Probation…………………………
5.9
Probation/jail……………………… 37.5
Jail…………………………………
1.8
Other………………………………
3.6
100.0
52.6
5.8
36.1
1.7
3.9
100.0
34.5
6.9
55.2
3.4
0.0
100.0
60.0
10.0
20.0
0.0
10.0
Note: Percentages may not add to 100.0 because of rounding.
100.0
65.0
5.0
25.0
0.0
5.0
White
Race/ethnic group
Hispanic
Black
Other
95
96
Table 28
ADULT COURT DISPOSITIONS, 2006
Disposition by Gender, Age, and Race/Ethnic Group
Disposition
Total
Total………..…………………………
Dismissed…………………………
Certified to juvenile court…………
Diversions dismissed……………
Acquitted……………………….…
Convicted…………………………
Gender
Age
Male
Female
505
99
6
4
4
392
461
86
5
3
4
363
44
13
1
1
0
29
Convicted…………………………
Prison/youth authority…………
Probation………………………
Probation/jail……………………
Jail………………………………
Other……………………………
392
201
23
147
7
14
363
191
21
131
6
14
29
10
2
16
1
0
Total…………………………………
Dismissed…………………………
Certified to juvenile court…………
Diversions dismissed……………
Acquitted……………………….…
Convicted…………………………
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
91.3
86.9
83.3
75.0
100.0
92.6
8.7
13.1
16.7
25.0
0.0
7.4
Convicted…………………………
Prison/youth authority…………
Probation………………………
Probation/jail……………………
Jail………………………………
Other……………………………
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
92.6
95.0
91.3
89.1
85.7
100.0
7.4
5.0
8.7
10.9
14.3
0.0
Note: Percentages may not add to 100.0 because of rounding.
14
Number
12
2
0
0
0
10
10
6
1
2
0
1
Percent
2.4
2.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
2.6
2.6
3.0
4.3
1.4
0.0
7.1
Race/ethnic group
15
16
17
White
29
8
1
0
0
20
148
31
2
1
1
113
316
58
3
3
3
249
81
14
0
1
0
66
20
13
1
5
0
1
113
66
6
35
2
4
249
116
15
105
5
8
5.7
8.1
16.7
0.0
0.0
5.1
29.3
31.3
33.3
25.0
25.0
28.8
5.1
6.5
4.3
3.4
0.0
7.1
28.8
32.8
26.1
23.8
28.6
28.6
Hispanic
Black
Other
258
52
5
2
3
196
135
25
1
1
1
107
31
8
0
0
0
23
66
16
8
38
1
3
196
113
10
61
4
8
107
64
2
39
0
2
23
8
3
9
2
1
62.6
58.6
50.0
75.0
75.0
63.5
16.0
14.1
0.0
25.0
0.0
16.8
51.1
52.5
83.3
50.0
75.0
50.0
26.7
25.3
16.7
25.0
25.0
27.3
6.1
8.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
5.9
63.5
57.7
65.2
71.4
71.4
57.1
16.8
8.0
34.8
25.9
14.3
21.4
50.0
56.2
43.5
41.5
57.1
57.1
27.3
31.8
8.7
26.5
0.0
14.3
5.9
4.0
13.0
6.1
28.6
7.1
Table 29
ADULT COURT DISPOSITIONS, 2006
Gender, Age, and Race/Ethnic Group by Offense Level and Category
Offense level and category
Total
Gender
Male
Age
Female
Race/ethnic group
14
Number
15
16
17
White
Hispanic
Black
Other
Total ……………………………
505
450
55
12
29
148
316
81
258
135
31
Felony…………………………
Misdemeanor…………………
414
91
383
67
31
24
8
4
29
0
125
23
252
64
56
25
220
38
110
25
28
3
Felony offenses……………
Violent offenses……………
Property offenses…………
Drug offenses………………
Other offenses……………
414
264
55
43
52
383
252
45
37
49
31
12
10
6
3
8
6
0
0
2
29
21
2
1
5
125
86
14
11
14
252
151
39
31
31
56
27
13
11
5
220
135
29
22
34
110
78
12
9
11
28
24
1
1
2
Misdemeanor offenses……
Assault and battery………
Theft…………………………
Drug and alcohol…………
Other offenses……………
91
11
18
11
51
67
0
12
9
46
24
11
6
2
5
0
0
0
0
0
23
2
4
3
14
64
9
14
8
33
25
5
4
3
13
38
4
7
6
21
25
2
6
2
15
3
0
1
0
2
Total ……………………………
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
Felony…………………………
Misdemeanor…………………
82.0
18.0
85.1
14.9
56.4
43.6
66.7
33.3
100.0
0.0
84.5
15.5
79.7
20.3
69.1
30.9
85.3
14.7
81.5
18.5
90.3
9.7
Felony offenses……………
Violent offenses……………
Property offenses…………
Drug offenses………………
Other offenses……………
100.0
63.8
13.3
10.4
12.6
100.0
65.8
11.7
9.7
12.8
100.0
38.7
32.3
19.4
9.7
100.0
75.0
0.0
0.0
25.0
100.0
72.4
6.9
3.4
17.2
100.0
68.8
11.2
8.8
11.2
100.0
59.9
15.5
12.3
12.3
100.0
48.2
23.2
19.6
8.9
100.0
61.4
13.2
10.0
15.5
100.0
70.9
10.9
8.2
10.0
100.0
85.7
3.6
3.6
7.1
Misdemeanor offenses……
Assault and battery………
Theft…………………………
Drug and alcohol…………
Other offenses……………
100.0
12.1
19.8
12.1
56.0
100.0
0.0
17.9
13.4
68.7
100.0
45.8
25.0
8.3
20.8
100.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
100.0
100.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
100.0
8.7
17.4
13.0
60.9
100.0
14.1
21.9
12.5
51.6
100.0
20.0
16.0
12.0
52.0
100.0
10.5
18.4
15.8
55.3
100.0
8.0
24.0
8.0
60.0
100.0
0.0
33.3
0.0
66.7
Note: Percentages may not add to 100.0 because of rounding.
4
0
0
0
4
Percent
97
98
Table 30
ADULT COURT DISPOSITIONS FOR FELONY OFFENSES, 2006
Offense, Disposition, and Type of Sentence by Gender, Age, and Race/Ethnic Group
Age
Race/ethnic group
Gender
14
Male
Female
17
White
Hispanic
Other
15
16
Black
Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent
Total…………………………………
414 100.0
383
92.5
31
7.5
8
1.9
29
7.0
125
30.2
252
60.9
56
13.5
220
53.1
110
26.6
28
6.8
Offense, disposition, and
type of sentence
Violent offenses……………………
Total
264
100.0
252
95.5
12
4.5
6
2.3
21
8.0
86
32.6
151
57.2
27
10.2
135
51.1
78
29.5
24
9.1
Homicide……………………………
Dismissed…………………………
Acquitted…………...……………
Convicted…………………………
Prison………………………….
Probation/jail……………………
Probation………………………
Other……………………………
47
8
3
36
31
1
1
3
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
44
8
3
33
28
1
1
3
93.6
100.0
100.0
91.7
90.3
100.0
100.0
100.0
3
0
0
3
3
0
0
0
6.4
0.0
0.0
8.3
9.7
0.0
0.0
0.0
2
1
0
1
1
0
0
0
4.3
12.5
0.0
2.8
3.2
0.0
0.0
0.0
8
3
0
5
4
1
0
0
17.0
37.5
0.0
13.9
12.9
100.0
0.0
0.0
12
1
1
10
8
0
1
1
25.5
12.5
33.3
27.8
25.8
0.0
100.0
33.3
25
3
2
20
18
0
0
2
53.2
37.5
66.7
55.6
58.1
0.0
0.0
66.7
5
0
0
5
4
0
0
1
10.6
0.0
0.0
13.9
12.9
0.0
0.0
33.3
26
5
2
19
16
1
0
2
55.3
62.5
66.7
52.8
51.6
100.0
0.0
66.7
10
2
1
7
7
0
0
0
21.3
25.0
33.3
19.4
22.6
0.0
0.0
0.0
6
1
0
5
4
0
1
0
12.8
12.5
0.0
13.9
12.9
0.0
100.0
0.0
Forcible rape………………………
Dismissed…………………………
Convicted…………………………
Prison……………………………
Probation/jail……………………
6
2
4
3
1
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
6
2
4
3
1
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
0
0
0
0
0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0
0
0
0
0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0
0
0
0
0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
2
1
1
1
0
33.3
50.0
25.0
33.3
0.0
4
1
3
2
1
66.7
50.0
75.0
66.7
100.0
2
0
2
1
1
33.3
0.0
50.0
33.3
100.0
2
1
1
1
0
33.3
50.0
25.0
33.3
0.0
1
0
1
1
0
16.7
0.0
25.0
33.3
0.0
1
1
0
0
0
16.7
50.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Robbery……………………………
Dismissed…………………………
Convicted…………………………
Prison…………………………
Youth Authority…………………
Probation/jail……………………
Probation………………………
Other……………………………
97
21
76
53
3
15
1
4
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
92
19
73
50
3
15
1
4
94.8
90.5
96.1
94.3
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
5
2
3
3
0
0
0
0
5.2
9.5
3.9
5.7
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
1
0
1
1
0
0
0
0
1.0
0.0
1.3
1.9
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
3
1
2
1
0
0
0
1
3.1
4.8
2.6
1.9
0.0
0.0
0.0
25.0
33
4
29
20
2
5
1
1
34.0
19.0
38.2
37.7
66.7
33.3
100.0
25.0
60
16
44
31
1
10
0
2
61.9
76.2
57.9
58.5
33.3
66.7
0.0
50.0
8
3
5
4
0
0
0
1
8.2
14.3
6.6
7.5
0.0
0.0
0.0
25.0
44
9
35
26
1
7
0
1
45.4
42.9
46.1
49.1
33.3
46.7
0.0
25.0
42
9
33
22
2
6
1
2
43.3
42.9
43.4
41.5
66.7
40.0
100.0
50.0
3
0
3
1
0
2
0
0
3.1
0.0
3.9
1.9
0.0
13.3
0.0
0.0
Assault……………………………
Dismissed……………………….
Acquitted……………...…………
Certified to juvenile court………
Convicted…………………………
Prison……………………………
Youth Authority…………………
Probation/jail…………………..
Probation………………………
Other……………………………
108
17
1
1
89
57
1
27
2
2
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
104
17
1
1
85
56
1
24
2
2
96.3
100.0
100.0
100.0
95.5
98.2
100.0
88.9
100.0
100.0
4
0
0
0
4
1
0
3
0
0
3.7
0.0
0.0
0.0
4.5
1.8
0.0
11.1
0.0
0.0
3
0
0
0
3
1
0
1
0
1
2.8
0.0
0.0
0.0
3.4
1.8
0.0
3.7
0.0
50.0
10
2
0
1
7
5
0
1
1
0
9.3
11.8
0.0
100.0
7.9
8.8
0.0
3.7
50.0
0.0
37
7
0
0
30
19
1
8
1
1
34.3
41.2
0.0
0.0
33.7
33.3
100.0
29.6
50.0
50.0
58
8
1
0
49
32
0
17
0
0
53.7
47.1
100.0
0.0
55.1
56.1
0.0
63.0
0.0
0.0
12
2
0
0
10
2
0
7
1
0
11.1
11.8
0.0
0.0
11.2
3.5
0.0
25.9
50.0
0.0
58
8
1
1
48
36
0
11
0
1
53.7
47.1
100.0
100.0
53.9
63.2
0.0
40.7
0.0
50.0
24
3
0
0
21
16
1
4
0
0
22.2
17.6
0.0
0.0
23.6
28.1
100.0
14.8
0.0
0.0
14
4
0
0
10
3
0
5
1
1
13.0
23.5
0.0
0.0
11.2
5.3
0.0
18.5
50.0
50.0
Kidnapping…………………………
Dismissed……………………….
Convicted………………………..
Prison……………………………
Youth Authority…………………
6
2
4
3
1
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
6
2
4
3
1
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
0
0
0
0
0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0
0
0
0
0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0
0
0
0
0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
2
0
2
1
1
33.3
0.0
50.0
33.3
100.0
4
2
2
2
0
66.7
100.0
50.0
66.7
0.0
0
0
0
0
0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
5
2
3
2
1
83.3
100.0
75.0
66.7
100.0
1
0
1
1
0
16.7
0.0
25.0
33.3
0.0
0
0
0
0
0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
(continued)
Table 30 - continued
ADULT COURT DISPOSITIONS FOR FELONY OFFENSES, 2006
Offense, Disposition, and Type of Sentence by Gender, Age, and Race/Ethnic Group
Gender
Age
Race/ethnic group
14
15
16
Hispanic
Other
Female
17
White
Black
Male
Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent
Property offenses…………………
55 100.0
45
81.8
10
18.2
0
0.0
2
3.6
14
25.5
39
70.9
13
23.6
29
52.7
12
21.8
1
1.8
Offense, disposition, and
type of sentence
Total
Burglary……………………………
Dismissed…………..……………
Certified to juvenile court………
Convicted…………………………
Prison……………………………
Youth Authority…………………
Probation/jail……………………
Other……………………………
18
4
1
13
2
1
9
1
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
14
4
1
9
0
1
7
1
77.8
100.0
100.0
69.2
0.0
100.0
77.8
100.0
4
0
0
4
2
0
2
0
22.2
0.0
0.0
30.8
100.0
0.0
22.2
0.0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
6
0
0
6
2
0
3
1
33.3
0.0
0.0
46.2
100.0
0.0
33.3
100.0
12
4
1
7
0
1
6
0
66.7
100.0
100.0
53.8
0.0
100.0
66.7
0.0
7
1
0
6
0
0
5
1
38.9
25.0
0.0
46.2
0.0
0.0
55.6
100.0
5
2
1
2
2
0
0
0
27.8
50.0
100.0
15.4
100.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
6
1
0
5
0
1
4
0
33.3
25.0
0.0
38.5
0.0
100.0
44.4
0.0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Theft……………………………….
Dismissed…………………………
Certified to juvenile court………
Convicted…………………………
Prison……………………………
Probation/jail……………………
21
4
1
16
3
13
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
16
1
1
14
3
11
76.2
25.0
100.0
87.5
100.0
84.6
5
3
0
2
0
2
23.8
75.0
0.0
12.5
0.0
15.4
0
0
0
0
0
0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
2
0
0
2
1
1
9.5
0.0
0.0
12.5
33.3
7.7
4
1
1
2
0
2
19.0
25.0
100.0
12.5
0.0
15.4
15
3
0
12
2
10
71.4
75.0
0.0
75.0
66.7
76.9
3
1
0
2
0
2
14.3
25.0
0.0
12.5
0.0
15.4
14
3
1
10
2
8
66.7
75.0
100.0
62.5
66.7
61.5
4
0
0
4
1
3
19.0
0.0
0.0
25.0
33.3
23.1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Motor vehicle theft………………
Dismissed…………………………
Convicted…………………………
Prison………..…………………
Probation/jail……………………
Jail………………………………
Other……………………………
10
2
8
3
3
1
1
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
9
2
7
2
3
1
1
90.0
100.0
87.5
66.7
100.0
100.0
100.0
1
0
1
1
0
0
0
10.0
0.0
12.5
33.3
0.0
0.0
0.0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
2
1
1
1
0
0
0
20.0
50.0
12.5
33.3
0.0
0.0
0.0
8
1
7
2
3
1
1
80.0
50.0
87.5
66.7
100.0
100.0
100.0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
7
1
6
3
2
0
1
70.0
50.0
75.0
100.0
66.7
0.0
100.0
2
1
1
0
1
0
0
20.0
50.0
12.5
0.0
33.3
0.0
0.0
1
0
1
0
0
1
0
10.0
0.0
12.5
0.0
0.0
100.0
0.0
Forgery/checks/access cards……
Convicted…………………………
Probation/jail……………………
1
1
1
100.0
100.0
100.0
1
1
1
100.0
100.0
100.0
0
0
0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0
0
0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0
0
0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0
0
0
0.0
0.0
0.0
1
1
1
100.0
100.0
100.0
0
0
0
0.0
0.0
0.0
1
1
1
100.0
100.0
100.0
0
0
0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0
0
0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Arson………………………………
Dismissed…………………………
Convicted…………………………
Prison………….…………………
Probation/jail……………………
Probation………………………
5
2
3
1
1
1
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
5
2
3
1
1
1
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
2
2
0
0
0
0
40.0
100.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
3
0
3
1
1
1
60.0
0.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
3
2
1
0
0
1
60.0
100.0
33.3
0.0
0.0
100.0
2
0
2
1
1
0
40.0
0.0
66.7
100.0
100.0
0.0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
43
100.0
37
86.0
6
14.0
0
0.0
1
2.3
11
25.6
31
72.1
11
25.6
22
51.2
9
20.9
1
2.3
Narcotics……………………………
Dismissed…………………………
Diversions dismissed……………
Convicted…………………………
Prison…………………………..
Probation/jail……………………
Probation………………………
Other……………………………
22
7
2
13
4
4
4
1
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
19
5
1
13
4
4
4
1
86.4
71.4
50.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
3
2
1
0
0
0
0
0
13.6
28.6
50.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
1
0
0
1
0
1
0
0
4.5
0.0
0.0
7.7
0.0
25.0
0.0
0.0
4
2
0
2
1
0
1
0
18.2
28.6
0.0
15.4
25.0
0.0
25.0
0.0
17
5
2
10
3
3
3
1
77.3
71.4
100.0
76.9
75.0
75.0
75.0
100.0
3
0
0
3
0
1
2
0
13.6
0.0
0.0
23.1
0.0
25.0
50.0
0.0
12
3
1
8
2
3
2
1
54.5
42.9
50.0
61.5
50.0
75.0
50.0
100.0
7
4
1
2
2
0
0
0
31.8
57.1
50.0
15.4
50.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Marijuana…………………………
Dismissed…………………………
Convicted…………………………
Prison……………………………
Probation/jail……………………
4
1
3
1
2
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
4
1
3
1
2
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
0
0
0
0
0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0
0
0
0
0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0
0
0
0
0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
2
1
1
1
0
50.0
100.0
33.3
100.0
0.0
2
0
2
0
2
50.0
0.0
66.7
0.0
100.0
2
0
2
1
1
50.0
0.0
66.7
100.0
50.0
0
0
0
0
0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
1
0
1
0
1
25.0
0.0
33.3
0.0
50.0
Drug offenses………………………
1
25.0
1 100.0
0
0.0
0
0.0
0
0.0
(continued)
99
100
Table 30 - continued
ADULT COURT DISPOSITIONS FOR FELONY OFFENSES, 2006
Offense, Disposition, and Type of Sentence by Gender, Age, and Race/Ethnic Group
Offense, disposition, and
type of sentence
Total
Number Percent
Dangerous drugs…………………
17 100.0
2 100.0
Dismissed…………………………
1 100.0
Certified to juvenile court………
14 100.0
Convicted…………………………
4 100.0
Prison……………………………
5 100.0
Probation/jail……………………
Probation………………………
4 100.0
1 100.0
Jail………………………………
Gender
Age
Race/ethnic group
14
15
16
Male
Female
17
White
Hispanic
Black
Other
Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent
14
82.4
3
17.6
0
0.0
0
0.0
5
29.4
12
70.6
6
35.3
10
58.8
1
5.9
0
0.0
2 100.0
0
0.0
0
0.0
0
0.0
1
50.0
1
50.0
1
50.0
1
50.0
0
0.0
0
0.0
1 100.0
0
0.0
0
0.0
0
0.0
0
0.0
1 100.0
0
0.0
1 100.0
0
0.0
0
0.0
11
78.6
3
21.4
0
0.0
0
0.0
4
28.6
10
71.4
5
35.7
8
57.1
1
7.1
0
0.0
4 100.0
0
0.0
0
0.0
0
0.0
0
0.0
4 100.0
1
25.0
3
75.0
0
0.0
0
0.0
3
60.0
2
40.0
0
0.0
0
0.0
2
40.0
3
60.0
3
60.0
1
20.0
1
20.0
0
0.0
3
75.0
1
25.0
0
0.0
0
0.0
2
50.0
2
50.0
1
25.0
3
75.0
0
0.0
0
0.0
1 100.0
0
0.0
0
0.0
0
0.0
0
0.0
1 100.0
0
0.0
1 100.0
0
0.0
0
0.0
Other felony offenses………………
52
100.0
49
94.2
3
5.8
2
3.8
5
9.6
14
26.9
31
59.6
5
9.6
34
65.4
11
21.2
2
3.8
Unlawful sexual intercourse………
Convicted…………………………
Probation………………………
2
2
2
100.0
100.0
100.0
2
2
2
100.0
100.0
100.0
0
0
0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0
0
0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0
0
0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0
0
0
0.0
0.0
0.0
2
2
2
100.0
100.0
100.0
1
1
1
50.0
50.0
50.0
1
1
1
50.0
50.0
50.0
0
0
0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0
0
0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Lewd or lascivious…………………
Convicted…………………………
Prison………………………….
Probation/jail……………………
6
6
4
2
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
6
6
4
2
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
0
0
0
0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0
0
0
0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0
0
0
0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
2
2
1
1
33.3
33.3
25.0
50.0
4
4
3
1
66.7
66.7
75.0
50.0
0
0
0
0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
5
5
4
1
83.3
83.3
100.0
50.0
1
1
0
1
16.7
16.7
0.0
50.0
0
0
0
0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Other sex law violations…………
Dismissed…………………………
Convicted…………………………
Probation/jail……………………
5
3
2
2
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
5
3
2
2
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
0
0
0
0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
1
1
0
0
20.0
33.3
0.0
0.0
0
0
0
0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
1
1
0
0
20.0
33.3
0.0
0.0
3
1
2
2
60.0
33.3
100.0
100.0
0
0
0
0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
4
2
2
2
80.0
66.7
100.0
100.0
1
1
0
0
20.0
33.3
0.0
0.0
0
0
0
0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Weapons…………………………
Dismissed………………………
Convicted…………………………
Prison……………………………
Probation/jail……………………
11
3
8
6
2
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
11
3
8
6
2
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
0
0
0
0
0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
1
0
1
1
0
9.1
0.0
12.5
16.7
0.0
3
1
2
1
1
27.3
33.3
25.0
16.7
50.0
2
1
1
1
0
18.2
33.3
12.5
16.7
0.0
5
1
4
3
1
45.5
33.3
50.0
50.0
50.0
0
0
0
0
0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
9
3
6
6
0
81.8
100.0
75.0
100.0
0.0
2
0
2
0
2
18.2
0.0
25.0
0.0
100.0
0
0
0
0
0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Driving under the influence………
Convicted…………………………
Probation/jail……………………
1
1
1
100.0
100.0
100.0
1
1
1
100.0
100.0
100.0
0
0
0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0
0
0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0
0
0
0.0
0.0
0.0
1
1
1
100.0
100.0
100.0
0
0
0
0.0
0.0
0.0
1
1
1
100.0
100.0
100.0
0
0
0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0
0
0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0
0
0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Hit and Run………………………
Dismissed………………………
Convicted…………………………
Probation/jail……………………
2
1
1
1
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
2
1
1
1
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
0
0
0
0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0
0
0
0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0
0
0
0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0
0
0
0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
2
1
1
1
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
0
0
0
0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
2
1
1
1
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
0
0
0
0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0
0
0
0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Escape……………………………
Convicted…………………………
Prison……………………………
Probation/jail……………………
2
2
1
1
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
2
2
1
1
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
0
0
0
0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0
0
0
0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0
0
0
0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
2
2
1
1
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
0
0
0
0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0
0
0
0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
2
2
1
1
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
0
0
0
0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0
0
0
0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Other felonies………………………
Dismissed…………………………
Diversions dismissed……………
Convicted…………………………
Prison………………………….
Probation/jail……………………
Probation………………………
Other……………………………
23
5
1
17
7
7
1
2
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
20
2
1
17
7
7
1
2
87.0
40.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
3
3
0
0
0
0
0
0
13.0
60.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
2
1
0
1
1
0
0
0
8.7
20.0
0.0
5.9
14.3
0.0
0.0
0.0
6
2
1
3
1
2
0
0
26.1
40.0
100.0
17.6
14.3
28.6
0.0
0.0
15
2
0
13
5
5
1
2
65.2
40.0
0.0
76.5
71.4
71.4
100.0
100.0
3
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
13.0
20.0
100.0
5.9
14.3
0.0
0.0
0.0
11
4
0
7
1
3
1
2
47.8
80.0
0.0
41.2
14.3
42.9
100.0
100.0
7
0
0
7
5
2
0
0
30.4
0.0
0.0
41.2
71.4
28.6
0.0
0.0
2
0
0
2
0
2
0
0
8.7
0.0
0.0
11.8
0.0
28.6
0.0
0.0
Note: Percentages may not add to 100.0 because of rounding.
Table 31
ADULT COURT DISPOSITIONS FOR MISDEMEANOR OFFENSES, 2006
Offense, Disposition, and Type of Sentence by Gender, Age, and Race/Ethnic Group
Gender
Age
Race/ethnic group
14
15
16
Male
Female
17
White
Hispanic
Black
Other
Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent
Total……………………...……………
91 100.0
78
85.7
13
14.3
4
4.4
0
0.0
23
25.3
64
70.3
25
27.5
38
41.8
25
27.5
3
3.3
Offense, disposition, and
type of sentence
Total
Assault and battery…………………
Dismissed…………………………
Convicted…………………………
Probation/jail…...………………
11
2
9
9
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
11
2
9
9
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
0
0
0
0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0
0
0
0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0
0
0
0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
2
1
1
1
18.2
50.0
11.1
11.1
9
1
8
8
81.8
50.0
88.9
88.9
5
0
5
5
45.5
0.0
55.6
55.6
4
1
3
3
36.4
50.0
33.3
33.3
2
1
1
1
18.2
50.0
11.1
11.1
0
0
0
0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Theft…………………………………
Dismissed…………………………
Certified to juvenile court………
Convicted…………………………
Probation/jail……………………
Probation…………………………
Jail………………………………
18
1
2
15
9
5
1
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
12
0
1
11
7
4
0
66.7
0.0
50.0
73.3
77.8
80.0
0.0
6
1
1
4
2
1
1
33.3
100.0
50.0
26.7
22.2
20.0
100.0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
4
1
1
2
2
0
0
22.2
100.0
50.0
13.3
22.2
0.0
0.0
14
0
1
13
7
5
1
77.8
0.0
50.0
86.7
77.8
100.0
100.0
4
1
0
3
3
0
0
22.2
100.0
0.0
20.0
33.3
0.0
0.0
7
0
1
6
2
3
1
38.9
0.0
50.0
40.0
22.2
60.0
100.0
6
0
1
5
4
1
0
33.3
0.0
50.0
33.3
44.4
20.0
0.0
1
0
0
1
0
1
0
5.6
0.0
0.0
6.7
0.0
20.0
0.0
Drug and alcohol……………………
11
100.0
9
81.8
2
18.2
0
0.0
0
0.0
3
27.3
8
72.7
3
27.3
6
54.5
2
18.2
0
0.0
Marijuana……………………………
Dismissed…………………………
1
1
100.0
100.0
1
1
100.0
100.0
0
0
0.0
0.0
0
0
0.0
0.0
0
0
0.0
0.0
1
1
100.0
100.0
0
0
0.0
0.0
0
0
0.0
0.0
1
1
100.0
100.0
0
0
0.0
0.0
0
0
0.0
0.0
Other drug offenses………………
Dismissed…………………………
Diversions dismissed……………
Convicted…………………………
Probation/jail……………………
Jail………………………………
6
2
1
3
2
1
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
5
1
1
3
2
1
83.3
50.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
1
1
0
0
0
0
16.7
50.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
1
1
0
0
0
0
16.7
50.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
5
1
1
3
2
1
83.3
50.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
2
0
0
2
2
0
33.3
0.0
0.0
66.7
100.0
0.0
3
1
1
1
0
1
50.0
50.0
100.0
33.3
0.0
100.0
1
1
0
0
0
0
16.7
50.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Driving under the influence………
Convicted…………………………
Probation/jail……………………
4
4
4
100.0
100.0
100.0
3
3
3
75.0
75.0
75.0
1
1
1
25.0
25.0
25.0
0
0
0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0
0
0
0.0
0.0
0.0
1
1
1
25.0
25.0
25.0
3
3
3
75.0
75.0
75.0
1
1
1
25.0
25.0
25.0
2
2
2
50.0
50.0
50.0
1
1
1
25.0
25.0
25.0
0
0
0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Other offenses………………………
51
100.0
46
90.2
5
9.8
4
7.8
0
0.0
14
27.5
33
64.7
13
25.5
21
41.2
15
29.4
2
3.9
Burglary…………………...………
Dismissed…………………………
Convicted…………………………
Probation/jail……………………
Jail………………………………
5
1
4
3
1
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
4
1
3
2
1
80.0
100.0
75.0
66.7
100.0
1
0
1
1
0
20.0
0.0
25.0
33.3
0.0
0
0
0
0
0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0
0
0
0
0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
2
0
2
1
1
40.0
0.0
50.0
33.3
100.0
3
1
2
2
0
60.0
100.0
50.0
66.7
0.0
0
0
0
0
0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
4
1
3
2
1
80.0
100.0
75.0
66.7
100.0
1
0
1
1
0
20.0
0.0
25.0
33.3
0.0
0
0
0
0
0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Forgery, checks, access cards…
Convicted…………………………
Probation/jail……………………
1
1
1
100.0
100.0
100.0
1
1
1
100.0
100.0
100.0
0
0
0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0
0
0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0
0
0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0
0
0
0.0
0.0
0.0
1
1
1
100.0
100.0
100.0
0
0
0
0.0
0.0
0.0
1
1
1
100.0
100.0
100.0
0
0
0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0
0
0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Arson………………………………
Convicted…………………………
Probation…………………………
1
1
1
100.0
100.0
100.0
1
1
1
100.0
100.0
100.0
0
0
0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0
0
0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0
0
0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0
0
0
0.0
0.0
0.0
1
1
1
100.0
100.0
100.0
1
1
1
100.0
100.0
100.0
0
0
0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0
0
0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0
0
0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Weapons……………………………
Convicted…………………………
Probation/jail……………………
2
2
2
100.0
100.0
100.0
2
2
2
100.0
100.0
100.0
0
0
0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0
0
0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0
0
0
0.0
0.0
0.0
1
1
1
50.0
50.0
50.0
1
1
1
50.0
50.0
50.0
1
1
1
50.0
50.0
50.0
0
0
0
0.0
0.0
0.0
1
1
1
50.0
50.0
50.0
0
0
0
0.0
0.0
0.0
All other misdemeanors…………
Dismissed…………………………
Convicted…………………………
Prison……………………………
Probation/jail……………………
Probation…………………………
Jail………………………………
42
8
34
12
19
1
2
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
38
7
31
12
16
1
2
90.5
87.5
91.2
100.0
84.2
100.0
100.0
4
1
3
0
3
0
0
9.5
12.5
8.8
0.0
15.8
0.0
0.0
4
0
4
2
1
1
0
9.5
0.0
11.8
16.7
5.3
100.0
0.0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
11
2
9
4
4
0
1
26.2
25.0
26.5
33.3
21.1
0.0
50.0
27
6
21
6
14
0
1
64.3
75.0
61.8
50.0
73.7
0.0
50.0
11
2
9
2
5
1
1
26.2
25.0
26.5
16.7
26.3
100.0
50.0
16
3
13
5
8
0
0
38.1
37.5
38.2
41.7
42.1
0.0
0.0
13
2
11
5
6
0
0
31.0
25.0
32.4
41.7
31.6
0.0
0.0
2
1
1
0
0
0
1
4.8
12.5
2.9
0.0
0.0
0.0
50.0
Note: Percentages may not add to 100.0 because of rounding.
101
Table 33
POPULATION ESTIMATES, 2006
Gender and Age by Race/Ethnic Group
Gender and
Age
Total
Race/ethnic group
Statewide
0-9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18-25
14,006,972
5,158,924
527,803
540,576
551,525
564,524
578,692
590,353
586,387
565,963
4,342,225
4,455,792
1,545,531
160,164
164,304
169,001
173,842
182,629
190,933
194,782
190,288
1,484,318
6,530,876
2,560,053
252,989
257,970
261,800
267,057
269,427
270,203
261,634
247,215
1,882,528
1,014,066
335,788
39,730
41,644
43,127
44,475
46,017
47,521
48,501
46,648
320,615
1,404,718
477,667
50,466
52,116
53,190
54,861
55,937
56,729
56,894
58,380
488,478
Pacific
Islander
52,727
16,559
1,912
2,085
2,177
2,225
2,337
2,392
2,433
2,350
18,257
Male
0-9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18-25
7,214,490
2,635,738
270,677
277,086
282,956
289,349
296,205
302,562
300,847
290,581
2,268,489
2,293,797
790,236
82,410
84,645
87,054
89,654
93,876
98,138
100,277
97,654
769,853
3,372,857
1,306,864
129,515
131,964
134,066
136,669
137,698
138,281
133,850
126,929
997,021
521,549
171,312
20,337
21,239
21,845
22,472
23,292
24,183
24,832
23,810
168,227
721,488
244,773
26,009
26,793
27,604
28,296
28,930
29,288
29,439
30,375
249,981
26,948
8,490
955
1,052
1,106
1,166
1,212
1,199
1,223
1,220
9,325
62,185
19,230
2,529
2,614
2,700
2,746
2,834
2,884
2,905
2,819
20,924
215,666
94,833
8,922
8,779
8,581
8,346
8,363
8,589
8,321
7,774
53,158
Female
0-9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18-25
6,792,482
2,523,186
257,126
263,490
268,569
275,175
282,487
287,791
285,540
275,382
2,073,736
2,161,995
755,295
77,754
79,659
81,947
84,188
88,753
92,795
94,505
92,634
714,465
3,158,019
1,253,189
123,474
126,006
127,734
130,388
131,729
131,922
127,784
120,286
885,507
492,517
164,476
19,393
20,405
21,282
22,003
22,725
23,338
23,669
22,838
152,388
683,230
232,894
24,457
25,323
25,586
26,565
27,007
27,441
27,455
28,005
238,497
25,779
8,069
957
1,033
1,071
1,059
1,125
1,193
1,210
1,130
8,932
60,341
18,415
2,470
2,556
2,663
2,728
2,830
2,842
2,890
2,797
20,150
210,601
90,848
8,621
8,508
8,286
8,244
8,318
8,260
8,027
7,692
53,797
White
Hispanic
Black
Asian
Source: State of California, Department of Finance, Race/Ethnic Population with Age and Gender Detail, 2000-2050.
American
Indian
122,526
37,645
4,999
5,170
5,363
5,474
5,664
5,726
5,795
5,616
41,074
Multirace
426,267
185,681
17,543
17,287
16,867
16,590
16,681
16,849
16,348
15,466
106,955
103
Appendices
APPENDICES
APPENDIX 1
BACKGROUND
The Department of Justice (DOJ), Criminal Justice
Statistics Center, has been compiling and publishing
data describing California’s juvenile justice system since
1947. In 1969, the first computerized juvenile probation
caseload file system was developed to receive information
on juveniles being supervised by probation departments
or in detention facilities. The system was designed to
track transactions that take place within the juvenile
probation system and to provide information on the chain
of events that depicted a juvenile’s progress through the
probation and court processes from the time of referral
to final disposition. Individual transactions are linked
together to form a comprehensive record of the court and
probation activities for a single offender.
In 1979, in an effort to upgrade the first computerized
data collection system, the Juvenile Court and Probation
Statistical System (JCPSS) was developed as a pilot
study. Ten counties participated in the initial study, and, in
1980, the pilot system was made operational statewide.
From 1980 to 1989, the JCPSS collected, compiled, and
reported statistical data on the administration of juvenile
justice in California by collecting individualized records
on delinquent juveniles referred to California probation
departments. These records contained information
about the youth, referral source, referral offense, preadjudication detention, probation and court disposition,
and current supervision status, and changes in prior
supervision status. During this period, transaction reports
were submitted at the time a disposition was made or
when supervision was terminated.
In 1990, the JCPSS was discontinued because of budget
reductions.
In 1995, with the help of Assemblyman Baca and the
support of the Chief Probation Officers of California,
Assembly Bill 488 was passed, directing the DOJ to
reestablish the JCPSS. In June 1996, representatives
from 14 probation departments and the DOJ met to
finalize the reporting standards and system development
began. In January 1997, several probation departments
were submitting data to the JCPSS data.
In 1999, the Legislative Analyst’s Office (LAO)
recommended that the Legislature withhold 50 percent
of the Temporary Assistance to Needy Families (TANF)
funds from those probation departments not “certified” by
the DOJ as submitting JCPSS data by March 2000. At
that time, only 22 probation departments were submitting
data to the JCPSS.
In 2000, the LAO again recommended that the Legislature
withhold 50 percent of the TANF funds from those
probation departments not certified by the DOJ as
submitting JCPSS data by March 2001. In May 2000, a
permanent JCPSS Advisory Committee was established
to discuss improving county participation and legislative
changes affecting JCPSS; no funds were withheld.
In 2001, the Legislature directed the DOJ, via Senate
Bill 314, to include in its annual juvenile justice report,
statistics on the administrative actions taken by law
enforcement agencies regarding juveniles whose cases
are transferred to or directly adjudicated in adult criminal
court. This legislation also prompted discussions about
replacing the existing JCPSS software, first provided to
the probation departments in 1996, with a web-enabled
application. In February 2002, development of the webenabled JCPSS application began, and by October 2002,
the DOJ began connecting county probation departments
to the DOJ network.
In 2003, the JCPSS web-application became fully
operational. Probation departments were trained and
data submission began. Currently, 57 counties are
connected to the web-enabled application, with 56 of
those counties submitting data. The DOJ continues to
work with the remaining counties to achieve 100 percent
participation.
APPENDICES
107
Juvenile Justice in California, 2006



APPENDIX 2
DATA LIMITATIONS
Arrests
Monthly Arrest and Citation Register (MACR)
All juvenile referrals for law violations and status If a person is arrested for multiple offenses, the MACR
The information presented in this report represents
selects only the most serious offense based on the
severity of possible punishment.
Felony arrest counts may include some misdemeanor
warrants for felony offenses.
Referrals and Petitions
Juvenile Court and Probation Statistical Systems
(JCPSS)
Each year there is a difference between the number of
referrals to probation via the JCPSS and the number of
juvenile arrests reported by law enforcement agencies
as “referred to juvenile court and probation” via the
Monthly Arrest and Citation Register (MACR). The
differences are due, in part, to the different programs
and definitions used by law enforcement agencies
and probation department for submitting data to the
Department of Justice. However, there are two primary
reasons for the difference:
a.Probation departments report caseload information
while law enforcement agencies report information
on individual arrests.
b.The JCPSS counts only those juveniles who have
a final disposition reported to the DOJ. Many
probation departments divert juveniles out of the
system into other “community based” programs.
As a result, many juveniles who are diverted after
being referred by law enforcement agencies are not
reported on JCPSS.
108
JUVENILE JUSTICE IN CALIFORNIA, 2006
offenses are reported in the JCPSS.
the data received from 56 counties. Del Norte and
Sierra counties were unable to provide data and are
not included in this portion of the report.
Adult disposition information includes those juveniles
aged 14 to 17 at the time of a felony arrest, who
received an adult level disposition in 2006. The number
of adult dispositions received in 2006, that meet the
above criteria, will not equal the number of juveniles
transferred to the adult system for prosecution.
Because of differences between the adult and juvenile
systems, not every case transferred to the adult system
is adjudicated in the same year. Many of the arrests
occurred prior to 2006.
In 2003, the JCPSS was modified to accept up to five
offenses per referral or petition. Previously, the JCPSS
would only accept the most serious offense per referral
or petition.

The subjectivity of the classification and labeling
process must be considered in the analysis of race/
ethnic group data. As commonly used, race refers to
large populations that share certain similar physical
characteristics such as skin color. Because these
physical characteristics can vary greatly within groups
as well as between groups, determination of race is
frequently, by necessity, subjective. Ethnicity refers
to cultural heritage and can cross racial lines. For
example, the ethnic designation “Hispanic” includes
persons of any race. Most commonly, self identification
of race/ethnicity is used in the classification and
labeling process.
APPENDICES
APPENDIX 2
DATA LIMITATIONS
Adult Dispositions in Adult Court
Offender-Based Transaction Statistics (OBTS)
Disposition data from the OBTS system are available
from 1982.
OBTS data are grouped by the year of disposition
regardless of the year in which the arrest occurred.
OBTS data represent final dispositions equal to
approximately 65-75 percent of the total adult felony
arrests made during a calendar year. Therefore, final
dispositions may occur in a year following the year of
arrest.
Only the final disposition of an arrest event is selected
for statistical purposes. Intermediate dispositions
(diversion programs, suspended proceedings,
reopenings, retrials, or subsequent actions) are not
included in OBTS data.
If a person is arrested for multiple offenses, OBTS
selects only the most serious offense, based on the
severity of possible punishment. If there are multiple
court dispositions, OBTS selects the most severe court
disposition and the associated offense.
OBTS data on state institutional commitments may vary
from information compiled and reported by other state
agencies because of differences in the data collection
systems and criteria.
The OBTS file includes some persons whose age
at arrest was under 18. These minors received a
final disposition in adult court under provisions of the
Welfare and Institutions Code sections 602, 707(a),
707(b), 707(c), and 707.1(a).
The 2006 report file was created in April 2007.
APPENDICES
109
Juvenile Justice in California, 2006



APPENDIX 3
PENAL CODE SECTIONS
Welfare and Institutions Code Section 285
All probation officers shall make periodic reports to the
Attorney General at those times and in the manner
prescribed by the Attorney General, provided that no
names or social security numbers shall be transmitted
regarding any proceeding under Section 300 or 601.
Penal Code Section 13010
It shall be the duty of the department:
(a) To collect data necessary for the work of the
department from all persons and agencies mentioned in
Section 13020 and from any other appropriate source.
���������������������������������������������������
(b) To prepare and distribute to all those persons
and agencies, cards, forms, or electronic means used
in reporting data to the department. The cards, forms,
or electronic means may, in addition to other items,
include items of information needed by federal bureaus
or departments engaged in the development of national
and uniform criminal statistics.
�������������������������������������������������
(c) To recommend the form and content of records
which must be kept by those persons and agencies
in order to insure the correct reporting of data to the
department.
(d) To instruct those persons and agencies in the
installation, maintenance, and use of those records and
in the reporting of data therefrom to the department.
(e) To process, tabulate, analyze and interpret the
data collected from those persons and agencies.
(f) To supply, at their request, to federal bureaus or
departments engaged in the collection of national criminal
statistics data they need from this state.
110
JUVENILE JUSTICE IN CALIFORNIA, 2006
�������������������������������������������������������
(g) To present to the Governor, on or before July 1st,
a printed annual report containing the criminal statistics
of the preceding calendar year and to present at other
times as the Attorney General may approve reports on
special aspects of criminal statistics. A sufficient number
of copies of all reports shall be printed or otherwise
prepared to enable the Attorney General to send a copy
to all public officials in the state dealing with criminals and
to distribute them generally in channels where they will
add to the public enlightenment.
(h) To periodically review the requirements of units of
government using criminal justice statistics, and to make
recommendations for changes it deems necessary in the
design of criminal justice statistics systems, including new
techniques of collection and processing made possible
by automation.
Penal Code Section 13010.5
The department shall collect data pertaining to the juvenile
justice system for criminal history and statistical purposes.
This information shall serve to assist the department in
complying with the reporting requirement of subdivisions
(c) and (d) of Section 13012, measuring the extent of
juvenile delinquency, determining the need for and
effectiveness of relevant legislation, and identifying longterm trends in juvenile delinquency. Any data collected
pursuant to this section may include criminal history
information which may be used by the department to
comply with the requirements of Section 602.5 of the
Welfare and Institutions Code.
APPENDICES
APPENDIX 3
PENAL CODE SECTIONS
Penal Code Section 13012
Penal Code Section 13012.5
The annual report of the department provided for in
Section 13010 shall contain statistics showing all of the
following:
(a) The amount and the types of offenses known to
the public authorities.
(b) The personal and social characteristics of criminals
and delinquents.
(c) The administrative actions taken by law enforcement,
judicial, penal, and correctional agencies or institutions,
including those in the juvenile justice system, in dealing
with criminals or delinquents.
(d) The administrative actions taken by law enforcement,
prosecutorial, judicial, penal, and correctional agencies,
including those in the juvenile justice system, in dealing
with minors who are the subject of a petition or hearing in
the juvenile court to transfer their case to the jurisdiction
of an adult criminal court or whose cases are directly filed
or otherwise initiated in an adult criminal court.
(e) The number of citizens’ complaints received
by law enforcement agencies under Section 832.5.
These statistics shall indicate the total number of these
complaints, the number alleging criminal conduct of either
a felony or misdemeanor, and the number sustained in
each category. The report shall not contain a reference
to any individual agency but shall be by gross numbers
only.
It shall be the duty of the department to give adequate
interpretation of the statistics and so to present the
information that it may be of value in guiding the
policies of the Legislature and of those in charge of the
apprehension, prosecution, and treatment of the criminals
and delinquents, or concerned with the prevention of crime
and delinquency. The report shall also include statistics
which are comparable with national uniform criminal
statistics published by federal bureaus or departments
heretofore mentioned.
(a) The annual report published by the department under
Section 13010 shall, in regard to the contents required
by subdivision (d) of Section 13012, include the following
statewide information:
(1) The annual number of fitness hearings held in
the juvenile courts under Section 707 of the Welfare and
Institutions Code, and the outcomes of those hearings
including orders to remand to adult criminal court, crossreferenced with information about the age, gender,
ethnicity, and offense of the minors whose cases are the
subject of those fitness hearings.
������������������������������������������������
(2) The annual number of minors whose cases are
filed directly in adult criminal court under Sections 602.5
and 707 of the Welfare and Institutions Code, crossreferenced with information about the age, gender,
ethnicity, and offense of the minors whose cases are filed
directly to the adult criminal court.
(3) The outcomes of cases involving minors who are
prosecuted in adult criminal courts, regardless of how
adult court jurisdiction was initiated, including whether the
minor was acquitted or convicted, or whether the case
was dismissed and returned to juvenile court, including
sentencing outcomes, cross-referenced with the age,
gender, ethnicity, and offense of the minors subject to
these court actions.
(b) The department’s annual report published under
Section 13010 shall include the information described in
subdivision (d) of Section 13012, as further delineated
by this section, beginning with the report due on July 1,
2003, for the preceding calendar year.
APPENDICES
111
Juvenile Justice in California, 2006



APPENDIX 4
FELONY-LEVEL OFFENSE CODES
The following statutes and their offense groupings were valid at the time of the closeout of the 2006 arrest offense code file. All statutory codes
listed are for Penal Code sections unless indicated as follows:
BP
CC
EC
FA
FC
FG
-
-
-
-
-
-
Business and Professions Code
Corporations Code
Education Code
Food and Agriculture Code
Financial Code
Fish and Game Code
GC
HN
HS
IC
LC
MV
-
-
-
-
-
-
Government Code
Harbors and Navigation Code
Health and Safety Code
Insurance Code
Labor Code
Military and Veterans Code
PR
RT
SH
UI
VC
WI
-
-
-
-
-
-
Public Resources Code
Revenue and Taxation Code
Streets and Highways Code
Unemployment Insurance Code
Vehicle Code
Welfare and Institutions Code
FELONY-LEVEL OFFENSE CODES
Homicide - 128, 187(a), 189, 192(a), 192(b), 193(a), 193(b), 273ab, 399, 12310(a)
Manslaughter Veh - 191.5(a), 191.5(b), 191.5(d), 192(c)(1), 192(c)(3), 192(c)(4), 192.5(a), 192.5(c), 193(c)(1), 193(c)(3)
Forcible Rape - 220, 261, 261(a)(1), 261(a)(2), 261(a)(3), 261(a)(4), 261(a)(5), 261(a)(6), 261(a)(7), 262(a)(1), 262(a)(2), 262(a)(3), 262(a)(4),
262(a)(5), 264.1, 266c, 269(a)(1), 269(a)(2), 664/261
Robbery - 211, 212.5(a), 212.5(b), 212.5(c), 213(a)(1)(a), 213(b), 214, 215(a), 278.5(a), 664/211, 664/212.5(a), 664/212.5(b)
Assault - 69, 71, 76(a), 95.1, 139(a), 140, 140(a), 146e(b), 148(b), 148(c), 148(d), 148(d)(1), 148.1(a), 148.1(b), 148.1(c), 148.1(d), 148.3(b),
148.4(b)(1), 148.4(b)(2), 148.10(a), 149, 151(a)(2), 186.26(a), 186.26(c), 203, 205, 206, 217.1(a), 217.1(b), 218, 219, 219.1, 219.2*, 222, 241.1,
241.4, 241.7, 242*, 242/243*, 243(c), 243(c)(1)*, 243(c)(2)*, 243(d), 243.1, 243.3*, 243.6*, 243.7, 243.9(a)*, 244, 244.5(b), 244.5(c), 245(a)(1)*,
245(a)(2)*, 245(a)(3), 245(b), 245(c), 245(d)(1), 245(d)(2), 245(d)(3), 245.2, 245.3, 245.5(a), 245.5(b), 245.5(c), 246*, 246.3*, 247(a), 247(b),
247.5*, 273a(a), 273d(a), 273.5(a), 273.5(e)*, 347(a), 347(b), 368(a), 368(b)(1), 375(a)*, 375(d), 401, 405a, 405b, 417(b)*, 417(c), 417.1, 417.3,
417.6(a), 417.8, 422*, 422.7(a), 588a*, 601(a)(1), 601(a)(2), 625c, 664/187(a), 664/189, 1768.8(b), 1768.85(a)*, 1808.4(d), 4131.5, 4500, 4501,
4501.5, 11412, 11413(a), 11418(a), 11418(b)(1), 11418(b)(2), 11418(b)(3), 11418(c), 11418(d)*, 11418.5(a)*, 11419(a)*, 12303*, 12303.1(a),
12303.1(b), 12303.1(c), 12303.2, 12303.3, 12303.6, 12304*, 12305 HS, 12308, 12309, 12310(b), 12312, 12355(a), 12355(b), 15656(a), 21464(c)
VC, 23110(b) VC, 38318(b) VC, 38318.5(b) VC
Kidnapping - 157, 207(a), 207(b), 207(c), 207(d), 208(b), 208(d), 209(a), 209(b), 209(b)(1), 209.5(a), 210, 278, 278.5(a), 280(b), 4503
Burglary - 459*, 460, 460(a), 460(b)*, 461, 461.1, 461.2, 463(a), 464, 664/459, 664/460, 664/460(a), 664/460(b)
Theft - 72, 115(a), 115.5(b), 116, 117, 134, 154(b), 155(b), 155.5(b), 156, 166(c)(4)*, 182(a)(4), 304 HN, 305 HN, 332(a)*, 334(a)*, 337.7, 350(a)*,
350(a)(2)*, 350(b), 368(c)*, 368(d)*, 368(e)*, 424.1, 424.2, 424.3, 424.4, 424.5, 424.6, 424.7, 463(b), 474, 481, 481.1(a), 483.5(a), 484(a)*,
484(b)*, 484b*, 484c, 484.1(a)*, 485*, 487, 487(a), 487a(a), 487a(b), 487b, 487(b)(1)(a), 487(b)(3), 487(c)*, 487(d), 487d, 487e, 487g, 489, 495,
496(a), 496a(a), 496(c), 496c*, 496(d)*, 496(d)(a), 496(e), 497, 498(d), 499c(b)(1), 499c(b)(2), 499c(b)(3), 499c(b)(4), 499d, 500*, 500(a)(1)*,
500(a)(2)*, 500(a)(3)*, 502(c)(1)(a), 502(c)(1)(b), 502(c)(2), 502(c)(4), 502(c)(5), 502(c)(6)*, 502(c)(7)*, 502.5*, 502.7(a)(1)*, 502.7(a)(2)*,
502.7(a)(3)*, 502.7(a)(4)*, 502.7(a)(5)*, 502.7(b)(1)*, 502.7(b)(2), 502.7(c)*, 502.7(d)*, 502.7(g), 502.8(a)*, 502.8(b)*, 502.8(c), 502.8(d), 502.8(e),
502.8(f), 503*, 504*, 504a*, 504b*, 505*, 506*, 506b, 507*, 508*, 514*, 528, 529, 529a*, 529.1, 529.2, 529.3, 530*, 530.5*, 530.5(a)*, 532(a)*,
532a(1)*, 532a(2)*, 532a(3)*, 532a(4)*, 533, 534, 535, 537(a)(2), 537(c)(2)*, 537e(a)(3), 538*, 538.5, 540, 541, 542, 543, 548(a), 549, 550(a)(1),
550(a)(2), 550(a)(3), 550(a)(4), 550(a)(5), 550(a)(6), 550(a)(7), 550(a)(8), 550(b)(1), 550(b)(2), 550(b)(3), 560, 560.4, 566, 571(b), 577, 578, 580,
581, 593d(b), 620, 648*, 650 BP, 664/487, 666, 1733 IC, 1778 LC, 1871.4(a)(1) IC, 1871.4(a)(2) IC, 1871.4(a)(3) IC, 2101(a)(1) UI, 2102(a) UI,
2107 UI, 2108 UI, 2110 UI, 2110.5 UI, 2114 UI, 2116(a) UI, 2116(b) UI, 2121 UI, 2255(b) CC, 3215 LC, 3352 FC, 3361 FC, 3531 FC, 4463(a)(1)
VC, 4463(a)(2) VC, 7027.3 BP, 10250.52 BP, 10752(a) VC, 10752(b) VC, 10801 VC, 10802 VC, 10803(a) VC, 10803(b) VC, 10855 VC*, 10980(b)
WI, 10980(c)(2) WI, 10980(d) WI, 10980(g)(2) WI, 11010(a) BP, 11019(a) BP, 11022(a) BP, 11320 BP, 11482.5 WI, 11483 WI*, 11483.5 WI,
11760(a) IC, 11880(a) IC, 14014(a) WI*, 14025(a) WI, 14107 WI, 17410 WI, 17511.12(a) BP, 17551(a) FA, 17551(b) FA, 18848 FA*, 22430(a) BP,
22753(a) BP*, 25110 CC, 25401 CC, 25541 CC, 27443(a) GC, 27443(b) GC, 30475(b) RT, 30480 RT, 31110 CC, 31201 CC, 31410 CC, 31411
CC, 44209 HS, 94319.14(b) EC, 94320(f) EC, 94320(g) EC, 103800 HS
Motor Vehicle Theft - 487(d), 666.5(a), 10851(a) VC, 10851(b) VC, 10851(e) VC
112
JUVENILE JUSTICE IN CALIFORNIA, 2006
APPENDICES
APPENDIX 4
FELONY-LEVEL OFFENSE CODES
Forgery, Checks, Access Cards - 113, 114, 470(a), 470(b), 470(c), 470(d)*, 470a*, 470b, 471, 472, 473, 475, 475(a), 475(b), 475(c)*, 476,
476a(a), 476a(b)*, 477, 478, 479, 480, 480(a), 484e(a), 484e(b), 484e(c), 484e(d), 484e(e), 484f(a), 484f(b), 484f(c), 484g(a)*, 484g(b)*,
484h(a)*, 484i(b), 484i(c), 617, 664/470(a), 10980(e) WI
Arson - 451(a), 451(b), 451(c), 451(d), 451.5(a)(1), 452(a), 452(b), 452(c), 453(a), 453(b), 454(a)(1), 454(a)(2), 455
Drug Offenses
Narcotics - 11350(a) HS, 11350(b) HS*, 11351 HS, 11351.5 HS, 11352(a) HS, 11352(b) HS, 11353(a) HS, 11353(b) HS, 11353(c) HS,
11354(a) HS
Marijuana - 11357(a) HS, 11358 HS, 11359 HS, 11360(a) HS, 11361(a) HS, 11361(b) HS
Dangerous Drugs - 4060 BP, 11353.5 HS, 11353.7 HS, 11370.1(a) HS, 11375(b) HS, 11377(a) HS, 11378 HS, 11378.5 HS, 11379(a) HS,
11379(b) HS, 11379.5(a) HS, 11379.5(b) HS, 11380(a) HS, 11550(e) HS
All Other - 4324(a) BP*, 4324(b) BP*, 4336(a) BP, 11104(a) HS, 11106(j) HS*, 11152 HS, 11153(a)(1) HS, 11154(a) HS, 11154(b) HS, 11155
HS, 11156 HS, 11157 HS, 11162.5(a) HS, 11166 HS, 11173(a) HS*, 11173(b) HS, 11173(c) HS, 11173(d) HS, 11174 HS, 11355 HS*, 11363
HS, 11364.7(b) HS, 11366 HS*, 11366.5(a) HS, 11366.5(b) HS, 11366.6 HS, 11366.7(b) HS, 11366.8(a) HS, 11366.8(b) HS, 11368 HS*,
11370.6(a) HS, 11370.9(a) HS, 11370.9(b) HS, 11370.9(c) HS, 11371 HS, 11371.1 HS, 11379.6(a) HS, 11379.6(b) HS, 11382 HS, 11383(a)
HS, 11383(b) HS, 11383(c)(1) HS, 11383(c)(2) HS, 11383(f) HS, 11383(g) HS, 11390 HS, 11391 HS
Sex Offenses
Lewd or Lascivious - 266j, 269(a)(4), 288(a), 288(b)(1), 288(b)(2), 288(c)(1), 288(c)(2), 288.5(a)
All Other - 243.4(a), 243.4(b), 243.4(c)*, 243.4(d)*, 243.4(j), 261.5(a), 261.5(c), 261.5(d), 265, 266, 266a, 266b, 266d, 266e, 266f, 266g,
266h, 266h(a), 266h(b)(1), 266h(b)(2), 266i, 266i(a)(1), 266i(b), 266i(b)(2), 267, 269(a)(3), 269(a)(5), 285, 286(a), 286(b)(1), 286(b)(2),
286(c)(1), 286(c)(2), 286(d), 286(e), 286(f), 286(g), 286(h), 286(i), 286(j), 286(k), 288a(a), 288a(b)(1), 288a(b)(2), 288a(c)(1), 288a(c)(2),
288a(c)(3), 288a(d)(1), 288a(d)(2), 288a(d)(3), 288a(e), 288a(f), 288a(g), 288a(h), 288a(i), 288a(j), 288a(k), 288.2(a)*, 288.2(b)*, 289(a),
289(a)(1), 289(a)(2), 289(b), 289(c), 289(d), 289(d)(1), 289(e), 289(f), 289(g), 289(h), 289(i), 289(j), 289.6(a)*, 289.6(a)(2), 290(a)(1)(a)*,
290(a)(1)(b)*, 290(a)(1)(c)*, 290(a)(1)(d)*, 290(f)(1)*, 290(f)(2)*, 290(g)(2), 290(g)(3), 311.1(a), 311.10(a), 311.11(b), 311.2(a)*, 311.2(b),
311.2(c)*, 311.2(d), 311.3(a)*, 311.4(a)*, 311.4(b), 311.4(c), 311.5*, 311.7*, 313.1(a)*, 313.1(b)*, 313.1(c)(1)*, 314.1*, 647f, 647.6(b),
647.6(c)(1), 647.6(c)(2), 664/286(b)(1), 664/286(b)(2), 664/286(c), 664/286(d), 664/286(e), 729(a)*
Driving Under the Influence - 655(f) HN, 23153(a) VC, 23153(b) VC, 23153(d) VC, 23175(a) VC, 23175.5 VC, 23550(a) VC*, 23550.5 VC*,
23550.5(a) VC*
Hit-and-Run - 20001(a) VC, 20001(b)(1) VC*, 20001(b)(2) VC*
Weapons - 171b(a)(1), 171b(a)(2), 171b(a)(3), 171b(a)(4), 171b(a)(5), 171c, 171d.1, 171d.2, 186.28(a), 626.9(b)*, 626.9(d), 626.9(h),
626.9(i), 626.95(a)*, 626.10(a), 626.10(b)*, 4502(a), 4502(b), 8101(a) WI, 8101(b) WI, 8103(a)(1) WI, 8103(f)(1) WI, 12001.5, 12020(a)*,
12020(a)(1)*, 12020(a)(2)*, 12020(a)(3)*, 12020(a)(4)*, 12020(c)(7), 12020(c)(11), 12021(a)(1), 12021(b), 12021(c)(1), 12021(d), 12021(e),
12021(g)(1)*, 12021.1(a), 12021.1(c), 12023(a)*, 12025(a)(1)*, 12025(a)(2)*, 12025(a)(3)*, 12025(b)(2), 12025(b)(4), 12025(b)(5)*, 12031(a)(1)*,
12031(a)(2)(a), 12031(a)(2)(b), 12031(a)(2)(c), 12031(a)(2)(f)*, 12034(b), 12034(c), 12034(d), 12035(b)(1), 12040(a), 12072(a)(1), 12072(a)(2),
12072(a)(3)(a), 12072(a)(4)*, 12072(a)(5)*, 12072(d), 12090, 12091, 12101(a)(1)*, 12101(b)(1)*, 12220(a), 12220(b), 12280(a)(1), 12280(b),
12281(J), 12316(b)(1)*, 12320, 12321, 12403.7(a)*, 12403.7(a)(7), 12403.7(d)*, 12403.7(g)*, 12422, 12520
Escape - 107, 109, 110, 836.6(a)*, 836.6(b)*, 871(b) WI, 1026.4(a), 1152(b) WI, 1370.5(a), 1768.7(a) WI, 1768.7(b) WI, 2042, 3002 WI, 4011.7*,
4530(a), 4530(b), 4530(c), 4532(a)(1), 4532(a)(2), 4532(b)(1), 4532(b)(2), 4533, 4534, 4535, 4536(a), 4550.1, 4550.2, 7326 WI
Bookmaking - 337a.1, 337a.2, 337a.3, 337a.4, 337a.5, 337a.6, 337i
All Other Felony Offenses
APPENDICES
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Juvenile Justice in California, 2006
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

APPENDIX 5
MISDEMEANOR-LEVEL OFFENSE CODES
MISDEMEANOR-LEVEL OFFENSE CODES
Manslaughter-Misd. - 192(c)(2), 192.5(b), 193(c)(2)
Assault and Battery - 71*, 147, 148(a), 148(a)(1), 148.1(a)*, 148.2.1, 148.2.2, 148.2.3, 148.2.4, 148.3(a), 148.4(a)(1), 148.4(a)(2), 151(a)(1),
219.2*, 240, 240/241, 240/242, 241(a), 241(b), 241.1*, 241.2(a), 241.3(a), 241.4, 241.6, 241/243, 242*, 242/243*, 243(a), 243(b), 243(c)(1)*,
243(c)(2)*, 243(d)*, 243(e)(1), 243.2(a), 243.2(a)(1), 243.25, 243.3*, 243.35(a), 243.4(c)*, 243.4(d)(1), 243.5(a)(1), 243.5(a)(2), 243.6*, 243.8,
243.8(a), 243.9(a)*, 245(a)(1)*, 245(a)(2)*, 246*, 246.3*, 247.5*, 248, 273a(b), 273d(a), 368(b), 368(c), 374c, 375(a)*, 375(b), 375(c), 383,
402a, 417(a)(1), 417(a)(2), 417(b)*, 417.4, 417.25(a), 422*, 422.6(a), 423.2(a), 423.2(b), 1768.85(a)*, 2652, 11414(a), 11418(d)*, 11418.5(a)*,
11419(a)*, 12304*, 12256(c), 12680 HS, 15656(b) WI
Burglary - Misd. - 459*, 460(b)*
Petty Theft - 368(d)*, 368(e)*, 463(c), 484(a)*, 484(b)*, 484b*, 484.1(a)*, 485*, 487(c)*, 487c, 487f, 488, 490, 490.1(a), 490.5(a), 496c*, 502.5*,
530*, 530.5, 530.5(a)*, 530.5(d), 530.5(e), 532(a)*, 538*, 565, 8726 HS, 14014(a) WI*, 22435.2(a) BP, 22435.2(b) BP, 22435.2(c), 22435.2(e) BP,
22435.2(f) BP, 22435.11(a) BP, 22435.12 BP, 22753(a) BP*, 41950(a) PR
Other Theft - Includes approximately 200 statute codes that can be identified upon request.
Checks and Access Cards - 112(a), 470a*, 470(d)*, 472, 475(c)*, 476a(b)*, 484e(a), 484e(b), 484g(a)*, 484g(b)*, 484h(a)*, 484i(a), 484j
Drug Offenses
Marijuana - 11357(a) HS*, 11357(b) HS, 11357(c) HS, 11357(d) HS, 11357(e) HS, 11360(b) HS, 23222(b) VC
Other Drugs - 377, 647(f), 2241 BP, 2242.1(a) BP, 2762(e) BP, 2878.5(a) BP, 4051 BP, 4059(a) BP, 4060 BP*, 4140 BP, 4141 BP, 4142 BP,
4163 BP, 4323 BP, 4324(a) BP*, 4324(b) BP*, 4325(a) BP, 4326(a) BP, 4326(b) BP, 4331(a) BP, 4332 BP, 11100(g)(1) HS, 11100(g)(2) HS,
11100(g)(3) HS, 11100.1(a) HS, 11104(c) HS, 11104.5 HS, 11106(j) HS*, 11150 HS, 11159 HS, 11161(a) HS, 11162 HS, 11162.5(b) HS, 11170
HS, 11171 HS, 11172 HS, 11173(a) HS*, 11175 HS, 11180 HS, 11190 HS, 11207 HS, 11217 HS, 11350(b) HS*, 11352.1(b) HS, 11355 HS*,
11364 HS, 11364.7(a) HS, 11364.7(c) HS, 11365(a) HS, 11366 HS*, 11375(b)(2) HS, 11377(b)(1) HS, 11532(a) HS, 11550(a) HS, 11594 HS,
109575 HS, 109580 HS
Indecent Exposure - 314.1*, 314.2
Annoying Children - 261.5(b), 288a(b)(1), 647.6(a)
Obscene Matter - 288.2(a)*, 288.2(b)*, 311(a), 311.1(a)*, 311.11(a), 311.2(a)*, 311.2(c)*, 311.3(a)*, 311.4(a)*, 311.5*, 311.6, 311.7*, 313.1(a)*,
313.1(b)*, 313.1(c)(1)*, 313.1(c)(2), 313.1(e)
Lewd Conduct - 647(a), 647(d), 647(i), 647(k)(1), 647(k)(2), 653g
Prostitution - 315, 316, 647(b), 653.22(a), 25601 BP
Contribute to Delinquency of Minor - 272, 272(b)(1)
Drunk - 647(f)
Liquor Laws - 172a, 172b.1, 172d.1, 172g.1, 172l, 303, 303a, 307, 347b, 397, 11200, 23220 VC, 23222(a) VC, 23224(a) VC, 23224(b) VC,
23300 BP, 23301 BP, 25351 BP, 25602(a) BP, 25604 BP, 25606 BP, 25607(a) BP, 25608 BP, 25609 BP, 25617 BP, 25620 BP, 25631 BP, 25632
BP, 25657(a) BP, 25657(b) BP, 25658(a) BP, 25658(b) BP, 25658(c) BP, 25659.5(c) BP, 25660.5 BP, 25661 BP, 25662(a) BP, 25663(a) BP, 25664
BP, 25665 BP, 120305 HS
114
JUVENILE JUSTICE IN CALIFORNIA, 2006
APPENDICES
APPENDIX 5
MISDEMEANOR-LEVEL OFFENSE CODES
Disorderly Conduct - 647, 647(c), 647(e), 647(h), 647(j), 647b
Disturbing the Peace - 171f.2, 302(a), 403, 404(a), 404(b), 404.6(a), 404.6(c)*, 405, 406, 407, 408, 409, 415(1), 415(2), 415(3), 415.5(a)(1),
415.5(a)(2), 415.5(a)(3), 416(a), 602.10, 602.11(a), 626.2, 626.4(d), 626.6(a), 626.7(a), 626.8(a)(1), 626.8(a)(2), 626.8(a)(3), 626.85(a)(1),
653m(a), 653m(b), 653m(c)(2), 653x(a), 727, 9051 GC, 11460(a)
Malicious Mischief - 625b(a), 10750(a) VC, 10851.5 VC, 10852 VC, 10853 VC,
10854 VC, 28051.5 VC
Vandalism - 422.6(b), 423.2(e), 423.2(f), 555.1, 587a, 587.1(a), 588b, 590, 591.5, 592(a), 594(a)*, 594(a)(1)*, 594(b)(1)*, 594(b)(2)(a), 594(b)(3),
594(b)(4), 594.3(a)*, 594.35(a)*, 594.4(a)*, 603, 604, 605.1, 605.2, 605.3, 607, 615, 616, 618, 622, 622 1/2, 623(a), 623(a)(1), 623(a)(2),
623(a)(3), 623(a)(4), 623(a)(5), 623(a)(6), 640.5(b)(1), 640.5(c)(1), 640.8, 11411(a),11411(c)*, 23110(a) VC, 27491.3 GC, 38318(a) VC, 38319
VC
Trespassing - 171f.1, 369g(a), 369i(a), 369i(b), 398 MV, 409.5(c), 554(a), 554(b), 554(c), 554(d), 554(e), 554(f), 554(g), 554(h), 554(i), 555, 558,
587b, 593b, 602, 602(a), 602(b), 602(c), 602(d), 602(e), 602(f), 602(g), 602(h)(i), 602(i), 602(j), 602(k), 602(l)(1), 602(l)(2), 602(l)(3), 602(l)(4),
602(m), 602(n), 602(o), 602(o)(1), 602(o)(2), 602(p), 602(q), 602(r), 602(s), 602(t), 602(u)(1), 602.1(a), 602.1(b), 602.4, 602.5, 602.5(a), 602.5(b),
602.6, 602.8(a), 627.2, 627.7(a)(1), 627.8, 1583 FG, 27174.2 SH, 32210 EC
Weapons - 136.2(a)(7)(b)2, 171.5(c)(1), 171.5(c)(2), 171.5(c)(3), 171.5(c)(4), 171.5(c)(5), 171.5(c)(6), 171.5(c)(7), 171.5(c)(8), 171.5(c)(9),
171.5(c)(10), 171.5(c)(11), 171.5(c)(12), 468, 626.10(a)*, 626.10(b)*, 626.9(b)*, 626.95(a)*, 653k, 12001.1(a), 12020(a)*, 12020(a)(1)*,
12020(a)(2)*, 12020(a)(3)*, 12020(a)(4)*, 12020.1, 12020.5, 12021(g)(1)*, 12021(g)(2), 12023(a)*, 12024, 12025(a)(1)*, 12025(a)(2)*,
12025(a)(3)*, 12025(b)(5)*, 12025(b)(6)(a)*, 12025(b)(6)(b), 12031(a)(1)*, 12031(a)(2)(f)*, 12034(a), 12035(b)(2), 12036(b), 12036(c), 12051(b),
12070(a), 12072(a)(2)*, 12072(a)(3)(a)*, 12072(a)(5)*, 12076(b)(1), 12082, 12094, 12094(a), 12101(a)(1)*, 12101(b)(1)*, 12125(a), 12280(b),
12303*, 12316(a), 12316(b)(1)*, 12316(c), 12403.7(a)*, 12403.7(a)(4), 12403.7(d)*, 12403.7(g)*, 12403.8(a), 12403.8(b ), 12420, 12551,
12552(a), 12553, 12553(b), 12582, 12590(a)(1), 12590(a)(2), 12651(a), 12651(b), 12651(c), 12651(d), 12652
Driving Under the Influence - 655(b) HN, 655(c) HN, 655(e) HN, 23152(a) VC, 23152(b) VC, 23152(c) VC, 23152(d) VC, 23247(a) VC, 23247(b)
VC, 23247(c) VC, 23247(d) VC, 23550(a) VC*, 23550.5 VC*, 23550.5(a) VC*
Glue Sniffing - 380(a), 381(a), 381(b), 381b, 647(f)
Hit-and-Run - 20001(b)(1) VC*, 20001(b)(2) VC*, 20002(a) VC, 20002(a)(1) VC, 20002(a)(2) VC, 20002(b) VC
Joy Riding - 499b, 499b(a)
Selected Traffic Violations - 23103(a) VC, 23103(b) VC, 23104(a) VC, 23109(a) VC, 23109(b) VC, 23109(c) VC, 23109(d) VC, 38316 VC,
38317 VC, 40508(a) VC, 40508(b) VC, 40508(c) VC, 40519 VC, 42005(e) VC
Gambling - 318, 319, 320, 321, 322, 323, 324, 326, 326.5(b), 326.5(n), 330, 330a, 330b(1), 330c, 330.1, 330.4, 331, 335, 336, 337s(b), 337.1,
337.2, 337.5, 11300, 19941(a)(1) BP
Nonsupport - 270*, 270a, 270c, 270.5(a), 271a
All Other Misdemeanor Offenses
Notes: These codes are valid for 2006 data and may not be applicable for prior years.
“All Other Felony Offenses” also includes sections in the Election Code.
“All Other Misdemeanor Offenses” also includes sections in the California Administrative Code, California Code of Regulations, City or
County Ordinances, Civil Procedure Code, Election Code, Parks and Recreation Code, Public Utilities Code, Uniform Fire Code, and Water
Code.
*These code sections can be either a felony or a misdemeanor.
APPENDICES
115
Juvenile Justice in california, 2006
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APPENDIX 6
JUVENILE JUSTICE GLOSSARY
California Youth Authority (CYA) – the state agency
which has jurisdiction over and maintains institutions
as correctional schools for the reception of wards of the
juvenile court and other persons committed from superior
courts. (Consolidated with the California Department of
Corrections and Rehabilitation, July 2005.)
Caseload – the number of juveniles under the supervision/
jurisdiction of a probation department, excluding courtesy
supervision, but including juveniles on diversion, informal
probation (654 or 654.2 WI), non-ward probation (725(a)
WI), deferred entry of judgment (790 WI), and those who
are wards of the juvenile court.
Closed at Intake – a referral is closed at intake by the
probation department following an investigation of the
circumstances and nature of the alleged offense. No
further action is taken.
Deferred Entry of Judgment – a treatment program
for first-time felony offenders aged 14 to 17 (pursuant
to 790 WI).
Deferred Entry of Judgment Failure – a felony offender
who fails the treatment program (pursuant to 793 WI).
Disposition – an action taken by the probation officer or
juvenile court as a result of a referral.
Diversion – any delivery or referral of a minor, by the
probation department, to a public or private agency with
which the city or county has an agreement to provide
diversion services. Diversion services must meet the
following criteria:
1)The probation department must have referred the
minor and continued to be responsible and maintained
responsibility for that minor’s progress.
2)Placement and monitoring of a minor must have a
beginning and ending date.
Diversion Dismissed – the successful completion of a
diversion program.
Fitness Hearing (707(b) WI) – a hearing to determine
whether the juvenile is a fit and proper subject to be
dealt with under the juvenile court law. If the juvenile is
found fit, adjudication remains in the juvenile court. If
the juvenile is found unfit, adjudication is transferred to
the adult court.
Detention – the status of a juvenile immediately after
arrest and prior to any court action.
Informal Probation (654 WI) – supervision of a minor,
in lieu of filing a petition, for a period not to exceed
six months. The supervision is based on a contractual
agreement between a probation officer and a minor’s
parents or guardian provided for under 654 Welfare and
Institutions Code (WI).
Direct File in Adult Court – the transfer of a juvenile
offender who is alleged to have committed murder, rape,
spousal rape, forcible sex offense, lewd and lascivious
acts on a child under the age of 14 years, forcible sexual
penetration, sodomy, or oral copulation to a court of
criminal jurisdiction (pursuant to 602(b) WI).
Informal Probation (654.2 WI) – supervision of a minor,
in lieu of declaring a minor a ward of the court, for a period
not to exceed six months. The supervision is based on
a contractual agreement between a court and a minor’s
parents or guardian. The period of supervision may be
extended.
Dismissed – a petition is dismissed by the juvenile court
with no further action taken.
Non-Secure Facility – a facility where a juvenile is not
physically restricted from leaving.
Delinquent Act – act committed by a juvenile for which
an adult could be prosecuted in a criminal court.
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APPENDICES
APPENDIX 6
JUVENILE JUSTICE GLOSSARY
Non-Ward Probation (725a WI) – probation grant,
without wardship, from juvenile court for a specific time
not to exceed six months.
Referral – a juvenile who is brought to the attention of
the probation department for alleged behavior under 601
and 602 Welfare and Institutions Code (WI).
Petition – the formal presentation to juvenile court of
information surrounding the alleged offense by a juvenile
(similar to a criminal complaint for an adult).
Remand to Adult Court – a disposition resulting from a
fitness hearing that finds a juvenile unfit for the juvenile
system and transfers a juvenile to the adult system.
Population at Risk – that portion of the total population
who, because of like characteristics to the specific
study group, are considered “at risk.” For juveniles, all
persons between 10 and 17 would constitute the at-risk
population.
Reopen – a disposition that refers to a case previously
closed at intake.
Private Facility – a facility operated by a private individual
or group.
Reverse Waiver for Sentencing – occurs when the adult
system sends a juvenile back to the juvenile system for
sentencing.
Public Facility – a facility operated by a governmental
agency other than a county probation.
Race/Ethnic Groups:
American Indian – a person whose ancestry is any
of the original peoples of North America and who
maintains cultural identification through tribal affiliation
or community recognition.
Asian – a person whose ancestry is Cambodian,
Chinese, Filipino, Japanese, Korean, Laotian,
Vietnamese, or Other Asian (a person who may be
Asian but whose specific ethnic origin is not known or
declared, or none of the other Asian codes apply).
Black – a person whose ancestry is any of the black
racial groups of Africa.
Hispanic – a person of Mexico, Puerto Rico, Cuba,
Central and South America or other Spanish culture
or origin regardless of race.
Other/Unknown – a person who cannot be linked
to any of the general or specific racial/ethnic groups
listed.
Reverse Remand – occurs when a case is sent back to
the juvenile system from the adult system.
Secure Facility – a facility where a juvenile is held behind
a locked door, gate, or fence, or in which some person is
responsible for physically preventing the juvenile’s escape
or departure from the facility.
Status Offenses – acts that would not be classified as
crimes if committed by adults.
Technical Violation – occurs when a juvenile violates
a condition of his/her probation but does not commit a
new offense.
Traffic Court – a disposition indicating the case was
transferred to the traffic court for processing.
Transfer – a disposition which transfers the juvenile to
another county juvenile court or probation department.
Wardship Probation – a probation grant in which a minor
is declared a ward of the juvenile court and placed on
formal probation.
WI – Welfare and Institutions Code.
Pacific Islander – a person whose ancestry is
Guamanian, Hawaiian, Pacific Islander, or Samoan.
White – a person whose ancestry is any of the original
peoples of Europe, North Africa, or the Middle East.
APPENDICES
117
CJSC PUBLICATIONS
Annual Publications
Anti-Reproductive-Rights Crimes in California**
Crime in California**
Crime in California, Advance Release**
Criminal Justice Profile - A Supplement to
Crime in California (statewide and individual
counties)**
Hate Crime in California**
Homicide in California**
Juvenile Justice in California**
Preliminary Report, Crime (January
through June, January through September,
and January through December)**
Foci and Forums
The California Experience in American
Juvenile Justice: Some Historical
Perspectives (December 1988)
Controlling Plea Bargaining in California
(September 1985)
Coordinating Justice in California: “There
ought to be a law about it” (December
1988)
Crime Control and the Criminal Career
(December 1992)
The Development of California Drunk
Driving Legislation (December 1988)
Employment and Crime (February 1989)
The Impact of California’s “Prior Felony
Conviction” Law (September 1987)
The Origins and Development of Penalties
for Drunk Drivers in California (August
1988)
A Policy Role for Focus Groups:
Community Corrections (September
1991)
The Prevalence and Incidence of Arrests
Among Adult Males in California (August
1988)
The Social Structure of Street Drug
Dealing (December 1988)
Outlooks
Adult Felony Arrest Dispositions in
California (1982-1984,1986-1989)
Crime in Urban and Rural California
(November 1984 and December 1997)**
Death in Custody, California (May 2005)**
Felony Drug Arrests in California, 1985
(December 1986)
Juvenile Justice in California, 1983 (June
1984)
Motor Vehicle Theft in California
(December 1987)
Motor Vehicle Theft Recovery Data,
1983-1989 (October 1990)
Women in Crime: The Sentencing of
Female Defendants (April 1988)
Reports
Adult Felony Arrest Dispositions in
California (April 1992)
Concealable Firearms Charges in California**
(2000–2003)
Crime in California and the United States,
(1983, 1990, 2000)**
Effectiveness of Statutory Requirements
for the Registration of Sex Offenders - A
Report to the California State Legislature
Executive Summary of the Final Report Blue Ribbon Commission on Inmate
Population Management (January 1990)
The Juvenile Justice System in California:
An Overview (April 1989)
Parolees Returned to Prison and the
California Prison Population (January
1988)
Target Hardening: A Literature Review
(October 1989)
Report Series
Report on Arrests for Burglary in California,
1998**
Report on Arrests for Domestic Violence in
California, 1998**
Report on Arrests for Driving Under the
Influence in California, 1997**
Report on Drug Arrests in California, From
1990 to 1999 (December 2000)**
Report on Juvenile Felony Arrests in
California, 1998 (March 2000)**
Report on Violent Crimes Committed
Against Senior Citizens in California,
1998**
Research Series
Why Did the Crime Rate Decrease Through
1999? (And Why Might it Decrease or
Increase in 2000 and Beyond?)
(December 2000)**
Special Report to the Legislature on
Senate Bill 780 (California Freedom of
Access to Clinic and Church Entrances
Act and Reproductive Rights Law
Enforcement Act) (August 2003)
Special Report to the Legislature on
Senate Bill 1608 (Felons and others
with firearms) (July 2002)
Special Report to the Legislature on
Senate Resolution 18 (Crimes Committed
Against Homeless Persons) (October
2002)**
Monograph Series
Conspicuous Depredation: Automobile
Theft in Los Angeles, 1904 to 1987
(March 1990)
Controlling Felony Plea Bargaining in
California: The Impact of the Victim’s
Bill of Rights (1986)
Development of a White Collar Crime
Index (December 1992)
Incapacitation Strategies and the Career
Criminal (December 1992)
Measuring White Collar Crime in
Depository Institutions (December 1993)
Prosecutors’ Response to Parental Child
Stealing: A Statewide Study (April 1995)
Race & Delinquency in Los Angeles
Juvenile Court, 1950 (December 1990)
Survey Report: “The Expansion of the
Criminal Justice and Penal System in
California - Is greater coordination
required?” (December 1988)
Miscellaneous
California Criminal Justice Time Line,
1822-2000 (June 2001)**
Crime in California (April 2001)**
Gang Organization and Migration/Drugs,
Gangs & Law Enforcement
Proceedings of the Attorney General’s
Crime Conference 85 (September 1985)
Proceedings of Symposium 87: White
Collar/Institutional Crime - Its Measure ment and Analysis
**Available on the Internet.
For publications or assistance in obtaining statistical information or a customized statistical report, please contact:
California Department of Justice
Bureau of Criminal Information and Analysis
Criminal Justice Statistics Center
Special Requests Unit
P.O. Box 903427
Sacramento, CA 94203-4270
Phone: (916) 227-3509
Fax: (916) 227-0427
E-mail: [email protected]
Internet: http://ag.ca.gov/cjsc
Annual publications from 1999–2005 are also available on CD-ROM, including data tables in the Excel spreadsheet format.
08/07
California Department of Justice
Division of California Justice Information Services
Bureau of Criminal Information and Analysis
CRIMINAL JUSTICE STATISTICS CENTER
P.O. Box 903427
Sacramento, CA 94203-4270
Forwarding and address
correction requested
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