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G. Attorney General of California Supervising Deputy Attorney General

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G. Attorney General of California Supervising Deputy Attorney General
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EDMUND G. BROWN JR.
Attorney General of California
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EDWARDG. WElL
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Supervising Deputy Attorney General
State Bar No. 88302
LAURAJ.ZUCKERMAN
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Deputy Attorney General
State Bar No. 161896
1515 Clay Street, 20th Floor
Oakland, CA 94612-0550
Telephone: (510) 622-2149
Fax: .(510) 622-2270
E-mail: [email protected]
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Attorneys for the People ofthe State ofcaliforta
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Names of Additional Counsel Appear on Following
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P~e
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SUPERIOR COURT OF TVE STATE OF CALIFORNIA
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COUNTY dF ALAMEDA
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THE PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF
CALIFORNIA
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RG08426937
FIRST AMENDED COMPLAINT FOR
CIVIL PENALTY AND INJUNCTIVE
RELIEF
Plaintiff,
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v.
21sT CENTURY HEALTHCARE, INC.,
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APEX FITNESS GROUP, A DIVISION OF
24 HOUR FITNESS USA, INC., BIOSAN
LABORATORIES, INC., BLUEBONNET
NUTRITION CORPORATION, BRONSON
NUTRITIONALS, LLC, BURIED
TREASURE, A DIVISION OF LIFE LINE
FOOD INC., D&E PHARMACEUTICALS,
INC., DAVINCI LABORATORIES OF
VERMONT, NATROL, INC., DESIGNS
FOR HEALTH, INC., DOUGLAS
LABORATORIES, DYNAMIC HEALTH
LABORATORIES, INC., ENZYMATIC
THERAPY, INC., FAIRHAVEN HEALTH,
LLC, FOODSCIENCE CORPORATION,
FOODSCIENCE OF VERMONT,
FUTUREBIOTICS, LLC, GENSPEC LABS, I
LLC, HEALTH AUTHORITY, LLC,
INTEGRATIVE THERAPEUTICS, INC.,
IRWIN NATURALS, J.R. CARLSON
LABORATORIES, INC., KIRKMAN,
KORDIAL NUTRIENTS, METABOLIC
MAINTENANCE
PRODUCTS INC.
II....;;=;;;;;;...;..,;=....;;,;;;;;"";".;;;;,.==....;;;;..,;;;...,;;;;,,.,;~=.:....~--;....J
Assigned for all purposes to the Honorable
Robert Freedman
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Dept.: 20
Complaint Filed: December 23,2008
Trial Date: None Set
FIRST AMENDED COMPLAINT FOR CIVIL PENALTY AND INJUNCTIVE RELIEF
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EDMUND G. BROWN JR.
Attorney General of California
G. WElL
Supervising Deputy Attorney General
State Bar No. 88302
LAURA J. ZUCKERMAN
Deputy Attorney General
State Bar No. 161896
1515 Clay Street, 20th Floor
Oakland, CA 94612-0550
Telephone: (510) 622-2149
Fax: (510) 622-2270
E-mail: [email protected]
Attorneys for the People ofthe State of Californ~a
EDWARD
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Names of Additional Counsel Appear on Following
Page
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SUPERIOR COURT OF TaB STATE OF CALIFORNIA
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COUNTY OF ALAMEDA
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THE PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF
CALIFORNIA
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FIRST AMENDED COMPLAINT FOR
CIVIL PENALTV AND INJUNCTIVE
RELIEF
Plaintiff,
v.
21sT CENTURY HEALTHCARE, INC.,
APEX FITNESS GROUP, A DIVISION OF
24 HOUR FITNESS USA, INC., BIOSAN
LABORATORIES, INC., BLUEBONNET
NUTRITION CORPORATION, BRONSON
NUTRITIONALS, LLC, BURIED
TREASURE, A DIVISION OF LIFE LINE I
FOOD INC., D&E PHARMACEUTICALS,
INC., DAVINCI LABORATORIES OF
VERMONT, NATROL, INC., DESIGNS
FOR HEALTH, INC., DOUGLAS
LABORATORIES, DYNAMIC HEALTH
LABORATORIES, INC., ENZYMATIC
THERAPY, INC., FAIRHAVEN HEALTH,
LLC, FOODSCIENCE CORPORATION,
FOODSCIENCE OF VERMONT,
FUTUREBIOTICS, LLC, GENSPEC LABS,
LLC, HEALTH AUTHORITY, LLC,
INTEGRATIVE THERAPEUTICS, INC.,
IRWIN NATURALS, J.R. CARLSON
LABORATORIES, INC., KIRKMAN,
KORDIAL NUTRIENTS, METABOLIC
NUUNTENANCEPRODUCTS,INC••
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FIRST AMENDED COMPLAINT FOR CNIL PENALTY AND INJUNCTIVE RELIEF
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METAGENICS, INC., MOUNTAIN
NATURALS OF VERMONT, NATURAL
ORGANICS, INC. ,NATURE'S SECRET, I
NATURE'S WAY PRODUCTS, INC., NBTYI
MANUFACTURING, LLC, NEW
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CHAPTER, INC., NEXGEN PHARMA,
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INC., NF FORMULAS, INC., NOW FOODS,I
NUTRITION RESOURCE, INC.,
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NUTRITIONAL SPECIALTIES, INC.,
NUTRI-WEST, OLYMPIAN LABS, INC.,
RANDAL OPTIMAL NUTRIENTS, INC.
PIONEER NUTRITIONAL FORMULAS,
INC., PURE ESSENCE LABORATORIES,
INC., RAINBOW LIGHT NUTRITIONAL
SYSTEMS, INC., SOLGAR, INC.,
SUPERNUTRITION LIFE-EXTENSION
RESEARCH, INC., THE DAILY
WELLNESS COMPANY, THE VITAMIN
SHOPPE INDUSTRIES, INC.,
THRESHOLD ENTERPRISES, LTD.,
UNIVERSAL NUTRITION, WYETH,
WAL-MART STORES, INC. DOES 1
THROUGH 500,
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Defendants.
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FIRST AMENDED COMPLAINT FOR CIVIL PENALTY AND INJUNCTIVE RELIEF
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(List of Counsel continued from first page)
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THOMAS ORLOFF, Alameda County District 1\ttorney
LAWRENCE C. BLAZER, Assistant District Attorney, State Bar Number 95598
SCOTT D. PATTON, Deputy District AttorneyJ State Bar Number 148468
Consumer & Environmental Protection Divisiorl
7677 Oakport Street, Suite 650
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Oakland, CA 94621
Tel:(510) 569-9281
Fax (510) 569-0505
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EDWARD S. BERBERIAN, Marin County Disrnct Attorney
ROBERT E. NICHOLS, Deputy District Attorney, State Bar Number 100028
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3501 Civic Center Drive, Room 130
San Rafael, CA 94903-4196
Tel: (415) 499-6450
Fax: (415) 499-3719
DEAN D. FLIPPO, Monterey County District p+ttorney
ANNE MICHAELS, Deputy District Attorney, State Bar Number 136334
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Monterey County District Attorney
1200 Aguajito Road, Room 301
Monterey, CA 93950
Tel: (831) 647-7736
Fax: (831) 647-7762
GARY LIEBERSTEIN, County of Napa Distridt Attorney,
DARYL ROBERTS, Deputy District Attorney, State Bar Number 111981
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931 Parkway Mall
Napa, CA 94559
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Tel: (707) 253-4211
Fax: (707) 299-4322
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TONY RACKAUCKAS, Orange County DiS1't Attorney
JOSEPH D'AGOSTINO, Senior Assistant Dis 'ct Attorney
STEVE YONEMURA, Assistant District Atto ey
TRACY HUGHES, Deputy District Attorney, S~ate Bar Number 180494
Consumer and Environmental Protection Unit
401 Civic Center Drive West
Santa Ana, CA 92701-4575
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Tel: (714) 648-3600
Fax: (714) 648-3636
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BOB LEE, Santa Cruz County District Attorne)1
KELLY J. WALKER, Assistant District Attorn~y, State Bar Number 95538
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701 Ocean St., Room 200
Santa Cruz, California 95060
Tel: (831) 454-2559
Fax: (831) 454-2227
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FIRST AMENDED COMPLAINT FOR CIVIL PENALTY AND INJUNCTIVE RELIEF
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DiStri~t
GERALD C. BENITO, County of Shasta
Attorney
ERIN M. DERVIN, Deputy District Attorney, State Bar Number 188426
1515 Court Street, 3rd Floor
Redding, CA 96001
Tel: (530) 245-6300
Fax: (530) 245-6345
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DAVID W. PAULSON, County of Solano Disttfict Attorney
DANI JO HANDELL, Deputy District Attorne){I" State Bar No. 130346
County Administration Center
675 Texas Street, Suite 4500
Fairfield, CA 94533
Tel: (707) 784·6859
Fax: (707) 784-9001
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STEPHAN R. PASSALACQUA, District Attorney, County of Sonoma
MATTHEW T. CHEEVER, Deputy District At1orney, State Bar Number 191783
2300 County Center Drive, Suite B170
Santa Rosa, CA 95403
Tel: (707) 565-3161
Fax: (707) 565-3499
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FIRST AMENDED COMPLAINT FOR CIVIL PENALTY AND INJUNCTIVE RELIEF
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Plaintiff, the People ofthe State of California, ex. reI Edmund G. Brown Jr., Attorney
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General, Thomas Orloff, District Attorney for ,e County ofAlameda, Edward S. Berberian,
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District Attorney for the County of Marin, Dean D. Flippo, District Attorney for the County of
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Monterey, Gary Lieberstein, District Attorney ftr the County of Napa, Tony Rackanckas, District
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Attorney for the County of Orange, Bob Lee, D~strict Attorney for the County of Santa Cruz,
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Gerald C. Benito, District Attorney for the C01ty of Shasta, David W. Paulson, District Attorney
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for the County of Solano, and Stephan R. passa~acqua, District Attorney for the County of
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Sonoma, hereby alleges:
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I.
PRELIMINARY STATEMENT
1.
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This complaint seeks to remedy the railure of defendants to warn persons of exposure
of California to cause birth defects, or other
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to lead, which is a chemical known to the State
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reproductive harm, and cancer. Under the Safe Drinking Water and Toxic Enforcement Act of
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1986, Health and Safety Code section 25249.6, rso known as "Proposition 65," businesses must
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provide persons with a "clear and reasonable wring" before exposing individuals to chemicals
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known to the state to cause cancer or reprOdUCtire harm. In this case, exposure to lead occurs
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when individuals ingest vitamin supplements th t contain lead. "Vitamin Supplements" are
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products sold for the purpose of supplementing the intake of various vitamins, minerals, and
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nutrients over and above that obtained from food.
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II.
PARTIES
2.
Plaintiffis the People of the State 0 California, ex. reI Edmund G. Brown Jr.,
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Attorney General, Thomas Orloff, District Atto I ey for the County of Alameda, Edward S.
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Berberian, District Attorney for the County of~arin, Dean D. Flippo, District Attorney for the
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County of Monterey, Gary Lieberstein, District ~ttorney for the County ofNapa, Tony
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Rackauckas, District Attorney for the County
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County of Santa Cruz, Gerald C. Benito, District Attorney for the County of Shasta, David W.
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Paulson, District Attorney for the County of
SOI~O, and Stephan R. Passalacqua, District
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Attorney for the County of Sonoma. Health
andI Safety Code section 25249.7. subdivision (c)
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provides that actions to enforce Proposition 65 may be brought by the Attorney General or a
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Orange, Bob Lee, District Attorney for the
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FIRST AMENDED COMPLAINT FOR CIVIL PENALTY AND INJUNCTIVE RELIEF
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District Attorney in the name of the People oftHe State of California. Business and Professions
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Code sections 17200 et seq. provide that
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Attorney General in the name of the People oftliJ.e State ofCalifomia, or by a District Attorney.
actio~ to enforce that statute may be brought by the
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3.
Defendant 21st CENTURY HEAL~HCARE, INC. is a business entity that sells, or
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has, at times relevant to this complaint, manufaqtured, distributed, or sold vitamin supplements
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that contain lead within the State of California, or made vitamin supplements available for sale in
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California, without first giving clear and reason~ble warning.
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4.
Defendant APEX FITNESS GROUl', A DIVISION OF 24 HOUR FITNESS USA,
INC. is a business entity that sells, or has, at ti~s relevant to this complaint, manufactured,
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distributed, or sold vitamin supplements that contain lead within the State of California, or made
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vitamin supplements available for sale in Califotnia, without first giving clear and reasonable
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warnmg.
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5.
Defendant BIOSAN LABORATORITES, INC., which does business as INNATE
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RESPONSE, INC., and MEGAFOOD, INC., is a
business entity that sells, or has, at times
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relevant to this complaint, manufactured, distribrted, or sold vitamin supplements that contain
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lead within the State of California, or made vita1nin supplements available for sale in California,
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without first giving clear and reasonable warninF'
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6.
Defendant BLUEBONNET NUTRI~ION CORPORATION is a business entity that
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sells, or has, at times relevant to this complaint, Fanufactured, distributed, or sold vitamin
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supplements that contain lead within the State of California, or made vitamin supplements
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available for sale in California, without first givfng clear and reasonable warning.
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7.
Defendant BRONSON NUTRITIOll-J"ALS, LLC, which does business as BRONSON
~
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LABORATORIES is business entity that sellS! or has, at times relevant to this complaint,
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manufactured, distributed, or sold vitamin
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California, or made vitamin supplements availaJle for sale in California, without first giving clear
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and reasonable warning.
supp~ments that contain lead within the State of
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8.
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Defendant BURIED TREASURE, ;} DIVISION OF LIFE LINE FOOD INC., is a
business entity that sells, or has, at times relevartt to this complaint, manufactured, distributed, or
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FIRST AMENDED COMPLAINT FOR CNIL PENALTY AND INJUNCTIVE RELIEF
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sold vitamin supplements that contain lead wi,n the State of California, or made vitamin
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supplements available for sale in California, witpout first giving clear and reasonable warning.
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Defendant D&E PHARMACEUTICALS, INC. is a business entity that sells, or has,
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at times relevant to this complaint, manufacturea, distributed, or sold vitamin supplements that
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contain lead within the State of California, or made
vitamin supplements available for sale in
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California, without first giving clear and reason.ble warning.
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Defendant DAVINCI LABORATOfUES OF VERMONT (a subsidiary of
FOODSCIENCE CORP.), is a business entity that sells, or has, at times relevant to this
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complaint, manufactured, distributed, or sold viiamin supplements that contain lead within the
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State of California, or made vitamin supplemen~s available for sale in California, without first
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giving clear and reasonable warning.
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Defendant NATROL, INC., doing business as DELAWARE NATROL, INC. is a
business entity that sells, or has, at times relevant to this complaint, manufactured, distributed, or
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sold vitamin supplements that contain lead within the State of California, or made vitamin
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supplements available for sale in California, without first giving clear and reasonable warning.
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Defendant DESIGNS FOR HEALTr, INC. is a business entity that sells, or has, at
times relevant to this complaint, manufactured, ~istributed, or sold vitamin supplements that
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contain lead within the State of California, or mre vitamin supplements available for sale in
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California, without first giving clear and reasonfble warning.
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13.
Defendant DOUGLAS LABORAT([)RIES is a business entity that sells, or has, at
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times relevant to this complaint, manUfactured, ~istributed, or sold vitamin supplements that
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contain lead within the State of California, or made vitamin supplements available for sale in
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California, without first giving clear and reason!ble warning.
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Defendant DYNAMIC HEALTH LbORATORIES, INC. is a business entity that
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sells, or has, at times relevant to this complaint, banufactured, distributed, or sold vitamin
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supplements that contain lead within the State of California, or made vitamin supplements
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available for sale in California, without first giving clear and reasonable warning.
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FIRST AMENDED COMPLAINT FOR CIVIL PENALTY AND INJUNCTIVE RELIEF
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Defendant ENZYMATIC
THERAP~, INC., including its division
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PHYTOPHARMICA, is a business entity that sells, or has, at times relevant to this complaint,
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manufactured, distributed, or sold vitamin supp+ments that contain lead within the State of
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California, or made vitamin supplements availa~le for sale in California, without fIrst giving clear
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and reasonable warning.
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Defendant FAIRHAVEN HEALTHb LLC is a business entity that sells, or has, at
~iStributed, or sold vitamin supplements that
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times relevant to this complaint, manufactured,
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contain lead within the State of California, or made vitamin supplements available for sale in
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California, without first giving clear and reasonable warning.
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Defendant FOODSCIENCE
CORP~RATIONis abusiness entity that sells, or has, at
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times relevant to this compliant, manufactured, (listributed, or sold, vitamin supplements that
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contain lead within the State of California, or made vitamin supplements available for sale in
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California, without first giving clear and reasonable warning.
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18.
Defendant FOODSCIENCE OF VEjRMONT (a subsidiary of FOODSCIENCE
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CORP.), is a business entity that sells, or has, atltimes relevant to this complaint, manufactured,
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distributed, or sold vitamin supplements that contain lead within the State of California, or made
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vitamin supplements available for sale in Califohlia, without first giving clear and reasonable
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warmng.
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Defendant FUTUREBIOTICS, LLq is a business entity that sells, or has, at times
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relevant to this complaint, manufactured, distrib~ted, or sold vitamin supplements that contain
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lead within the State of California, or made vitamin supplements available for sale in California,
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without fIrst giving clear and reasonable warning.
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Defendant GENSPEC LABS, LLC is a business entity that sells, or has, at times
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relevant to this complaint, manufactured, distribfted, or sold vitamin supplements that contain
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lead within the State of California, or made vitakn supplements available for sale in California,
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without first giving clear and reasonable warnink,
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Defendant HEALTH
AUTHORIT~b LLC, doing business as DOCTOR'S TRUST
VITAMINS, is a business entity that sells, or has, at times relevant to this complaint,
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FIRST AMENDED COMPLAINT FOR CIVIL PENALTY AND INJUNCTIVE RELIEF
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manufactured, distributed, or sold vitamin suPPJements that contain lead within the State of
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California, or made vitamin supplements availa~le for sale in California, without first giving clear
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and reasonable warning.
22.
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Defendant INTEGRATIVE THERfEUTICS, INC. is a business entity that sells, or
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has, at times relevant to this complaint, manufa1tured, distributed, or sold vitamin supplements
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that contain lead within the State of California, rr made vitamin supplements available for sale in
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California, without first giving clear and reasontble warning.
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23.
Defendant IRWIN NATURALS is ~I business entity that sells, or has, at times
relevant to this complaint, manufactured, distritiuted, or sold vitamin supplements that contain
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lead within the State of California, or made vitainin supplements available for sale in California,
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without first giving clear and reasonable warninr'
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Defendant J.R. CARLSON LABOAATORIES, INC. is a business entity that sells, or
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has, at times relevant to this complaint, manufadtured, distributed, or sold vitamin supplements
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that contain lead within the State ofCalifornia, tr made vitamin supplements available for sale in
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California, without first giving clear and reason.ble warning.
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Defendant KIRKMAN is a busines entity that sells, or has, at times relevant to this
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complaint, manufactured, distributed, or sold vi amin supplements that contain lead within the
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State of California, or made vitamin supplemen s available for sale in California, without first
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giving clear and reasonable warning.
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26.
Defendant KORDIAL NUTRIENTlis a business entity that sells, or has, at times
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relevant to this complaint, manufactured, distrivl..ted, or sold vitamin supplements that contain
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lead within the State of California, or made vitakin supplements available for sale in California,
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without first giving clear and reasonable warnin .
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27.
Defendant METABOLIC MAINTE ANCE PRODUCTS, INC. is a business entity
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that sells, or has, at times relevant to this compl ·nt, manufactured, distributed, or sold vitamin
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supplements that contain lead within the State Of California, or made vitamin supplements
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available for sale in California, without first givrg clear and reasonable warning.
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FIRST AMENDED COMPL~INT FOR CIVIL PENALTY AND INJUNCTIVE RELIEF
1
28.
Defendant METAGENICS, INC. is a business entity that sells, or has, at times
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relevant to this complaint, manufactured, distri uted, or sold vitamin supplements that contain
3
lead within the State of California, or made vit
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without fIrst giving clear and reasonable warnin .
5
29.
in supplements available for sale in California,
Defendant MOUNTAIN NATURA SOFVERMONT(asubsidiaryof
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FOODSCIENCE CORP.) is a business entity th t sells, or has, at times relevant to this complaint,
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manufactured, distributed, or sold vitamin supp~ements that contain lead within the State of
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California, or made vitamin supplements available for sale in California, without first giving clear
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and reasonable warning.
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30.
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Defendant NATURAL ORGANIC~, INC. is a business entity that sells, or has, at
times relevant to this complaint, manufactured, histributed, or sold vitamin supplements that
m~e vitamin supplements available for sale in
California, without first giving clear and reason~le warning.
contain lead within the State of California, or
31.
Defendant NATURE'S SECRET iSla business entity that sells, or has, at times
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relevant to this complaint, manufactured, distributed, or sold vitamin supplements that contain
16
lead within the State of California, or made vit
17
without first giving clear and reasonable warnin .
18
32.
in supplements available for sale in California,
Defendant NATURE'S WAY PRO UCTS, INC. is a business entity that sells, or
19
has, at times relevant to this complaint, manufa tured, distributed, or sold vitamin supplements
20
that contain lead within the State of California, r made vitamin supplements available for sale in
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California, without first giving clear and reason ble warning.
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33.
Defendant NBTY MANUFACT
G, LLC is a business entity that, through
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control and direction of its subsidiaries, which itclude but are not limited to AMERICAN
24
HEALTH, INC., GOOD 'N NATURAL, NAT'S BOUNTY, PURITAN'S PRIDE,
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SUNDOWN, VITAMIN WORLD ONLINE,
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relevant to this complaint, manufactured, distrib ted, or sold vitamin supplements that contain
27
lead within the State of California, or made vit
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without first giving clear and reasonable warnin$' Plaintiff is infonned and believes, and based
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C., and SOLGAR, INC., sells, or has, at times
in supplements available for sale in California,
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FIRST AMENDED COMPLAINT FOR CIVIL PENALTY AND INJUNCTIVE RELIEF
NBf'
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on such wonnation and beliefalleges, that
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operations and activities of its identified subsi aries that it is responsible for the actions of the
3
subsidiaries, and that it has itself caused expos es in the course of doing business under Health
4
&Safety Code section 25249.6.
5
34.
INC., exercises sufficient control over the
Defendant NEW CHAPTER, INC. ts a business entity that sells, or has, at times
6
relevant to this complaint, manufactured, distri~uted, or sold vitamin supplements that contain
7
lead within the State of California, or made vitaprin supplements available for sale in California,
8
without first giving clear and reasonable warning, including but not limited to products sold under
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the name Newmark.
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35.
Defendant NEXGEN PHARMA, 'C., including but not limited to activities
11
undertaken through its VITAMER LABORATiRIES division, is a business entity that sells, or
12
has, at times relevant to this complaint, manufaatured, distributed, or sold vitamin supplements
13
that contain lead within the State of California, tr made vitamin supplements available for sale in
14
California, without first giving clear and reason~ble warning.
15
36.
Defendant NF FORMULAS, INC.
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a business entity that sells, or has, at times
16
relevant to this complaint, manufactured, distri
ted, or sold vitamin supplements that contain
17
lead within the State of California, or made vit
in supplements available for sale in California,
18
without first giving clear and reasonable warnin .
19
37.
Defendant NOW FOODS is a busin ss entity that sells, or has, at times relevant to
sof vitamin supplements that contain lead within
20
this complaint, manufactured, distributed, or
21
the State of California, or made vitamin supplements available for sale in California, without first
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giving clear and reasonable warning.
38.
Defendant NUTRITION RESOURiE, INC., doing business as NUTRIBIOTIC is a
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business entity that sells, or has, at times releV
25
sold vitamin supplements that contain lead wi
26
supplements available for sale in California, wit out first giving clear and reasonable warning.
27
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to this complaint, manufactured, distributed, or
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39.
n the State of California, or made vitamin
Defendant NUTRITIONAL SPEC±TIES, INC. is a business entity that sells, or
has, at times relevant to this complaint, manufa tured, distributed, or sold vitamin supplements
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FIRST AMENDED COMPLAINT FOR CNIL PENALTY AND INJUNCTIVE RELIEF
1
that contain lead within the State of California, r made vitamin supplements available for sale in
2
California, without first giving clear and reason hIe warning.
3
40.
Defendant NUTRI-WEST is a busi ess entity that sells, or has, at times relevant to
4
this complaint, manufactured, distributed, or so d vitamin supplements that contain lead within
5
the State of California, or made vitamin supple. ents available for sale in California, without first
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giving clear and reasonable warning.
7
I
41.
I
Defendant OLYMPIAN LABS, INT' is a business entity that sells, or has, at times
8
relevant to this complaint, manufactured, distri~uted, or sold vitamin supplements that contain
9
lead within the State of California, or made vit
10
on supplements available for sale in California,
without first giving clear and reasonable w
11
12
42.
Defendant RANDAL OPTIMAL NPTRIENTS, INC., is a business entity that sells,
13
or has, at times relevant to this complaint, man~factured, distributed, or sold vitamin supplements
14
that contain lead within the State of California,
15
California, without first giving clear and reason ble warning.
16
43.
e
made vitamin supplements available for sale in
FORMULAS, INC. is a business entity that
Defendant PIONEER NUTRITIO
17
sells, or has, at times relevant to this complaint, manufactured, distributed, or sold vitamin
18
supplements that contain lead within the State 0 California, or made vitamin supplements
19
available for sale in California, without first giv'ng clear and reasonable warning.
20
44.
Defendant PURE ESSENCE LAB RATORIES, INC. is a business entity that sells,
21
or has, at times relevant to this complaint, man factured, distributed, or sold vitamin supplements
22
that contain lead within the State of California, r made vitamin supplements available for sale in
23
California, without first giving clear and reason ble warning.
24
45.
Defendant RAINBOW LIGHT
RITIONAL SYSTEMS, INC. is a business entity
25
that sells, or has, at times relevant to this compl 'nt, manufactured, distributed, or sold vitamin
26
supplements that contain lead within the State 0 California, or made vitamin supplements
27
available for sale in California, without first giving clear and reasonable warning.
28
12
FIRST AMENDED COMPL.AINT FOR CIVIL PENALTY AND INJUNCfIVE RELIEF
1
46.
Defendant SOLGAR, INC., (a subs diary ofNBTY, Inc.), is a business entity that
2
sells, or has, at times relevant to this complaint, manufactured, distributed, or sold vitamin
3
supplements that contain lead within the State f California, or made vitamin supplements
4
available for sale in California, without first gi 'ng clear and reasonable warning.
5
6
47.
Defendant SUPERNUTRITION LIFE-EXTENSION RESEARCH, INC. is a business
I
7
entity that sells, or has, at times relevant to this complaint, manufactured, distributed, or sold
8
vitamin supplements that contain lead within thr State of California, or made vitamin
9
supplements available for sale in California, wi~out first giving clear and reasonable warning.
10
48.
Defendant THE DAILY WELLNEtS COMPANY is a business entity that sells, or
11
has, at times relevant to this complaint, manufa' tured, distributed, or sold vitamin supplements
12
that contain lead within the State of California, pr made vitamin supplements available for sale in
13
California, without first giving clear and reasonable warning.
14
49.
Defendant THE VITAMIN SHOPPfE INDUSTRIES, INC. is a business entity that
15
sells, or has, at times relevant to this complaint, Imanufactured, distributed, or sold vitamin
16
supplements that contain lead within the State
17
available for sale in California, without first gil"ng clear and reasonable warning. This defendant
18
is also a retailer of the Vitamin Supplements m de by other defendants, both in its retail stores
19
(including a location within the County of
20
Jr California, or made vitamin supplements
I
50.
~eda). and over the internet.
Defendant THRESHOLD ENTEiRlSES, LTD. is a business entity that sells, or
21
has, at times relevant to this complaint, manUfajtured, distributed, or sold vitamin supplements
22
that contain lead within the State of California,
23
California, without first giving clear and reasonable warning.
24
51.
r
made vitamin supplements available for sale in
Defendant UNIVERSAL NUTRITI N is a business entity that sells, or has, at times
25
relevant to this complaint, manufactured, distri uted, or sold vitamin supplements that contain
26
lead within the State of California, or made vit
27
without first giving clear and reasonable
wam~.
. supplements available for sale in California,
28
FIRST AMENDED COMPLAINT FOR CIVIL PENALTY AND INJUNCTIVE RELIEF
1
52.
Defendant WYETH through its pri r ownership of Solgar, Inc., has in the past
2
manufactured, distributed, or sold vitamin supplements that contain lead within the State of
3
California, or made vitamin supplements availa Ie for sale in California, without first giving clear
4
and reasonable warning. On a date less than fo
5
WYETH sold Solgar, Inc., to defendant NBTY INC.
I
6
53.
years prior to the filing of this complaint,
Defendant WAL-MART STORES, INC., is a business entity that sells, or has, at
7
times relevant to this complaint, manufactured, istributed, or sold vitamin supplements that
8
contain lead within the State of California, or
9
California, without first giving clear and reasonrble warning, including, but not limited to, the
10
I
Spring Valley brand.
11
54.
ade vitamin supplements available for sale in
Defendants DOES
1THROUGH 5JO are business entities that sell, or have, at times
12
relevant to this complaint, manufactured, distri uted, or sold vitamin supplements that contain
13
lead within the State of California, or made vit
14
without first giving clear and reasonable warni g, but whose identities are unknown to Plaintiff.
15
ITI. JURISDICTION AND VENUE
16
17
55.
in supplements available for sale in California,
This Court has jurisdiction pursuan to California Constitution Article VI, section 10,
because this case is a cause not given by statute to other trial courts.
18
56.
This Court has jurisdiction over eac' defendant named above, because each is a
19
business entity that does sufficient business, ha sufficient minimum contacts in California, or
20
otherwise intentionally avails itself of the
21
of its products in California, to render the exercfse ofjurisdiction over it -by the California courts
22
consistent with traditional notions of fair play abd substantial justice.
23
57.
Califtrnia market, through the sale, marketing, aod use
Venue is proper in this Court becau!1e the cause, or part thereof, arises in Alameda
24
County because defendants' products are sold, onsumed, and are available for sale, in this
25
county.
26
III
27
III
28
III
'14
FIRST AMENDED COMPL.\.INT FOR CIVIL PENALTY AND INJUNCTIVE RELIEF
1
IV.
STATUTORY BACKGROUND
2
A.
Proposition 65
3
58.
The Safe Drinking Water and TOXi1 Enforcement Act of 1986 is an initiative statute
4
5
6
7
passed as "Proposition 65" by a vote of the PeOrle in November of 1986.
59.
The warning requirement of Propos tion 65 is contained in Health and Safety Code
section 25249.6, which provides:
No person in the course of doing busines, shall knowingly and intentionally expose any
8
individual to a chemical known to the state to c use cancer or reproductive toxicity without first
9
giving clear and reasonable warning to such in 'vidual, except as provided in Section 25249.10.
10
60.
An exposure to a chemical in a conumer product is one "which results from a
11
person's acquisition, purchase, storage, consumption, or other reasonably foreseeable use of a
12
consumer good, or any exposure that results from receiving a consumer service." (Cal. Code
13
Regs., tit. 27, § 25601, subd. (b).)
14
61.
!
Proposition 65 establishes a proced e by which the state is to develop a list of
15
chemicals "known to the State to cause cancer r reproductive toxicity." (Health & Saf. Code, §
16
25249.8.) No warning need be given concernin a listed chemical until one year after the
17
chemical first appears on the list. (Id., § 25249.10, subd. (b).)
18
62.
Any person "violating or threatenin to violate" the statute may be enjoined in any
19
court of competent jurisdiction. (Health & Saf. Code, § 25249.7.) To "threaten to violate" is
20
defined to mean "to create a condition in which there is a substantial probability that a violation
21
will occur." (Id., § 25249.11, subd. (e).) In addition, violators are liable for civil penalties of up
22
to $2,500 per day for each violation, recoverabl in a civil action. (Id., § 25249.7, subd. (b).)
23
63.
Actions to enforce the law "may be rought by the Attorney General in the name of
24
the People of the State of California or by any .strict attorney." (Id., § 25249.7, subd. (c).)
25
Private parties are given authority to enforce Proposition 65 "in the public interest," but only if
26
the private party first provides written notice
27
General, and every District Attorney in whose jbsdiction the alleged violation occurs. If no
Of~ violation to the alleged violator, the Attorney
I
28
15
FIRST AMENDED COMPLAINT FOR CIVIL PENALTY AND INJUNCTIVE RELIEF
1
public prosecutors commence enforcement wiiliin sixty days. then the private party may sue.
2
(Health & Saf. Code. § 25249.7, subdivision (dL
3
64.
In an action by the Attorney Gener 1, the Attorney General may "seek and recover
4
costs and attorney's fees on behalf of any party ho provides a notice pursuant to subdivision (d)
5
and who renders assistance in that action." (Id. § 25249.7, subd. (j).)
6
B.
The Unfair Competition Law
7
65.
California Business and Profession~ Code section 17200 provides that "unfair
I
8
competition shall mean and include unlawful, uhfair or fraudulent business practice." Section
9
17203 of the Business and Professions Code prJvides that "(a)ny person performing or proposing
I
10
to perform an act of unfair competition within
11
competent jurisdiction."
66.
12
13
is state may be enjoined in any court of
Unlawful acts under the statute incl de any act that is unlawful that is conducted as
part of business activity, and therefore include iolations of Proposition 65.
67.
14
Business and Professions Code section 17206, subdivision (a), provides that any
I
15
person violating section 17200 "shall be liable tr a civil penalty not to exceed two thousand five
16
hundred dollars ($2,500) for each violation, w1Ch shall be assessed and recovered in a civil
17
action brought in the name of the people of the State of California by the Attorney General or by
18
any district attorney." Under section 17205, th se penalties are "cumulative to each other and to
19
the remedies or penalties available under all 0
20
V.
21
r laws of this state."
FACTS
68.
"Lead" was placed on the Governo s list of chemicals known to the State of
22
California to cause reproductive toxicity on Feb ary 27, 1987. It is specifically identified under
23
three subcategories: "developmental reproducti e toxicity," which means harm to the developing
24
fetus, "female reproductive toxicity," which me s harm to the female reproductive system, and
25
"male reproductive toxicity," which means h
26
Regs., tit. 27, § 27001.)
27
28
69.
to the male reproductive system. (Cal. Code
"Lead and lead compounds" was ad ed to the list of chemicals known to the state to
cause cancer on October 1, 1992. (Id.)
16
I
FIRST AMENDED COMPLAINT FOR CML PENALTY AND INJUNCTIVE RELIEF
1
2
70.
Vitamin Supplements made by de£ dants contain lead~ which is ingested by
consumers when they use the products for their' tended purpose.
71.
3
Each defendant either knows that it vitamin supplements contain lead, and that
4
persons using the products as intended will be
5
and believe that the defendant has such knowle ge, and based on such information and belief, the
6
People allege that each defendant has such kno ledge; or the fact of such knowledge is likely to
7
have evidentiary support after a reasonable OPPfrtunity for further investigation or discovery.
8
9
72.
posed to lead thereby, or the People are informed
Each defendant has manufactured, rstributed, or sold Vitamin Supplements that
contain lead in California, or has made such Vitiamin Supplements available for sale in California.
10
73.
The People are informed and believl, and based on such information and belief,
11
allege, that each defendant has failed to prOVid1 clear and reasonable warnings that the use of the
12
products in question results in exposure to a ch mical known to the State of California to cause
13
birth defects or other reproductive harm, and c
14
those individuals by any other person.
15
VI.
cer, and that no such warning was provided to
FIRST CAUSE OF ACTION
16
(Against Each Defendant for Violation of Proposition 65)
17
74.
Paragraphs 1 through 78 are realleg d as if fully set forth herein.
18
75.
The People are informed and believ ,and based on such information and belief,
19
allege, that each defendant employs ten or mor persons.
76.
20
By committing the acts alleged abo e, each defendant has, in the course of doing
21
business, knowingly and intentionally exposed
22
California to cause cancer or reproductive toxiCry without fIrst giving clear and reasonable
23
warning to such individuals, within the meanin, ofHealth and Safety Code section 25249.6, or
24
threatened to violate Section 25249.6, within thr meaning of Health and Safety Code section
25
25249.7, subdivision (a).
26
77.
dividuals to chemicals known to the State of
Said violations render each defendJt liable to Plaintiff for civil penalties not to
27
exceed $2,500 per day for each violation, as we!l as other remedies.
28
III
I
FIRST AMENDED COMPLAINT FOR CIVIL PENALTY AND INJUNCTIVE RELIEF
1
VII. SECOND CAUSE OF ACTION
(Against Each Defendant for
2
nlawful Business Practices)
3
78.
Paragraphs 1 through 78 are reallegbd as if fully set forth herein.
4
79.
By committing the acts alleged abote, each defendant has engaged in unlawful
5
business practices which constitute unfair COmpbtitiOn within the meaning of Business and
6
Professions Code section 17200.
7
80.
Said violations render each defendjt liable to Plaintiff for civil penalties not to
8
exceed $2,500 per day for each violation.
9
VIII. PRAYER FOR RELIEF
10
11
12
13
.
WHEREFORE, Plaintiff prays that the C9urt:
1. Pursuant to the First and Secqnd Causes of Action, grant civil penalties
according to proof;
2. Pursuant to Health and Safety! Code section 25249.7 and Business and
14
Professions Code section 17203, enter such temporary restraining orders, preliminary
15
injunctions, pennanent injunctions, or 0 er orders prohibiting defendants from exposing
16
persons within the State of California to lead caused by the use of their products without
17
providing clear and reasonable warning , as Plaintiff shall specify in further application to
18
the Court;
19
3. Enter such orders as "may be ecessary to restore to any person in interest any
20
money or property, real or personal, w4:h may have been acquired by means of' these
21
unlawful acts, as provided in Business abd Professions Code section 17203 and other
22
applicable laws;
23
4. Award Plaintiff its costs ofsu"t;
24
5. Grant such other and further r lief as the court deems just and proper.
25
26
27
28
18
FIRST AMENDED COMPLAINT FOR CIVIL PENALTY AND INJUNCTIVE RELIEF
1
Dated: March 27, 2009
Respectfully Submitted,
2
EDMUND G. BROWN JR.
Attorney General of California
3
4
5
6
EDWARDG. WElL
Supervising Deputy Attorney General
7
Attorneysfor the People ofthe State of
California
8
THOMAS ORLOFF, District Attorney for the
County of Alameda
9
f ~ /J. /.2/f?C
10
11
Dated: - - - - - - - -
C(£i.J J
SC01TD. PATTON, Deputy District Attorney,
for Consumer & Environmental Protection
Division
12
13
EDWARD S. BERBERIAN, District Attorney for
the County of Marin
14
15
16
Dated:
_'3_I_2-_?_/_t)_~ _ _
ROBERT E. NICHOLS, Deputy District
Attorney
17
DEAN D. FLIPPO, District Attorney for the
County of Monterey
18
19
/J~ M,tvt-{, (£.5 u )
20
21
Dated: - - - - - - - -
ANNE MICHAELS, Deputy District
Attorney
22
GARY LIEBERSTEIN, District Attorney for the
County ofNapa
23
24
25
b~~,(JtJ}
Dated: _ _)_1_J-_2_/_t>_~__
DARYL ROBERTS, Deputy District Attorney
26
27
28
19
FIRST AMENDED COMPLAINT FOR CML PENALTY AND INJUNCTIVE RELIEF
1
TONY RAcKAUCKAS, District Attorney for
the County of Orange
2
3
4
Dated:
3/2. '71 0 ~
(f-b lJ)
~~
TRACY HUGHES, Deputy District Attorney
5
6
BOB LEE, District Attorney for the County of
SantaCruz
7
8
Dated:
Ju~~'~':::::DiSS~t~lJ)
3)2-~1 ~1
9
Attorney
10
GERALD C. BENITO, District Attorney for the
County of Shasta
11
12
13
Dated:
hA.
112.-z/~~
~ ('-$(..J)
ERIN M. DERVIN, Deputy District Attorney
14
DAVID W. PAULSON, District Attorney for the
County of Solano
15
16
17
Dated:
/)t:...-.JrJ~ {£{U)
~/2,'1 07
DAN! Jo RANDELL, Deputy District Attorney
18
STEPHAN R. PASSALACQUA, District Attorney
for the County of Sonoma
19
20
21
Dated:
~ rr:~ {£ftJ.J
J/l-7/()(
MATIHEW T. CHEEVER, Deputy District
Attorney
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
20
FIRST AMENDED COMPLAINT FOR CIVIL PENALTY AND INJUNCTIVE RELIEF
DECLARATION OF SERVI E BY U.S. MAIL
Case Name:
Case No.:
People v. 21st Century Healthcare, In . et al.
RG08426937
I declare:
I am employed in the Office of the Attorney General, hich is the office of a member of the
California State Bar, at which member's direction this ervice is made. I am 18 years of age or
older and not a party to this matter. I am familiar wi~the business practice at the Office of the
Attorney General for collection and processing of co spondence for mailing with the United
States Postal Service. In accordance with that practic ,correspondence placed in the internal
mail collection system at the Office of the Attorney G neral is deposited with the United States
Postal Service that same day in the ordinary course ofrusiness.
On March 27.2009, I served the attached FIRST AMr.NDED COMPLAINT FOR CML
PENALTY AND INJUNCTIVE RELIEF by placin a true copy thereof enclosed in a sealed
envelope with postage thereon fully prepaid, in the inti mal mail collection system at the Office
of the Attorney General at 1515 Clay Street, 20th Flo~r, Oakland, CA 94612-0550, addressed as
follows:
I
Trenton H. Norris, Esq.
Arnold & Porter LLP
275 Battery Street, 27th Floor
San Francisco, CA 94111
Attorneysfor defendants BioSan
Laboratories, Inc., DaVinci Laboratories of
Vermont, Fairhaven Health, LLC,
FoodScience Corporation, FoodScience of
Vermont, Irwin Naturals, Metabolic
Maintenance Products, Inc.,
Mountain Naturals of Vermont, NOW
Foods, Pure Essence Laboratories, Inc, The
Vitamin Shoppe Industries, Inc., and
Threshold Enterprises, Ltd.
David Laufer, Esq.
Burke, Williams & Sorensen, LLP
444 South Flower Street, Suite 2400
Los Angeles, CA 90071
Attorneys for defendant Natrol, Inc.
~
B atriz Mejia, Esq.
Coley Godward LLP
11 1 California Street, 5th Floor
S Francisco, CA 94111-5800
A torneys for defendant Rainbow Light
tritional Systems, Inc.
Llsa L. Halko, Esq.
eenberg Traurig LLP
1 01 K Street, Suite 1100
S rarnento, CA 95814-3938
A torneys for defendants Douglas
L boratories, and J.R. Carlson
L boratories, Inc
arl R. Stevens, Esq.
~nNaturals
~f 10 Beethoven Street
L s Angeles, CA 90066
A torneys for defendants Irwin Naturals, and
Ii in Naturals dba Nature's Secret
Brent G. Cheney, Esq.
Manatt, Phelps & Phillips, LLP
11355 West Olympic Blvd.
Los Angeles, CA 90064-1614
Attorneys for defendant Apex Fitness Group,
a division of 24 Hour Fitness USA, Inc.
Nbnnan C. Hile, Esq.
Ohick, Herrington & Sutcliffe
[email protected] Capitol Mall, Suite 3000
S~cramento,
CA 95814-4407
I
A torneys for defendant
eth Laboratories
Stanley W. Landfair, Esq.
McKenna Long & Aldridge LLP
101 California Street, 41 st Floor
San Francisco, CA 941111
Attorneys for defendants Bluebonnnet
Nutrition Corporation, and
Buried Treasure, a division ofLife Line
Food Inc.
es I. Ham, Esq.
P sky Markle Ham, LLP
1 10 Sycamore Avenue
Site 101
S~uth Pasadena, CA 91030
Aftorneysfor defendant Supernutrition Life­
E#ension Research, Inc.
I
Margaret Carew Toledo, Esq.
Mennemeir, Glassman & Stroud
980 9th Street, Suite 1700
Sacramento, CA 95814
Attorneys for defendants Dynamic Health
Laboratories, Inc., and Nutritional
Specialties, Inc.
John Monroy, Esq.
Monroy, Averbuck & Oysler
32123 Lindero Cyn Rd., Ste 301
Westlake Village, CA 91361
Attorneys for defendant Pioneer Nutritional
Formulas, Inc.
Steven S. Spitz, Esq.
Natrol, Inc.
21411 Prairie St. '
Chatsworth, CA 91311
Attorneys for defendant Natrol, Inc.
I
:t
I
Thomas N. FitzGibbon, Esq.
Pfeiffer Thigpen FitzGibbon & Ziontz LLP
2 3 Wilshire Boulevard
Site 220
S ta Monica, CA, 90401
Aftorneys for defendant New Chapter, Inc.
I
I
Ndith Praitis, Esq.
Stdley Austin LL
555 West Fifth Street, Suite 4000
Lps Angeles, CA 90013-1010
Attorneys for defendants Designs for Health,
E~zymatic Therapy, Inc., Integrative
Therapeutics,
Inc., Metagenics, Inc.,
I
Nfture's Way Products, Inc., NBTY
.A{anufacturing, LLC (erroneously sued as
NflTY, Inc.), Nexgen Pharma, Inc., NF
Formulas, Inc., and Solgar, Inc.
I
I
I declare under penalty ofpetjury under the laws of the State ofCalifomia the foregoing is true
and correct and that this declaration was executed on Itvtarch 27,20 9, at Oakland, California.
/
Yebonya Collins
Declarant
90110480.doc
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