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Integrating and planning for non motorized transport in urban areas

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Integrating and planning for non motorized transport in urban areas
Integrating and planning for non motorized
transport in urban areas
UNESCAP Regional Expert Group Meeting & Second Asia BRTS Conference,
29th Sept -1st Oct 2014, Ahmedabad, India
By:
Vedant S. Goyal,
Urban Transport Advisor, GIZ-SUTP, Delhi, India
 The majority of trips in Asian cities are done on foot
 or using cycles
However often developing countries face
challenges in the form of…
Inadequate pedestrian infrastructure
However often developing countries face
challenges in the form of…
Non-existent sidewalks
However often developing countries face
challenges in the form of…
Inadequate cycling infrastructures
“In terms of infrastructure, what differentiates advanced cities are
not highways or subways but quality sidewalks and cycleways”
Enrique Penalosa, former Mayor of Bogota, Colombia
and our cities design should facilitate such development!
Advantages of Non-Motorized
Transport
• Low Cost
Infrastructure
• Higher User Safety
• Environment
friendly
• Low Cost for users
• Healthy for users
• Low-Cost Vehicles
Photo by Carlosfelipe Pardo
Advantages of Non-Motorized Transport
reduces greenhouse gases
emissions provides
important health benefits
•
Lower all-cause mortality**
•
Less high blood pressure**
•
Less type 2 diabetes**
•
Less colon cancer**
•
Less depression**
•
Better body
composition**
•
Better functional health in older adults**
•
Less coronary heart disease**
•
•
•
Less risk of falls in older adults**
Better cognitive function**
Better quality sleep*
•
•
•
Less stroke**
Less metabolic syndrome**
Less breast cancer**
•
Better health-related quality of life*
•
Better fitness**
mass
Health effects associated with physical activity
index
and
Key: **: strong evidence; *: modest evidence. Source:
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (2008)
body
How to promote NMT in a country?
Adopt
Sustainable
Transportation
Policy and
strategies
Source: Bicycle Innovation Lab
Equity
 “The highest priority
should go to public
transport, walking and
non-motorised vehicles
that are accessible to
almost everyone and
have low impacts”
Enrique Peñalosa
2 people
2 people
For cars
For people
The 5 key requirements for NMT
planning also called “S.P.A.C.E”
1.
Safety : speed, visibility, previsibility
2.
Priority/Direct routes : horizontal design, traffic lights
3.
Accessible/Coherence
4.
Comfort : vertical design, traffic lights
5.
Enjoyable/Attractiveness (less important)
1. Road Safety – Reduce Speed and
mode separation
An infrastructure that guarantees safety of the pedestrians
and cyclists
All the city: 30 km/h
Low vehicular speeds where cyclists and cars cross
Pedestrian Safety – would you walk
here?
perceptions of poor safety discourages walking/cycling
Pedestrian Safety at Crossing

access at crossing should be
designed considering requirements
of various user groups
(e.g. young children, vision- and
mobility- impaired people, etc.).

Shortcuts
Bi-directional Bikepath on one side : direct routes
2.80 m.
•
Direct Routes
•
Coherence
•
Road Safety
•
Attractive Routes
3. Coherence – consistent, continuous,
and adequate amenities
The infrastructure
forms a coherent unit
and is linked to the
origins and the
destinations of cyclists
That’s why we need:
 Consistent quality
 Different design
 Continuity
 Few changes in the design and
width
 Complete routes
 No interruptions
 Adequate signaling
VIKAS MARG
Source: CSE



Can elderly and people with special abilities use such NMT facilities?



Can elderly and people with special abilities use such NMT facilities?

…think about the blind people, can they safely use such infrastructure?
4. Comfort – priority and unobstructed
pass
How to achieve this?
 Providing priority for cyclists at junctions in case of mixed traffic (e.g.
green box)
 Non-slippery pavement
 Protected form wind, sun, and rain
4. Comfort – priority and unobstructed
pass
Insufficient pavement width for
pedestrians

Pedestrian overpasses or footpaths
with insufficient width are always
uncomfortable, and people seldom
use them.

5. Attractiveness: Choosing the best
options
The infrastructure is designed and integrated with the environment so that pedalling
and walking becomes attractive
5. Attractiveness: Choosing the best
options
Don’t you think a person would enjoy walking
on this footpath?


What if they have what they want?
 Give them S.P.A.C.E and how will they be?
Strasbourg (F)
Nyhaven 1950
Nyhaven today
Developed-city examples
Lloyd Wright
Copenhagen
Munich
Lloyd Wright
Singapore
Lloyd Wright
Lloyd Wright
Stockholm
Tokyo
Lloyd Wright
London
Developing-city examples
ITDP
Shanghai
Bogotá
Lloyd Wright
Lloyd Wright
Delhi, India
Case Study – Copenhagen, Denmark
Case Study - Copenhagen
Background
 1.2 million inhabitants; 2,632 inhabitants per square meter
 Bicycles have always been a part of Copenhagen life since the 19th century’; the
Second World War substantially increased the level of bicycle use
 Post-war era until 1960: cars dominated urban policies
 High GDP (USD 36,449 per capita)
 Turning point 1970:
 oil crisis; growing traffic congestion
 Challenge:
 providing affordable transport to all
 redirect their transport policy to one where bicycles would have a
predominant role
 comprehensive urban development plan
 After 2000, second milestone: more systematic approach to cycling
Københavner: reasons for cycling – faster
and healthy
Bicycles now account for 37% of trips in the city.
Traffic accidents have been reduced (“safety in numbers”)
cultural/fashion approach to cycling: “Cycle Chic”
Survey results in the year 2010
Advantages of expanding the role of
NMT: Summary
Priority and promotion for non motorized transport will
generate:
• Greater access to all population
• Greater traffic safety
• Greater livability
Useful Resource
Training course manuals
•
Public Awareness and Behavioural
Change
•
Non-motorised Transport
•
Cycling-inclusive Policy Development: A
Handbook
•
Mass Transport Options
•
Bus Regulation and Planning
•
Financing Urban Transport
SUTP Website (Engl.,CN, Span.)





Active since 2002
GIZ SUTP Publications
Multimedia (gallery, videos)
35,000 visitors (per month)
Almost 50,000 registered
users
 Approx. 35,000 downloads
(per month)
www.sutp.org
Write to us for any assistance on making
Sustainable Urban Transport a reality in
your city
GIZ SUTP project
[email protected]
[email protected]
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