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Improving Pedestrian and Bicyclist Safety in Highway Construction Work Zones Session 65

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Improving Pedestrian and Bicyclist Safety in Highway Construction Work Zones Session 65
Session 65
Ralph Ellis
University of Florida
Improving Pedestrian and Bicyclist Safety in Highway Construction
Work Zones
Topic Description
Results of a recent FDOT sponsored study aimed at improving pedestrian and bicyclist safety in highway construction work zones
will be presented. Findings with regard to pedestrian and bicylist behaviors will be presented. MOT and PPM related suggestions
for improvement will be discussed.
Speaker Biography
Dr. Ralph Ellis is currently Associate Professor in the Department of Civil and Coastal Engineering at the University of Florida
where he teaches Construction Engineering. Dr Ellis brings to his university position 15 years of industry experience as a projects
manager and company president. He is a registered Professional Engineer. He is an active researcher and has performed many
transportation related studies for the FDOT. Dr. Ellis also serves our profession through the following positions: Member of Board
of Directors of the Construction Institute of the American Society of Civil Engineers, Member of the Independent Advisory Panel
of the Overseas Building Operations Bureau of the U.S. Department of State, Vice President Dispute Review Board Foundation of
Florida.
IMPROVING PEDESTRIAN AND BICYCLIST
SAFETY IN HIGHWAY WORK ZONES
Ralph D. Ellis, Jr., Ph.D., P. E.
Rowland Lamb, P. E.
Research Team
•
•
•
•
•
Dr. Ralph Ellis
Dr. Linda Crider
Rowland Lamb, Coloney Bell Engineering
Jose Sanda, Ph. D. candidate
Dennis Scott, FDOT Safety Office
1
Presentation Agenda
• Background on the Problem
• Research Findings
• Suggestions for Improvement
Work Zones Are Challenging for
Pedestrians and Bicyclist
2
In addition to motorist,
we also have pedestrians and bicyclist
traveling within our work zones.
Unlike the motorist, many of our pedestrians
and bicyclist are children.
MUTCD
Provides General Guidance
“A wide range of pedestrians can be expected at work
sites, including the young, old, and disabled (for
example, hearing, visual, and mobility). All of these
pedestrians need a clearly delineated and usable
travel path.”
How do we do it?
3
Research Objective
• Improve non-motorist safety in highway
construction work zones
Analysis of the Crash data
Florida Crashes 1999 to 2002
210 Work Zone Accidents Involving Death or Injury to
Non-Motorist
•45 % of the accidents were caused by
pedestrians or bicyclist failing to yield
•23 % of the accidents were caused because the
vehicles were driving outside of their lane.
•66% of the crashes in the study involved
pedestrians and 34% involved bicyclist.
Pedestrian’s accidents are twice as frequent as
bicyclist’s accidents.
4
Analysis of the Crash data
•
•
In 68% of the accidents the at-fault vehicle was
moving in the straight-ahead direction.
The second most prevalent movement type was a
right turn at 12% followed by a left turn at 6%.
Survey Input From Bicyclist
Bicycle Group Meetings and Solicited On-Line Responses
• Bike lanes or pedestrian walkways should continue
through or around the construction zone.
• Clear signs should give non-motorists advance warning
of construction zones ahead.
• Road surface conditions should be adequately
maintained and free of sudden drops or construction
debris.
5
Survey of Bicyclist
• The speed of motorists should be controlled in
construction zones.
• When conditions are not safe, non-motorists
should be advised to use detours and alternative
routes.
Observations of Non-Motorist in
Work Zones
Pedestrian and bicyclist behavior was video recorded
in 5 FDOT work zones with Compliant MOT.
Non-motorist behavior was analyzed.
Pedestrians (1052 Observations)
79% At-Risk Behavior
Bicyclist (152 Observations)
40% At-Risk Behavior
6
Pedestrians
40 % Traveled
Through Work Area
Pedestrians
21 % Used
Crosswalk to
Avoid WZ
7
Pedestrians
10 % Traveled
On Sidewalk
Pedestrians
28 % Traveled
In Vehicle Lane
8
Pedestrians
1 % Crossed
Mid Block to
Avoid WZ
Bicyclists
17 % Crossed
Mid Block to
Avoid WZ
9
Bicyclists
24 % Traveled
Through WZ
Bicyclists
40 % Used
Crosswalk to
Avoid WZ
10
Bicyclists
17 % Traveled
On Sidewalk
Bicyclists
2 % Traveled
In Vehicle Lane
11
Preliminary Recommendations
Of the Research Team
Not Yet Review By FDOT
Conceptual MOT
Recommendations
Bicyclists
General Guidance
• Bicyclist and Vehicles should not share travel
lanes in Work Zones
• Public advance notice should be given
• Proper Signing is needed
MOT Options
• Detour
• Diversion
12
Bicycle
Diversion
To Sidewalk
Or Temporary
Pathway
•No Curb Cuts
•Bicyclists dismount
•Signing
•Barrier
Conceptual MOT
Recommendations
Pedestrians
General Guidance
• Pedestrian entry into WZ should be prevented by
barrier
• Pedestrians should be provided a clearly
delineated, safe travel route
13
Conceptual MOT
Recommendations
Pedestrians
MOT Options (in order of preference)
1. Provide temporary pathway adjacent to existing
sidewalk
2. Provide temporary path outside of vehicle travel
lane
3. Detour pedestrians across street
Option 1
Pedestrian
Diversion
To Temporary
Pathway
Adjacent to
Existing
Sidewalk
14
Option 2
Pedestrian
Diversion
To Temporary
Pathway Outside
Of Vehicle Lane
Option 3
Pedestrian
Detour
To Opposite
Side of Street
15
Temporary Mid-Block Crossings
General Guidance
1. Provide temporary mid-block crossings when
crossing interval exceeds 300 feet
Temporary
Mid-Block
Crossing
Temp. Controlled
Crossing
Temp. Traf.
Separator
W/ Tubular
Markers
Signing
Flagger required when construction equipment
must cross. Equipment signed to stop and look
for pedestrians.
16
Temporary Asphalt Separator
With Tubular Markers
Standard Index 600
Questions?
17
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