Chiara FALCO - Università degli Studi di Milano
Chiara FALCO Curriculum Vitae Address: Department of Economics, Management and Quantitative Methods Università degli Studi di Milano via Celoria 2, 20133 - Milano, Italy Date of Birth: 1986, September 22 Citizenship: Italian E-mail: [email protected] Mobile: +39 3478363144 Web: https://sites.google.com/site/chiarafalco86/ EDUCATION PhD in Economics, Catholic University of Milan - University of Milano Bicocca (Italy) Thesis: “Essays on International Migration” Supervisors: Prof. M. Mendola, Prof. L. Pagani 2011-2015 MSc. in Economics, University of Milano Bicocca (Italy) BA in Economics, University of Milano Bicocca (Italy) Erasmus Program, University of Vaasa (Finland) 2009-2011 2005-2009 2007 FIELDS OF INTEREST Development Economics, Migration, Labor Economics, Applied Microeconometrics FURTHER EDUCATION University of Milan, Centro Studi d’Agliano (Italy) Risks and Policy Responses in Developing Countries, Prof. R. Burgess; prof. A. Tarozzi 2015 Georgetown University (Qatar) Analytics and Policy Design of Migration, Prof. O. Stark 2015 University of Milan, Centro Studi d’Agliano (Italy) Investment, Saving and Wellbeing in Developing Countries, Prof. O. Attanasio; prof. P. Dupas 2014 Kiel Institute for the World Economy (Germany) International Migration, Prof. H. Rapoport 2014 London School of Economics and Political Science (UK) Development Economics, Prof. K. Aniket 2010 PUBBLICATIONS Falco C., Göbel K., (2015), “Does the desire to remit foster integration? Evidence from migrants in Spain”. Economics Letters, 137, 131-134. Falco C., Rotondi V., (2015), “Political Islam, Internet Use and Willingness to Migrate: evidence from the Arab Barometer”. Peace Economics, Peace Science and Public Policy, 22(1): 73-95. WORKING PAPERS Falco C., (2015), “Education and Migration: empirical evidence from Ecuador”, Working Paper n. 297, University of Milano-Bicocca, Department of Economics. WORK IN PROGRESS Falco C., Tonini S., (2016), “Particularism as Deterrent for Integration: Evidence from the European Social Survey”, mimeo. Falco C., Rotondi V., (2015), “The less extreme, the more you leave: radical Islam and willingness to migrate”, mimeo (submitted). Falco C., (2015), “Human Capital and Remittances: evidence from Ecuadorians in Spain”, mimeo. FIELD EXPERIMENTS AND PROJECTS Fondazione R. Franceschi, (2015), “Tertiary Education and Human Development in Rural Cambodia: Exploring the Causal Link”. Centre for Industrial Studies on behalf of the European Commission, DG Regional and Urban Policy, (2014), “Ex post evaluation of Cohesion Policy programmes 2007-2013 – Work Package 2: Support to SMEs – Increasing Research and Innovation in SMEs and SME Development”. GRANTS AND AWARDS Roberto Franceschi Research Grant: “Tertiary Education and Human Development in Rural Cambodia: Exploring the Causal Link”. Coordinator 2015-2016 Merit-based PhD Scholarship by the Ministry of Education and the University of MilanoBicocca 2011-2014 Erasmus Scholarship 2007 CONFERENCE AND WORKSHOP PARTICIPATION SITES-IDEAS Conference (Italy) CIdE Workshop (Italy) FERDI Conference (France) Internal seminar, University of Milano-Bicocca, UCSC 2015 2014 2014 2013, 2014, 2015 RESEARCH REPORT (in Italian) Gruppo CRC, (2015), “Le condizioni dei bambini e degli adolescenti poveri” in I diritti dell’infanzia e dell’adolescenza in Italia. 7° Rapporto di aggiornamento sul monitoraggio della Convenzione sui diritti dell’infanzia e dell’adolescenza in Italia. Gruppo CRC, (2014), “Le condizioni dei bambini e degli adolescenti poveri” in I diritti dell’infanzia e dell’adolescenza in Italia. 6° Rapporto di aggiornamento sul monitoraggio della Convenzione sui diritti dell’infanzia e dell’adolescenza in Italia. WORK EXPERIENCE Centre for Industrial Studies (Italy). RA in Development Economics Description: research in the field of evaluation of projects and programmes co-financed by public funds and industrial studies. Main activities: literature and documentary review, cost-benefit analysis (CBA), case studies, processing of statistical data, fall 2014 qualitative and quantitative analysis. Saint Paul Institue (Cambodia). Summer School Program coordinator and lecturer Description: coordinator of the agreement between Saint Paul Institute and University of Milano Bicocca on a scientific and academic cooperation programme. Lecturer in “Development Economics”. summer 2012 International Institute for Political Studies (Italy). RA in Economics. Description: research on Climate Change and EU policies. Main activities: literature and documentary review, policy and political analysis. fall 2010 ACADEMIC EXPERIENCE Teaching Assistant in Microeconomics and Public Economics, University of Milano Bicocca (Italy) LANGUAGES Italian (mother-tongue); English (fluent); Spanish (basic) IT KNOWLEDGE STATA, R, SQL, C++, LaTeX, Microsoft Office REFERENCES Prof. Mendola Mariapia University of Milano-Bicocca Department of Economics P.zza dell’Ateneo Nuovo 1 20126 Milano (Italy) [email protected] Prof. Stanca Luca University of Milano-Bicocca Department of Economics P.zza dell’Ateneo Nuovo 1 20126 Milano (Italy) [email protected] Prof. Pagani Laura University of Milano-Bicocca Department of Economics P.zza dell’Ateneo Nuovo 1 20126 Milano (Italy) [email protected] since 2012 PAPERS ABSTRACT Does the desire to remit foster integration? Evidence from migrants in Spain (Joint with Göbel K.; Economics Letters.) We inquire empirically how migrants' desire to send remittances back home fosters integration at destination. Starting from a model by Stark and Dorn (2013) in which the aspiration to remit is shown to induce migrants to acquire costly host-country specific social and human capital in order to obtain higher income, we measure migrants' integration effort by social participation. Our results confirm the theoretical model. Political Islam, Internet Use and Willingness to Migrate: Evidence from the Arab Barometer (2016). (Joint with Rotondi V.; Peace Economics, Peace Science and Public Policy.) This paper investigates the relationship between political Islam, willingness to migrate and Internet use by exploiting the second (2010–2011) and the third (2012–2014) waves of the Arab Barometer. In an effort to explain individual level willingness to migrate from the Arab world, it investigates the channel through which the more people support political Islam the less they are willing to migrate. At the same time, it explores the fact that the Internet could potentially act as a vehicle of political Islam. Indeed, our findings indicate that there exists a positive relationship between Internet use and individual-level willingness to migrate, while there exists a negative relationship between political Islam and individual-level willingness to migrate. The findings indicate also that there is no significant effect of Internet use on political Islam. Education and Migration: empirical evidence from Ecuador (University of Milano-Bicocca Working Paper.) This study examines how the educational level attained by individuals’ affects their migration propensity. Using an original 2006 Ecuadorian survey, we implement a Regression Discontinuity Design and we control for potential endogeneity of the education explanatory variable with the 1977 school reform in Ecuador. We find that an increase in the educational level affects positively the migration propensity. Considering both country-specific characteristics and gender differentials, there is a positive and significant effect both for male and for female. The results are consistent with theoretical models related to migrants' positive self-selection. The less extreme, the more you leave: radical Islam and willingness to migrate (Joint with Rotondi V., Submitted.) This paper presents a theoretical framework to explain how cultural traits affect willingness to migrate, focusing in particular on the role played by radical Islam. In our model, more radical values imply a higher psychological cost of migrating deriving from the fact that connections with socio-religious friends and neighbors are not maintained after migration, thus deterring individuals from migrating (Mayers, 2000). We test the prediction of the model by using micro-level data from the Arab Barometer. The results indicate that, ceteris paribus, more radical individuals are less willing to migrate. This finding is robust to alternative specifications of the model and to the use of econometric techniques aimed at addressing the potential endogeneity of radical Islam. The result is also qualitatively unchanged when using aggregate data on actual outflows of migrants. This paper contributes to the literature on the individual-level determinants of the willingness to migrate and the cultural determinants of economic outcomes. Human Capital and Remittances: evidence from Ecuadorians in Spain This paper aims to find how education is related to the probability to remit (i.e., extensive margin) and the level of remittances (i.e., intensive margin). Using the Spanish National Immigrant Survey from 2007 and selecting migrants from Ecuador. Our findings indicate that, after controlling for a wide set of individual covariates, there exists a negative association between remittances and migrants' educational level both at the extensive and intensive margin. Particularism as Deterrent for Integration: Evidence from the European Social Survey (Joint with Tonini S.) Immigration is one of the most important and pressing issues in the current sociopolitical debate. In particular, the presence of a growing number of migrants in many European countries calls for the development of integration strategies and participation's forms of the migrant population to the European society evolution. The aim of this paper is to investigate how particularism might affect migrants' integration. Although the concept of particularism is relatively new to the economic literature, it is rooted in the sociological field, where it has shown to be linked to widespread informal institutions (MungiuPippidi, 2005) and to higher level of corruption (Lumby, 2006). Following the approach developed by Rotondi and Stanca (2015), we use the European Social Survey (2002-2014) to operationalize the definition of particularism proposed by Parsons and Shils (1951). In particular, we consider the difference between the answers to the question “It is occasionally alright to ignore the law and do what you want" and the question: “You should always strictly obey the law, even if it means missing good opportunities." Hence, we consider as particularist an individual, who has a positive difference between these two variables. Following Stark and Dorn (2013) and Falco and Göbel (2015), we approximate integration by the extent to which migrants learn and acquire the culture and customs of the host country, hence the extent of social participation. Specifically, “How often socially meet with friends, relatives or colleagues” and “Take part in social activities compared to others of same age”. This aggregate analysis contributes to the economic debate on immigration and integration, highlighting the role played by personal attitude.